slavery   7186

« earlier    

Zach Carter on Twitter: "Haiti was one of the richest colonies in the world. In 1789, Haiti produced 75% of the world’s sugar and was the leading producer of cotton."
"Haiti was one of the richest colonies in the world. In 1789, Haiti produced 75% of the world’s sugar and was the leading producer of cotton.

The island is the source of roughly 1/5 of France’s wealth. France turned Haiti into a slave colony and started massive deforestation.

When the French were driven out in 1804, this was a frightening shock to the world—Haiti became the first free, black, former slave country.

Haiti was immediately punished for this liberation: France imposed an extreme indemnity on Haiti to enter the international economy.

Haiti didn't finish paying until after WWII. The United States imposed yet a harsher sentence—they refused to recognize Haiti until 1862.

Interestingly, 1862 was the same year the US recognized Liberia, and for the same reason: it was the year of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Unsure with what to do with a massive population of freed Black people, the most popular idea was to ship them off to Haiti and Liberia.

That plan was dropped after the South was given authority to institute a system that was, in many ways, worse than slavery: convict leasing.

The first US prison boom resulted from convict leasing, where millions of mostly Black men were arrested & thrown in mines & cotton fields.

In the 1870s, the US took over from France in torturing Haiti. In the late 19th century there were dozens of military interventions.

The worst, led by Woodrow Wilson (Nobel Laureate), was in 1915, when the US military brutally attacked Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

It was bad in DR, but worse in Haiti because they were "n*ggers, not spics." Wilson re-instituted slavery in Haiti & killed ~15,000 people.

The US marines drove out the Haitian parliament at gun-point because they wouldn’t accept the US version of a new Haitian Constitution.

The US Constitution, written by FDR, included provisions for US corporations to buy up Haitian land-"progressive legislation" it was called.

The only way to develop Haiti was to allow US corporations to buy it; since Haitians couldn’t understand, Parliament had to be disbanded.

The Haitan people--"n*ggers speaking French” as William Jennings Bryan referred to them--didn't want the US Constitution.

The marines then *did* hold a referendum: 5% of the population voted, and the US Constitution won 99.99% of the vote.

Most of the population was driven off, and the US left both countries—Haiti/DR—in the hands of brutal militaries, trained by the US marines.

In the 1980s, the atrocities escalated again: the World Bank/USAID were created and determined to make Haiti “the Taiwan of the Caribbean.”

The proposal included policies that were the exact *opposite* of the ones pursued by Taiwan.

Haiti—under threat of force—followed the advice of the World Bank, which was to drive the population from the countryside into the cities.

The World Bank plan required they gut spending on education, social programs, and infrastructure, because economics explains that’s a waste.

There were political developments: an "election" in 1986. Baby Doc, the 2nd of the Duvaliers, was elected after winning 99.98% of the vote.

Ronald Reagan praised “Democratic progress” in Haiti, and subsequently increased aid to the military junta.

Nobody was paying attention, but behind all of the terror and monstrosities, the Haitians were engaging in remarkable grassroots activism.

In 1990, Haitians committed a major crime, which required serious punishment: there was a free election, & the Haitians voted the wrong way.

If you want to know what happens when you vote the wrong way in a free and open election, ask the people in Gaza.

Amazingly, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a populist priest and a strong proponent of liberation theology, won the election with 2/3 of the vote.

The United States immediately shifted all military aid to the business-led opposition to lay the basis for overthrowing the government.

Aristide was quite successful--it looked, for a while, that Haiti might not only become free and democratic, but fall out of US hands.

The military coup took place 7 months after Aristide’s election. In response, the Organization of American States imposed an embargo.

The US technically joined the embargo, but within a few weeks, Bush 41 modified the terms, allowing US corporations to violate the embargo.

Bush (+ Clinton) issued Presidential Directives blocking oil shipments to the military, but both secretly permitted Texaco Oil to send oil.

In 1994, Clinton did send in the marines and allowed Aristide to return, but under very harsh conditions:

Aristide must accept the program of the defeated candidate in the 1990 election--neoliberal policies that destroyed Haitian agriculture.

Well there was another election in 2000, and Aristide won handily. The United States, under George W. Bush, blocked all aid to Haiti.

Haiti had to pay interest on the aid it wasn’t getting.

Meanwhile, the country was being hit by natural disasters, magnified by the destruction of the land and society over the past 200 years.

In 2004, Haiti’s two main torturers (France & the US) invaded, kidnapped Aristide, exiled him to Central Africa & re-imposed the military.

And now we’re reaching the present moment. In January 2010, a major earthquake hit Haiti and killed ~300,000 people.

Aristide submitted a request to France to provide aid to Haiti to help after the indemnity they imposed; they put together a govt committee.

Headed by Régis Debray, a liberal French politician, the committee determined that there was no merit in the request.

After more than 200 years of terror and torture, it is time for the United States and France to pay *substantial* reparations to Haiti."
haiti  history  2017  zachcarter  us  france  slavery  colonialism  imperialism  capitalism  billclinton  woodrowwilsonn  fdr  liberia  dominicanepublic  régisdebray  williamjenningsbryan  worldbank  usaid  foreignpolicy  1990  ronaldreagan  jean-bertrandaristide  grassroots  democracy  dictatorship  reparations  babydoc  1986  1980s 
2 days ago by robertogreco
A mission for journalism in a time of crisis | News | The Guardian
"But our guiding focus, especially in countries such as Britain, the US and Australia, will be to challenge the economic assumptions of the past three decades, which have extended market values such as competition and self-interest far beyond their natural sphere and seized the public realm. We will explore other principles and avenues through which to organise society for the common good."
Guardian  journalism  history  PeterlooMassacre  TaylorJohnEdward  cotton  slavery  ScottCP  Ireland  colonialism  technology  informationTechnology  Internet  businessModels  advertising  Facebook  algorithms  trust  diversity  Brexit  TrumpDonald  polarisation  inequality  resentment  politics  radicalism  dctagged  dc:creator=VinerKatharine 
5 days ago by petej
Princeton and Slavery | City Journal
Since our universities have become intellectual black holes—dead stars which no longer radiate light but instead suck enlightenment into darkness by the irresistible gravitational pull of their collapse—little wonder that whatever they have to say about their own history and slavery is mere obscurantism. But Princeton, for the moment, wins the palm and the laurel for militant ignorance.
constitution  woodrowWilson  slavery  university 
6 days ago by Jswindle
Spoils of War by Fickle_Obsessions
9,820 words | A Jotunheim born-and-raised Loki becomes Thor's prize after a war with the frost giants. Thor is thoroughly smitten, which unfortunately means he's not too keen to take the slow route. No, the path Thor take has a lot more hair pulling and it's Loki doing the pulling.

Please refer to the notes for further explanation of the non-con warning.
thor/loki  non-con  slavery  alternate.universe  05-10K.words  *1 
6 days ago by jerakeen
People for sale: Where lives are auctioned for $400 - CNN
Smugglers in Libya are auctioning migrants off as slaves. At a property outside Tripoli, CNN witnessed a dozen men go under the hammer in the space of minutes.
immigration  slavery  europe 
8 days ago by pankkake

« earlier    

related tags

#mustread  (popular  *1  05-10k.words  152  1980s  1986  1990  19th_century  2015  2017  21st_century  223  abuse  academia  address  advertising  africa  african_american  africans  algorithms  alternate.universe  america  americana  americandream  antiblackness  article  artificialintelligence  au  author:fickle_obsessions  author:iliad06  autobiographies  babydoc  batsojopo  battlestar_galactica  bazqux  bbc  bible  bigotry  billclinton  black_history  blackbritish  blackculture  blackhistory  blackhistorymonth  blacks  book_review  books  brexit  businessmodels  ca  calypso  cannabis  capitalism  caribbean  category:m/m  christopher.columbus  civil-rights  civil  civil_war  civilwar  class-vs-race  class_warfare  climatechange  cnn  colinkaepernick  colonialism  columbus  complete  compromise  confederate  constitution  consumption  cotton  crime  critique  culture  dc:creator=vinerkatharine  dctagged  deliveroo  delivery  democracy  design  detroit  dictatorship  digital_humanities  discrimination  diversity  dominicanepublic  donaldtrump  drugs  dutch  easterisland  economics  economy  electoral-college  energy  environment  equality  eu  europe  evil  facebook  fandom:captiveprince-c.s.pacat  fandom:theavengers  fandom:thor  fanfiction  fdr  fic  film  firstname  fivethirtyeight  food  foreignpolicy  founders  france  freedom  funny  future  games  garmentindustry  geechee  genocide  george  georgia  google  googledoodle  grassroots  greece  guardian  gullah  haiti  harvard  health  hero  historical.revisionism  historicism  historiography  history  housing  identity  idiocracy  ifttt  immigration  imperialism  incarceration  indians  inequality  informationtechnology  institutions  internet  ireland  islands  jamaica  jamestown  jareddiamond  jean-bertrandaristide  jimcrow  john_kelly  josh.marshall  journalism  justice  kelly  kidnapping  landscape_arch  language  larc2330  liberia  libya  lotr  louisiana  madison  mapping  migration  mikeross/harveyspecter  miss  movies  music-history  music  names  nationalanthem  nationalism  nazis  ndn  neo-nazism  netherlands  new_jersey  newyorktimes  ngo  nl  noah_feldman  non-con  noncon  nytimes  obituary  observation  olaudahequiano  people  peopletrafficking  perception  peterloomassacre  pocket  polarisation  police.state  politics  prediction  prison  prisons  public_health  public_history  quora  quotes  race  racism  radicalism  rap541  rating:explicit  rating:nc-17  reading  real_estate  redlining  relationship:erasmus/torveld(captiveprince)  relationship:loki/thor  relationship:omc/omc  reparations  rescue  research  resentment  review  ronaldreagan  régisdebray  scifi  scottcp  sequel  serwer  settler_colonialism  slate  slavernij  social_memory  society  south  spencerrichard  stargate_sg1  suen6340  suits  ta-nehisi.coates  tanahisicoates  taylorjohnedward  technology  theatlantic  theindependent  thesouth  thor/loki  to_read  tpm  trafficking  translation  trinidad&tobago  trump  trumpdonald  trumpism  trust  twitter  uk  uncletomscabin  united_states_of_america  university  unsettled_boston  urban  urbanism  us  us_politics  usa  usaid  uscivilwar  uspoli  values  video  virginia  visualization  voting  war  washington  whitesupremacism  whitesupremacy  whitewashing  williamjenningsbryan  women  woodrowwilson  woodrowwilsonn  workersrights  world_war_ii  worldbank  writers  ww2  zachcarter 

Copy this bookmark: