representation   4259

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Patrick LeMieux: Everything but the Clouds (2017)
"Arcangel's ethics are at odds with his artwork (..)
SuperMario Clouds does not use any programming data from SuperMario Brothers (..)
SuperMario Clouds is less like a ROM hack and more like a homebrew game (..)
Colors in Arcangel's artwork do not appear in the game (..)
Material processes of technology often run counter to the narratives that try to sanitize them"
contradiction  narrative  conceptual  material  cartridge  hack  representation  index  patricklemieux  warhol  magritte  archaeology  medium  nintendo  nds  supermario  clouds  coryarcangel  critique  game 
3 days ago by gohai
Rendering: The Cave of the Digital - e-flux Architecture - e-flux
Throughout this cave, and across the paleo-world of what is now southern Europe, are cave paintings of bodies and figures, people and animals. Not portraits, but points, like the freeze-frame screens that football pundits use on pay TV. Except these drawings are made over millennia, describing some other kind of relationship to time and space. These cave art scenes are pictures of space, of gaps between, of the tension between figures.

The surfaces of the cave narrate stories like celestial constellations. Images are etched, smeared, blown, and drawn onto this undulating, ragged, curved surface so that topography blurs into figures—the surface of a sleeping bison, the neck of a horse conjured by shading applied to a fissure or a bump.

Caves invert the space of the world above ground. In these underground interiors, space is bounded by the earth itself. Yet through the drawings in these concave enclosures, they are rendered into worlds. Representation transforms them into an essential act of architecture—spaces that organize meaning and form. One might even say that these drawings act as the first form of architecture—that the natural cave becomes architecture not through shelter but representation. These were not places to live, after all, but served some other purpose.

Caves are spaces of representation without edges; where the world and the space of the page are the same thing. Drawings whose subject, but also medium, is space. Representation that is applied to the world itself; representation that becomes the world.

Inside the cave, we occupy the drawing just as the drawing occupies and manufactures space. We are not outside observers of an image, but active participants within the space of representation.

Looking closely, there are other specific representational tropes. There are no faces on any of the figures. No sky either; no trees, no rivers, no landscape, no horizon.

They are pictures of the world, but a world that is different to ours; a world whose outlines remain daubed on cave walls but whose meaning we can’t comprehend. Maps whose coordinates have been lost, whose legend no longer makes sense, whose orientations and coordinates obey different rules. Representations whose scale and depth no longer register as they did with their authors....

Space is not a natural phenomenon, but something constructed. Medieval European space, for example, is fundamentally different from Neolithic space. Perspectival space is fundamentally different from Byzantine space. Space is a product of social, economic, and environmental conditions. It provides a specific framework for encounter, relationship, and the production of specific kinds of meaning. Representation is not just a way of recording or depicting space, but the way of constructing it. Spatial representation is not merely pictorial or graphic, but also conceptual....

Erwin Panofsky argues that the invention of linear perspective could only occur at the moment when a particular conception of space—the concept of infinity—emerged.1 He suggests that this idea of the infinite emerged because of a new religious conception of a singular, divine omnipresence. Without this idea of the universe, it would be impossible to conceive of the vanishing point....

To this we might add that the drawing system of perspective, relying as it does on accurate measurement to construct its space, emerged within the highly mercantile contexts of Florence and Venice; places where the measurement of goods was fundamental to the accumulation of wealth.

In other words, perspective brought spiritual divinity and earthy pragmatism together into the same representational space. ...

That Pacioli, a Franciscan friar as well as mathematician, is also credited with the invention of double entry bookkeeping should come as no surprise. “Double entry” is a system of recording transactions in terms of credit and debit; a debit in one account will be offset by a credit in another, so the sum of all debits must be equal to the sum of all credits. Double entry remains the basis of contemporary accounting. It is the space that appears when spreadsheets are opened, just as perspective is the space that appears when Sketchup is fired up and pictorial space for constructed the lonely figure in an empty world.

Both perspective drawing and double entry bookkeeping are systems that seem to help accurately record the world as it is. But at heart, the power that both have is to remake the world according to their own vision. ...

The power of perspective is not only its internal representational mechanism, but how it projects its ideal geometry outwards into the world. Not as a form of recording the world, but of constructing it. Unlike the representational space of the cave, which internalizes the world, perspective is mapped outwards from its vanishing point, beyond the frame of the page and into the world.

One can further argue, along with Hito Steyerl, that concepts which emerge from perspectival space shape geopolitical space:

The use of the horizon to calculate position gave seafarers a sense of orientation, thus also enabling colonialism and the spread of a capitalist global market, but also became an important tool for the construction of the optical paradigms that came to define modernity, the most important paradigm being that of so-called linear perspective....

Just as language constrains what it is possible to say—or perhaps even think—the conventions and genres of representation used to create architecture also set out the terms of its engagement with the world. They may appear to represent space as a simple, “natural” thing, but the possibilities of the space they depict are already contained within them before pen is put to paper, or cursor to page. ...

Attempts to deploy alternative, even Cubist types of architectural space, from Deconstruction to Parametracism, have only served to reinforce traditional representational modes, insofar as their highly complex forms have required the development of hyper accurate software that replicate the spatial constructs of traditional architectural representation. In other words, advanced 3D modeling software have only served to reinforce preexisting forms of representation. ...

This rejection of the technical sophistication of the photorealistic “real” instead embraces a new awkwardness. It finds itself making digital collages that hit Google images hard and proclaim their diverse sources. Instead of complex three dimensionality, they take advantage of Photoshop and Illustrator’s ability to operate in an infinitely layered two-dimensional plane—which, in passing, operates as a native digital space rather than a simulation of the real just as a digital database can operate in nth dimensional space. These drawings accentuate the artificiality of the drawing, sometimes through the use of one point perspective, or by rejecting perspective entirely for a flattened “digital Byzantine.” These, amongst others, are tactics of post-digital architectural drawing. Far more than a stylistic project (though this is always a present danger of representational regimes), they configure an approach to digital culture that turns away from the pixel-perfect simulation of the real to expressly declare the representational quality of the drawing. These drawings accentuate representation’s “representational” quality, eschewing preset realism in order to expose how drawing and seeing are active in constructing the world.
archaeology  caves  writing  space  representation  art_history  perspective  media_architecture 
5 days ago by shannon_mattern
Electoral Reform Society
The Electoral Reform Society is a political pressure group based in the United Kingdom which promotes electoral reform.
politics  democracy  electoral  reform  society  elections  proportional  representation  lobbying  research 
5 days ago by asaltydog
[1802.02627] Going Deeper in Spiking Neural Networks: VGG and Residual Architectures
Over the past few years, Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) have become popular as a possible pathway to enable low-power event-driven neuromorphic hardware. However, their application in machine learning have largely been limited to very shallow neural network architectures for simple problems. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithmic technique for generating an SNN with a deep architecture, and demonstrate its effectiveness on complex visual recognition problems such as CIFAR-10 and ImageNet. Our technique applies to both VGG and Residual network architectures, with significantly better accuracy than the state-of-the-art. Finally, we present analysis of the sparse event-driven computations to demonstrate reduced hardware overhead when operating in the spiking domain.
via:?  to-write-about  to-read  neural-networks  representation  models-and-modes  machine-learning  simulation 
8 days ago by Vaguery
The Pledge | 8th February 2018 - YouTube
arguments against violence don't hold up in a perverse violent opressive environment. (see hedges, cornel west, Malcom X, etc) especially if your elite "fellows" sell you down the river (barack Obama eric holder and co). Or see Vietnam, Buddhists burned themselves (self-immolation) up because of the injustice and their beliefs. Or Bobby Sands et al. Indefinite hunger strikes. Or Guantanamo/AbuGhraib if I am not mistaken, people there went on hunger strike. //&! - Suffragette //&! the women who chose to sit in protest on the bus in the white section, and the what followed blacks entering white establishments. a knowingly intentional provocation not answered by law and order but by public violence. //&! or the 2011 uk youth riots - debatable, but a grain of salt, violence answered w violence in this case looting ... what else? a bank? which is an impossibility. or looting your neighborhood block of flat Grenfell? // especially institutionalized structural oppression regime against minorities. or institutional disadvantaged.
Identity  Politics  Chris  Hedges  Cornel  West  MalcomX  MLK  BAME  UK  blacklivesmatter  Jim  Crow  post-racial  America  Feminism  violence  sexism  Sexismus  democracy  history  LGBT  minority  No  Representation  discrimination  injustice  justice  USA  Sociology  Psychology  Philosophy  women  rights  gender-based  Pankhurst  #MeToo 
10 days ago by asterisk2a
"Employee Engagement and Marginalized Populations" by Brenna Miaira Kutch
Portland State University (PSU) is strongly focused on equity and inclusion as evidenced by its strategic priorities, active Office of Global Diversity and Inclusion (OGDI), and many employees and students who care about inclusion and social justice. There is, however, less focus on the employee experience. With nearly 4,000 staff, faculty, administrators, and student workers, PSU runs on the people passionate about serving its mission, but depending on the area of the university in which one is employed, experiences can range from supportive and trusting to micromanaging and disrespectful.

This report examines the employee experience, or employee engagement, at PSU from multiple campus perspectives, and will focus on the experiences of those in members of marginalized populations (MPs). MPs are defined as those voices often or historically excluded from the mainstream or “privileged” aspects of PSU, Portland, and society in general, such as people with disabilities, women, people of color or ethnic minorities, members of the LGBTQ community, older employees, and political/religious minorities. The Gallup Q12 engagement survey was conducted in 2015 and 2016 with a subset of PSU employees that specifically broke participants up into five groups: gender, race/ethnicity, LGBTQ status, and years of service at PSU.

The following report will discuss employee engagement in general, for public employees, and for marginalized populations; provide analysis of how PSU engagement is affected by MP status; examine the contributors and inhibitors of engagement at PSU; and provide recommendations for improving general PSU employee engagement, and particularly engagement among those marginalized groups.
work  toread  diversity  highered  representation 
10 days ago by laurenipsum
(5791) Reaktion von Kevin Kühnert zum Verzicht von Martin Schulz auf den Außenministerposten am 09.02.2018 - YouTube - SPD-Bundesparteitag: Rede von Kevin Kühnert am 21.01.2018 // nichts fuer die 20% armutsgefaehrdent, weiterhin 2 klassen medizin. kompromiss bei befristung von arbeitsvertraegen. kein familien nachzug. &! //&! KEIN KOALITIONSVERTRAG. EIN FUSIONSVERTRAG! //&! &! - Prof. Volker Kronenberg zum Verzicht von Martin Schulz auf den Außenministerposten am 09.02.18
GroKo  Martin  Schulz  JuSo  Angela  Merkel  Germany  Politics  history  SPD  CDU  CSU  refugee  crisis  btw17  AfD  trust  trustagent  No  Representation  European  Union  Brexit 
10 days ago by asterisk2a
Why Does Hollywood Keep Rewarding Films That Shut Out Disability? | Bitch Media
Disability discrimination is deeply ingrained in the fabric of our society and almost universally enforced by the stories we tell in the media we gleefully consume.
disability  representation 
13 days ago by sasha_feather
British justice is in flames. The MoJ’s fiddling is criminal | Charles Falconer | Opinion | The Guardian
From prisons to probation and legal aid, the entire system is on the verge of collapse – and poor people bear the brunt. Act now, lord chancellor
UK  Austerity  Legal  Aid  Prison  BAME  discrimination  inequality  injustice  justice  Tories  nasty  party  Conservative  Privatisation  MoJ  Brexit  No  Representation  LGBT  hate  speech  Police  crime 
13 days ago by asterisk2a
My article on street and its and press in freely available online…
sexwork  criminalisation  representation  Italy  from twitter_favs
14 days ago by ac524

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