regulation   14938

« earlier    

The Policy State — Karen Orren, Stephen Skowronek | Harvard University Press
"Policy is government’s ready response to changing times, the key to its successful adaptation. It tackles problems as they arise, from foreign relations and economic affairs to race relations and family affairs. Karen Orren and Stephen Skowronek take a closer look at this well-known reality of modern governance. In The Policy State they point out that policy is not the only way in which America was governed historically, and they describe the transformation that occurred as policy took over more and more of the work of government, emerging as the raison d’être of the state’s operation.
"Rather than analyze individual policies to document this change, Orren and Skowronek examine policy’s effect on legal rights and the formal structure of policy-making authority. Rights and structure are the principal elements of government that historically constrained policy and protected other forms of rule. The authors assess the emergence of a new “policy state,” in which rights and structure shed their distinctive characteristics and take on the attributes of policy.
"Orren and Skowronek address the political controversies swirling around American government as a consequence of policy’s expanded domain. On the one hand, the policy state has rendered government more flexible, responsive, and inclusive. On the other, it has mangled government’s form, polarized its politics, and sowed deep distrust of its institutions. The policy state frames an American predicament: policy has eroded the foundations of government, even as the policy imperative pushes us ever forward, into an uncertain future."
to:NB  books:noted  us_politics  regulation  public_policy  our_decrepit_institutions 
3 days ago by cshalizi
Hall of Mirrors: Corporate Philanthropy and Strategic Advocacy
"Politicians and regulators rely on feedback from the public when setting policies. For-profit corporations and non-pro t entities are active in this process and are arguably expected to provide independent viewpoints. Policymakers (and the public at large), however, may be unaware of the financial ties between some firms and non-profits - ties that are legal and tax-exempt, but difficult to trace. We identify these ties using IRS forms submitted by the charitable arms of large U.S. corporations, which list all grants awarded to non-pro fits. We document three patterns in a comprehensive sample of public commentary made by firms and non-profits within U.S. federal rulemaking between 2003 and 2015. First, we show that, shortly after a firm donates to a non-profit, the grantee is more likely to comment on rules for which the firm has also provided a comment. Second, when a firm comments on a rule, the comments by non-profits that recently received grants from the firm's foundation are systematically closer in content similarity to the firm's own comments than to those submitted by other non-profits commenting on that rule. This content similarity does not result from similarly-worded comments that express divergent sentiment. Third, when a firm comments on a new rule, the discussion of the final rule is more similar to the firm's comments when the firm's recent grantees also comment on that rule. These patterns, taken together, suggest that corporations strategically deploy charitable grants to induce non-pro fit grantees to make comments that favor their benefactors, and that this translates into regulatory discussion that is closer to the firm's own comments."
to:NB  corruption  deceiving_us_has_become_an_industrial_process  us_politics  regulation  corporations  via:rvenkat 
4 days ago by cshalizi
Hall of Mirrors: Corporate Philanthropy and Strategic Advocacy
Politicians and regulators rely on feedback from the public when setting policies. For-profit corporations and non-pro t entities are active in this process and are arguably expected to provide independent viewpoints. Policymakers (and the public at large), however, may be unaware of the financial ties between some firms and non-profits - ties that are legal and tax-exempt, but difficult to trace. We identify these ties using IRS forms submitted by the charitable arms of large U.S. corporations, which list all grants awarded to non-pro fits. We document three patterns in a comprehensive sample of public commentary made by firms and non-profits within U.S. federal rulemaking between 2003 and 2015. First, we show that, shortly after a firm donates to a non-profit, the grantee is more likely to comment on rules for which the firm has also provided a comment. Second, when a firm comments on a rule, the comments by non-profits that recently received grants from the firm's foundation are systematically closer in content similarity to the firm's own comments than to those submitted by other non-profits commenting on that rule. This content similarity does not result from similarly-worded comments that express divergent sentiment. Third, when a firm comments on a new rule, the discussion of the final rule is more similar to the firm's comments when the firm's recent grantees also comment on that rule. These patterns, taken together, suggest that corporations strategically deploy charitable grants to induce non-pro fit grantees to make comments that favor their benefactors, and that this translates into regulatory discussion that is closer to the firm's own comments
lobbying_complex  corruption  governance  regulation  political_economy  natural_language_processing  via:nyhan 
4 days ago by rvenkat
Facing up to the need for regulation – Microsoft recognises Big Brother potential
"George Orwell’s 1984 is arriving about 40 years behind schedule. Microsoft and other concerned technologists believe we’re running out of time to create new government regulations to deal with the dangers of facial recognition and other new surveillance technologies."
analytics  planning  and  data  analysis  privacy  governing  identity  security  regulation  social 
5 days ago by jonerp

« earlier    

related tags

-  2006  2011  2018  a:gary-greenberg  a:james-b-stewart  a:morgen-peck  a:oliver-bullough  addiction  administrative_law  aeip  aerosol  africa  agriculture  ai  air  alternatives  america  analysis  analytics  and  anti-semitism  antitrust  apologies  app  apples  architecture  asb  assholes  atmosphere  austerity  australia  authoritarianism  backstop  banking  banks  barniermichel  bias  big  bitcoin  boballen  bolesnick  books:noted  borders  breach  brexit  burdensome  business  businessmodels  california  cambridgeanalytica  cancer  cap  capitalism  cattle  cdc  censorship  cfp  charity  chelseadavidson  china  christmas  civilliberties  cjeu  climate-change  climatechange  cloud  collaboration  communities  company  competition  compliance  congress  conspiracy  consumer  consumerism  content  control  corbynjeremy  corporateresponsibility  corporations  corruption  cosmic  crime  cuadrilla  culture  customs  customsunion  d:2009.09.21  d:2018.09.07  d:2018.10.04  d:2018.11.07  data  data_and_society  dataethics  dataprotection  datasharing  datatransfer  dc:contributor=bastaniaaron  dc:contributor=galsworthymike  dc:contributor=walkermichael  dc:creator=o'toolefintan  dc:creator=seymourrichard  dc:creator=varoufakisyanis  dctagged  debt  deceiving_us_has_become_an_industrial_process  definers  delusion  democracy  democratisation  deregulation  desertification  development  diem25  digital  disaster  discussion  disease  dishonesty  disinformation  disposability  domestic  dpia  driving  dust  ea  earthquake  ec  ecj  ecoli  economics  education  eea  efta  election  emotion  energy  enforcementnotice  england  environment  equivalence  ethics  eu  europe  europeancommission  example  face  facebook  facialrecognition  fake-news  farmers  farming  fda  federal  files  finance  fishing  fobt  food  fossilfuels  fracking  france  free-trade  freedom  freedomofmovement  freetradeagreement  ftc  fuel  funerals  gambling  game  gaming  garywaugaman  gdpr  gender  generalelection  george-w-bush  ghana  global-warming  google  gop  governance  governing  government  great-recession  green  greenwashing  groups  hardbrexit  harrisonfarms  hatred  health  history  housing  hsk  human  humour  ico  identity  implant  implementation  industry  informal  infrastructure  inspection  intelligence  interdependency  interference  internationalism  interstellar  investment  ireland  irrigation  jamesgorny  jobs  juliputnam  karawaugaman  labor  labourparty  lakesideorganicgardens  lancashire  law  lawenforcement  laws  leave  left  legislation  lettuce  libertarian  libertarianism  livestock  lobby  lobbying  lobbying_complex  lobbyist  london  lootbox  lyft  machine-learning  machine-vision  machine  machinelearning  macronemmanuel  macroprudential  manufacturing  marketing  matter  maytheresa  measurement  medicaid  medicare  medicine  melindawhitt  mercatus  metadate  metrology  microbeads  microsoft  migration  mikevillaneva  misuse  ml  money  mores  mum  mythbusting  nationalisation  nationalism  natural_language_processing  negotiations  neoliberalism  network  networking  new-deal  news  nodeal  nonprofits  northernireland  norway  norwayplus  novara  nylon  nytopinion  observation  onions  online  opinion  opposition  our_decrepit_institutions  ownership  p:breaker  p:the-guardian★★  p:the-new-york-times-magazine★★  p:the-new-yorker★★  packaging  panopticon  particulate  pattylovera  pecr  peoplesvote  perception  personaldata  pharma  pharmaceutical  pharmaceuticals  phenomenon  planning  plastic  platform  platforms  police  policing  policy  political_economy  political_philosophy  politicaldeclaration  politics  pollution  polyester  poverty  pr  pricing  privacy  private  privatespaceexplore  privatisation  produce  productivity  propaganda  property  protection  public  public_policy  publichealth  puerto  punishment  racism  rail  recommended  recycling  referendum  reform  regenold  regulations  regulators  regulatory  regulatoryalignment  regulatorycapture  religion  remain  report  reporting  review  rico  ridehailing  ridesharing  ridesoucing  rights  risk  rules  russia  rutgers  safety  salinasvalley  sandberg  sandbergsheryl  satellite  satire  scale  security  self-regulation  service  sharing  singlemarket  social  socialcredit  socialism  socialmedia  softbrexit  software  sorosgeorge  sovereignty  space  stamosalex  standards  starmerkeir  state  stateaid  stephenostroff  strategy  stuartreitz  surveillance  tactics  tariffs  taxes  taxi2013  tech  technology  television  testing  theatlantic  thornberryemily  time  tnc  to:nb  toryparty  trade  tradition  transition  transnationalism  transparency  transportation  trevorsuslow  tribes  trump  trumpdonald  trumpteam  uber  ucdavis  ugh  uk  uncertainty  united_states  unnecessary  us_politics  usa  user  uspolitics  w:19500  w:3500  w:4500  w:6000  wages  wallstreet  waste  water  watsonville-ca  waymo  wildfires  williamwhitt  wind  wired  withdrawal  withdrawalagreement  work  xenophobia  yuma-az  zuckerberg  zuckerbergmark 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: