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RAND’s blockchain challenges and opportunities
"No doubt because the BSI commissioned the Report, its focus is on standards. There is relatively little examination of the processing implications (including the speed and size of DLT/blockchains). The description: “the distributed nature of DLT/blockchain systems and the need for increased computing power could involve high energy consumption and associated costs” does not explore the issues in depth. Similarly, the merits of interworking DLT/blochchains could do with more depth."
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6 weeks ago by jonerp
The PLA and China's Rejuvenation National Security and Military Strategies, Deterrence Concepts, and Combat Capabilities
Dec 2016 Rand report
The information in this report assesses the perceptions of China's leaders on many critical issues — from their views of the international security environment and domestic and international threats, to their approaches to crisis management and escalation control, to the development of military capabilities and deterrence concepts. As this study indicates, these Chinese assessments are not static; they evolve as China's standing in the world increases and its national interests grow, and the conclusions Chinese planners draw from such assessments also change. The necessity of continuing to monitor and analyze emerging literature and assessments on concepts discussed in this report — particularly those with broader implications for current events, such as China's defense of territorial claims in the South China Sea and prospects for crisis management — will be crucial.
rand  china  military  strategy  deterrence  security 
11 weeks ago by strohps
A Strategic Assessment of the Future of U.S. Navy Ship Maintenance Challenges and Opportunities
Sept 2017 Rand report
RAND Corporation researchers assisted the Commander of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) to assess possible supply and demand capabilities in the ship maintenance workload and note long-term challenges facing mitigation efforts.

There are several limitations to maintaining the ability of the Navy to procure the services it needs. For example, broader changes in the labor and capital markets may change how demand is met by the Navy — and the Navy often has little influence over these factors. There are also limitations to how quickly the industrial base can grow before additional constraints and productivity barriers are reached. Moreover, there is a cost to sustaining an industrial base that is constantly going through boom and bust cycles. This report offers a number of recommendations for NAVSEA and Department of Defense leadership to consider to mitigate challenges and plan strategically for the coming years.
rand  navy  shipbuilding  readiness  defense_industrial_base 
11 weeks ago by strohps
What Are the Trends in Armed Conflicts, and What Do They Mean for U.S. Defense Policy?
Sept 2017 Rand paper
Many factors have contributed to the long-term decline in conflict and most of those factors remain in place. Of the alternative future scenarios we examined, only a few produced large spikes in armed conflict.

But the defense policy implications of these findings are not straightforward, since conflict trends do not follow straight lines and the U.S. military prepares to defend the United States in periods of crisis, not just for the "average" level of threat or in response to "average" incidence of conflict. There are also substantial regional differences in incidence of armed conflict, and global trends do not necessarily reflect those trends. Moreover, even if armed conflict continues to decline, this fact does not necessarily indicate lower demand for U.S. military forces. In fact, even as armed conflict declined in the post–Cold War era, the frequency of deployments of U.S. land forces for military interventions rose substantially. Finally, the U.S. military preponderance may be a part of the explanation for the decline in armed conflict in the first place. The deterrent effect of the U.S. military and its forward posture may contribute to the further global decline of deadly armed conflict.
rand  conflict  defense  strategy  policy 
september 2017 by strohps
A More Peaceful World? Regional Conflict Trends and U.S. Defense Planning
Sept 2017 Rand report
Has the relative peace of the immediate post-Cold War era been replaced by a world of escalating conflict and threats to U.S. security? What is the security threat environment likely to look like in the long-term future?

To answer these questions, this report analyzes trends in violent conflict and discusses their broad implications for long-term defense planning. It presents statistical models that estimate the incidence of violent conflict — both within and between countries — and that project conflict trends over the next 25 years under different scenarios. The analysis concludes that violent conflict is likely to return to long-standing trends of gradual decline in most regions of the world in most plausible futures. However, certain regions are likely to experience continued high or increasing levels of violent conflict (in particular, the area stretching from the Maghreb through South Asia). A handful of plausible, though extreme, scenarios could also produce a substantial spike in the likelihood of conflict globally, leading to levels of violence approaching (although not reaching) the worst periods since World War II. This report recommends five indicators as the most important sources of warning that conflict trends may be increasing.
rand  peace  defense  planning  security  conflict 
september 2017 by strohps
CNN IS FAKE NEWS | Best Images Collections HD For Gadget windows Mac Android
CNN IS Fake News MP3: http://ift.tt/2x4LxIJ Soundcloud: http://ift.tt/2vQTm6o Immediately after CNN’s Senior White Residence Correspondent Jim Acosta had an embarrassing trade President Trump, CNN New Year’s Eve host Kathy Griffin printed her presidential assassination porn, CNN host Reza Aslan identified as President Trump a “piece of $h!t” and the organization was pressured to retract a […]
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august 2017 by wotek
Delivering Clinical Practice Guideline–Concordant Care for PTSD and Major Depression in Military Treatment Facilities
Aug 2017 Rand report
Providing accessible, high-quality care for psychological health (PH) conditions, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), is important to maintaining a healthy, mission-ready force. It is unclear whether the current system of care meets the needs of service members with PTSD or MDD, and little is known about the barriers to delivering guideline-concordant care. RAND used existing provider workforce data, a provider survey, and key informant interviews to (1) provide an overview of the PH workforce at military treatment facilities (MTFs), (2) examine the extent to which care for PTSD and MDD in military treatment facilities is consistent with Department of Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense clinical practice guidelines, and (3) identify facilitators and barriers to providing this care. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of providers' perspectives on their capacity to deliver PH care within MTFs and presents detailed results by provider type and service branch. Findings suggest that most providers report using guideline-concordant psychotherapies, but use varied by provider type. The majority of providers reported receiving at least minimal training and supervision in at least one recommended psychotherapy for PTSD and for MDD. Still, more than one-quarter of providers reported that limits on travel and lack of protected time in their schedule affected their ability to access additional professional training. Finally, most providers reported routinely screening patients for PTSD and MDD with a validated screening instrument, but fewer providers reported using a validated screening instrument to monitor treatment progress.
rand  mental_health  ptsd 
august 2017 by strohps
Exploring Cyber Security Policy Options in Australia
Aug 2017 Rand paper
Today's cyber environment presents unlimited opportunities for innovation, interaction, commerce, and creativity, but these benefits also bring serious security challenges. Satisfactory solutions will require building partnerships among public and private organizations, establishing mechanisms and incentives to foster routine information sharing and collective defense, and educating users about their role in thwarting increasingly sophisticated attacks. RAND developed and conducted a cyber security exercise in Canberra, Australia, that aimed to capture the widest possible range of stakeholder perspectives. Participants represented government, the private sector, think tanks and academic institutions, industry associations, and the media. The goal was to explore the challenges Australia faces in securing cyberspace by placing pressure on government authorities, industry capabilities, users' tolerance for malicious cyber activity, and the ability to develop interdisciplinary solutions to pressing cyber security challenges. The exercise was structured around two plausible cyber security scenarios set in the near future, and this was the third in a series of cyber security exercises developed by RAND. The two prior exercises were conducted in the United States — in Washington, D.C., and at the University of California, Berkeley, near Silicon Valley. Like these prior events, the Australian exercise provided a rich set of observations and options to strengthen cyber security and enforcement while protecting the benefits afforded by a free and open Internet.
rand  cybersecurity  australia 
august 2017 by strohps
Quality of Care for PTSD and Depression in the Military Health System
Aug 2017 Rand report
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This report is a comprehensive assessment of the quality of care delivered by the MHS in 2013–2014 for over 38,000 active-component service members with PTSD or depression. The assessment includes performance on 30 quality measures to evaluate the receipt of recommended assessments and treatments. These measures draw on multiple data sources including administrative encounter data, medical record review data, and patient self-reported outcome monitoring data. The assessment identified strengths and areas for improvement for the MHS. In particular, the MHS excels at screening for suicide risk and substance use, but rates of appropriate follow-up for service members with suicide risk are lower. Most service members received at least some psychotherapy, but less than half of psychotherapy delivered was evidence-based. In analyses focused on Army soldiers, outcome monitoring increased notably over time, yet preliminary analyses suggest that more work is needed to ensure that services are effective in reducing symptoms. When comparing performance between 2012–2013 and 2013–2014, most measures demonstrated slight improvement, but targeted efforts will be needed to support further improvements. RAND provides recommendations for strategies to improve the quality of care delivered for these conditions.
rand  ptsd  health  psychology  health_care 
august 2017 by strohps

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