public_goods   103

« earlier    

A decentralized cooperative solution to the iterated pacifist’s dilemma game: notes in the margin of Pinker’s theory of Leviathan | SpringerLink
The current paper is heavily indebted to Steven Pinker’s theory of Leviathan. He made ingenious theoretical and historical use of the one-off prisoner’s dilemma game (= the pacifist’s dilemma game) and demonstrated how the state, as one of the most important institutions for controlling violence, solves the Hobbesian problem of anarchy. We argue, however, that centralized authoritarian solutions to the pacifist’s dilemma game continue to suffer from a few, specifiable problems that cause political violence, and citizens’ violence against one another, and that decentralized cooperative solutions to the pacifist’s dilemma game, arising from iterated solution concepts, are capable of solving these particular problems. A decentralized cooperative solution to the pacifist’s dilemma game, without the sovereign, is not only a feasible, but, also, under certain conditions, an evolutionarily stable equilibrium. There are several theoretical constructs that have reached essentially the same conclusion. These include the Folk Theorem by Robert Aumann, the theory of reciprocal altruism by Robert Trivers, and the strategic simulations and models of the evolution of cooperation by Robert Axelrod and William D. Hamilton. Constitutional democracy, based on citizens’ equal political rights and on the rule of law, incorporates some of the key logical components of the above-mentioned models of decentralized cooperation. It is not a perfect system of government, as such, but it does solve some of the key problems of political violence and instability that have plagued centralized authoritarian systems of government. The paper thus provides a new theoretical outlook upon the pacifying effects of constitutional democracy.

-- very likely a reinterpretation and rediscovery of known results
game_theory  democracy  public_goods  law  the_civilizing_process  via:pinker 
12 weeks ago by rvenkat
The Sewers of Paris and the Making of the Modern City | CBC Radio
Philip Coulter goes underground in the City of Light to visit the City of Smell. Part 1 of 2-part series.
CBC Radio · January 25
19th_century  CBC_Radio  cities  disease  herd_immunity  history  pandemics  Paris  plague  public_goods  public_health  sewage 
january 2019 by jerryking
The digital economy is disrupting our old models
Diane Coyle 14 HOURS AGO

To put it in economic jargon, we are in the territory of externalities and public goods. Information once shared cannot be unshared.

The digital economy is one of externalities and public goods to a far greater degree than in the past. We have not begun to get to grips with how to analyse it, still less to develop policies for the common good. There are two questions at the heart of the challenge: what norms and laws about property rights over intangibles such as data or ideas or algorithms are going to be needed? And what will the best balance between collective and individual actions be or, to put it another way, between government and market?
mydata  personal_data  digital_economy  Facebook  externalities  knowledge_economy  public_goods  algorithms  data  ideas  intangibles  property_rights  protocols 
april 2018 by jerryking
The PA Promise
A plan to have nearly full public funding for certain public universities.
economics  education  public_goods  private_goods  externalities  opportunity_cost 
february 2018 by cmingyar
Social Mobilization | Annual Review of Psychology

This article reviews research from several behavioral disciplines to derive strategies for prompting people to perform behaviors that are individually costly and provide negligible individual or social benefits but are meaningful when performed by a large number of individuals. Whereas the term social influence encompasses all the ways in which people influence other people, social mobilization refers specifically to principles that can be used to influence a large number of individuals to participate in such activities. The motivational force of social mobilization is amplified by the fact that others benefit from the encouraged behaviors, and its overall impact is enhanced by the fact that people are embedded within social networks. This article may be useful to those interested in the provision of public goods, collective action, and prosocial behavior, and we give special attention to field experiments on election participation, environmentally sustainable behaviors, and charitable giving.
collective_action  political_economy  public_goods  social_behavior  intervention  review  social_networks  networks  dmce  teaching  via:nyhan 
february 2018 by rvenkat
The Impact of Health on Labor Market Outcomes: Experimental Evidence from MRFIT
While economists have posited that health investments increase earnings, isolating the causal effect of health is challenging due both to reverse causality and unobserved heterogeneity. We examine the labor market effects of a randomized controlled trial, the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT), which monitored nearly 13,000 men for over six years. We find that this intervention, which provided a bundle of treatments to reduce coronary heart disease mortality, increased earnings and family income. We find few differences in estimated gains by baseline health and occupation characteristics. Reductions in serious illnesses and work-limiting disabilities likely contributed to the observed gains.
health  labor  productivity  wealth  inequality  economics  experiments  microeconomics  public_goods  for_friends  via:noa 
january 2018 by rvenkat

« earlier    

related tags

?  -priorities  1-percent  16thc  18thc  19th_century  20thc  21stc  academia-governance  academic  access_to_services  accountability  accumulation  administrative_agencies  administrative_law  administrative_state  advertising  aid  aiviq  algorithms  altruistic_punishment  amtrak  ancient_egypt  ancient_history  ancient_near_east  andy_kessler  anniversaries  anti-intellectual  antitrust  appellate_review  appointments  arbitration  archaeology  architecture  article  asia  asia_pacific  assets  austria  authority  autonomy  bankruptcy  bargaining  behaviours  bible-as-history  bibliography  big_data  bill_clinton  bill_gates  book  books  bottom_of_the_pyramid  breview  british_foreign_policy  british_history  bronze_age  bruce_macewen  bureaucracy  business-and-politics  business-ethics  business-norms  business  business_analysis  business_influence  business_practices  business_strategy  cac  canada  canadian  capital_as_power  capitalism-systemic_crisis  capitalism  causal_inference  cbc  cbc_radio  cbc_tv  central_government  centralization  change-social  chapter  china  cities-governance  cities  citizenship  city_limits  civic_virtue  civics  civil_rights  civil_society  clientelism  climate-adaptation  climate  coastal_development  collective_action  colonialism  comedy  commercial_law  commercialization  common_good  common_law  commons  commonwealth  communication  community  comparative  competition-interstate  competition  congress  constitutional_law  consumer_revolution  consumers  consumption  convergence-business  cooperation  corporate_citizenship  corporate_finance  corporate_governance  corporate_tax  corporations  cost-benefit  cost  covenants  creative_economy  credit  creditors  cross-border  csr  cultural_capital  cultural_critique  cultural_history  cultural_institutions  culture  cybersecurity  dark_web  data  databases  debates  debt-restructuring  debt_crisis  debtors  decentralization  decision_theory  deliberation-public  democracy  democracy_deficit  deregulation  detroit  development  dialectic-historical  dialogue  digital_economy  digital_humanities  disaster  discretion  disease  dispute_resolution  distance_learning  distribution-income  distribution-wealth  distribution  diversity  dmce  donald_boudreaux  downloaded  duties-civic  duties  econometrics  economic_culture  economic_geography  economic_growth  economic_history  economic_policy  economic_reform  economic_sociology  economic_theory  economics  economies_of_scale  editorials  education-civic  education-finance  education-higher  education-k-12  education-privatization  education-training  education  ef-add  efficiency  elinor_ostrom  elite_culture  elites-self-destructive  elites  emerging_markets  empathy  empire-and_business  energy-markets  energy  enlightenment-ongoing  enlightenment  enlightenment_project  environment  epistemology-moral  epistemology-naturalism  epistemology-social  epistemology  eu  eu_governance  europe-early_modern  evidence  experimentation  experiments  externalities  ezra_klein  facebook  fairness  farrell.henry  fcc  fdi  federalism  finance_capital  financial_crisis  financial_economics  financial_innovation  financial_regulation  financial_system  financialization  firms-organization  firms-structure  firms-theory  fiscal_drag  fiscal_policy  fixed_costs  for_friends  forgotten  foundational  free_markets  free_riders  free_trade  free_trade_zones  freemium  game_theory  gender  geography  geopolitics  germany  gerrymandering  global_economy  global_governance  global_system  global_value_chains  globalization  gop  gotham_schools  goverment  governance-participation  governance  government-roles  government  government_agencies  government_contracting  governmentality  governments-information_sharing  great_depression  great_divergence  great_recession  green_economy  green_finance  hacks  health  health_care  herd_immunity  hierarchy  historiography  history-and-social_sciences  history  history_of_book  history_of_science  hockey  holman_jenkins  house_of_representatives  human_capital  human_rights  humanities  ideas  ideology  imf  immigration  imperialism  in:ft  incentives-distortions  incentives  income  increasing_returns  india  industrial_internet  industrial_revolution  industry  inequality  inferior_goods  information-intermediaries  information_technology  infrastructure-markets  infrastructure  innovation-government_policy  innovation  instapaper  institutional_economics  institutions  intangibles  intellectual_history-distorted  intellectual_history  intelligentsia  interest_rates  interests  international_economics  international_finance  international_law  international_organizations  international_political_economy  internet  intervention  investment-bilateral_treaties  investment-government  investment-socially_responsible  investment  investor-state_disputes  investors  ip  isds  it  italy  japan  jck  jeffrey_simpson  journalism  jstor  judgment-independence  juries  jurisprudence  kindle-available  kindle  kleiman.mark  know-how  knowledge  knowledge_economy  labor  labor_history  labor_law  labor_markets  labor_share  laisser-faire  land  land_tax  land_use  land_use_planning  land_value  landowners  language  law-and-economics  law-and-environment  law  lawrence_martin  ldcs  legal_culture  legal_history  legal_remedies  legal_system  legal_theory  legal_validity  legitimacy  litigation  local_government  local_politics  louis_ck  macroeconomics  management  managerialism  market_design  market_failure  market_failures  market_fundamentalism  markets_in_everything  martin_wolf  massive_data_sets  material_culture  mckinsey  means-justify-ends  media  medicare  medicine  medieval_history  mercantilism  microeconomics  migration  military-industrial_complex  military_revolution  mncs  modernity-emergence  modernity  moldova  monopoly  morality-christian  morality-conventional  motherboard  mydata  narrative-contested  narrative  nation-state  nation_builders  national_id  national_interest  nationalization  natural_resources  neoliberalism  network_effects  networks-business  networks-information  networks-policy  networks  new_deal  ngos  nhl  nobel_prize  normativity  norms-business  norms  nyc_doe  nytimes  obama  obama_administration  ocean  oecd  oecd_economies  oligopoly  on:vimeo  open_access  open_government  open_source  opportunity_cost  organization  organizational_structure  ostrom.elinor  ostrom  overlooked  ownership  pandemics  paper  paris  patents  paul_kedrosky  paul_ryan  paul_samuelson  paywall  persona  personal_data  philissa_cramer  philosophy_of_law  philosophy_of_social_science  physiocrats  plague  plutocracy  pocket  poland  polanyi_karl  polarization  policy_analysis  policy_and_politics  political_culture  political_economy  political_participation  political_philosophy  political_science  politicians  politics-and-money  politics  populism  positive_externalities  post-cold_war  post-secular  post-wwii  poverty  power-asymmetric  power  print_culture  prisoners_dilemma  privacy  private_enterprise  private_goods  privatization  productivity  profit  project_finance  property-confiscations  property  property_rights  protectionism  protocols  public-private_gaps  public-private_partnerships  public_administration  public_assets  public_benefits  public_choice  public_education  public_enterprise  public_finance  public_health  public_institutions  public_interest  public_law  public_opinion  public_policy  public_servants  public_sphere  public_transit  quadratic_voting  r&d  race  raj.chetty  rationality  readership  real-time  reason  reclaiming_the_public_dialogue  reformation  regulation-costs  regulation-enforcement  regulation-environment  regulation-harmonization  regulation  religious_culture  religious_history  renaissance  report  republic_of_letters  republicanism  republics-ancient_v_modern  research-funding  research  review  reviews  rfp  right-wing  rights-legal  risk-mitigation  risk_capital  rule_of_law  rural_development  sabotage-by_business  school_facilities  schools  science-and-politics  science  scientific_revolution  scientism  sdgs  secularization  self-interest  senate  sesis  sewage  shipping  sir_john_a._macdonald  slavery  smith  social_behavior  social_fabric  social_insurance  social_networks  social_order  social_sciences-post-wwii  social_theory  socialism  sociology  sociology_of_knowledge  sociology_of_science_&_technology  something_about_america  south_korea  sovereignty  spatial_statistics  speech  ssrn  stagnation  standards-setting  standards-sustainability  state-and-science  state_capacity  state_government  statistics  status  stratification  student_debt  subsidies  summary  supply-side  supply_chains  surveillance  survey  sustainability  syndications  tax_collection  taxes  teaching  tech/culture  technical_assistance  technocracy  technology-adoption  technology-history  technology  technology_transfer  telecommunications  testing  the_atlantic  the_civilizing_process  thomism-21stc  tim.wu  to:twitter  tom_friedman  toread  trade-agreements  trade-policy  trade  trans-pacific-partnership  transatlantic_trade_and_investmentpartnership  transparency  trends  trials  trickle-down  u.s.treasury_department  un  unemployment  unesco  unions  united_states_of_america  universities  university-contemporary  university  urban  urban_development  urban_development_and_design  urbanization  us_economy  us_foreign_policy  us_government  us_history  us_legal_system  us_politics  us_society  usury  utilitarianism  utilities  utoronto  values  vendor_relationships  venice  venture_capital  videoclip  wages  water  wealth  website  welfare  why_oh_why_can't_we_have_a_better_press_corps  women-rights  women-work  work-life_balance  workforce  working_class  world_bank  world_trends  wpa  wto 

Copy this bookmark: