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Book Review: Willpower | Slate Star Codex
"The model that makes the most sense to me is of a stupid default system running on short-term reinforcement learning, plus an evolutionarily novel (and therefore poorly implemented) executive system that can overrule the default. The executive system’s overrule isn’t a simple veto, but a constant action, the same way holding your hand high in the air for a long period requires constant action by your muscles. This effort is metabolically costly in the same way that using muscles is metabolicall...
autocontrol  productivity  psychology 
9 hours ago by guilleten
Self-Control Is Just Empathy With Your Future Self - The Atlantic
This tells us that impulsivity and selfishness are just two halves of the same coin, as are their opposites restraint and empathy. Perhaps this is why people who show dark traits like psychopathy and sadism score low on empathy but high on impulsivity.
productivity  psychology  autocontrol 
9 hours ago by guilleten
How technology created a global village — and put us at each other’s throats • The Boston Globe
Nick Carr:
<p>If our assumption that communication brings people together were true, we should today be seeing a planetary outbreak of peace, love, and understanding. Thanks to the Internet and cellular networks, humanity is more connected than ever. Of the world’s 7 billion people, 6 billion have access to a mobile phone — a billion and a half more, the United Nations reports, than have access to a working toilet. Nearly 2 billion are on Facebook, more than a billion upload and download YouTube videos, and billions more converse through messaging apps like WhatsApp and WeChat. With smartphone in hand, everyone becomes a media hub, transmitting and receiving ceaselessly.

Yet we live in a fractious time, defined not by concord but by conflict. Xenophobia is on the rise. Political and social fissures are widening. From the White House down, public discourse is characterized by vitriol and insult. We probably shouldn’t be surprised.

For years now, psychological and sociological studies have been casting doubt on the idea that communication dissolves differences. The research suggests that the opposite is true: free-flowing information makes personal and cultural differences more salient, turning people against one another instead of bringing them together. “Familiarity breeds contempt” is one of the gloomiest of proverbs. It is also, the evidence indicates, one of the truest.

In a series of experiments reported in the <a href="http://www.people.hbs.edu/mnorton/norton%20frost%20ariely.pdf">Journal of Personality and Social Psychology</a> in 2007, Harvard psychologist Michael Norton and two colleagues found that, contrary to our instincts, the more we learn about someone else, the more we tend to dislike that person. “Although people believe that knowing leads to liking,” the researchers wrote, “knowing more means liking less.”</p>
internet  socialmedia  psychology 
12 hours ago by charlesarthur
Hooks: An Intro on How to Manufacture Desire
Hooks are a series of experiences that products use to create beneficial user habits. Through Hooks, products can increase user engagement.
design  marketing  psychology  behavior  behaviorism  habits  product 
16 hours ago by flipchen
How Web Forums Make Neuroticism Viral - TruthHawk
The people actually taking action are walking the walk. The people talking are doing just that. And, given their lack of action, the talkers have more time to talk.

Most of the content is produced by the talkers, not the walkers. Some communities have adopted the term “keyboard warriors” to refer to those who are all theory and no practice. They end up dominating the discussion.
internet  discussion  webforums  psychology 
yesterday by yaroslav

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