pragmatism   814

« earlier    

What is truth? On Ramsey, Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle | Aeon Essays
Philosophy must be useful
For Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, much of philosophy was mere nonsense. Then came Frank Ramsey’s pragmatic alternative
Cheryl Misak. Aeon. 23 January 2019

Ramsey was writing a new paper, ‘Facts and Propositions’. It was published in the 1927 Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, and was mentioned in the Manifesto as another of Ramsey’s sympathetic papers. In it, he utilised Wittgenstein’s conception of tautology in a novel way. Wittgenstein had argued (in Ramsey’s words) that a logical truth ‘excludes no possibility and so expresses no attitude of belief at all’. From here, Ramsey arrived at one of his most fruitful insights. Beliefs exclude possibilities, and that is how we can tell one belief from another. What it is to believe a proposition is, in large part, to behave in certain ways, and to take various possibilities as either alive or dead. It is of the essence of a belief that it has a causal impact on our actions, and we evaluate beliefs in terms of how well they work. In a paper written at the same time, ‘Truth and Probability’, he went on to argue that some habits are a better basis for action than others. Truth is linked to usefulness.

Cheryl Misak
is professor of philosophy at the University of Toronto. She is the author of Cambridge Pragmatism: From Peirce and James to Ramsey and Wittgenstein (2016). Her biography of Frank Ramsey (Frank Ramsey: A Sheer Excess of Powers) will be published by Oxford University Press in 2019.

Frank.Ramsey  pragmatism  Cheryl.Misak 
27 days ago by asfaltics
"Created Facts and the Flawed Ontology of Copyright Law" by Justin Hughes
It is black letter doctrine that facts are not copyrightable: facts are discovered, not created—so they will always lack the originality needed for copyright protection. As straightforward as this reasoning seems, it is fundamentally flawed. Using the “social facts” theory of philosopher John Searle, this Article explores a variety of “created facts” cases—designation systems, systematic evaluations, and privately written laws—in which original expression from private individuals is adopted by social convention and generates facts in our social reality. In the course of this discussion, the paper places facts in their historical and philosophical context, explores how courts conflate facts with expressions of fact, and explains the difference between social facts created by expression and the “facts” of literature and fiction. Having established that the copyrighted works discussed in these cases produce facts, the question arises whether copyright's merger doctrine eliminates the copyright protection—a result that is both seemingly harsh and seemingly necessary. This Article proposes a recalibration of the merger doctrine to acknowledge that “created facts” are a unique situation in which the incentive of copyright is needed not just to generate the expression, but also needed to generate the facts. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
law  pragmatism  philosophy  rather-interesting  to-understand 
7 weeks ago by Vaguery
Pragmatism and Inferentialism
Concise review of Robert Brandom's pragmatism. Summarizes the approach. Brandom has a response in the print edition of the book in which MacFarlane's essay appears.
john-macfarlane  robert-brandom  pragmatism  inferentialism  !N-🏺-information-geisteswissenschaften 
november 2018 by beyondseven
Between Saying and Doing - 3:AM Magazine
Interview with Robert Brandom. Has a wonderful aside "Indeed, the latter idea—that what one must do in order thereby to understand what someone is saying is keep track of how their utterances change what they and other people are committed and entitled to—is in fact the basis for the AI in one of the versions of “The Sims”."
the-sims  robert-brandom  pragmatism  philosophy  !N-🏺-information-geisteswissenschaften 
october 2018 by beyondseven
Deciphering Paul Krugman / by Tibor Machan (The Daily Bell, June 11, 2011)
“One thing all this implies is that when one reads Paul Krugman one cannot criticize him tellingly by pointing out that he is inconsistent – e.g., that his serious scholarly work doesn't jive with what he writes in his columns, or that last week's column contradicts this week's or last year's this morning's.

“That Krugman does not announce this to the readers of his columns in The New York Times and articles in other publications, such as The New York Review of Books, is perfectly understandable. Most readers tend to have respect for logic – it is one way people tend to judge others, trip up prevaricators in law courts and criticize the scientific and scholarly work of those who write and speak out on vital topics. On innumerable occasions many will find a political candidate, president, or international figure criticized for being inconsistent. But that assumes, for Krugman, an ideology of consistency which radical pragmatists see as entirely artificial.”
PaulKrugman  RichardRorty  Pragmatism  Rortesianism  Rortistry  Rorticia  RorticDisposition  TiborMachan 
september 2018 by cbearden
How feelings took over the world | Culture | The Guardian
I would quibble slightly and say that bodily feeling is a good guide to *action*, but the trends he is talking about mostly refer to things you can do sitting on your arse in which case it is much less helpful. Also, the Farage photo is interesting because of the weak-ass demo; there's only one British politician who turns out real crowds and it's not him
emotion  politics  twitter  pragmatism  farage  populistpapers 
september 2018 by yorksranter
Reconstructing Individualism
"America has a love-hate relationship with individualism. In Reconstructing Individualism, James Albrecht argues that our conceptions of individualism have remained trapped within the assumptions of classic liberalism. He traces an alternative genealogy of individualist ethics in four major American thinkers-Ralph Waldo Emerson, William James, John Dewey, and Ralph Ellison. These writers' shared commitments to pluralism (metaphysical and cultural), experimentalism, and a melioristic stance toward value and reform led them to describe the self as inherently relational. Accordingly, they articulate models of selfhood that are socially engaged and ethically responsible, and they argue that a reconceived-or, in Dewey's term, "reconstructed"-individualism is not merely compatible with but necessary to democratic community. Conceiving selfhood and community as interrelated processes, they call for an ongoing reform of social conditions so as to educate and liberate individuality, and, conversely, they affirm the essential role individuality plays in vitalizing communal efforts at reform."
in_NB  books:noted  moral_philosophy  individualism  pragmatism  something_about_america  james.william  dewey.john  ellison.ralph 
august 2018 by cshalizi

« earlier    

related tags

!n-🏺-information-geisteswissenschaften  1%  2016  20thc  academia  academic.history  accountability  aesthetics  afd  ai  annotated  anti-semitism  apriori  art  article  austerity  author:peikoff  barackobama  bbc  berniesanders  bestpractices  biconceptuals  billclinton  book  books  books:noted  brain  brexit  brooklyn_bridge  burnout  campaigning  capitalism  careerism  cargocollective  carnap  cavell  cdu  centralamerica  change-social  charles_pierce  cheryl.misak  civility  civilrights  clinton  clintonhillary  cognition  cognitive_democracy  collaboration  colonization  community  compromise  consensus  conservatives  containers  content  continental  conversation  corbynism  corbynjeremy  courage  critical_theory  criticalthinking  criticism  css  cultural-norms  cultural_critique  culture  curriculum  dallas  dallaspolice  databases  dc:creator=youngegary  dctagged  deconstruction  democracy  democraticparty  democrats  deschooling  design  dev  development  devops  dewey.john  dewey  dewey_article  dh  dialog  directcausation  disheveled  dissent  docker  donald  donaldrumsfeld  donaldtrump  downloaded  durkheim  ebooks  ecology  education  election  elections  electoralism  elite  elizabethanderson  ellison.ralph  email  emotion  empathy  empiricism  endoffaith  entrepreneurship  epistemology  establishment  ethics  evangelicals  existence  existentialism  experience  farage  feminism  findeli  foreignaffairs  foreignpolicy  frank.ramsey  freemarkets  fridayfrontend  funny  genealogy  georgelakoff  germany  gfc  glasmanmaurice  globalisation  globalization  grassroots  greece  habermas  hardball  harris  have_read  health  heroku  hey-i-know-this-guy  hidden  hierarchy  hillary  hillaryclinton  hippies  history-of-science  history.intellectual  history  hope  howweteach  howwethink  humor  iconoclasm  idealism  identity  identitypolitics  ideology  illegal  imagination  immigration  in_nb  indeterminacy  individual  individualism  inferentialism  intellectual  intellectual_history  james.william  james  james_william  jeremycorbyn  john-dewey  john-macfarlane  john_dewey  journalism  keyword:practical  knowledge  labourparty  law  lawenforcement  leadership  learning  left  lewis_ci  liberalism  life  literary  literature  logic  logical_positivism  lonewolf  long-baileyrebecca  loyalty  machinelearning  mailinglist  management  marketing  markets  mcdonnelljohn  meansofgrace  meme  mental-health:meditation  merkelangela  metaphor  metaphysics  mexico  michaelfried  migration  modeling  moral_philosophy  morality  myth_of_the_given  nanohistory  neoliberal  newyorker  objectivism  organization  organizing  ossoffjon  paper  papers  patriarchy  paulkrugman  pdf  pedagogy  peirce  people  perfectionism  philosophers  philosophy-of-science  philosophy  philosophy_of_science  php  pih  plp  policing  policy  political-science  political_philosophy  politicalcorrectness  politicians  politics  populistpapers  post-truth  postdemocracy  postmodern  postmodernism  principle  programming  progressive_forces  progressivism  protest  protests  psalm_40  psychology  public_opinion  public_reason  public_sphere  puritanism  question  race  rather-interesting  rationality  raynerangela  reaction  reading  realism-scientific  recovery  reform  relativism  reliability  repetition  republican  research  review  richardrorty  robert-brandom  rortesianism  rorticdisposition  rorticia  rortistry  rorty  rulestoliveby  sandersbernie  scepticism  science  scientific_method  scientism  self-defense  self  semantics  semanticweb  social-sciences  social  social_theory  socialism  socialmovements  sociology_of_science_&_technology  something_about_america  spinoza  standards  stoicism  strategy  sts  suicide  survivors  system  systemiccausation  systems  systemsthinking  teaching  the-mangle-in-practice  the-sims  theleft  theory  thinking  thomas_kuhn  through  tibormachan  to-understand  to-write-about  trump  truth  twitter  uk  unions  unschooling  us-politics  us  usa  utilitarianism  verification  video  web  william  william_james  workingclass  writing  www-talk  ★★★★☆ 

Copy this bookmark: