political_science   1306

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Vladimir Lenin - The State and Revolution
Chapter 5: The Economic Basis of the Withering Away of the State "Democracy for an insignificant minority, democracy for the rich--that is the democracy of capitalist society. If we look more closely into the machinery of capitalist democracy, we see everywhere, in the “petty”--supposedly petty--details of the suffrage (residential qualifications, exclusion of women, etc.), in the technique of the representative institutions, in the actual obstacles to the right of assembly (public buildings are not for “paupers”!), in the purely capitalist organization of the daily press, etc., etc.,--we see restriction after restriction upon democracy. These restrictions, exceptions, exclusions, obstacles for the poor seem slight, especially in the eyes of one who has never known want himself and has never been in close contact with the oppressed classes in their mass life (and nine out of 10, if not 99 out of 100, bourgeois publicists and politicians come under this category); but in their sum total these restrictions exclude and squeeze out the poor from politics, from active participation in democracy. "
political_science  history  socialism 
8 days ago by loimprevisto
What the New Sokal Hoax Reveals About Academia - The Atlantic
It would, then, be all too easy to draw the wrong inferences from Sokal Squared. The lesson is neither that all fields of academia should be mistrusted nor that the study of race, gender, or sexuality is unimportant. As Lindsay, Pluckrose, and Boghossian point out, their experiment would be far less worrisome if these fields of study didn’t have such great relevance.

But if we are to be serious about remedying discrimination, racism, and sexism, we can’t ignore the uncomfortable truth these hoaxers have revealed: Some academic emperors—the ones who supposedly have the most to say about these crucial topics—have no clothes.
Science  publishing  political_science  writing 
8 days ago by Jibarosoy
Trump, the 2016 Election, and Expressions of Sexism
The amount of prejudice that people express in social situations, in private conversations, or even on public opinion surveys is not a direct reflection of their views, but rather the result of a process of suppression and justification. Accordingly, the expression of prejudice can be influenced both by a change in one’s internal cognitive calculations and also by a change in how one perceives the norms of their social environment. In this paper, I examine how the 2016 election influenced the expression of sexist viewpoints among Republicans. Specifically, I find that partisan motivated reasoning made Republicans more willing to express tolerance for sexist rhetoric when it came from Trump rather than from another source. Additionally, I show that Republicans became more willing to endorse sexist statements after the 2016 election, likely due to the fact that Trump’s victory changed their perceptions about the prevalence of sexist attitudes in American society. This increase in expressed sexism has persisted into 2018.

--For better or worse, * studies terms have infiltrated social science literature. Now, the hard part of figuring out if these terms intangible concepts can be objectively quantified as easily as the recent scholarly work suggests it can be.
us_politics  political_psychology  gender  2016  via:nyhan  epidemiology_of_representations  political_science 
13 days ago by rvenkat
Responsible Parties | Yale University Press
"In recent decades, democracies across the world have adopted measures to increase popular involvement in political decisions. Parties have turned to primaries and local caucuses to select candidates; ballot initiatives and referenda allow citizens to enact laws directly; many places now use proportional representation, encouraging smaller, more specific parties rather than two dominant ones.Yet voters keep getting angrier.There is a steady erosion of trust in politicians, parties, and democratic institutions, culminating most recently in major populist victories in the United States, the United Kingdom, and elsewhere.
"Frances Rosenbluth and Ian Shapiro argue that devolving power to the grass roots is part of the problem. Efforts to decentralize political decision-making have made governments and especially political parties less effective and less able to address constituents’ long-term interests. They argue that to restore confidence in governance, we must restructure our political systems to restore power to the core institution of representative democracy: the political party."
to:NB  books:noted  political_science  democracy  re:democratic_cognition  shapiro.ian 
17 days ago by cshalizi
Political Science & International Relations Journals: The latest contents
Welcome to OOIR! We aggregate the latest articles from Political Science (PS) and International Relations (IR) journals to help users keep track with the newest research.
political_science  education/academia 
20 days ago by fiction916
Network Propaganda - Paperback - Yochai Benkler; Robert Faris; Hal Roberts - Oxford University Press
Is social media destroying democracy? Are Russian propaganda or "Fake news" entrepreneurs on Facebook undermining our sense of a shared reality? A conventional wisdom has emerged since the election of Donald Trump in 2016 that new technologies and their manipulation by foreign actors played a decisive role in his victory and are responsible for the sense of a "post-truth" moment in which disinformation and propaganda thrives.

Network Propaganda challenges that received wisdom through the most comprehensive study yet published on media coverage of American presidential politics from the start of the election cycle in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency. Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares, broadcast television and YouTube, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications. Through data analysis and detailed qualitative case studies of coverage of immigration, Clinton scandals, and the Trump Russia investigation, the book finds that the right-wing media ecosystem operates fundamentally differently than the rest of the media environment.

The authors argue that longstanding institutional, political, and cultural patterns in American politics interacted with technological change since the 1970s to create a propaganda feedback loop in American conservative media. This dynamic has marginalized centre-right media and politicians, radicalized the right wing ecosystem, and rendered it susceptible to propaganda efforts, foreign and domestic. For readers outside the United States, the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of, and potential solutions for, the perceived global crisis of democratic politics.

-- Open Access Title
book  yochai.benkler  misinformation  disinformation  media_studies  social_networks  political_science 
23 days ago by rvenkat
Women Have Won More Primaries Than Ever Before. Will They Set a Record in November? - The New York Times
More women are on the ballot in November 2018 than any previous election, but many are challenging incumbents or running in difficult districts, and so the numbers elected may be less striking.
women  women_and_politics  PSC_217  elections  election_2018  campaigns  political_science 
5 weeks ago by johnmfrench
Freedom: The Holberg Lecture, 2018 by Cass R. Sunstein :: SSRN
If people have freedom of choice, do their lives go better? Under what conditions? By what criteria? Consider three distinct problems. (1) In countless situations, human beings face a serious problem of “navigability”; they do not know how to get to their preferred destination, whether the issue involves health, education, employment, or well-being in general. This problem is especially challenging for people who live under conditions of severe deprivation, but it can be significant for all of us. (2) Many of us face problems of self-control, and our decisions today endanger our own future. What we want, right now, hurts us, next year. (3) In some cases, we would actually be happy or well-off with two or more different outcomes, whether the issue involves our jobs, our diets, our city, or even our friends and partners, and the real question, on which good answers are increasingly available, is what most promotes our welfare. The evaluative problem, in such cases, is especially challenging if a decision would alter people’s identity, values, or character. Private and public institutions -- including small companies, large companies, governments – can help people to have better lives, given (1), (2), and (3). This Essay, the text of the Holberg Lecture 2018, is the basis for a different, thicker, and more elaborate treatment in a book.

-- Optimal foraging theory rediscovered by a law professor.
political_science  law  political_philosophy  book  cass.sunstein 
5 weeks ago by rvenkat
The Rise of Nerd Politics: Digital Activism and Political Change, Postill
"Lively and wide-ranging, The Rise of Nerd Politics is a anthropological exploration of the role that freedom technologists play in sparking new processes of political change in the digital age. Drawing on John Postill’s anthropological fieldwork on social media and digital activism in Spain, Indonesia, and Malaysia, the book focuses on a new class of transnational political actors, arguing that freedom technologists have managed to shape the hybrid media worlds in which today’s political change unfolds. Comparing Spain’s ongoing techno-political transformation to that of Tunisia, Iceland, the United States, Malaysia, and Indonesia, Postill argues that in all five countries freedom technologists are playing significant roles in highly uneven ongoing political changes, with ramifications that will increasingly affect the future of politics in the digital age."
to:NB  books:noted  networked_life  political_science  us_politics 
7 weeks ago by cshalizi
Should I Major in the Humanities? - The Atlantic
While history, English, and the rest have faded, only one set of humanities fields without a foot in the sciences has clearly held its own: the much newer (and smaller) disciplines the statistical agency joins together as ethnic, gender, and cultural studies. (It is possible that media studies has also retained share or grown, but it’s hard to tell from the data.) Relatedly, I’ve only found one large class of schools where humanities enrollments have held steady: historically black colleges and universities. HBCUs are also the only institutional class where a majority of students say they’re dedicated to crafting a philosophy of life.
LIU  higher-education  Cline  political_science  Curriculum_Change 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Christine Hallquist, a Transgender Woman, Wins Vermont Governor’s Primary - The New York Times
On the nomination by the Democrats of a transgender woman for governor of Vermont. She won the primary easily, but faces an uphill battle in the general against a popular Republican incumbent.
women_and_politics  women  gender  transgender  campaigns  elections  political_science  PSC_217 
9 weeks ago by johnmfrench
Is This the Year Women Break the Rules and Win? - The New York Times
On the large number of women candidates in the 2018 elections, many of whom do not fit the typical candidate profile.
women_and_politics  women  elections  campaigns  political_science  PSC_217  gender 
9 weeks ago by johnmfrench
Beyond anarchy: logics of political organization, hierarchy, and international structure
"Many scholars now argue for deemphasizing the importance of international anarchy in favor of focusing on hierarchy – patterns of super- and subordination – in world politics. We argue that only one kind of vertical stratification, governance hierarchy, actually challenges the states-under-anarchy framework. But the existence of such hierarchies overturns a number of standard ways of studying world politics. In order to theorize, and identify, variation in governance structures in world politics, we advocate a relational approach that focuses on three dimensions of hierarchy: the heterogeneity of contracting, the degree of autonomy enjoyed by central authorities, and the balance of investiture between segments and the center. This generates eight ideal-typical forms: national-states and empires, as well as symmetric and asymmetric variants of federations, confederations, and conciliar systems. We argue that political formations – governance assemblages – with elements of these ideal types are likely ubiquitous at multiple scales of world politics, including within, across, and among sovereign states. Our framework suggests that world politics is marked by a heterarchy of nested and overlapping political structures. We discuss broad implications for international-relations theory and comparative politics, and illustrate our approach through an analysis of contemporary China and the evolution of the British ‘Empire’ in the 19th and 20th centuries."
to:NB  political_science 
11 weeks ago by cshalizi
Political Science Senior Independent Study Theses | Political Science | The College of Wooster
The full text of Senior Independent Study Theses submitted during and after 2012 are available to download only by College of Wooster users. Unless listed as an exemplar, all other theses are restricted.
political_science  Pol._185  writing  Research  LIU 
11 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Universities and colleges struggle to stem big drops in enrollment - The Hechinger Report
There’s no upswing likely until 2023, and even then the recovery will be slow, projects the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education. When it comes, it will be comprised largely of low-income, first-generation-in-college racial and ethnic minorities. These are the kinds of students institutions have generally proven poor at enrolling, and who will arrive with a far greater need for financial aid and expensive support.
higher-education  LIU  Cline  career  political_science  Planning 
july 2018 by Jibarosoy

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