political_science   1291

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Christine Hallquist, a Transgender Woman, Wins Vermont Governor’s Primary - The New York Times
On the nomination by the Democrats of a transgender woman for governor of Vermont. She won the primary easily, but faces an uphill battle in the general against a popular Republican incumbent.
women_and_politics  women  gender  transgender  campaigns  elections  political_science  PSC_217 
18 hours ago by johnmfrench
Is This the Year Women Break the Rules and Win? - The New York Times
On the large number of women candidates in the 2018 elections, many of whom do not fit the typical candidate profile.
women_and_politics  women  elections  campaigns  political_science  PSC_217  gender 
19 hours ago by johnmfrench
Beyond anarchy: logics of political organization, hierarchy, and international structure
"Many scholars now argue for deemphasizing the importance of international anarchy in favor of focusing on hierarchy – patterns of super- and subordination – in world politics. We argue that only one kind of vertical stratification, governance hierarchy, actually challenges the states-under-anarchy framework. But the existence of such hierarchies overturns a number of standard ways of studying world politics. In order to theorize, and identify, variation in governance structures in world politics, we advocate a relational approach that focuses on three dimensions of hierarchy: the heterogeneity of contracting, the degree of autonomy enjoyed by central authorities, and the balance of investiture between segments and the center. This generates eight ideal-typical forms: national-states and empires, as well as symmetric and asymmetric variants of federations, confederations, and conciliar systems. We argue that political formations – governance assemblages – with elements of these ideal types are likely ubiquitous at multiple scales of world politics, including within, across, and among sovereign states. Our framework suggests that world politics is marked by a heterarchy of nested and overlapping political structures. We discuss broad implications for international-relations theory and comparative politics, and illustrate our approach through an analysis of contemporary China and the evolution of the British ‘Empire’ in the 19th and 20th centuries."
to:NB  political_science 
11 days ago by cshalizi
Political Science Senior Independent Study Theses | Political Science | The College of Wooster
The full text of Senior Independent Study Theses submitted during and after 2012 are available to download only by College of Wooster users. Unless listed as an exemplar, all other theses are restricted.
political_science  Pol._185  writing  Research  LIU 
13 days ago by Jibarosoy
Universities and colleges struggle to stem big drops in enrollment - The Hechinger Report
There’s no upswing likely until 2023, and even then the recovery will be slow, projects the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education. When it comes, it will be comprised largely of low-income, first-generation-in-college racial and ethnic minorities. These are the kinds of students institutions have generally proven poor at enrolling, and who will arrive with a far greater need for financial aid and expensive support.
higher-education  LIU  Cline  career  political_science  Planning 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
A Worrisome Trend for Higher Education: Declining Enrollments — The James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal
The biggest factor is probably economics. The country has pulled out of the Great Recession, and employment is booming. Some students—especially adults—may be working instead of going to school. That’s undoubtedly one reason why the most work-oriented sector of public higher education—community colleges—is seeing big declines. Enrollment has fallen by 16.6 percent since 2011, the Clearinghouse reports. Indeed, according to Dunagan, the biggest change in enrollment numbers is coming from adult students going back to work, not from traditional-aged students.
higher-education  LIU  Cline  inequalities  Teaching  data  political_science 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Subjectivity and Political Science: Subjective Elements of Political Knowledge
This paper introduces a modern definition of objectivity and the distinction between objectivity and subjectivity in political science and detects the subjective elements of political knowledge. It argues that political knowledge is the combination of objective elements and subjective elements and that there have been several cognitive and methodological barriers to investigate subjective elements in political studies, although subjectivity is one of the basic traits of human enterprise, not only in domestic politics but also in international relations. Furthermore, this study conveys some methodological implications and suggests new research questions about subjectivity that is the important factor of political phenomena, especially in East Asia.
Angelo  Pol._185  Methodology  political_science  Science  Passions 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
After the Neutrality Ideal: Science, Politics, and "Strong Objectivity"
T,HERE ARE TWO kinds of politics with which the new social studies of science have been concerned. One is the older notion of politics as the overt actions and policies intended to advance the interests and agendas of "special interest groups." This kind of politics "intrudes" into "pure science" through consciously chosen and often clearly articulated actions and programs that shape what science gets done, how the results of research are interpreted, and, therefore, scientific and popular images of nature and social relations. This kind of politics is conceptualized as acting on the sciences from outside, as "politicizing" science. This is the kind of relationship between politics and science against which the idea of objectivity as neutrality works best.'
Angelo  Science  Methodology  political_science  Political  Passions 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
19 lessons for political scientists from the 2016 election.
The ground game is overrated, the parties don’t decide (and neither do sharks), and other things we’ll need to rethink going forward.
Angelo  political_science  Sanchez  Methodology  NILP_Board  policy 
9 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
On advocacy, activism and political science | Duck of Minerva
scholars on the positivist-end of epistemology spectrum accept that we can observe “objective” social facts, study reality in terms of stable meanings and believe that neither prevalent ideologies nor the researcher’s own judgments have a significant impact on the resulting analysis. By contrast, scholars on the post-positivist end of spectrum view social facts as “inter-subjective”; meanings are constructed by dominant actors, contested and inherently unstable. Scholars that adopt post-positivist methods, such as ethnography, participant-observation, or active research, already reject the notion that they are objective observers when conducting research. They understand that by observing and studying social phenomena they impact and influence what they are studying.
Angelo  NILP_Board  Sanchez  political_science  Science  Methodology  political_theory  data  Power_materials  Pol._185 
9 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Science Has Always Been Inseparable from Politics - Scientific American Blog Network
We use the scientific method to minimize bias and maximize objectivity. That is what’s rational and unbiased. The scientific enterprise, however, is not, and it’s nothing short of clinging to a fanciful myth to suggest that it ever was.
The reality is that engaging in scientific research is a social activity and an inherently political one. Imagine for a moment that you were going to start a new country today. There are things you’d be compelled to do by default; coming up with laws, for example. Funding science is not a default position when creating a country, it’s a decision we made once as a society, and continue to revisit as we make new policies and pass budgets. Science has been linked to the politics of society since the first person thought it was a good idea to do research, and then convinced their neighbors to give them money to do it.
Angelo  NILP_Board  policy  Science  Methodology  Pol._185  political_science  politics  Passions 
9 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
The Increasingly United States: How and Why American Political Behavior Nationalized, Hopkins
"In a campaign for state or local office these days, you’re as likely today to hear accusations that an opponent advanced Obamacare or supported Donald Trump as you are to hear about issues affecting the state or local community. This is because American political behavior has become substantially more nationalized. American voters are far more engaged with and knowledgeable about what’s happening in Washington, DC, than in similar messages whether they are in the South, the Northeast, or the Midwest. Gone are the days when all politics was local.
"With The Increasingly United States, Daniel J. Hopkins explores this trend and its implications for the American political system. The change is significant in part because it works against a key rationale of America’s federalist system, which was built on the assumption that citizens would be more strongly attached to their states and localities. It also has profound implications for how voters are represented. If voters are well informed about state politics, for example, the governor has an incentive to deliver what voters—or at least a pivotal segment of them—want. But if voters are likely to back the same party in gubernatorial as in presidential elections irrespective of the governor’s actions in office, governors may instead come to see their ambitions as tethered more closely to their status in the national party."
to:NB  books:noted  us_politics  political_science 
10 weeks ago by cshalizi
Freedom rising human empowerment and quest emancipation | Comparative politics | Cambridge University Press
This book presents a comprehensive theory of why human freedom gave way to increasing oppression since the invention of states – and why this trend began to reverse itself more recently, leading to a rapid expansion of universal freedoms and democracy. Drawing on a massive body of evidence, the author tests various explanations of the rise of freedom, providing convincing support of a well-reasoned theory of emancipation. The study demonstrates multiple trends toward human empowerment, which converge to give people control over their lives. Most important among these trends is the spread of “emancipative values,” which emphasize free choice and equal opportunities. The author identifies the desire for emancipation as the origin of the human empowerment trend and shows when and why this desire grows strong; why it is the source of democracy; and how it vitalizes civil society, feeds humanitarian norms, enhances happiness, and helps redirect modern civilization toward sustainable development.
book  history  comparative  political_science  development_economics  the_civilizing_process  democracy  debates 
11 weeks ago by rvenkat
Internal Colonialism, Core-Periphery Contrasts and Devolution: An Integrative Comment on JSTOR
The idea of internal colonialism is presented as a framework for examining regional deprivation, especially in distinct cultural environments, and is considered in the light of the devolution debate.
economics  political_science  networks  economic_geography  economic_sociology  teaching 
may 2018 by rvenkat
A randomized controlled design reveals barriers to citizenship for low-income immigrants | PNAS
"Citizenship endows legal protections and is associated with economic and social gains for immigrants and their communities. In the United States, however, naturalization rates are relatively low. Yet we lack reliable knowledge as to what constrains immigrants from applying. Drawing on data from a public/private naturalization program in New York, this research provides a randomized controlled study of policy interventions that address these constraints. The study tested two programmatic interventions among low-income immigrants who are eligible for citizenship. The first randomly assigned a voucher that covers the naturalization application fee among immigrants who otherwise would have to pay the full cost of the fee. The second randomly assigned a set of behavioral nudges, similar to outreach efforts used by service providers, among immigrants whose incomes were low enough to qualify them for a federal waiver that eliminates the application fee. Offering the fee voucher increased naturalization application rates by about 41%, suggesting that application fees act as a barrier for low-income immigrants who want to become US citizens. The nudges to encourage the very poor to apply had no discernible effect, indicating the presence of nonfinancial barriers to naturalization."

--- Or those particular nudges (and perhaps outreach efforts in general?) are just ineffective.
to:NB  experimental_sociology  us_politics  political_science  re:anti-nudge 
may 2018 by cshalizi
Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg runs a nation-state, and he’s the king - Vox
Fully endorsed; it makes very explicit some points implicit in Tufekci's recent _Wired_ piece.
--- This is now the second piece Henry has written about online proto-polities (the first was about Silk Road [https://aeon.co/essays/why-the-hidden-internet-can-t-be-a-libertarian-paradise] ). I really hope he is not working on a trilogy.

(ObPedant: "Nation-state" is wrong; "sovereign state" would be better. I _know_ Henry knows this perfectly well, and I am sure that Prof. Levi does too; but they don't get to write their own headlines.)
facebook  political_science  political_economy  networked_life  kith_and_kin  farrell.henry  levi.margaret  have_read 
april 2018 by cshalizi
Professional Resource Center - International Studies Association
The International Studies Association
Representing over 100 countries, ISA has more than 6,500 members worldwide and is the most respected and widely known scholarly association in this field. Endeavoring to create communities of scholars dedicated to international studies, ISA is divided into 6 geographic subdivisions of ISA (Regions), 29 thematic groups (Sections) and 4 Caucuses which provide opportunities to exchange ideas and research with local colleagues and within specific subject areas.
political_science  political_economy  international  politics  Teaching  IPE 
april 2018 by Jibarosoy

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