poli-sci   62

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How Civil Wars End – Political Violence at a Glance, Feb 9, 2018
In a recent article published in International Security, we find that civil war termination varies by time period. We identify three important shifts in recent history. During the Cold War, most civil wars ended with complete defeat for the losing side. After the Cold war, most ended in negotiated settlement. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, civil wars still tend to end in negotiation, but not when a terrorist group is involved. Why would the nature of civil war termination vary by time period?

Civil wars tend to end the way that external forces think they ought to end. In other words, norms—ideas of appropriate behavior—play a direct role in civil war outcomes.
civil_war  poli-sci 
11 weeks ago by elizrael
Why the Syrian regime has been targeting civilian infrastructure - The Washington Post
In a new article, we argue that a crucial component of the Assad regime’s wartime success has been its strategic use of aerial bombardment. Bolstered by its allies, especially Russia, the Assad regime has consistently targeted public infrastructures in opposition-held areas, including bakeries, hospitals, markets and schools. Media outlets, policy experts and international aid organizations have written about the humanitarian and military dimensions of such raids at great length. Yet they overlook the key political logic underpinning these systematic attacks.
localGovt  Mar15  poli-sci 
may 2018 by elizrael
Demand Characteristics (SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY) - iResearchNet
Experimenters can also conduct a manipulation check, in which they ask participants what they thought the true purpose of the study was. This allows experimenters to assess whether or not participants correctly guessed the hypothesis of the study.
poli-sci  school 
january 2018 by elizrael
Five Nonviolent Resistance Movements to Watch in 2018 – Political Violence at a Glance
Nevertheless, a growing body of literature (while remaining humble about our predictive capacity as scholars) is gradually generating a growing list of statistically significant predictors of the onset of major nonviolent resistance campaigns.  A large manufacturing sector is one consistent predictor.  High levels of globalization are another.  And demonstration effects from nearby regions as well as recent history of protest may also play an important role.
protests  poli-sci  Kenya  Venezuela  Honduras  Iran  USA 
january 2018 by elizrael
An Authoritarian or a Madman? – Elizabeth Mika – Medium
The debate about mental un/health of the current occupant of the White House as well as strongmen/tyrants in general is a good opportunity for educating our society about still poorly recognized dangers of conscience-impairing character defects like narcissistic psychopathy and malignant narcissism.
psychology  poli-sci 
january 2018 by wlanderson
Wars of the World - Carnegie, Dec 15, 2017
Several quantitative studies [for example here, here, and here] have found that the stakes problem is acute in conflicts defined by ethnic and sectarian divisions

Second is the commitment problem.
poli-sci  civil_war  Middle_East  sectarianism 
december 2017 by elizrael
Writing About Power - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Nov 22,2017
Egypt is now back to a situation reminiscent of the late 1950s and early 1960s: a former officer occupying the presidency and ruling through a cabinet of technocrats rather than a ruling party; a duplication within the coercive apparatus, with both civilian and military agencies sharing (and bickering over) the burden of domestic control; a hybrid (or rather confused) economy with the military trying to command and direct economic life toward what it regards as patriotic ends; and an old economic elite—this time monopoly capitalists, not landlords—vacillating between support and obstruction. In contrast to those who insist that an attempted Egyptian revolution was foiled by a counterrevolution organized by the “deep state,” my approach leads me to conclude that the regime is still quite fluid. Politics is in flux and the military and security institutions are maintaining a tricky balance at the apex of power
Egypt  history  authoritarian_regime  poli-sci  Muslim_Brotherhood  Military  secretPolice  Intelligence_community 
december 2017 by elizrael
Pricing access to the Trump White House: the strange case of the Times social media policy - PressThink
trust will in the years ahead be earned through some creative combination of “here’s where we’re coming from,” very high standards of verification, “show your work,” and “what did we miss?”
journalism  poli-sci 
november 2017 by wlanderson
My White Friend Asked Me on Facebook to Explain White Privilege. I Decided to Be Honest by Lori Lakin Hutcherson — YES! Magazine
He wanted to know how institutional racism has made an impact on my life. I’m glad he asked, because I was ready to answer.
racism  poli-sci 
november 2017 by wlanderson
Roy Moore’s Republican Party -- Fighting, Winning & Conservative Principles | National Review
William Buckley: In short, he was not simply a man of distinction. He was a man who made distinctions, which is the very definition of serious thinking.
poli-sci 
november 2017 by wlanderson
Elizabeth Rogers on Twitter: "Okay, I am at home, I got a bunch of links open and I am ready to start explaining in mindnumbing detail the HVF."
Okay, I am at home, I got a bunch of links open and I am ready to start explaining in mindnumbing detail the HVF (Hillary Victory Fund).
poli-sci 
november 2017 by wlanderson
The Big Picture: Confronting Manhood after Trump | Public Books
We need to stop talking about what it means to be a “real man” or an “empowered woman,” and begin talking, instead, about what it means to be a good person and a good citizen. Our nation’s future depends upon it.
poli-sci 
november 2017 by wlanderson
Why rule by the people is better than rule by the experts | Aeon Essays
The symposium’s authors take for granted that democracy – the political regime in which the people collectively determine its common way of life – is better than epistocracy, or rule by experts...Remarkably, many social scientists today do not share the belief that democracy is better than epistocracy. On the contrary. In recent years, numerous political theorists and philosophers have argued that experts ought to be in charge of public policy and should manipulate, or contain, the policy preferences of the ignorant masses.
poli-sci  democracy 
october 2017 by altoii

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