patronage   236

« earlier    

The year we wanted the internet to be smaller | The Verge
The old promise of the internet — niche communities, human connection, people exchanging ideas, maybe even paying each other for the work they’d made — never really lost its appeal, but this year it came back with a miniature vengeance.

We can see this longing for community — and specifically, the sort of small, weird communities that populated and defined the early internet — everywhere. There’s Amino, the Tumblr-inspired app that lets fandoms build online spaces that are essentially club houses, then coordinate the creation of elaborate works of fan art, fiction, cosplay, and fandom lore. At the request of its largely teenage audience, the platform released its first cosplay yearbook this December, and doled out honors to the best writing, photography, and tutorials around cosplay. The thousands of fandom-specific rooms are lively and strange, each with their own moderators and byzantine rules.
internet  culture  community  niche  patronage  Tumblr  Patreon  email  evolution  TheVerge  2017 
january 2018 by inspiral
After Sectarianism – Post-War Watch, Nov 20, 2017
Although the PMU was initially viewed as an existential threat to Iraqi Sunnis, the organization was largely normalized in popular perceptions (within Iraq) over the course of 2015-2016. It is not that Sunni communities wholeheartedly embraced the PMU. Instead, the zero-sum existential fears that characterized Sunni views towards the PMU in 2014 gave way to something more nuanced and more grounded in personal experience. Local-level Sunni actors view the PMU as a reality of contemporary Iraqi politics, they understand that the organization’s leaders are significant powerbrokers in the country, and are willing to secure their interests through these figures.

For Iraq’s Shia communities, the conflict against ISIS transformed modes of political and identity expression away from the pre-2014 dialectic. Gone are the days when Shia political actors could stoke fears of recalcitrant Sunnis, murderous takfiris or closeted Ba’athists. As the politics of Shia-centric state building reaches the extent of its tether, a more mature form of Shia politics is emerging – one not as bluntly sect-centric as was often the case in previous years. For example, despite broad support for the war against ISIS, the exigencies of the war effort could not prevent the emergence of a robust protest movement against perceived government failings in Baghdad and other Shia-majority cities. When a mass-casualty bombing occurred in Baghdad’s Karradah neighborhood in July 2016, killing nearly 350 people, popular anger was directed at the government, not at Sunni neighborhoods or Sunni individuals despite war time mobilization against ISIS. Compare that sentiment with the reactions to similar attacks against Shia-majority targets a decade earlier, which would often result in retaliatory strikes against Sunni communities. After 2014, this kind of identification of violence with an entire sectarian group was no longer prevalent among many Iraqi Shia populations.

There has been a reinvigoration of Iraqi nationalism in Arab Iraq. The conflict over the past three years has given rise to a new narrative that posits a process of national salvation arising organically from the Iraqi population against an irredeemably evil foe. This narrative presents a good-and-evil story that is designed to transcend sectarian boundaries. The PMU plays a central role in this emergent narrative: Iraq was saved not by American airpower or Iranian support but by the “salt of the earth” young men from southern Iraq, who demonstrated a love of country and obedience to Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani’s call to arms. Many analysts have under-estimated this idealized narrative’s importance and currency in Iraq today. While this narrative is not hegemonic, it is important and to some extent and in some cases does cross sectarian boundaries.
sectarianism  nationalism  Iraq  Shia  Sunni  identity  ISIS  Hashd  polls  patronage  Military 
december 2017 by elizrael
Community Disengagement | City Journal
No doubt the sputtering Harlem political machine—which lost Manhattan’s last black congressional seat in 2016 to Adriano Espaillat, a Dominican immigrant—would like to flex its muscles again. A good relationship with the new City College president might mean more jobs and influence over contracts. Patronage and wheel-greasing has been the dominant political mode in Harlem for decades, and Boudreau might be out of step with the old guard’s proprietary view of how appointments are awarded.
ccny  harlem  universities  politics  patronage 
november 2017 by StJohnBosco

« earlier    

related tags

-opinion  14thc  15thc16thc  16thc  17thc  18thc  19thc  2014  2015  2016  2017  20thc  abstractions  activism  administrative_agencies  administrative_law  aesthetics  africa  african-americans  afropolitan  ai  aid  airport  amandapalmer  ancient_rome  and  anglo-irish_constitution  anti-absolutism  ap  arcana_imperii  art-economics  art  art_history  art_market  article  articles  artists  arts  assad  assessments_&_evaluations  assumptions  atomism  augustus  avant_guard  bachhuber  ballet  baroque  belgium  benefactors  berkeley  biblical_allusion  bibliography  blackpanther  blogs  bmv  books  bourbons  british_history  british_politics  buckingham_1st_duke  bureaucracy  business  buying  canada  capitalism  cartesians  catholics-ireland  ccny  celebrity  censorship  central_government  centralization  champions  china  church_of_england  church_of_ireland  circulation-ideas  circulation-news  civic_virtue  civil_service  clientelism  coffee  collective  collectors  colleges_&_universities  commerce  commons  community  competence  competition  conspicuous_consumption  consumer_society  consumption  contemporary_art  content  conventional_wisdom  coolstuff  copyright  corporate  corruption  cosmology  counter-reformation  court_culture  courtiers  creation  creativity  creators  credit  criminal_justice  critical_thinking  critique  cromwell  cronyism  crowdfunding  crowdsourcing  crown_finance  cultural_authority  cultural_critique  cultural_history  cultural_institutions  cultural_literacy  cultural_studies  culture  culturehack  curated  curators  currentaffairs  cv  daniel  dc:creator=cockburnpatrick  dctagged  debt  decline  declinism  deindustrialisation  deism  dev  development  diaspora  documentary  dowhatyoulove  downloaded  drip  drug_policy  dryhurst  due_process  dutch  ecommerce  economic_history  economics  economy  ecosystem  education  ef-add  electricity  eli_broad  elite  elite_culture  elites  elizabeth  elizabethan  email  english_civil_war  english_constitution  english_lit  enlightenment  entrepreneurship  eop  essay  essex_rebellion  europe  evolution  examples  exclusion  execution  exempla  exiles  faction  fans  favorites  fcc  fear  federalism  finances  financial_innovation  financial_sector_development  find  fiscal-military_state  florence  framework  france  françois_i  french_language  friendship  funding  fundraising  games  gatekeepers  gen  gender_history  generative  generosity  ghana  glvo  gods-antiquity  government-public_communication  government  gumroad  habsburgs  harlem  harrygiles  hashd  hbrblog  hbs  henri_ii  hermeticism  high_net_worth  highnetworth  historians-and-politics  historiography-17thc  historiography-renaissance  historiography  history  history_of_book  history_of_england  hn  homosexuality  honesty  horace  huguenots  hunger  iap  ideas  identity  illy  immigration  income  indiana  indystar  information-intermediaries  information-markets  infrastructure  innovation  inquisition  instapaper  institution-building  intellectual_history  internet  interregnum  investement  ios  iosdev  ip  iraq  ireland  iris  isis  italian_influence  italy  james_i  jordan  journalism  journalists  jstor  judgment-aesthetics  judicial_review  judiciary  kickstarter  krg  labor  land_use_planning  latin_lit  lcproject  leadership  lebanon  legacies  legal_history  legal_system  legal_validity  libertarianism  libraries  lit_crit  literary_history  local_government  makers  making  mar15  marginalization  marvell  masculinity  mat  media  membership  meritocracy  micropayments  middleeast  military  militia  mission-driven  model  modernism  moguls  money  montreal  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  mum  museums  music  myth  myths  naples  nationalism  neoplatonism  netneutrality  networks-information  networks-political  networks-social  neutral_competence  news  newsletter  newspapers  niche  nine_years_war  nobility  north_korea  obituaries  oil  onethingconstant  open  openness  openstudioproject  opera  opportunities  pagans  pamela_joyner  papacy  parenting  parliament  parochialism  patreon  patriarchy  patron  patronizing  patronkit  patrons  payment  paywall  philanthropy  platform  platforms  playwrights  pocket  poetics  poetry  police  political_appointment  political_culture  political_discourse  political_economy  political_philosophy  political_press  politico  politics-and-literature  politics-and-money  politics-and-religion  politics  polls  popular_culture  postmodern  power  pregnancy  prerogative  preston_manning  prices  privilege  products  programming  prolificacy  propaganda  property_rights  protestant_ascendancy  protestants-ireland  protests  providence  psychology  public_finance  public_policy  publicsector  publishing  qatar  qualifications  queen's_park  quotes  race  rationalization-institutions  recovery  reform-social  reform  reformation_of_manners  reframing  regulation-harmonization  regulation  relationships  religious_history  renaissance  repression  reproduction  republic_of_letters  republicanism  reputation  restoration  revenues  review  reviews  revisionism  revocation_of_edict_of_nantes  rnn  rom  roman_republic  rotman  secrecy  sectarianism  service  sexuality  sharing  shia  small  social_history  socialnetworking  source  south_africa  sovereign_debt  sponsorship  spying  startup  startups  state-building  status  stewardship  stories  struggle  subscription  success  sunni  support  synthesis  syria  systems  talent  taste  taxes  technology  ted  terrorism  the  theverge  thinking  tiers  tolerance  tools  transparency  transportation  trends  tribes  tributes  tumblr  turkey  un  unconventional_thinking  unexamined  universities  unreasonableness  upheaval  us_constitution  us_expansion  us_government  us_history  us_legal_system  useful  utoronto  uwo  vico  video  virtue_ethics  visionaries  volta  wapo  war_of_spanish_succession  warlords  wars_of_the_roses  waste  water  wealthy  web  weyeneth  whigs-oligarchy  will  william_thorsell  wintersoldier  women  work  writing  youstink  youth  youtube 

Copy this bookmark: