patronage   244

« earlier    

Between Authoritarianism and Democracy
In short, this strategy can be found in parties and regimes around the world experiencing rapid structural change and social ruptures. By eschewing our fixation on regime directionality, we can better understand how the liminal space “betwixt and between” authoritarianism and liberal democracy might itself become a tool used by regimes to reproduce their political power.
authoritarian_regime  democracy  patronage  Rwanda  SouthAfrica 
20 days ago by elizrael
Africa at LSE – How do patronage networks affect military cohesion? - April 2018
Most theories on military cohesion were developed in relation to Western government forces. To what extent are these theories then applicable to armies in different contexts with different characteristics? I tried to answer this question for the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC), among which I conducted long-term ethnographic field research. As I explain in recently published work, while many assumptions on cohesion apply to the FARDC, they do not account for one factor that is particularly important: patronage networks.

Complaints about superiors were even more pronounced when the latter were connected to patronage networks with a salient identity-dimension, in particular identities seen as “suspect”. This often concerned ex-rebels integrated into the army and/or Rwandophones (speakers of Kinyarwanda language). In such cases, military personnel did not ascribe differences in treatment and status to patronage politics, but saw them primarily through the lens of identity. In this manner, conflict narratives that are found in Congolese society as a whole, like divisions between “Rwandophones” and self-styled “autochthon” groups, are reproduced within the army.
patronage  military  militia  DRC 
22 days ago by elizrael
The year we wanted the internet to be smaller | The Verge
The old promise of the internet — niche communities, human connection, people exchanging ideas, maybe even paying each other for the work they’d made — never really lost its appeal, but this year it came back with a miniature vengeance.

We can see this longing for community — and specifically, the sort of small, weird communities that populated and defined the early internet — everywhere. There’s Amino, the Tumblr-inspired app that lets fandoms build online spaces that are essentially club houses, then coordinate the creation of elaborate works of fan art, fiction, cosplay, and fandom lore. At the request of its largely teenage audience, the platform released its first cosplay yearbook this December, and doled out honors to the best writing, photography, and tutorials around cosplay. The thousands of fandom-specific rooms are lively and strange, each with their own moderators and byzantine rules.
internet  culture  community  niche  patronage  Tumblr  Patreon  email  evolution  TheVerge  2017 
january 2018 by inspiral

« earlier    

related tags

-opinion  17thc  18thc  19thc  2014  2015  2016  2017  20thc  abstractions  activism  administrative_agencies  administrative_law  aesthetics  africa  african-americans  afropolitan  ai  aid  airport  amandapalmer  ancient_rome  and  anglo-irish_constitution  ap  applications  arcana_imperii  art-economics  art  art_history  art_market  article  articles  artists  arts  assad  assessments_&_evaluations  assumptions  atomism  augustus  authoritarian_regime  avant_guard  bachhuber  ballet  belgium  benefactors  berkeley  blackpanther  blau  blogs  bmv  books  bourbons  british_history  british_politics  buckingham_1st_duke  bureaucracy  business-model  business  buying  canada  capitalism  cartesians  catholics-ireland  ccny  celebrity  censorship  champions  china  church_of_england  church_of_ireland  circulation-ideas  circulation-news  civic_virtue  civil_service  clientelism  coffee  collective  collectors  colleges_&_universities  commerce  commons  community  competence  competition  conspicuous_consumption  consulting  consumer_society  consumption  contemporary_art  content  conventional_wisdom  coolstuff  copyright  corporate  corruption  court_culture  courtiers  creation  creativity  creator  creators  credit  critical_thinking  critique  cronyism  crowdfunding  crowdsourcing  crown_finance  cultural_authority  cultural_critique  cultural_history  cultural_institutions  cultural_literacy  cultural_studies  culture  culturehack  curated  curators  currentaffairs  curriculum  cv  daniel  dc:creator=cockburnpatrick  dctagged  debt  decline  declinism  deindustrialisation  deism  democracy  dev  development  diaspora  documentary  dowhatyoulove  downloaded  drc  drip  drug_policy  dryhurst  due_process  dutch  ecommerce  economic_history  economics  economy  ecosystem  education  ef-add  electricity  eli_broad  elite  elite_culture  elizabeth  email  english_civil_war  enlightenment  entrepreneurship  eop  essay  europe  evolution  examples  exclusion  execution  fans  favorites  fcc  fear  federalism  finances  financial_innovation  financial_sector_development  find  fiscal-military_state  florence  foreign_aid  framework  france  french_language  friendship  funding  fundraising  games  gatekeepers  gen  generative  generosity  ghana  glvo  government-public_communication  government  grants  guides  gumroad  habsburgs  harlem  harrygiles  hashd  hbrblog  hbs  high_net_worth  highnetworth  historiography  history  history_of_book  hn  honesty  horace  huguenots  hunger  iap  ideas  identity  illy  immigration  income  indiana  indystar  information-intermediaries  information-markets  infrastructure  innovation  inquisition  instapaper  institution-building  intellectual_history  internet  interviews  investement  ios  iosdev  ip  iraq  ireland  iris  isis  italy  james_i  jordan  journalism  journalists  jstor  judgment-aesthetics  judicial_review  judiciary  kickstarter  krg  labor  land_use_planning  latin_lit  lcproject  leadership  lebanon  legacies  legal_history  legal_system  legal_validity  libertarianism  libraries  literary_history  making  mar15  marginalization  mat  media  memberful  membership  memberships  meritocracy  micropayments  middleeast  military  militia  mission-driven  model  modernism  moguls  money  montreal  mum  museums  music  myths  naples  nationalism  netneutrality  networks-information  networks-political  networks-social  neutral_competence  news  newsletter  newspapers  niche  nine_years_war  nobility  north_korea  obituaries  oil  onethingconstant  open  openness  openstudioproject  opera  opportunities  pamela_joyner  papacy  parenting  parliament  parochialism  patreon  patron  patronizing  patronkit  patrons  payment  payments  paywall  paywhatyouwant  philanthropy  platform  platforms  pocket  poetry  police  political_appointment  political_discourse  political_economy  political_press  politico  politics-and-literature  politics-and-money  politics-and-religion  politics  polls  popular_culture  postmodern  power  pregnancy  preston_manning  prices  privilege  products  programming  prolificacy  propaganda  property_rights  protestant_ascendancy  protestants-ireland  protests  psychology  public_finance  public_policy  publicsector  publishing  qatar  qualifications  queen's_park  quotes  race  recovery  reform-social  reform  reformation_of_manners  reframing  regulation-harmonization  regulation  relationships  renaissance  renaissance_man  repression  reproduction  republic_of_letters  reputation  research  revenues  review  reviews  revisionism  revocation_of_edict_of_nantes  rnn  rom  roman_republic  rotman  rwanda  secrecy  sectarianism  service  sharing  shia  small  social_history  socialnetworking  source  south_africa  southafrica  sovereign_debt  sponsorship  spying  startup  startups  state-building  stewardship  stories  struggle  subscription  subscriptions  success  sunni  support  sustainability  synthesis  syria  systems  talent  taste  taxes  technology  ted  terrorism  the  theverge  thinking  tiers  tools  transparency  transportation  trends  tribes  tributes  trump_administration  tumblr  turkey  un  unconventional_thinking  unexamined  universities  unreasonableness  upheaval  us_constitution  us_expansion  us_government  us_history  us_legal_system  useful  utoronto  uwo  value  vico  video  virtue_ethics  visionaries  volta  wapo  war_of_spanish_succession  warlords  waste  water  wealthy  web  weyeneth  whigs-oligarchy  will  william_thorsell  wintersoldier  women  work  writing  youstink  youth  youtube 

Copy this bookmark: