normativity   85

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Revisiting the theory of institutional hybridity and diversity developed by Vincent and Elinor Ostrom to cope with the challenge of the "neither states nor markets" institutional domain, this article reconstructs the Ostromian system along the "value heterogeneity-co-productionpolycentricity" axis. It articulates the elements of a theory of value heterogeneity and of the fuzzy boundaries between private and public. It rebuilds the model of co-production, clarifying the ambiguity surrounding a key technical public choice theoretical assumption, and it demonstrates (a) why it should not be confused with the Alchian-Demsetz team production model and (b) how co-production engenders a type of market failure that has been neglected so far. In light of this analysis, the article reconsiders polycentricity, the capstone of the Ostromian system, explaining why polycentricity may be seen as a solution both to this co-production market failure problem and to the problems of social choice in conditions of deep heterogeneity. It also discusses further normative corollaries. - Downloaded via iphone
power  market_failure  political_economy  centralization  power-asymmetric  governance  downloaded  public-private_gaps  bargaining  institutional_economics  commons  article  normativity  accountability  common_good  jstor  political_science  decentralization  public_goods  public_choice  norms 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
It’s Not About Race!
Why do Black people think everything is about race?

Because everything a person of color does is done while knowing they are not part of normative white culture. We have to think about everything we do and every word we say. Am I saying this too loudly? Do I look like I might be stealing? If I complain about these working conditions, will they call me lazy? Why did this teacher tell me I can’t be an engineer when I’ve got a 3.8 GPA? Why am I being pulled over when I did nothing wrong?

We think about this all the time — so much that it’s mostly unconscious by the time we’re teenagers. But we don’t talk about it because when a conflict comes up with a white person that is “not about race,” it would take too damn long to explain all of this to them. And we’d have to explain it over and over to every white person we meet hoping they will “get it.”

And most of the time, they won’t get it. Most of the time, they can’t see their own culture, much less someone else’s, meaning they have no idea what the hell we’re talking about anyway. So either we get angry, or we just close our eyes, nod our heads, and say things like “Yeah, using the Socratic method to talk intellectually would probably be a good way for us to discuss systematic racism.”

“Yeah, let’s do it your way.”
race  racism  culture  cultural  norm  normativity  discourse  whiteness  blackness 
september 2016 by Michael.Massing
Why Do We Judge Parents For Putting Kids At Perceived ΓÇö But Unreal ΓÇö Risk? : 13....
Although the details of the cases were otherwise the same ΓÇö that is, the age of the child, the duration and location of the unattended period, and so on ΓÇö participants thought children were in significantly greater danger when the parent left to meet a lover than when the child was left alone unintentionally. The ratings for the other cases, once again, fell in between. In other words, participants' factual judgments of how much danger the child was in while the parent was away varied according to the extent of their moral outrage concerning the parent's reason for leaving. Additional analyses suggested that it was indeed participants' judgment of the parent's immorality that drove up their assessments of risk. The authors sum up their findings like this: "People don't only think that leaving children alone is dangerous and therefore immoral. They also think it is immoral and therefore dangerous."
parenting  normativity  shaming  Delicious 
august 2016 by StJohnBosco
Healing Hasidic Masturbators and Adulterers ΓÇö With Psychiatric Drugs ΓÇô Narrative...
prescribed anti-psychotics, hormones, or anti-depressants for masturbating, questioning the tenets of the communityΓÇÖs faith principles, experimenting with or even fantasizing about same-sex partners, or displaying ΓÇ£too highΓÇ¥ a sex drive.... This may sound shocking. But taken in a different light, these off-label uses are consistent with a current American mentality that uses medical interventions as technologies for optimization. Think for example of the use of growth hormones to enhance height, or Ritalin to optimize concentration, or plastic surgery to enhance beauty. Are the uses of psychiatric medications to enhance religious performance so different from these practices? And are they necessarily unethical? Doctors over-prescribe anti-anxiety medications to women, and they over-diagnose African-American males with schizophrenia, he explained, because doctors themselves live with cultural biases.
Hasidim  jews  Orthodox  fundamentalism  psychiatry  psychotherapy  psychopharmacology  bias  culture  normativity  Delicious 
august 2016 by StJohnBosco
Stathis Gourgouris - Democracy is a Tragic Regime | - PMLA 129-4, Theories and Methodologies
Begins with Castoriadas analysis and classical Athens - the "tragic" aspect inherent in democracy is a function of hubris - which is a failure of self-limitation - that since democracy is self-authorizing, it has no foundational or transcendent norms, no categorical imperatives - basic situation is that anything *can* be done - but not everything *ought * to be - downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  political_philosophy  democracy  intellectual_history  political_history  ancient_Greece  ancient_philosophy  self-control  self-government  hubris  tragedy  Athens  normativity  norms  moral_philosophy  morality-conventional  morality-divine_command  obligation 
july 2016 by dunnettreader
Brian Leiter, review - Christian Emden, "Nietzsche's Naturalism: A Critical Assessment" :: SSRN - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, July 22, 2015
I review and evaluate the intellectual historian Christian Emden's recent book Nietzsche's Naturalism: Philosophy and the Life Sciences in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge University Press, 2014). Topics addressed include: the meaning of naturalism; the relationship between substantive and methodological versions of naturalism and physicalism and other reductionisms; the role of Kant and NeoKantians like Lange and Helmholtz in Nietzsche's philosophy; the actual role of the life sciences in Nietzsche's naturalism; and what is involved in a naturalistic account of normativity. --PDF File: 12 pgs --- Keywords: Nietzsche, Kant, Lange, naturalism, physicalism -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  intellectual_history  19thC  German_scholars  Nietzsche  naturalism  materialism-19thC  Kant  neo-Kantian  Lange_FA  biology  Helmholtz  normativity  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  morality-objective  human_nature  downloaded 
october 2015 by dunnettreader
"Pixels," "Armada," And The Geek Fantasy It's Time To Banish
Pixels and Armada are descendants of movies like The Last Starfighter and War Games, Armada explicitly so. But they flail against an absence of oppression. Neither SandlerΓÇÖs movie nor ClineΓÇÖs book can really muster up an argument for its main character as a misunderstood representative from a maligned subculture, because both are set in a modern world in which gaming is a billion-dollar industry and a mainstream form of entertainment. Armada does cough up one ΓÇÖ80s-style bully who calls Zack a ΓÇ£videogame nerd who canΓÇÖt get laid,ΓÇ¥ but the story quickly counters this claim by having a military aircraft land on school grounds in front of all ZackΓÇÖs classmates (including his ex) to zip him away to training, where he immediately bags a fantasy girl won over by his in-game rankings. ItΓÇÖs a moment in which the underlying sentiment in Armada as well as Pixels shines through, and itΓÇÖs not actually one of geek affirmation or nerd triumph ΓÇö an inarguable point in our age of Comic Con and Marvel m
nerds  geek  normativity  fantasy  film  criticism  it's-the-end-of-everything  Delicious 
july 2015 by StJohnBosco
The Price of Gay Marriage - The New York Times
It is unfortunate that the movementΓÇÖs two great victories of the last decade ΓÇö the right to serve openly in the military and the right to be married ΓÇö have come as progress has stalled or reversed in so many other areas of civil rights: equal pay and reproductive choice for women; housing and school segregation; police violence against minorities; and the prospects of a decent wage and a modicum of job and retirement security for all.
queer  marriage  gay  lgbt  normativity  Delicious 
june 2015 by StJohnBosco
Necessary affirmations on a celebratory day
That’s why I don’t want to criticize today, even Justice Kennedy’s majority decision threw “non-traditional” family structures under the bus to pave a way to marriage equality. He writes: Excluding same-sex couples from marriage thus conflicts with a central premise of the right to marry. Without the recognition, stability, and predictability marriage offers, their children suffer the stigma of knowing their families are somehow lesser. They also suffer the significant material costs of being raised by unmarried parents, relegated through no fault of their own to a more difficult and uncertain family life. The marriage laws at issue here thus harm and humiliate the children of same-sex couples. In doing so, Kennedy assumes the inferiority and instability of families without married parents — which included and will continue to include families of same-sex parents, but also families led by single, divorced, and widowed parents, parents uninterested in marriage, families centered on n
marriage  queer  normativity  Delicious 
june 2015 by StJohnBosco
The Femunculus [NSFW] | Method
Male bodies are seen as the default in biology. One artist is working towards helping us see the alternatives. In psychology, the homunculus is a visual representation of the sensory and motor cortices.
additivism  biology  body  feminism  femunculus  malr  normativity  ontology  stream 
june 2015 by therourke
Stephen Turner, review essay - Searle's Social Reality | -
This is a survey and critique of Searle's thinking about social norms and collective intentionality up to 1999 or so, and provides an account of why his views evolved as they did. The essay also argues against the account of normativity that Searle espouses at this point and later revises.
Research Interests: Social Ontology, Collective Intentionality, John R. Searle, John Searle, and collective intentionality, Searle -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  kindle-available  social_theory  ontology-social  constructivism  Searle  intentionality-collective  norms  normativity  philosophy_of_language  philosophy_of_social_science  speech-act  downloaded 
may 2015 by dunnettreader

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