normativity   85

« earlier    

Aligica
Revisiting the theory of institutional hybridity and diversity developed by Vincent and Elinor Ostrom to cope with the challenge of the "neither states nor markets" institutional domain, this article reconstructs the Ostromian system along the "value heterogeneity-co-productionpolycentricity" axis. It articulates the elements of a theory of value heterogeneity and of the fuzzy boundaries between private and public. It rebuilds the model of co-production, clarifying the ambiguity surrounding a key technical public choice theoretical assumption, and it demonstrates (a) why it should not be confused with the Alchian-Demsetz team production model and (b) how co-production engenders a type of market failure that has been neglected so far. In light of this analysis, the article reconsiders polycentricity, the capstone of the Ostromian system, explaining why polycentricity may be seen as a solution both to this co-production market failure problem and to the problems of social choice in conditions of deep heterogeneity. It also discusses further normative corollaries. - Downloaded via iphone
power  market_failure  political_economy  centralization  power-asymmetric  governance  downloaded  public-private_gaps  bargaining  institutional_economics  commons  article  normativity  accountability  common_good  jstor  political_science  decentralization  public_goods  public_choice  norms 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
It’s Not About Race!
Why do Black people think everything is about race?

Because everything a person of color does is done while knowing they are not part of normative white culture. We have to think about everything we do and every word we say. Am I saying this too loudly? Do I look like I might be stealing? If I complain about these working conditions, will they call me lazy? Why did this teacher tell me I can’t be an engineer when I’ve got a 3.8 GPA? Why am I being pulled over when I did nothing wrong?

We think about this all the time — so much that it’s mostly unconscious by the time we’re teenagers. But we don’t talk about it because when a conflict comes up with a white person that is “not about race,” it would take too damn long to explain all of this to them. And we’d have to explain it over and over to every white person we meet hoping they will “get it.”

And most of the time, they won’t get it. Most of the time, they can’t see their own culture, much less someone else’s, meaning they have no idea what the hell we’re talking about anyway. So either we get angry, or we just close our eyes, nod our heads, and say things like “Yeah, using the Socratic method to talk intellectually would probably be a good way for us to discuss systematic racism.”

“Yeah, let’s do it your way.”
race  racism  culture  cultural  norm  normativity  discourse  whiteness  blackness 
september 2016 by Michael.Massing
Why Do We Judge Parents For Putting Kids At Perceived ΓÇö But Unreal ΓÇö Risk? : 13....
Although the details of the cases were otherwise the same ΓÇö that is, the age of the child, the duration and location of the unattended period, and so on ΓÇö participants thought children were in significantly greater danger when the parent left to meet a lover than when the child was left alone unintentionally. The ratings for the other cases, once again, fell in between. In other words, participants' factual judgments of how much danger the child was in while the parent was away varied according to the extent of their moral outrage concerning the parent's reason for leaving. Additional analyses suggested that it was indeed participants' judgment of the parent's immorality that drove up their assessments of risk. The authors sum up their findings like this: "People don't only think that leaving children alone is dangerous and therefore immoral. They also think it is immoral and therefore dangerous."
parenting  normativity  shaming  Delicious 
august 2016 by StJohnBosco
Healing Hasidic Masturbators and Adulterers ΓÇö With Psychiatric Drugs ΓÇô Narrative...
prescribed anti-psychotics, hormones, or anti-depressants for masturbating, questioning the tenets of the communityΓÇÖs faith principles, experimenting with or even fantasizing about same-sex partners, or displaying ΓÇ£too highΓÇ¥ a sex drive.... This may sound shocking. But taken in a different light, these off-label uses are consistent with a current American mentality that uses medical interventions as technologies for optimization. Think for example of the use of growth hormones to enhance height, or Ritalin to optimize concentration, or plastic surgery to enhance beauty. Are the uses of psychiatric medications to enhance religious performance so different from these practices? And are they necessarily unethical? Doctors over-prescribe anti-anxiety medications to women, and they over-diagnose African-American males with schizophrenia, he explained, because doctors themselves live with cultural biases.
Hasidim  jews  Orthodox  fundamentalism  psychiatry  psychotherapy  psychopharmacology  bias  culture  normativity  Delicious 
august 2016 by StJohnBosco
Stathis Gourgouris - Democracy is a Tragic Regime | Academia.edu - PMLA 129-4, Theories and Methodologies
Begins with Castoriadas analysis and classical Athens - the "tragic" aspect inherent in democracy is a function of hubris - which is a failure of self-limitation - that since democracy is self-authorizing, it has no foundational or transcendent norms, no categorical imperatives - basic situation is that anything *can* be done - but not everything *ought * to be - downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  political_philosophy  democracy  intellectual_history  political_history  ancient_Greece  ancient_philosophy  self-control  self-government  hubris  tragedy  Athens  normativity  norms  moral_philosophy  morality-conventional  morality-divine_command  obligation 
july 2016 by dunnettreader
Brian Leiter, review - Christian Emden, "Nietzsche's Naturalism: A Critical Assessment" :: SSRN - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, July 22, 2015
I review and evaluate the intellectual historian Christian Emden's recent book Nietzsche's Naturalism: Philosophy and the Life Sciences in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge University Press, 2014). Topics addressed include: the meaning of naturalism; the relationship between substantive and methodological versions of naturalism and physicalism and other reductionisms; the role of Kant and NeoKantians like Lange and Helmholtz in Nietzsche's philosophy; the actual role of the life sciences in Nietzsche's naturalism; and what is involved in a naturalistic account of normativity. --PDF File: 12 pgs --- Keywords: Nietzsche, Kant, Lange, naturalism, physicalism -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  intellectual_history  19thC  German_scholars  Nietzsche  naturalism  materialism-19thC  Kant  neo-Kantian  Lange_FA  biology  Helmholtz  normativity  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  morality-objective  human_nature  downloaded 
october 2015 by dunnettreader
"Pixels," "Armada," And The Geek Fantasy It's Time To Banish
Pixels and Armada are descendants of movies like The Last Starfighter and War Games, Armada explicitly so. But they flail against an absence of oppression. Neither SandlerΓÇÖs movie nor ClineΓÇÖs book can really muster up an argument for its main character as a misunderstood representative from a maligned subculture, because both are set in a modern world in which gaming is a billion-dollar industry and a mainstream form of entertainment. Armada does cough up one ΓÇÖ80s-style bully who calls Zack a ΓÇ£videogame nerd who canΓÇÖt get laid,ΓÇ¥ but the story quickly counters this claim by having a military aircraft land on school grounds in front of all ZackΓÇÖs classmates (including his ex) to zip him away to training, where he immediately bags a fantasy girl won over by his in-game rankings. ItΓÇÖs a moment in which the underlying sentiment in Armada as well as Pixels shines through, and itΓÇÖs not actually one of geek affirmation or nerd triumph ΓÇö an inarguable point in our age of Comic Con and Marvel m
nerds  geek  normativity  fantasy  film  criticism  it's-the-end-of-everything  Delicious 
july 2015 by StJohnBosco
The Price of Gay Marriage - The New York Times
It is unfortunate that the movementΓÇÖs two great victories of the last decade ΓÇö the right to serve openly in the military and the right to be married ΓÇö have come as progress has stalled or reversed in so many other areas of civil rights: equal pay and reproductive choice for women; housing and school segregation; police violence against minorities; and the prospects of a decent wage and a modicum of job and retirement security for all.
queer  marriage  gay  lgbt  normativity  Delicious 
june 2015 by StJohnBosco
Necessary affirmations on a celebratory day
That’s why I don’t want to criticize today, even Justice Kennedy’s majority decision threw “non-traditional” family structures under the bus to pave a way to marriage equality. He writes: Excluding same-sex couples from marriage thus conflicts with a central premise of the right to marry. Without the recognition, stability, and predictability marriage offers, their children suffer the stigma of knowing their families are somehow lesser. They also suffer the significant material costs of being raised by unmarried parents, relegated through no fault of their own to a more difficult and uncertain family life. The marriage laws at issue here thus harm and humiliate the children of same-sex couples. In doing so, Kennedy assumes the inferiority and instability of families without married parents — which included and will continue to include families of same-sex parents, but also families led by single, divorced, and widowed parents, parents uninterested in marriage, families centered on n
marriage  queer  normativity  Delicious 
june 2015 by StJohnBosco
The Femunculus [NSFW] | Method
Male bodies are seen as the default in biology. One artist is working towards helping us see the alternatives. In psychology, the homunculus is a visual representation of the sensory and motor cortices.
additivism  biology  body  feminism  femunculus  malr  normativity  ontology  stream 
june 2015 by therourke
Stephen Turner, review essay - Searle's Social Reality | - Academia.edu
This is a survey and critique of Searle's thinking about social norms and collective intentionality up to 1999 or so, and provides an account of why his views evolved as they did. The essay also argues against the account of normativity that Searle espouses at this point and later revises.
Research Interests: Social Ontology, Collective Intentionality, John R. Searle, John Searle, and collective intentionality, Searle -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  kindle-available  social_theory  ontology-social  constructivism  Searle  intentionality-collective  norms  normativity  philosophy_of_language  philosophy_of_social_science  speech-act  downloaded 
may 2015 by dunnettreader

« earlier    

related tags

19thc  20thc  21stc  accountability  acentric  action-theory  activism  additivism  agency  amatonormativity  analytical_philosophy  ancient_greece  ancient_philosophy  ant  anthropology  aristotelian  article  articles  athens  authenticity  author:fnmsp  authority  autism  bargaining  behavioralism  bias  bibliography  biology  blackness  body  books  borders  boundaries  bourgeoisie  bruno_latour  carnap  cartography  causation-social  causation  centralization  change-social  children  cities  cognition  common_good  commons  community  comparative_law  concepts-change  concepts  conferences  conflict_of_laws  confoundingexpectations  conscience  consciousness  consent  constitutional_law  constitutionalism  constitutions  constructivism  continental_philosophy  contractualism  contradiction  coreano  criticism  cultural  cultural_critique  culture  custom  customary_law  decentralization  deliberation-public  delicious-export  delicious  democracy  desire  diederichsen  disability-rights  discourse  dominant  downloaded  drag  dworkin  economic_culture  economic_theory  ef-add  empiricism  enforcement  enlightenment  epistemology-moral  epistemology-social  epistemology  essence  essentialism  ethics  expertise  facebook  fall-in-love  fandom  fantastic  fantasy  fear  feelings  feminism  femunculus  film  finnis  flourishing  foucault  france  frankfurt_school  free_will  freud  fuller  functionalism  fundamentalism  games  gay  geek  gender  geography  german_scholars  germany  gonehome  governance  habermas  hart  hasidim  hegemony  heidegger  helmholtz  hempel  hermeneutics_of_suspicion  heterosexism  heterosexualities  historical_change  homophobia  hubris  human_condition  human_nature  hume-causation  hume-ethics  husserl  hygiene-mental  idealism-transcendental  identity  ideology  information  institutional_change  institutional_economics  institutions  instrumentalist  intellectual_history-distorted  intellectual_history  intentionality-collective  is-ought  it's-the-end-of-everything  jews  journal  journals  jstor  judgment-emotions  judiciary  jurisprudence  kant-ethics  kant  kelsen  kindle-available  knowledge  lange_fa  law  legal_culture  legal_history  legal_realism  legal_reasoning  legal_system  legal_theory  legal_validity  legitimacy  lgbt  liberalism  linguistic_turn  literatur  locke  logic  logical_positivism  love  malr  manifesto  map  mapping  maps  market_failure  marriage  marx  marxist  materialism-19thc  meaning  megan's.law  metaethics  metaphysics  mill  mind-body  mind-theory_of  mind  modal_logic  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  moral_sentiments  morality-conventional  morality-critics  morality-divine_command  morality-nietzche  morality-objective  morality  motherhood  motivation  naming  natural_kinds  natural_law  naturalism  neo-kantian  nerds  networks  nietzsche  nonmonogamy  norm  normalization  norms  obligation  ontology-social  ontology  orientalism  orthodox  paper  parenting  pareto_principle  paywall  perception  personal  personhood  phenomenology  philo  philosophy  philosophy_of_language  philosophy_of_law  philosophy_of_science  philosophy_of_social_science  place  places  planning  police  political_economy  political_history  political_order  political_philosophy  political_science  poly  polyamory  pop  popper  positive_law  positivism-legal  positivism  possible_worlds  power-asymmetric  power-knowledge  power  practical_knowledge  practical_reason  pragmatism  praxis  privilege  problem  projetintégrateur  property  psychiatry  psychologism  psychology  psychopharmacology  psychotherapy  public-private_gaps  public_choice  public_goods  punishment  queer  race  racism  rational_choice  rationality-economics  rationality  rawls  raz  reading  reason-passions  reason  reasons-externalism  reasons-internalism  reasons  reference  relationships  reproduction  resilience  responsibility  reviews  rights-legal  rights-political  rule_of_law  scanlon  scarcity  searle  self-care  self-control  self-government  self  sex  sexism  sexuality  shaming  social-media  social_contract  social_order  social_process  social_psychology  social_sciences  social_theory  socialscience  sociology  sociology_of_knowledge  sociology_of_law  sotadic  space  speech-act  ssrn  stream  sts  subjectivity  submissive  tech  television  termsofservice  theater  thesis  tos  tragedy  trans  transgender  transit  twine  universalism  universals  us_constitution  us_legal_system  utilitarianism  utility  values  violence  whiteness  williams_bernard  wittgenstein 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: