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BBC - Future - The '3.5% rule': How a small minority can change the world
“There are more options for engaging and nonviolent resistance that don’t place people in as much physical danger, particularly as the numbers grow, compared to armed activity,” Chenoweth says. “And the techniques of nonviolent resistance are often more visible, so that it's easier for people to find out how to participate directly, and how to coordinate their activities for maximum disruption.”

A magic number?

These are very general patterns, of course, and despite being twice as successful as the violent conflicts, peaceful resistance still failed 47% of the time. As Chenoweth and Stephan pointed out in their book, that’s sometimes because they never really gained enough support or momentum to “erode the power base of the adversary and maintain resilience in the face of repression”. But some relatively large nonviolent protests also failed, such as the protests against the communist party in East Germany in the 1950s, which attracted 400,000 members (around 2% of the population) at their peak, but still failed to bring about change.

In Chenoweth’s data set, it was only once the nonviolent protests had achieved that 3.5% threshold of active engagement that success seemed to be guaranteed – and raising even that level of support is no mean feat. In the UK it would amount to 2.3 million people actively engaging in a movement (roughly twice the size of Birmingham, the UK’s second largest city); in the US, it would involve 11 million citizens – more than the total population of New York City.

The fact remains, however, that nonviolent campaigns are the only reliable way of maintaining that kind of engagement.
non-violence  revolution  regime  change  Occupy_Wall_Street 
may 2019 by Quercki
On Frontier Gandhi’s death anniversary, a reminder of how the Indian subcontinent has lost its way
“The British considered a non-violent Pathan more dangerous than a violent Pathan.”“There is nothing surprising in a Musalman or a Pathan like me subscribing to non-violence,” he said. “It is not a new creed. It was followed fourteen hundred years ago by the Prophet, all the time he was in Mecca [before he migrated to Medina]..the violence, and realpolitik, convinced most Congress leaders to agree to the Partition Plan, with the Congress Working Committee overwhelmingly ratifying it. Only four leaders held out – Gandhi, Ghaffar Khan, Ram Manohar Lohia and Jayaprakash Narain. Years later, Ghaffar Khan recalled he had told the Working Committee, “We Pakhtuns stood by you and have undergone great sacrifices for attaining freedom, but you have now deserted us and thrown us to the wolves.”..In his address to a joint session of Parliament, he was brutal in his assessment: “You are forgetting Gandhi the way you forgot the Buddha.”
Non-violence  Islam  icons 
january 2018 by thomas.kochi
How movements can succeed in the face of government repression
"A greater number of resistance movements are choosing to adopt nonviolent forms of struggle as the effectiveness of nonviolent resistance becomes more widely known. At the same time, however, the success rate of these nonviolent movements is decreasing. What accounts for this lower rate of success, just as the effectiveness of nonviolent strategies is catching on? In 'Trends in nonviolent resistance and state response,' in _Global Responsibility to Protect_, Erica Chenoweth suggests that part of the answer lies in target governments becoming increasingly savvy in their responses to nonviolent movements, now that such movements are recognized to pose a real threat to their power. In light of this possibility, how can nonviolent resistance persist and succeed in repressive contexts?

-- Molly Wallace
Waging Nonviolence | wagingnonviolence.org | 14 jul 2017
peace  activism  protest  non-violence  human-rights 
july 2017 by tometaxu
Why Black Bloc tactics won’t build a successful movement
I don’t believe that advocates of “diversity of tactics” really mean that they honor all tactics. I don’t think anyone would argue that we should kidnap and torture the children of white supremacists. So even those that use catch phrases like “by any means necessary” or “at all costs” agree that there’s some line that we should not cross. Saying that we support “a diversity of tactics” does not allow us to have the conversation about where that line is and what is effective vs. harmful.
non-violence  activism  kazu-haga 
july 2017 by JorgeAranda
Teaching peace from a dictatorship
"If building a resistance movement is about anything, it is about not giving up. There are lulls in momentum, seemingly insurmountable cliffs and impassable trenches. Most of these obstacles, contrary to popular assumptions, are not caused by opponents. They are instead the result of internal rifts like in-fighting, poor coordination or lack of resources. In our case, a dilapidated IT infrastructure stood in our way."

They made "a free online class called Nonviolent Action And Movement Building, as part of an effort to decentralize training on strategic non-violence and community organizing."

"Compared to the amount of studying for and about war, education on non-violence is somewhat of a novelty. After all, there is still only one university program explicitly dedicated to the field of civil resistance."

-- Phil Wilmot
Waging Non-Violence | wagingnonviolence.org | 20 may 2017
Uganda  peace  non-violence  education  internet-power  from twitter_favs
may 2017 by tometaxu
The Legitimacy of Violence as a Political Act?
The second reason for nonviolence, I think, is that clearly violence antagonizes the uncommitted. And what we want to do is not antagonize them, but attract them to, involve them in, the resistance to the War. We want to get them to take part in active resistance to this and whatever future war the United States will attempt to conduct. Toward this end, violence carried out by peace demonstrators would be a serious “counterproductive” tactical error. And, as I mentioned before, I think that these tactical considerations are not in the least to be disparaged, but are actually the only considerations that have, ultimately, any moral charcter to them, because they are the considerations that involve the human costs. And I think the same is true even in the case of the confrontation with authority.
noam-chomsky  non-violence  pacifism  susan-sontag  hannah-arendt 
april 2017 by JorgeAranda
Twitter
what Gandhi actually said about violence
gandhi  non-violence  quotes  from twitter_favs
january 2017 by levleviev

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