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The Big Hack: How China Used a Tiny Chip to Infiltrate U.S. Companies - Bloomberg
"The attack by Chinese spies reached almost 30 U.S. companies, including Amazon and Apple, by compromising America’s technology supply chain, according to extensive interviews with government and corporate sources.

"China ... makes about 75 percent of the world’s mobile phones and 90 percent of its PCs.
"These servers were assembled for Elemental by Super Micro Computer Inc., a San Jose-based company (commonly known as Supermicro) that’s also one of the world’s biggest suppliers of server motherboards...

"Nested on the servers’ motherboards, the testers found a tiny microchip, not much bigger than a grain of rice, that wasn’t part of the boards’ original design. Amazon reported the discovery to U.S. authorities, sending a shudder through the intelligence community. Elemental’s servers could be found in Department of Defense data centers, the CIA’s drone operations, and the onboard networks of Navy warships. And Elemental was just one of hundreds of Supermicro customers.

"... During the ensuing top-secret probe, which remains open more than three years later, investigators determined that the chips allowed the attackers to create a stealth doorway into any network that included the altered machines. Multiple people familiar with the matter say investigators found that the chips had been inserted at factories run by manufacturing subcontractors in China.

"“Having a well-done, nation-state-level hardware implant surface would be like witnessing a unicorn jumping over a rainbow,” says Joe Grand, a hardware hacker and the founder of Grand Idea Studio Inc. “Hardware is just so far off the radar, it’s almost treated like black magic.”

"But that’s just what U.S. investigators found: The chips had been inserted during the manufacturing process, two officials say, by operatives from a unit of the People’s Liberation Army. In Supermicro, China’s spies appear to have found a perfect conduit for what U.S. officials now describe as the most significant supply chain attack known to have been carried out against American companies.
supply_chain_attach  security  bug  implant  AWS  CIA  Amazon  Elemental  DoD  Navy  Supermicro(Super_Micro_Computer)  espionage  China 
6 days ago by Tonti
Officer’s Hat | Hinges of History
The WAVES officer’s hat. The WAVE uniform was designed by the couture designer Main Bocher. The photo comes from the National Archives.
40s  fashion  navy  uniform  waves  WWII 
14 days ago by rgl7194
New Uniforms, Part 3 | Hinges of History
October, 1943 saw another uniform addition for the WAVES. Dorothea Jameson models the working smock for pharmacists, laboratory technicians, parachute riggers, and other technical specialists. It would only be worn by enlisted officers.
The photographs come from the National Archives.
40s  fashion  navy  uniform  waves  WWII 
14 days ago by rgl7194
New Uniforms, Part 2 | Hinges of History
Here’s another view of the new Mainbocher-designed summer uniform for the WAVES, released in October 1943. This view shows the uniform without the jacket. It’s modeled by yeoman Marion Pearson
The photo comes from the National Archives.
40s  fashion  navy  uniform  waves  WWII 
14 days ago by rgl7194
New Uniforms, Part 1 | Hinges of History
In October, 1943, the WAVES debuted new Mainbocher-designed uniforms, to be used in summer and at warm weather locales.
Above, WAVE officer Mary C. Broughton (left) and yeoman Marion Pearson (right) model the new seersucker uniforms.
Broughton posed solo as well (left). The only difference between her officer uniform and that of the enlisted women is the officer’s hat, the band on the sleeve of the jacket, and the bar on the collar of her dress.
On yeoman Pearson’s uniform (below), her hat has a removable cover that matches the seesucker of the dress.
waves  navy  uniform  40s  WWII  fashion 
14 days ago by rgl7194
The Maritime History of a War Weary Naval Fleet | RealClearDefense
"If there were a one-liner that sums up the Lehman/Watkins strategy—adopted in classified form by 1982 and made public in the U.S. Naval Institute’s Proceedings in 1986—it might be this: no more passive defense. This marked a significant turnabout from the 1970s. Secretary Lehman rightly points out that the U.S. Navy was a spent force coming out of the Vietnam War. It degenerated into a “hollow” force at the same time the Soviet Navy went on the march under the tutelage of its founding father, Fleet Adm. Sergei Gorshkov. Hollow forces tend to assume a defensive crouch vis-à-vis rival pugilists rather than compete with derring-do. And indeed, U.S. and allied navies more or less wrote off northern waters as a Soviet naval preserve. They were a Soviet sanctuary or “bastion” where ballistic-missile submarines could shelter."
Cold.War  National.Security  Navy 
21 days ago by lukemperez
Newfoundlanders and Labradorians in Other Allied Forces
Women in the War
Although the National Defence Headquarters of Canada first investigated enlisting women in June 1940, it was not until the following summer that the RCAF created a Canadian Women's Auxiliary Air Force, which it renamed the RCAF-WD in the spring of 1942. By July 1942, the army and navy were also accepting women.
The Canadian military believed that by enlisting women for clerical and other noncombatant roles, it would make more of its male recruits available for service on the front lines. Reflecting this is the motto adopted by the Canadian women's services: "We Serve That Men May Fly; We Serve That Men May Fight; We Are the Women Behind the Men Behind the Guns."
While doing much to help bridge the gap in gender inequality, women who enlisted for military service faced considerable discrimination from both within and outside the forces. Servicewomen earned smaller salaries than their male counterparts, could not serve on the front lines, and only received allowances for dependent parents, brothers, and sisters, not for husbands. In the general public, meanwhile, a myth persisted that servicewomen were immoral, reckless, and frequently returned home pregnant and unmarried. Nonetheless, almost 50,000 women joined the Canadian Forces during the war, including many from Newfoundland and Labrador.
canada  military  40s  navy  uniform  WWII 
23 days ago by rgl7194
General Questions about CTT : navy
Being a CTTSN (IDW) sailor myself, I say sign up for the CTR rate instead. Higher advancement, more shore duty, and better job opportunities on the outside. CTRs have civilian equivalents on the outside, where as CTT is a job that exists solely in the military. You can get hired by another government agency but that will come from your clearance and not your job experience.

Signing up for six years is the worst advice you'll ever get. Back in 2001, the traditional CTT rating merged with the EW rating. If you go to school for the extra year to learn maintenance you will never see the other side of the CTT rate (which is way more interesting). There are rumors about the CTT rating splitting up again, and when this happens, you will never see sea duty due to the skills that you'll have. If you want to put on E-4 you can study hard in A school and get promoted for being 1st in your class or you can put in work at your first command and get promoted by your Captain. Or, if you work hard and are rated highly amongst your peers you can get a great annual eval by your supervisors and make E-4 off the test. Advancement last cycle was at 25% so promotion isn't impossible if you work hard and get recognized for it.

As for the work itself, it's really cut and dry. The problem with it is that you're not going to be asked, nor will you be expected of, to think critically. Intelligence Specialists right out of A school are expected to analyze and be able to give their opinion on the situation at hand. CTT is a rating where you're supposed to be intelligent to perform it, but as soon as they can train monkeys to do what we do (based on your shipmates you'll start to become convinced that they have) we'll be replaced. Some people love it though.

As for preparing for A school, focus on memorizing the material you've been given to study for boot camp. If you work out everyday and study all that material you've been given for the test you can easily get promoted to E-2 by passing the initial test and PT test, and then become the laundry petty officer in your boot camp division and you can get promoted to E-3. That rote memorization will help you in A school because a lot of the material you won't be able to understand but you will be expected to be able to recite it. Your first lesson will be Operational Risk Management, do study it while you're in holding waiting to class up. Although I finished sixth in the class, three other guys and I were neck and neck for first place until week 9. You will have solid competition. About 1/4 of my class had sailors who had already had bachelor's degrees, with two guys going enlisted because they couldn't go to OCS and they wanted to put in packages while they were in.

The best part of the job, at least if you're somewhat ambitious, is the benefits that have nothing to do with what you do on a daily basis. The opportunities that most sailors never take advantage of is astounding. Right now I'm maxing out my tuition assistance, I'm enrolled in USMAP as an apprentice computer operator, and now that I have my primary warfare qualification I'm about to start getting certified in Homeland Security, Disaster Preparedness, and anything else I can become certified in. The benefits offered to you as a military member are amazing, don't be like the other 90% and not take advantage of them.
navy  military  enlistment  cryptology 
4 weeks ago by aleksandrxyz
The Navy WAVES
This week’s blog came about after Camille Breeze discovered some women’s military uniforms on a visit to the costume collection at Keene State College (see photo gallery below). After our recent AWVS uniform project, our interest was peeked by yet another example of women contributing to the WWII efforts. The Keene uniforms are clearly labeled as belonged to two ladies who served in the Women’s Reserve of the U.S. Naval Reserve, also known as Woman Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Services, or WAVES.
The WAVES were created on July 30th, 1942, becoming the first women’s division of a U.S. military branch. It was also the first time in U.S. military history that women were paid and disciplined the same as men of the same rank and status. However it was understood from the outset that the WAVES would be a temporary division, and that it would dissolve once the war ended (hence the emergency part of the name).
navy  waves  WWII  40s  uniform  women 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194
Couture Allure Vintage Fashion: Mainbocher and the WWII Navy WAVES Uniform
It's Memorial Day here in the US, a day when we remember our women and men who have died in military service.
Did you know that the uniforms for the Navy WAVES were designed by Mainbocher? The first uniforms for the armed services designed by a well-known designer, they received much media coverage. The dress blue and white uniforms consisted of a tailored jacket and a six-gore skirt.
Mainbocher's design was distinctive with it's use of a rounded collar layered over a pointed lapel.
The side-brimmed hat came with interchangeable white or navy covers.
A navy overcoat was also part of the uniform.
Mainbocher also designed the WAVES summer working uniform of a grey seersucker dress with matching jacket, which had the same distinctive collar design.
Ads featuring women in uniform were prominent during the war years. This ad for Celenese Fabrics features a Navy nurse in a uniform made from one of their new synthetic fabrics which was designed for war use, but could be purchased for home sewing.
This ad for Mary Sachs, a store in Harrisburg, PA, offers "Service for Women who Serve". The store offered custom fitting and tailoring of uniforms and also sold WAVES, WACS, and Army Nurse uniforms by mail order.
WWII  uniform  navy  women  fashion  waves 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194
Uncle Sam's nieces. First photographs showing all four women's branches of the armed services in uniform. The photographs have been taken in compliance with a request to show the distinguishing features of each type of uniform and to aid the public in ide
About this Item
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Uncle Sam's nieces. First photographs showing all four women's branches of the armed services in uniform. The photographs have been taken in compliance with a request to show the distinguishing features of each type of uniform and to aid the public in identifying each branch. Left to right: Second Lieutenant Doris Hyde of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S. Army Nurse Corps; Ensign Mary E. Hill of Elizabeth City, North Carolina, U.S. Navy Nurse Corps; Lieutenant Marion R. Enright of Forest Hills, Long Island, New York, of the WAVES (Women Accepted to Voluntary Emergency Service); Lieutenant Alberta M. Holdsworth of Boston, Massachusetts, of the WAACs (Women's Army Auxiliary Corps). The photographs were taken at Washington, D.C.
photography  military  navy  40s  WWII  library  congress  women  uniform 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194
RANCBA - WRANS Class Photos
As most of them show WRAN Communicators, I am keen to obtain as many WRANS Class photographs as possible for publication on this site. If you have any class photos hidden away in your archives or albums please advise me and I will provide my mailing address if required so that you can send them to me for publication on this page. If you are able to scan them and send them as an email attachment, all the better.
ANZ  military  navy  photography  uniform  40s  50s  60s  70s  80s 
6 weeks ago by rgl7194
Chief Officer Blair Thisbe Bowden | Royal Australian Navy
Blair Thisbe Bowden (1916-1981), was born on 7 June 1916 at Dunedin, New Zealand. She was the eldest of four children born to George Albert Kendall Williams and Emily Elizabeth East.
Blair Williams was educated at Christchurch Girls High School and Canterbury University College, New Zealand. A keen singer, she graduated with a degree in the Arts.
After migrating to Australia, Blair enlisted in the Women’s Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) on 9 January 1943.
At that time the Navy was facing problems associated with administering the rapidly expanding WRANS and it was decided to hold a course at Flinders Naval Depot, HMAS Cerberus, for potential female officers. The inaugural course comprised 16 positions, nine of which were allocated to serving members from within the ranks, while the remaining seven positions were open to civilians. A selection board was held in each state and from the hundreds of civilian applications received, Blair was one of the successful candidates.
The course was exacting but the standard of applicants was high and all sixteen members successfully passed. Blair was appointed Third Officer (the equivalent of a Royal Australian Navy Sub Lieutenant) on 15 February 1943 and posted to Sydney where she served variously in administrative appointments at the shore establishments HMAS Kuttabul and HMAS Rushcutter.
The work of WRANS officers fell into two broad groupings. The executive who were responsible for discipline, administration and welfare of the ranks, and the specialists who were attached to Naval staff officers in the various Australian ports. The latter eventually assumed responsibility for much of the cipher and confidential book work at the bases and by the war’s end they were involved in almost every aspect of RAN shore establishment activity.
40s  ANZ  military  navy  uniform  women 
6 weeks ago by rgl7194

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