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Complication Rates Ramp up in Kids with T2D | Medpage Today
Paired with other trials such as RISE and SEARCH, TODAY demonstrated that about half of kids with type 2 diabetes have rapidly progressing disease, and are already experiencing early mortality
morbidity  mortality  risk  T2D  children  youth  type  2  diabetes  peer-reviewed  clinical  research  human  in  vivo  situ 
4 days ago by Michael.Massing
U.S. Suicide Rates Are the Highest They've Been Since World War II
In 2017, 14 out of every 100,000 Americans died by suicide, according to a new analysis released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. That’s a 33% increase since 1999, and the highest age-adjusted suicide rate recorded in the U.S. since 1942. (Rates were even higher during the Great Depression, hitting a century peak of 21.9 in 1932.)
Time  mortality 
4 weeks ago by thomas.kochi
Our Responsibility to Reduce Personal Risk - % 𝔼𝕧𝕒𝕟 𝕎𝕒𝕣𝕕
> Insofar as the {expected value of the world with us alive} minus {the expected value of the world with us dead} is positive, we have an obligation to remain alive.  Therefore, it is unethical to bear personal risks of death when the expected benefits of doing so do not outweigh the expected marginal benefit of one remaining alive.
What does this mean? One has a responsibility to live carefully.
evan_ward  mortality  risk 
5 weeks ago by porejide
For many doctors breaking bad news, 'death' is a four-letter word | CNN
Since August, when he calculated he had six months to live, Dr. Ron Naito has mentored medical students and spoken publicly about the need for doctors to improve the way they break bad news. Anthony Back is quoted.
!UWM  Area:PalliativeCare  mortality  Back.Tony 
5 weeks ago by UWMedicine
Does the news reflect what we die from? - Our World in Data
There is a large disconnect between what gets covered in the media and the day-to-day reality for most. How do causes of death in the US match with media coverage and what people search for online?
death  mortality  media  data-viz  narrative  bias  cognitive 
7 weeks ago by pmigdal
Life, death and dignity: Robert Fuller planned his death | Real Change
For the last hours of his 75 years on Earth, Robert Fuller was married to a man who he loved. Bioethicist Helene Starks was quoted.
!UWM  Area:Ethics  mortality  physician.assisted.suicide  Starks.Helene 
8 weeks ago by UWMedicine
Dietary carbohydrate intake and mortality: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis - The Lancet Public Health
We studied 15 428 adults aged 45–64 years, in four US communities, who completed a dietary questionnaire at enrolment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (between 1987 and 1989), and who did not report extreme caloric intake (<600 kcal or >4200 kcal per day for men and <500 kcal or >3600 kcal per day for women). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. We investigated the association between the percentage of energy from carbohydrate intake and all-cause mortality, accounting for possible non-linear relationships in this cohort. We further examined this association, combining ARIC data with data for carbohydrate intake reported from seven multinational prospective studies in a meta-analysis. Finally, we assessed whether the substitution of animal or plant sources of fat and protein for carbohydrate affected mortality.

Findings

....In the ARIC cohort, after multivariable adjustment, there was a U-shaped association between the percentage of energy consumed from carbohydrate (mean 48·9%, SD 9·4) and mortality: a percentage of 50–55% energy from carbohydrate was associated with the lowest risk of mortality. In the meta-analysis of all cohorts (432 179 participants), both low carbohydrate consumption (<40%) and high carbohydrate consumption (>70%) conferred greater mortality risk than did moderate intake, which was consistent with a U-shaped association (pooled hazard ratio 1·20, 95% CI 1·09–1·32 for low carbohydrate consumption; 1·23, 1·11–1·36 for high carbohydrate consumption). However, results varied by the source of macronutrients: mortality increased when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fat or protein (1·18, 1·08–1·29) and mortality decreased when the substitutions were plant-based (0·82, 0·78–0·87).

Interpretation

Both high and low percentages of carbohydrate diets were associated with increased mortality, with minimal risk observed at 50–55% carbohydrate intake. Low carbohydrate dietary patterns favouring animal-derived protein and fat sources, from sources such as lamb, beef, pork, and chicken, were associated with higher mortality, whereas those that favoured plant-derived protein and fat intake, from sources such as vegetables, nuts, peanut butter, and whole-grain breads, were associated with lower mortality, suggesting that the source of food notably modifies the association between carbohydrate intake and mortality.

Funding: National Institutes of Health.
whole  grain  carb  carbohydrates  low  fat  loss  guidelines  nutrition  food  foods  protein  macronutrients  proportion  ratio  ketogenic  diet  ketosis  risk  benefit  peer-reviewed  research  human  in  vivo  correlation  mortality  morbidity  all-cause  meta-analysis  animal  meat  plant-based  prospective  large  cohort 
9 weeks ago by Michael.Massing

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