'Looping' Created an Underground Insulin-Pump Market - The Atlantic
11 weeks ago by jm
looping insulin diabetes health hardware open-hardware medtronic glucose medicine fda black-market
By 2014, the hardware components of a DIY artificial pancreas—a small insulin pump that attaches via thin disposable tubing to the body and a continuous sensor for glucose, or sugar, that slips just under the skin—were available, but it was impossible to connect the two. That’s where the security flaw came in. The hackers realized they could use it to override old Medtronic pumps with their own algorithm that automatically calculates insulin doses based on real-time glucose data. It closed the feedback loop.
They shared this code online as OpenAPS, and “looping,” as it’s called, began to catch on. Instead of micromanaging their blood sugar, people with diabetes could offload that work to an algorithm. In addition to OpenAPS, another system called Loop is now available. Dozens, then hundreds, and now thousands of people are experimenting with DIY artificial-pancreas systems—none of which the Food and Drug Administration has officially approved. And they’ve had to track down discontinued Medtronic pumps. It can sometimes take months to find one.
Obviously, you can’t just call up Medtronic to order a discontinued pump with a security flaw. “It’s eBay, Craigslist, Facebook. It’s like this underground market for these pumps,”
11 weeks ago by jm
related tags2015 4:kcn0113 4:stublag 5 aaa accenture adobe agile aon aponoorderlaan app apple appraisal arstechnica artificial artificialpancreas baets barnaby behaviour betterworks billgeorge billyrios biotronik black-market blackhat brain bronchoscopy bsx businessmodel cables cargill cars cgm charite chronic clinical clippings content content_goes_here corporate courage courts creativity cybernetic cyborg database device devices dexcom diabetes diet disc disruption dystonia elililly embedded enterprise fail fda fdaapproved feedback foodtech ford fundico gamification ge glucose google government hack hacking hardware health-care health healthcare healthycontent heart horizon2020 humanresources ibm imaging imec implants in-vehicle influence innocentive innovating innovation insulin insurance interstim j&j jack jonathanbutts law lbp leadership looping lungcancer mac management mcafee mdt meddevices medical medical_devices medicaldevices medicine medtech mhealth minimed minnesota neuromodulation neurostimulation nutrino open-hardware outcomebased pacemaker pain parkinson's patent patents patientengagement performancemanagement photonics policy process pump rct reimbursement removal replacement research reservoirs review rewards rights robot roche rwd sante scotus security sensor silicon software spinalfusion spine st_judes_medical stj strategy sugar.iq supplies supreme+court surgery sync t1d taxes therapy tmobile transparency trends trial tslim type1 united+states watson wireless
Copy this bookmark: