localism   618

« earlier    

Shortlisted! The role of localism in design commissions (KCRW, 11/12/2019)
Last week LACMA director Michael Govan and his supporters went before an LA city council committee to ask for the air rights over a portion of Wilshire Boulevard to be vacated.
localism  losangeles  la  lacma  labreatarpits  dillerscofidiorenfro  labrea 
4 weeks ago by davidkoren
The new report lays out a powerful argument for a new agenda across the UK. Devolving power…
localism  from twitter
10 weeks ago by sdp
Where Does a NIMBY's Back Yard Begin and End? - CityLab
Instead, the part of the NIMBY acronym that deserves the most scrutiny is the part which represents geographic small-mindedness: the “BY.”

NIMBY stands for “not in my back yard,” and every once in a while, NIMBY sentiment is in fact directed against a project that’s literally going to impact someone’s back yard—maybe a widened sidewalk or a buried utility line. Much more often, however, the “BY” in NIMBY is metaphorical. The people who take part in NIMBY protest are usually objecting to something that will happen near by them, in a wider area of their day-to-day life that constitutes an imaginary “back yard.”...

On the one hand, from both an ethical and a political standpoint, the people who are most affected by a change are the ones who ought to have the most say in determining whether and how that change takes place. Geographically speaking, usually the people who are most affected by something are the ones who are closest to it. This is the principle of community self-determination, and it forms the basis of movements ranging from anti-imperialism to indigenous rights campaigns and block-level organizing....

On the other hand, sometimes achieving just and equitable goals for a larger community may require overruling the objections of a smaller, but more vocally organized, constituent community. To take one pointed example, a metropolitan region ought to have affordable housing for needy families that is both plentiful and evenly distributed throughout different neighborhoods. But privileged communities often use concerns about traffic, environmental protection, and pressure on local schools to keep low-income housing out of their neighborhoods....

...lower-income people and people of color are much more likely to live nearby to environmental hazards. There are many cases, then, where it would be good to empower marginalized communities with more NIMBY power, not less....

The trick, then, is to figure out how to scale the geographic limits of representation and decision making so that they appropriately and fairly match with the geographic area of both the advantages and the burdens that are associated with any kind of change. For at least two centuries, urban and regional growth and interdependence has outpaced the ability of political jurisdictions to keep pace with the intensifying complexity and scale of modern life. Redrawing the boundaries of political units to match with the functional geography of urban life has long been a dream of many reformers...

Most consolidated planning districts still rely on a geographically federated power structure in order to assuage the fears of rich (and usually white) neighborhoods about forced integration. Instead, we need to develop political institutions that can both listen to and act on the concerns of small communities, while also reserving the power to fairly and democratically overrule those concerns when the interests of the broader community demand such action....

when it comes to funding highways that benefit car commuters, wealthy suburbanites often argue for large-scale central planning across wide metropolitan regions, since their own suburban towns lack the financial or institutional resources to build such infrastructure. But when disadvantaged communities try to cross the same municipal lines that the highway builders so effortlessly cross, those suburbanites suddenly turn to a localist principle and vigorously oppose any plans to integrate housing, school administration, or taxation within the larger metropolitan unit. ...

What if more people were willing to think of themselves as part of a larger community—one that encompasses not just their immediate next-door neighbors, but a broader definition of “neighbors” that would include those in the metropolitan region, and even people in the suburban and rural areas that together make up today’s integrated, interdependent systems of spatial cohesion? In other words, if we took seriously the realization that the substandard housing, disinvested public amenities, and ecological sacrifice zones present in every metropolitan area are are a part of our back yard—even if our immediate vicinity happens to be a leafy suburb or a hip Millennial block—would we tolerate the political and economic conditions that allowed them to exist?
urban_planning  localism  scale  nimby 
february 2019 by shannon_mattern
Crisis of the Third Century - Wikipedia
"One of the most profound and lasting effects of the Crisis of the Third Century was the disruption of Rome's extensive internal trade network. Ever since the Pax Romana, starting with Augustus, the empire's economy had depended in large part on trade between Mediterranean ports and across the extensive road systems to the Empire's interior. Merchants could travel from one end of the empire to the other in relative safety within a few weeks, moving agricultural goods produced in the provinces to the cities, and manufactured goods produced by the great cities of the East to the more rural provinces.

Large estates produced cash crops for export, and used the resulting revenues to import food and urban manufactured goods. This resulted in a great deal of economic interdependence among the empire’s inhabitants. The historian Henry Moss describes the situation as it stood before the crisis:

Along these roads passed an ever-increasing traffic, not only of troops and officials, but of traders, merchandise and even tourists. An interchange of goods between the various provinces rapidly developed, which soon reached a scale unprecedented in previous history and not repeated until a few centuries ago. Metals mined in the uplands of Western Europe, hides, fleeces, and livestock from the pastoral districts of Britain, Spain, and the shores of the Black Sea, wine and oil from Provence and Aquitaine, timber, pitch and wax from South Russia and northern Anatolia, dried fruits from Syria, marble from the Aegean coasts, and – most important of all – grain from the wheat-growing districts of North Africa, Egypt, and the Danube Valley for the needs of the great cities; all these commodities, under the influence of a highly organized system of transport and marketing, moved freely from one corner of the Empire to the other.[6]

With the onset of the Crisis of the Third Century, however, this vast internal trade network broke down. The widespread civil unrest made it no longer safe for merchants to travel as they once had, and the financial crisis that struck made exchange very difficult with the debased currency. This produced profound changes that, in many ways, foreshadowed the very decentralized economic character of the coming Middle Ages.

Large landowners, no longer able to successfully export their crops over long distances, began producing food for subsistence and local barter. Rather than import manufactured goods from the empire's great urban areas, they began to manufacture many goods locally, often on their own estates, thus beginning the self-sufficient "house economy" that would become commonplace in later centuries, reaching its final form in the manorialism of the Middle Ages. The common, free people of the Roman cities, meanwhile, began to move out into the countryside in search of food and better protection. "
history  europe  localism  globalisation 
august 2018 by ssam
The localist revolution
David Brooks' opinion piece in NY Times (2018). Draws up somewhat exaggerated contrasts between localism and federalism in terms of: who has power, how change happens, and who creates change.

Good example of quote (both sentences are rather trivial): "Localism stands for the idea that there is no one set of solutions to diverse national problems. Instead, it brings conservatives and liberals together around the thought that people are happiest when their lives are enmeshed in caring face-to-face relationships, building their communities together."
local  global  localism  federal 
august 2018 by nikomoeller
Report: Amazon’s Next Frontier: Your City’s Purchasing | ILSR
Last year, Amazon quietly secured a national contract to provide cities, counties, and schools with office and classroom supplies, library books, electronics, and more. The contract was awarded by U.S. Communities, an organization that negotiates joint purchasing agreements for its members, many of which are local governments. It’s received virtually no media coverage, and yet it opens the way for billions of dollars in public spending to shift to Amazon.
localism  government  purchasing 
july 2018 by altoii
'Dark municipalism' - the dangers of local politics | The Ecologist
The language of “local control” is central to the political strategy of segregation and resegregation. It allows officials and advocates to apply a palatable, race-neutral framing to fundamentally racist policy. Power consolidated fully at the local level is potentially pernicious precisely because there is such deep inequality between local areas in our highly segregated society.
localism  racism  segregation  politics 
june 2018 by altoii
Civic Tech in a Time of Technopessimism
Her point was: It’s not the technology that’s significant—a texting tool is not a complex technical artifact—but the tool can change the way the system works.

Here in 2018, it’s possible that you’ve noticed that tech did not save government. But some parents who have been accused of crimes in Tulsa, Oklahoma are now spending the night at home with their kids instead of in jail. Or to take another major Code for America initiative, a bunch of California counties have now made it easier to apply for food stamps.

Neither of these efforts is likely to be hailed as “technology saving government,” but maybe those big abstractions were part of the problem.
criminal-justice  alexis-madrigal  government  ethics  code-for-america  recidivism  technology  silicon-valley  politics  probation  alexis-c-madrigal  localism 
june 2018 by chriskrycho

« earlier    

related tags

*  2015  2016  2017  @london  accelerationism  activism  acv  ageofsmart  agriculture  alexis-c-madrigal  alexis-madrigal  american  anarchism  anti-capitalism  anywheres  appeconomy  apps  aquaponics  article  aspiration  asset  assets  audio  austerity  authoritarianism  automation  autonomism  basicincome  bedrock  beinhocker  benntony  bluelabour  book  branding  brazil  brexit  camping  capitalism  change  china  cities  city-mouse-country-mouse  city-planning  civic  class-war  class  climate_change  code-for-america  collaboration  commodification  community  communityorganising  conceptual  connectedcommunities  conservatism  conservative  consumerspending  cooperatives  corporatism  creditsuisse  criminal-justice  cuba  culture  currency  dalston  davidbrooks  dc:contributor=deanjodi  dc:creator=goodhartdavid  dc:creator=kernohandavid  dc:creator=sandbrookdominic  dc:creator=warkmckenzie  dctagged  democracy  design-politics  design  devolution  diet  dillerscofidiorenfro  discipleship  discussion  disposableincome  diversity  dkl  downslope  dreher  drink  ecocriticism  ecommerce  economics  economy  editorial  education  election  emma  energy-policy  england  englishcivilwar  englishness  equality  eric  ethics  europe  exclusion  farm  fascism  federal  film  folkpolitics  food  format_studies  foxfire  france  frontporchrepublic  future  gardening  gastronomia  ge2015  generalelection  glasmanmaurice  global  global_warming  globalisation  globalism  globalization  government  gramsci  gramsciantonio  green-jobs  hannaharendt  health  hegemony  henry_david_thoreau  hierarchy  history  horizontalism  hours  hyperlocal  identity  ifttt  immigration  india  indonesia  informationtechnology  integration  intercolegiatereview  internationalism  inventingthefuture  itf  jobs  jon  journalism  kentucky  la  labour  labourparty  labrea  labreatarpits  lacma  landab:landauf  legal  legislation  legislature  leninism  levellers  liberalism  literary_criticism  literature  local  london  losangeles  managerial  manila  marxism  mass  matthew-loftus  mexico  mobile  mobilecommerce  money  morality  multiculturalism  nationalidentity  nationalism  neoliberalism  networks  nevara  new-economy  new-left  new.progressive.localism  neweconomics  next_economy  nimby  nimbyism  nonprofits  nostalgia  novara  occupy  opportunity  organisation  palouseliving  paris  participation  peterlawler  philippines  place  planning  polarisation  politicalparties  politicians  politics  post-2015  post-capitalism  post-scarcity  powellenoch  power  presidenttrump  pressrelease  probation  progressivism  property  pub  publishing  purchasing  race  racialisation  racism  radicalism  recidivism  redistribution  regional.development  rents  review  righttothecity  rsa  rural  russia  scale  segregation  share  sharing-economy  sharing  shop  silicon-valley  smallbusiness  smartphones  snp  social-enterprise  social-networks  socialecologies  socialism  socialmedia  socialmovements  somewheres  south-africa  southafrica  srniceknick  state  subsidiarity  suburban-life  sustainability  taxation  technology  tedx  terroir  the-future-is-dark  theleft  theology  theory  toryparty  totalitarianism  tradition  transformation  transition-design  trend  trust  tumblr  turkey  twitter  ubi  uk  universalbasicincome  universalism  urban  urban_planning  urbanfarming  urbanism  us  value  violence  wages  wikipedia  williamsalex  win  work  workingclass  xenophobia 

Copy this bookmark: