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Journalism, ‘fake news’ and disinformation: A handbook for journalism education and training
This new publication by UNESCO is a timely resource and highly topical subject for all those who practice or teach journalism in this Digital Age.
Developments in the last few years have placed journalism under fire. A range of factors are transforming the communications landscape, raising questions about the quality, impact and credibility of journalism. At the same time, orchestrated campaigns are spreading untruths – disinformation, mal-information and misinformation – that are often unwittingly shared on social media:
Disinformation: Information that is false and deliberately created to harm a person, social group, organisation or country
Misinformation: Information that is false but not created with the intention of causing harm
Mal-information: Information that is based on reality, used to inflict harm on a person, social group, organisation or country.
Written by experts in the fight against disinformation, this handbook explores the very nature of journalism with modules on why trust matters; thinking critically about how digital technology and social platforms are conduits of the information disorder; fighting back against disinformation and misinformation through media and information literacy; fact-checking 101; social media verification and combatting online abuse.
propaganda  fake_news  social_media  media  literacy 
5 days ago by rgl7194
Figure of the Week: 50
French government think tanks have issued 50 recommendations to combat “information manipulations.”
The recommendations are part of an exhaustive new study published by the Centre for Analysis, Planning and Strategy (CAPS) — attached to the ministry of foreign affairs — and the Institute for Strategic Research of the Military School (IRSEM) — attached to the ministry of the armed forces.
The study focuses chiefly on the Kremlin’s disinformation efforts, although it also details disinformation campaigns conducted by China and the Gulf States.
It warns that information manipulation, defined as “the intentional and massive distribution of false or biased news for hostile political purposes,” aims to “undermine the foundations of our democracy” and thereby constitute a threat to national security.
Its recommendations are addressed to governments, civil society, private actors, and the general public.
media  literacy  europe  russia  propaganda  fake_news  politics  gov2.0 
8 days ago by rgl7194
What approaches are in play for fighting misinformation? Let us count the ways
In March 2017, the Knight Foundation, Democracy Fund, and the Rita Allen Foundation hosted a prototype open call for ideas on countering misinformation, which attracted 830 submissions. As described by the Democracy Fund’s Joshua Stearns, “These open calls are a way for foundations to catalyze energy and surface new ideas, bringing new people and sectors together to tackle the complex challenges related to misinformation.”
From the 830 applicants, these foundations awarded 20 projects a total of $1 million. As Stearns notes, this is just one of several new efforts by funder confront the problem of misinformation, including the News Integrity Initiative and the Knight Foundation’s commission on “Trust, Media and Democracy.” Since the call launch, the number of such efforts has continued to grow, including new ones involving social media platforms directly. A philanthropy-funded research collaborative with Facebook recently announced its first request for proposals from researchers. WhatsApp also announced a call for proposals. At the same time, while the public discussion about misinformation is at a high pitch, as Stearns points out, “issues of trust in journalism extend far back into our nation’s history.”
In an effort to learn more about different approaches to fighting mis- and dis-information, Dot Connector Studio (DCS) developed simple tags to code the entire set of proposals by subject and strategy, such as “media literacy,” “AI,” and “mapping/visualization.” (Each project could be categorized with multiple tags.)
media  literacy  propaganda  fake_news  metadata  AI/ML  mapping  visualization  data  factcheck  library  gov2.0  science  social_media 
11 days ago by rgl7194
Skim reading is the new normal. The effect on society is profound | Maryanne Wolf | Opinion | The Guardian
When the reading brain skims texts, we don’t have time to grasp complexity, to understand another’s feelings or to perceive beauty. We need a new literacy for the digital age
brain  children  digital  education  reading  literacy  analysis 
11 days ago by herdivineshadow
How to Tell If an Online Article is Real, Fake or a Scam | The Mac Security Blog
Fake news, scams, and phishing are the plague of our times. It's getting increasingly difficult to determine which websites are presenting truthful information. I'm not just talking about political views; people can disagree about those, and while you may not like what you read on certain sites, that doesn't mean, as some like to say, "it's fake news."
A Stanford University study of 7,804 students from middle school through college found that some 82 percent of them cannot distinguish between an ad labeled "sponsored content" and a real news story on a website. These findings present a real risk when visiting websites you're not familiar with; and, not just for students, for everyone. How can you know if what you're reading online is telling the truth or trying to scam you either directly—such as by trying to sell you something, or get your personal information—or indirectly, by spreading lies, or by sowing doubt?
In this article, we offer a few tips to help you sort the wheat from the chaff on the Internet. These tips will help you determine if an online article is real, fake or a scam.
media  literacy  news  fake_news  scam  factcheck  security  search  language  grammar 
11 days ago by rgl7194
nice tutorials for basic tech literacy (haven't read or watched them yet); done by APA.
libraries  literacy 
15 days ago by skorasaurus

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