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Patrick Cockburn · Underground in Raqqa · LRB 19 October 2017
KRG leaders wrongly believed that Turkey and Iran wouldn’t want to jeopardise their sizeable economic interests in Iraqi Kurdistan by objecting to the vote. But neither Turkey nor Iran can countenance the prospect of independence for Iraqi Kurds since it would inflame their own Kurdish minorities. Turkey’s reaction was especially hostile: the Kurds, Erdoğan said, ‘are not forming an independent state, they are opening a wound in the region to twist a knife in’. Barzani had cultivated good relations with Erdoğan, who now says that the relationship is finished: the KRG, ‘to which we provided all support, took steps against us, it will pay the price’. In future, he says, Turkey will deal only with the Iraqi government. Iraqi Kurds are hoping the US will once again come to their rescue by mediating between them and their opponents: they say the roads into Kurdistan are still open and that nothing has yet changed on the ground. The KRG may survive its present isolation but the risk is growing that the Kurdish quasi-states will go the same way as the caliphate.
ISIS  IslamicState  Syria  Iraq  Raqqa  tunnels  civilWar  Kurds  Erbil  Kobani  Turkey  Peshmerga  YPG  KRG  Rojava  territory  referendum  BarzaniMasoud  Erdogan  independence  politics  dctagged  dc:creator=CockburnPatrick 
5 weeks ago by petej
Catalonia independence referendum: Spain's bad handling is a lesson for the world - The Washington Post
In Western Europe alone there are independence movements eager to bring about their own break with central governments. They, too, are watching closely.

In Spain’s Basque Country, the fate of Catalonia is of great interest. But there are countless others keeping tabs. From Denmark’s Faroe Islands to Belgium’s independence-minded Flanders, from France’s Corsica to Italy’s wealthy Padania, groups and regions across Europe are weighing what joins them and what separates them from the countries to which they belong. After all, the nation-state is a relatively recent invention. Every place has its own history.
Catalonia  Kurds  Kurdish  Independence  Scotland  history  Identity  Religion  Culture  No  Representation 
6 weeks ago by asterisk2a

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