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Study: Prison employees have PTSD levels of soldiers at war | Big Think
American prison employees show PTSD levels similar to Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans July 15, 2018 at 05:29PM https://ift.tt/2uvVgrc

A recent study from Washington State University showed an alarming amount of prison employees—19%, or just under 1 in 5—suffered from diagnosable PTSD. This is a rate equal to veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan war, and a higher rate of PTSD than police officers. 

Prison employees routinely witness violence, suffering, and—one can imagine—existential crises such as wrongful imprisonment that we on the outside can only dimly imagine. The rate of PTSD amongst the general population is around 3.5%, meaning that prison employees were about 6 times more likely to develop it. About 15% of those surveyed experienced bad flashbacks or nightmares related to what they had seen. You can access the study here. 

The study took test results from 355 employees from the Washington State Department of Corrections, who were surveyed using the PTSD checklist from the DSM-5 (PCL-5), and the Critical Incident History Questionnaire. 

What can be done? Perhaps build less prisons. Between 1990 and 2005 in the U.S., a new prison was built roughly every 10 days or so. That number is dropping, yet prisons are becoming privatised to bring in more cash flow. America has only 5% of the world's population but 25% of the world's prison population. With 2.25 million people in prison in America, with an average cost to taxpayers of $31,000 per year per inmate, it's a sad state of affairs. 

If you want some more info (with some jokes), John Oliver did a whole segment on America's prison problem a few years ago. 

via Big Think https://bigthink.com/
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5 hours ago by leconeyc
Periods, Policy and Politics: Menstrual Equity Is the New Thing
"It IS a thing!" - Useful background on the #menstrual #equality movement #womenempower
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‘Find Your Passion’ Is Awful Advice - The Atlantic
My experience jibes with the central point made: my passion for board games was something that grew and developed over time.
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2 days ago by mindways
New X-ray technology produces striking 3D images in full color | Big Think
New X-ray technology produces striking 3D images in full color July 13, 2018 at 04:06PM https://ift.tt/2uxLm8q

A new medical imaging device uses technology developed by particle physicists to produce full-color, 3D images of the human body.

Phil and Anthony Butler, a father and son team in New Zealand who teach physics and bioengineering, respectively, have been developing the technology for a decade through their company MARS Bioimaging. The scanner uses hybrid-pixel technology called Medipix3, which was initially developed for the Large Hadron Collider.

“The original concept of Medipix is that it works like a camera, detecting and counting each individual particle hitting the pixels when its electronic shutter is open,” reads a statement from CERN “This enables high-resolution, high-contrast, very reliable images, making it unique for imaging applications in particular in the medical field.”

Credit: MARS Bioimaging

Traditional X-rays produce a black image when passing through soft tissue and a white image when absorbed by denser bone material. The Medipix3 detector, however, “is able to measure how specific energies of X-rays are being attenuated” and can differentiate between bone, muscle, metal, fats and liquid. This level of sensitivity enables the technology to produce a strikingly realistic representation of the internal body.

“This technology sets the machine apart diagnostically because its small pixels and accurate energy resolution mean that this new imaging tool is able to get images that no other imaging tool can achieve,” Phil Butler said in a CERN news release.

Butler said the scanner could help doctors provide better treatment.

“In all of these studies, promising early results suggest that when spectral imaging is routinely used in clinics it will enable more accurate diagnosis and personalization of treatment.”

The technology could also expand the scope of conditions that imaging procedures are able to diagnose, including cancer and joint health. For now, the father-son team plans to test their scanner in a trial focused on orthopedic and rheumatology patients in New Zealand, though it will likely be years before the technology is approved for widespread use.

via Big Think https://bigthink.com/
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2 days ago by leconeyc
The United Kingdom has passed 1000 hours of coal-free power in 2018. | Big Think
Way to go! The U. K. has passed 1000 hours of coal-free power in 2018. July 13, 2018 at 02:18PM https://ift.tt/2Jkgj5z

For the first time, the United Kingdom has powered over 1,000 hours of energy in the various countries that compose it without the use of coal. 

Gas-powered electricity, nuclear, wind and solar, and bioenergy have all generated more this year than coal. 

The last 8 coal plants in the United Kingdom ticked up in power generation when a massive storm hit in March, but it was brief, and didn’t affect these numbers much at all. It’s a rather precipitous decline in the usage of the polluting power source; 40% of the U.K.’s electricity was supplied by coal in 2012, and this year, so far? Just six percent. 

According to Great Britain’s government figures, just over 30% of electricity in the first 3 months of 2018 were generated by renewables; pretty impressive. 

Of note in those numbers: offshore wind farms generated 53% more electricity this year, and new solar records have been set as well: 1.94 terawatt hours of power were generated between June 10 and July 9, beating the previous record of 1.77TWh. However, this news isn’t all good … part of that is because this is the fifth-sunniest Summer on record. 

“Some of this increase is due to more solar having been installed since 2017 but most of the increase is climatic, with summer 2018 being the fifth sunniest on record so far. These figures highlight the growing importance of solar energy as a low-carbon and low-cost source of electricity,” Alastair Buckley, a solar expert at the University of Sheffield, told The Guardian.

The plan is for coal to be phased out entirely by 2025, but at this rate, it could be sooner. 

A spokesperson at the UK’s Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, sounded quite proud. “The U. K. leads the world in tackling climate change and this shows the time of unabated coal-fired electricity is being ended by a cleaner, greener future increasingly powered by renewable energy.”

And here's the Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm in England's North Sea, near Norfolk.  

via Big Think https://bigthink.com/
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2 days ago by leconeyc
Développeur React Experimenté - Nantes (H/F) : AB Tasty recrute !
AB Tasty recrute un(e) Développeur React Experimenté - Nantes (H/F) à Nantes !
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