jayshal-fatah   47

Has the Security Force Succeeded in Rebel-Held Idleb? - Zaitoun, June 23, 2017
The security force defined its mission as protecting events and gatherings and setting up moving checkpoints in and around the city 24 hours a day, in addition to inspecting and searching people, property and violations, as well as carrying out special arrest operations and pursuing groups which aim to upset the city’s security.

The investigation mechanism is determined by the evidence. Beatings and severe forms of interrogation are not permitted, except by judicial order. Permission will only be granted in the case that the crime is proven and the person denies it, according to Shantout, who told Zeitoun: “There are levels of investigation. If the crime is proven and the defendant denies it, the judge can order that he be beaten to extract information. The beatings are at various levels of severity, depending on the crime and the denial.”

The executive force implements the rulings issued by the judges, courts and judicial council, which is considered the high authority in the Jaish al-Fatah judiciary.

The Idleb city council at the time of its formation promised that a liberated police authority would take over the city’s security administration, but this has not yet been implemented, like the rest of the service institutions in the city. Some see it as the best solution to the security problem in the city which has been in chaos.
JayshAl-Fatah  localGovt  Judiciary  police  torture  Idlib  Mar15 
july 2017 by elizrael
Syrians roll back extremism in Idlib without military intervention - Waging Non-Violence, May 23, 2017
overly optimistic

Established six months after Jeish al-Fateh took control of the city, Al-Idlibi House became the largest civil organization in Idlib, with more than 400 activists and members. They met every Thursday to discuss the city’s affairs and decide on the best tactics to pressure armed factions to hand over civil administration to the community. They organized media campaigns, public demonstrations and sit-ins to demand civil rights and express their opposition to the control of the city by extremist groups.

“We established Al-Idlibi House to unite the voices of the people and have a body to negotiate with the Shura Council on behalf of the community,” said Abd al-Latif Rahabi, the head of Al-Idlibi House management.

The security forces of Jeish al-Fateh worked hard to disperse demonstrations and damage their reputation by calling them secular or anti-Islam. “However, as the number of protesters increased and reached the main squares of the city,” Baath explained, “it was impossible for them [Jeish al-Fateh] to control public frustration or ignore their demands.”

According to Rahabi, Al-Idlibi House’s committee nominated a group of lawyers and judges to establish rules and regulations to manage the electoral process, protect the right of voters to freely choose their representatives, and ensure candidates’ rights to monitor the election. Al-Idlibi House, with the support of the community’s members, established and equipped an electoral center with ballot boxes and private rooms for those wishing to vote secretly. On January 17, about 900 people voted, including 43 women. Eighty-four people were nominated for 25 spots on the council. All stages of the electoral process on election day were filmed and documented — by the media, community activists, and groups of lawyers and judges — to ensure that the process was legitimate, Zidani said.
localGovt  civil_society  Idlib  Mar15  JayshAl-Fatah  JabhatAl-Nusra  protests 
june 2017 by elizrael
A Letter From Rebel-Controlled Idlib, Syria | The Nation, Dec 1, 2016
 But on the streets of this city, known for its mosaic of different religions and its tolerance, it looks very different from both the Russian and the American depictions. When Nusra took control here in March 2015, Idlib entered a dark tunnel of deprivation. Public education deteriorated, the university was closed, and public debate was stifled. But since Nusra broke with Qaeda and changed its name, the city has become a lot more livable.

People here still call it Nusra and feel suffocated by their masks, their guns, and their arrogant manner. But daily life has improved since July. Most restrictions on dress have been lifted. The Hisba, or morality police, are no longer on the streets to enforce them, nor are the women’s police. The Islamic police are demoralized. Even soldiers say their motive for fighting is the pay.

 Some things are almost normal, certainly compared with life under the Islamic State, which was once a part of Nusra and now is its rival. Anyone can start up an Internet cafe. Smoking is allowed, though frowned upon. To be sure, music is still banned; the authorities consider it blasphemous (though singing a cappella is OK). So people don’t go to party salons anymore and celebrate weddings at home.

 The easing extends even to the security sector. There are fewer checkpoints and fewer searches. Meanwhile, respect for the authorities has sunk. The Islamic police, in their black pants and white shirt with a police badge, operate the checkpoints on the highways and inside the city, on the public squares and at security headquarters. They were once a feared security force, but now they are weak, powerless, and simple men, most of whom joined Nusra to earn a salary.

 Now the authorities have concluded they cannot oppress the people of the whole city. So they cut back the restrictions. The process began when Nusra disengaged from Al Qaeda, and it continues. Early in November, the Fatah Army leadership met with the city’s elders. Nusra hard-liners wanted to reinstate the tough measures, but the elders opposed it and won. However, there was no public statement.
Idlib  JabhatAl-Nusra  Mar15  JayshAl-Fatah  AQ  localGovt  Sharia  modesty_police 
january 2017 by elizrael
Artifact trafficking and the battle to stop it: 'It's open season' - Syria Direct, Dec 8, 2016
Today, Idlib’s ruling coalition of hardline Islamists prohibits the artifacts trade. Last March, members of the Day After Organization negotiated with the group to codify the protection of ancient sites into local opposition law.

The result was a formal decree—what al-Azm jokingly calls a “fatwa”—that denounced the looting of artifacts.

It is unclear whether this law or similar ones are in fact curbing the pillaging of ancient sites. While one Victory Army official told Syria Direct that a group of looters was recently arrested, a Victory Army judge told the Syrian Voice last month that trading in antiquities is permitted—provided a cut of profits was given to the local government.

Antiquities broker Abu Tariq says that his business hasn’t been affected.
corruption  archeology  Idlib  Hama  Mar15  poverty  taxes  JayshAl-Fatah  Looting 
january 2017 by elizrael
Assad’s Broken Base: The Case of Idlib - TCF, July 14, 2016
Decades-old patronage networks have been destroyed by the insurgency across Syria, brutally and perhaps permanently undercutting the central government's ability to rule peripheral regions. The uprooting of pro-regime networks will make rebel-controlled areas difficult for Assad to secure and stabilize.
The grassroots machinery of Assad’s Syria has been smashed to pieces and will have to be rebuilt virtually from scratch if the Baathist regime, in its current and centralized form, is ever to regain control of rebel-held areas. Troublingly, neither the Assad regime nor its rivals appear to be in a position to bring a solid system of governance back to the country.
Mar15  Idlib  localGovt  intelligence  extrajudicial_killing  JayshAl-Fatah  Assad 
january 2017 by elizrael
Idlib Students Chafe Under Restrictions | Damascus Bureau, Nov 22, 2016
Female students at the Free Idlib University are reporting being verbally abused and banned from class after being accused of not adhering to the standards of Islamic dress.

Iman, a second year management student, recalled how classes had been suddenly suspended for a week while the university administration held meetings with the city authorities and Jaish al-Fatah.

The latter reportedly told the administration that it must separate male and female students or else classes would be stopped.

On November 21, 2015 the university issued a statement announcing that the “female students schedule in Idlib University is Saturday, Sunday and Monday, while male students schedule is Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday”.

“They really did separate us,” Iman continued. “They separated us from the guys and now we live in our own girls’ planet.”

Although Free Idlib University developed new majors such as chemistry, pharmacy and others, it also moved to prevent female students from studying specific subjects such as civil and mechanical engineering and even from entering the medical institute in emergencies. Only female students can be admitted to the midwifery institute.

The university administration also merged the faculties of law and of Islamic Sharia, while making a “principles of faith” course that covered Islamic doctrine and jurisprudence compulsory for all students.

The university curriculum has been amended
The university curriculum has been amended
Opinion was also divided about this move. Afraa, a second year education student, said, “It is taught by an Egyptian immigrant who doesn’t stop shouting at us and telling us we lack knowledge in religion.”

Hassan, a third year management student, said he appreciated the chance to learn about the principles of his religion which, according to him, was considered a “crime” in the regime’s time.

However Iyad, a first year medical student, said it was wrong to impose a specific ideology in the field of education.

“Jaish al-Fatah replaced a national culture course, which the regime had forcibly imposed, with a principles of faith course,” he said. “The faces and names have changed but their policy is the same.”
academia  Mar15  Idlib  JayshAl-Fatah  modesty_police  ModestyObsession  gendersegregation 
november 2016 by elizrael
Fear and Loathing in the Levant: Turkey Changes its Syria Policy and Strategy - War on the Rocks, June 16, 2016
The Turkish government is unlikely to back away from its policy that Assad must leave at the end of a six-month transition. Instead, Turkey is working to put pressure on the regime militarily in Aleppo, while at the same time quietly reaching out to explore ways potential security synergies regardless of Assad’s position atop the Syrian government. This approach is a significant narrowing of Turkish goals in Syria, consistent with Ankara’s reading of the course of the diplomatic and military efforts to deal with Assad and fight ISIL. Turkey still believes that these policies are at odds with one another, but has few options to change the course of the events. And thus, it is making policy to mitigate the fall-out, including the floating of a trial balloon to work with the regime against a common enemy.

The changes to Turkey’s Syria policy are a result of the collapse of Turkey’s position in northern Aleppo. Ankara is thus forced to change aspects of its policies to account for the continued presence of the regime, as well as the growing threat from Kurdish/SDF expansion in the Manbij pocket. At the same time, Idlib remains the focal point of Ankara’s military approach to the Syrian conflict. This has intensified Turkish reliance on groups like Ahrar al Sham and its umbrella group, Jaysh al Fateh.

This bifurcated policy does not drop the ultimate goal of regime change in Damascus, but is instead recognition of Ankara’s inability to directly shape events along the border. Turkey is now reacting to events on the ground and hedging against a set of bad options along the border. Fear of Kurdish entrenchment is forcing Ankara to reconsider its approach to the Syrian conflict, particularly in the Manbij pocket. Similarly, Turkey’s inability to seriously alter American policy also plays a factor in Turkish decision-making, although U.S. policymakers do seek to ameliorate Turkish security concerns about the longer-term ramifications of the counter-ISIL mission.
Turkey  foreign_aid  Mar15  obama_administration  SDF  ISIS  JayshAl-Fatah  foreign_policy 
june 2016 by elizrael
Airstrikes on Idlib city despite Victory Army claims of withdrawal - Syria Direct, June 6 2016
Prior to this weekend’s airstrikes, the Victory Army announced its withdrawal from Idlib city, the group’s most strategic territorial holding, on Thursday. By closing offices and removing all military presence from the provincial capital, the Victory Army said there is no longer any reason to target civilians. The cessation of hostilities in place since February exempts territory under the control of Jabhat a-Nusra.
JabhatAl-Nusra  JayshAl-Fatah  Idlib  ceasefire  airstrike  Mar15  WarCrimes 
june 2016 by elizrael
In Syria's rebel areas, journalists complain of new censorship - UPI.com, May 9, 2016
"A journalist must maintain good relationships with the ruling factions," said Ibrahim, an activist from Idlib. "They simply cannot work as journalists if they do not."
FSA  JayshAl-Fatah  JabhatAl-Nusra  Mar15  Daraa  Damascus  PYD  Press_freedom  ISIS  citizenJournalism 
may 2016 by elizrael
Activists seek to counter ‘well-funded’ child-soldier recruitment in Syria’s north - Syria Direct
We have documented 500 children whom this campaign recruited. Some of these children fled after just one week and told us of their suffering, of their military training, and of the total absence of any remotely appropriate activities for children.
JabhatAl-Nusra  JayshAl-Fatah  activism  Mar15  Idlib  child_soldiers 
may 2016 by elizrael
Curriculum v. Ideology: the War in the Classroom | Syria Deeply, May 18, 2016
When Jaish al-Fatah – a powerful coalition of Islamist hardliners, including the al-Qaida’s Syria affiliate al-Nusra Front – took control of Idlib in late March 2015, it demanded full control over the educational system in the cities of Idlib, Ariha and Jisr al-Shughour.

The group quickly formed its own directorate of education but did not have the money fully to fund the entire area’s school systems. “In order to control education, one needs money,” Ahmado said.

Since Jaish al-Fatah was unable to provide salaries to all teachers within its newly conquered areas of control, it left the management of schools in rural Idlib to the SNC.

As for Idlib’s rural areas, too remote to be part of the agreement with the Syrian regime, Jaish al-Fatah eliminated music, art and agriculture classes, placing a major emphasis on Islamic education and the theology of monotheism, or Tawheed, a key Islamic belief in the oneness of God, taken from the Saudi curriculum. Residents in the area often refer to the Islamist curriculum as the “plus one curriculum,” because of its additional religious component.

As Jaish al-Fatah tightened its grip across the province, it assigned school supervisors to preach Islamic values to students and to enforce Islamic dress codes. Some teachers, who asked to remain anonymous, said the Islamic coalition appointed unqualified teachers to teach the Quran and Sharia (or Islamic) law, firing teachers who had graduated from university with a degree in Islamic jurisprudence, accusing them of being Sufis (followers of a mystical strain of Sunni Islam) and of teaching the SNC’s “infidel” curriculum.
Idlib  JayshAl-Fatah  education  SNC  Mar15  indoctrination 
may 2016 by elizrael
Faced With A Russian Onslaught, Syrian Rebels Are Calling for Help From All Muslims | VICE News, Jan 23, 2016
Syrians themselves have answered these calls to arms by forming civilian "reserve armies" to support rebels on the front lines. "People respect what the scholars and mujahideen say," said Abu Yousef al Muhajir, a commander and spokesman for Ahrar al-Sham who, despite his nom de guerre indicating a foreign origin, is Syrian. "They know that if this wasn't a necessity, if this wasn't gravely serious, there wouldn't have been these statements."

"Most of [Syria's] factions and religious references are now convinced that the involvement of non-Syrians in the battle hurt the revolution, so they're not in favor of a general mobilization of men from outside Syria," said Islamist writer Deiraniyyeh. "It's money that's needed urgently."

Others are less sure. "With some men and some weapons, we can change the equation, God willing," Ahrar al-Sham commander Hussam Salameh said.
ForeignFighters  JayshAl-Fatah  Mar15  foreign_aid 
may 2016 by elizrael
Female Idlib resident: All-woman police force ‘gives impression of being watched’ - Syria Direct, April 18, 2016
The new police unit “intimidates women and limits their presence in places where they go to learn,” Idlib resident Umm Khaled, a 35-year-old mother of two, tells Syria Direct’s Noura Hourani.

“This interference in women’s lives has caused some young women to stop attending university,” says Umm Khaled.
modesty_police  Idlib  JayshAl-Fatah  Sharia  Mar15  localGovt 
may 2016 by elizrael
An Unexpected Opposition Victory in South Aleppo
A source close to Jaysh al-Fatah, who declined to disclose his affiliation, stressed in private statements that the current number of Jaysh al-Fatah fighters exceeds 3,000, and there are negotiations ongoing with several other brigades and factions that intend to join. The source also stressed that "the re-launching follows a huge popular demand, and the latest massacres carried out by Russian and Assad aircraft in Aleppo are the main drivers behind it. Jihadist preacher Abdullah al-Mohaisany also played a major role in re-constituting Jaysh al-Fatah." The source also added that "each faction is required to equip at least 450 fighters with light and heavy weapons. They should operate fully as part of Jaysh al-Fatah and be willing to fight anywhere in northern Syria."
JayshAl-Fatah  Aleppo  Mar15 
may 2016 by elizrael
Syria Situation Report: April 27 - May 6, 2016 | Institute for the Study of War
Hardline groups
prohibit tobacco in western
Aleppo Province. Syrian
Al-Qaeda affiliate Jabhat
a-Nusra, prominent SalafiJihadist
group Ahrar
a-Sham, and Islamist group
Faylaq a-Sham announced
a ban on the distribution
and sale of tobacco
products in the western
countryside of Aleppo Province
effective May 7. The ruling highlights
the slow implementation of hardline
Islamic governance in parts of Northwestern
Syria ruled by Jabhat a-Nusra and allied factions
Sharia  Mar15  Aleppo  JayshAl-Fatah 
may 2016 by elizrael

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