iron-age   280

« earlier    

Chengyu - Wikipedia
Chengyu (simplified Chinese: 成语; traditional Chinese: 成語, pinyin: chéngyǔ, lit. "set phrases") are a type of traditional Chinese idiomatic expression, most of which consist of four characters. Chengyu were widely used in Classical Chinese and are still common in vernacular Chinese writing and in the spoken language today. According to the most stringent definition, there are about 5,000 chengyu in the Chinese language, though some dictionaries list over 20,000.

They are often referred to as Chinese idioms or four-character idioms; however, they are not the only idioms in Chinese.

one example is 指鹿為馬 zhi lu wei ma "point deer, make horse"
china  asia  sinosphere  language  foreign-lang  jargon  vocab  wiki  reference  aphorism  list  database  parable  stories  letters  history  iron-age  antiquity  canon  gnon  right-wing  orwellian  truth  westminster  signaling  axelrod  duty  us-them  cohesion  coalitions  leviathan  organizing  illusion 
6 days ago by nhaliday
Still Italian | West Hunter
The cities were population sinks, and collapsed with the Empire. I doubt if slaves had high birth rates: certainly those working in mines or quarries didn’t. Nor did gladiators. One way or another, the foreigners in Italy, the vast majority of them, disappeared.
west-hunter  scitariat  discussion  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  conquest-empire  demographics  population  density  urban-rural  migration  within-group  race  judaism  malthus  europe  germanic  gallic  archaeology  gene-flow  architecture  scale  disease 
5 weeks ago by nhaliday
Gladiator Quotes - YouTube
LUCILLA: They care about the greatness of Rome.
COMMODUS: Greatness of Rome? But what is that?
LUCILLA: It's an idea, greatness. Greatness is a vision.
COMMODUS: Exactly. A vision. I will give the people a vision and they will love me for it. They will soon forget the tedious sermonizing of a few dry old men. I will give them the greatest vision of their lives.

GRACCHUS: I think he knows what Rome is. Rome is the mob. He will conjure magic for them and they will be distracted. He will take away their freedom, and still they will roar. The beating heart of Rome is not the marble floor of the Senate, it is the sand of the Colosseum. He will give them death, and they will love him for it.
video  film  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  conquest-empire  civilization  rot  democracy  antidemos  egalitarianism-hierarchy  sulla  tribalism  illusion  cynicism-idealism  quotes  entertainment  vulgar  leadership  civil-liberty 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
The Roman Virtues
These are the qualities of life to which every citizen should aspire. They are the heart of the Via Romana--the Roman Way--and are thought to be those qualities which gave the Roman Republic the moral strength to conquer and civilize the world:
Auctoritas--"Spiritual Authority": The sense of one's social standing, built up through experience, Pietas, and Industria.
Comitas--"Humor": Ease of manner, courtesy, openness, and friendliness.
Clementia--"Mercy": Mildness and gentleness.
Dignitas--"Dignity": A sense of self-worth, personal pride.
Firmitas--"Tenacity": Strength of mind, the ability to stick to one's purpose.
Frugalitas--"Frugalness": Economy and simplicity of style, without being miserly.
Gravitas--"Gravity": A sense of the importance of the matter at hand, responsibility and earnestness.
Honestas--"Respectibility": The image that one presents as a respectable member of society.
Humanitas--"Humanity": Refinement, civilization, learning, and being cultured.
Industria--"Industriousness": Hard work.
Pietas--"Dutifulness": More than religious piety; a respect for the natural order socially, politically, and religiously. Includes the ideas of patriotism and devotion to others.
Prudentia--"Prudence": Foresight, wisdom, and personal discretion.
Salubritas--"Wholesomeness": Health and cleanliness.
Severitas--"Sternness": Gravity, self-control.
Veritas--"Truthfulness": Honesty in dealing with others.
org:junk  org:edu  letters  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  conquest-empire  civilization  leviathan  morality  ethics  formal-values  philosophy  status  virtu  list  personality  values  things  phalanges  alien-character  impro  dignity  power  nietzschean  martial  temperance  patience  duty  responsibility  coalitions  coordination  organizing  counter-revolution  nascent-state  discipline  self-control  cohesion  prudence  health  embodied  integrity  honor  truth  foreign-lang  top-n  canon  religion  theos  noblesse-oblige  egalitarianism-hierarchy  sulla  allodium  frontier  prepping  tradition  trust  culture  society  social-capital  jargon  vocab  hari-seldon  wisdom  concept  conceptual-vocab 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
The idea of empire in the "Aeneid" on JSTOR
http://latindiscussion.com/forum/latin/to-rule-mankind-and-make-the-world-obey.11016/
Let's see...Aeneid, Book VI, ll. 851-853:

tu regere imperio populos, Romane, memento
(hae tibi erunt artes), pacique imponere morem,
parcere subiectis et debellare superbos.'

Which Dryden translated as:
To rule mankind, and make the world obey,
Disposing peace and war by thy own majestic way;
To tame the proud, the fetter'd slave to free:
These are imperial arts, and worthy thee."

If you wanted a literal translation,
"You, Roman, remember to rule people by command
(these were arts to you), and impose the custom to peace,
to spare the subjected and to vanquish the proud."

I don't want to derail your thread but pacique imponere morem -- "to impose the custom to peace"
Does it mean "be the toughest kid on the block," as in Pax Romana?

...

That 17th century one is a loose translation indeed. Myself I'd put it as

"Remember to rule over (all) the (world's) races by means of your sovereignty, oh Roman, (for indeed) you (alone) shall have the means (to do so), and to inculcate the habit of peace, and to have mercy on the enslaved and to destroy the arrogant."

http://classics.mit.edu/Virgil/aeneid.6.vi.html
And thou, great hero, greatest of thy name,
Ordain'd in war to save the sinking state,
And, by delays, to put a stop to fate!
Let others better mold the running mass
Of metals, and inform the breathing brass,
And soften into flesh a marble face;
Plead better at the bar; describe the skies,
And when the stars descend, and when they rise.
But, Rome, 't is thine alone, with awful sway,
To rule mankind, and make the world obey,
Disposing peace and war by thy own majestic way;
To tame the proud, the fetter'd slave to free:
These are imperial arts, and worthy thee."
study  article  letters  essay  pdf  piracy  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  big-peeps  literature  aphorism  quotes  classic  alien-character  sulla  poetry  conquest-empire  civilization  martial  vitality  peace-violence  order-disorder  domestication  courage  multi  poast  universalism-particularism  world  leviathan  foreign-lang  nascent-state  canon  org:junk  org:edu  tradeoffs  checklists  power  strategy  tactics  paradox  analytical-holistic  hari-seldon  aristos  wisdom 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
Rome and China: Comparative Perspectives on Ancient World Empires - Walter Scheidel - Google Books
A commitment to civil law stands as one of Rome’s enduring legacies, the basis
for the rule of law in the countries that preserved Roman legal ideals and practices
long after the empire disappeared. But, as Bauman has noted in his study of crime
and punishment in ancient Rome, the criminal law always operated as the “poor
relation on the Roman legal scene.”‘ Indeed, many textbook surveys of Roman law
devote little attention to penal philosophies and practices. By contrast, observers
of Chinese history who argue that imperial China’s preoccupation with criminal
law continues to hinder legal reform point to the political system that emerged
in Qin and Han times as the source of harsh penal laws designed to guard the
resources of the state rather than the rights of subjects. True, by the time of the
Qin unification in China, as Mark Lewis has shown, a body of mythology, politi-
cal theory, and historical anecdote legitimated the state’s right to monopolize and
manage coercion. But the “grand theory” based on the Confucian ideal of the
“rule of man” that has dominated narratives about the nature of political author-
ity in China obscures the attention that Warring States and Han writers paid to
law as a measure to legitimate institutionalized violence.
gbooks  quotes  comparison  broad-econ  microfoundations  roots  phalanges  things  culture  society  law  institutions  europe  the-great-west-whale  occident  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  china  asia  sinosphere  orient  n-factor  leviathan  conquest-empire  government  crime  criminal-justice  democracy  antidemos  decentralized  creative  explanans  science  innovation  confucian  alien-character  civil-liberty  authoritarianism  courage  vitality  canon  cultural-dynamics  anthropology  madisonian  social-capital  hari-seldon  egalitarianism-hierarchy  trust  cohesion  legacy  branches  the-watchers  noblesse-oblige  flexibility 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
Noble lie - Wikipedia
In politics, a noble lie is a myth or untruth, often, but not invariably, of a religious nature, knowingly propagated by an elite to maintain social harmony or to advance an agenda. The noble lie is a concept originated by Plato as described in the Republic.
concept  wiki  reference  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  big-peeps  philosophy  polisci  government  organizing  elite  egalitarianism-hierarchy  noble-lie  westminster  truth  noblesse-oblige  order-disorder  culture  society  rot  unintended-consequences  instinct  reason  straussian  wisdom 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
Geography of the Odyssey - Wikipedia
The view that Odysseus's landfalls are best treated as imaginary places is probably held by the majority of classical scholars today.
letters  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  big-peeps  literature  classic  canon  geography  maps  wiki  reference  article  oceans  fiction 
11 weeks ago by nhaliday
Open Thread, 11/26/2017 – Gene Expression
A few days ago there was a Twitter thing about top five books that have influenced you. It’s hard for me to name five, but I put three books down for three different reasons:

- Principles of Population Genetics, because it gives you a model for how to analyze and understand evolutionary processes. There are other books out there besides Principles of Population Genetics. But if you buy this book you don’t need to buy another (at SMBE this year I confused Andy Clark with Mike Lynch for a second when introducing myself. #awkward)
- The Fall of Rome. A lot of historical writing can be tendentious. I’ve also noticed an unfortunate tendency of historians dropping into contemporary arguments and pretty much lying through omission or elision to support their political side (it usually goes “actually, I’m a specialist in this topic and my side is 100% correct because of obscure-stuff where I’m shading the facts”). The Fall of Rome illustrates the solidity that an archaeological and materialist take can give the field. This sort of materialism isn’t the final word, but it needs to be the start of the conversation.
- From Dawn to Decadence: 1500 to the Present: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life. To know things is important in and of itself. My own personal experience is that the returns to knowing things in a particular domain or area do not exhibit a linear return. Rather, it exhibits a logistic curve. Initially, it’s hard to make sense of anything from the facts, but at some point comprehension and insight increase rapidly, until you reach the plateau of diminishing marginal returns.

If you haven’t, I recommend you subscribe to Patrick Wyman’s Tides of History podcast. I pretty much wait now for every new episode.
gnxp  scitariat  open-things  links  commentary  books  recommendations  list  top-n  confluence  bio  genetics  population-genetics  history  iron-age  the-classics  mediterranean  gibbon  letters  academia  social-science  truth  westminster  meta:rhetoric  debate  politics  nonlinearity  convexity-curvature  knowledge  learning  cost-benefit  aphorism  metabuch  podcast  psychology  evopsych  replication  social-psych  ego-depletion  stereotypes 
12 weeks ago by nhaliday

« earlier    

related tags

2017  :/  ability-competence  absolute-relative  academia  accuracy  adna  adversarial  advice  africa  age-generation  age-of-discovery  agri-mindset  agriculture  albion  alien-character  allodium  alt-inst  altruism  amt  analogy  analysis  analytical-holistic  anarcho-tyranny  anglo  anglosphere  anomie  anthropic  anthropology  antidemos  antiquity  aphorism  applications  approximation  arbitrage  archaeology  archeology  architecture  aristos  arms  art  article  asia  audio  authoritarianism  autism  automation  axelrod  axioms  backup  beauty  behavioral-gen  being-right  biases  big-peeps  big-picture  bio  biodet  biophysical-econ  blog  books  branches  britain  broad-econ  calculation  cancer  canon  capital  capitalism  causation  censorship  characterization  chart  checklists  chemistry  chicago  china  christianity  civic  civil-liberty  civilization  cjones-like  clarity  class-warfare  class  classic  climate-change  cliometrics  coalitions  cocktail  cog-psych  cohesion  comedy  commentary  communism  community  comparison  competition  composition-decomposition  computation  concept  conceptual-vocab  confluence  confucian  conquest-empire  context  contracts  contrarianism  convexity-curvature  cooperate-defect  coordination  correlation  cost-benefit  counter-revolution  courage  course  creative  crime  criminal-justice  criminology  critique  cultural-dynamics  culture-war  culture  curiosity  cycles  cynicism-idealism  dark-arts  darwinian  data-science  data  database  dataset  dataviz  death  debate  debt  decentralized  decision-making  deep-materialism  defense  definite-planning  democracy  demographic-transition  demographics  density  developing-world  dignity  direction  dirty-hands  discipline  discovery  discrete  discrimination  discussion  disease  divergence  diversity  domestication  draft  drugs  duality  duty  dynamical  dysgenics  early-modern  earth  eastern-europe  econ-metrics  economics  econotariat  education  effect-size  efficiency  egalitarianism-hierarchy  ego-depletion  egt  elections  electromag  elite  embedded-cognition  embodied  empirical  energy-resources  engineering  enhancement  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  entertainment  environment  envy  epidemiology  error  essay  estimate  ethanol  ethics  ethnocentrism  ethnography  europe  events  evidence-based  evolution  evopsych  exit-voice  expansionism  expectancy  experiment  expert-experience  expert  explanans  explanation  exploratory  exposition  farmers-and-foragers  fermi  fertility  feudal  fiction  film  finance  fitsci  flexibility  fluid  flux-stasis  food  foreign-lang  formal-values  fourier  frontier  futurism  gallic  garett-jones  gbooks  gender-diff  gender  gene-flow  genetics  genomics  geography  geometry  germanic  giants  gibbon  gnon  gnosis-logos  gnxp  government  gravity  great-powers  gregory-clark  ground-up  group-selection  growth-econ  gt-101  gwas  gwern  h2o  hanson  hari-seldon  harvard  health  healthcare  heavy-industry  heterodox  heuristic  higher-ed  history  hmm  homo-hetero  honor  housing  human-capital  humility  hypochondria  ideas  identity-politics  ideology  illusion  immune  impact  impetus  impro  incentives  increase-decrease  india  individualism-collectivism  industrial-org  industrial-revolution  inequality  info-dynamics  infrastructure  innovation  input-output  insight  instinct  institutions  insurance  integrity  intelligence  interdisciplinary  interests  intervention  intricacy  intuition  investing  iq  is-ought  islam  israel  isteveish  iteration-recursion  japan  jargon  journos-pundits  judaism  justice  kinship  knowledge  kumbaya-kult  labor  language  law  leadership  learning  lecture-notes  left-wing  legacy  lens  lesswrong  let-me-see  letters  leviathan  life-history  links  list  literature  lived-experience  lol  long-short-run  low-hanging  machiavelli  macro  madisonian  magnitude  malthus  maps  marginal-rev  marginal  market-failure  markets  martial  math.ca  math.co  math.ds  math  measurement  mechanics  media  medicine  medieval  mediterranean  mena  meta:medicine  meta:rhetoric  meta:war  metabolic  metabuch  metameta  methodology  micro  microfoundations  migration  military  ml-map-e  models  modernity  mokyr-allen-mccloskey  moments  monetary-fiscal  money  morality  mostly-modern  multi  multiplicative  murray  myth  n-factor  nascent-state  nationalism-globalism  natural-experiment  navigation  network-structure  neuro  neurons  new-religion  news  nibble  nietzschean  nihil  nitty-gritty  noble-lie  noblesse-oblige  nonlinearity  nordic  north-weingast-like  northeast  novelty  nutrition  nyc  objektbuch  occam  occident  oceans  old-anglo  open-closed  open-things  optimism  order-disorder  orfe  org:biz  org:data  org:edu  org:health  org:junk  org:lite  org:mag  org:mat  org:med  org:nat  org:popup  org:rec  org:sci  organization  organizing  orient  orwellian  oscillation  outcome-risk  overflow  p:null  papers  parable  paradox  parasites-microbiome  parsimony  path-dependence  patience  paying-rent  pdf  peace-violence  people  personality  persuasion  pessimism  phalanges  philosophy  phys-energy  physics  pic  piracy  planning  poast  podcast  poetry  polanyi-marx  polarization  policy  polis  polisci  political-econ  politics  pop-diff  pop-structure  popsci  population-genetics  population  populism  power  pre-ww2  prediction  preference-falsification  prepping  preprint  pro-rata  problem-solving  programming  project  proofs  protestant-catholic  protocol  prudence  pseudoe  psychology  psychometrics  public-goodish  public-health  publishing  putnam-like  q-n-a  qra  quality  quantitative-qualitative  questions  quiz  quotes  race  random  randy-ayndy  ranking  rant  rationality  ratty  realness  realpolitik  reason  recent-selection  recommendations  recruiting  reddit  redistribution  reference  reflection  regression-to-mean  regularizer  religion  rent-seeking  replication  responsibility  review  revolution  rhetoric  right-wing  rigidity  rigor  ritual  roots  rot  russia  s:*  sanctity-degradation  sapiens  scale  schelling  science  scifi-fantasy  scitariat  securities  selection  self-control  self-interest  sequential  series  sex  sexuality  shift  signaling  sinosphere  sky  slides  slippery-slope  social-capital  social-choice  social-norms  social-psych  social-science  social-structure  social  society  sociology  socs-and-mops  space  spatial  spearhead  speculation  speed  speedometer  spock  spreading  ssc  stackex  state-of-art  statesmen  stats  status  stereotypes  stock-flow  stories  strategy  straussian  stream  street-fighting  structure  study  studying  stylized-facts  subculture  sulla  summary  supply-demand  survey  symbols  systematic-ad-hoc  tactics  tails  talks  taxes  teaching  technocracy  technology  techtariat  temperance  the-bones  the-classics  the-founding  the-great-west-whale  the-south  the-trenches  the-watchers  the-world-is-just-atoms  theos  thick-thin  things  thinking  time-preference  time-series  time  todo  top-n  topology  track-record  trade  tradeoffs  tradition  transportation  trees  trends  tribalism  trivia  troll  trust  truth  turchin  twitter  unaffiliated  uncertainty  unintended-consequences  uniqueness  universalism-particularism  urban-rural  urban  us-them  usa  vaclav-smil  values  vampire-squid  video  virtu  visualization  vitality  vocab  volo-avolo  vulgar  walls  walter-scheidel  war  waves  wealth-of-nations  wealth  west-hunter  westminster  wiki  winner-take-all  wire-guided  wisdom  within-group  wonkish  wordlessness  world-war  world  yvain  zeitgeist  🌞  🎩  👽  🔬  🤖 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: