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Social Network Visualization: A History of Philosophy
Tl;dr: I made a map graphing “Influenced” and “Influenced By” relationships for all philosophers in Wikipedia. I don’t know a lot about philosophy. As a political science ma…
hpt  intellectual_history  network_analysis  network_visualization  computational_social_science  Everything 
august 2018 by jpowerj
In the 1950s everybody cool was a little alienated. What changed? – Martin Jay | Aeon Essays
The fear of ‘alienation’ from a perceived state of harmony has a long and winding history. Western culture is replete with stories of expulsion from paradise…
post-WWII  existentialism  alienation  Frankfurt_School  intellectual_history  Evernote  from instapaper
march 2018 by dunnettreader
David James, ed., Hegel's Elements of the Philosophy of Right: A Critical Guide - review by William Desmond | BDPR - Dec 2017
David James (ed.), Hegel's Elements of the Philosophy of Right: A Critical Guide, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 234 pp.,
Reviewed by William Desmond, Villanova University/KU Leuven
Evernote  political_philosophy  19thC  Hegel  intellectual_history  individualism  books  community  social_theory  Marx  German_Idealism  free_will  German_philosophy  reviews  Hegelian  Hegel-philosophy_of_right 
december 2017 by dunnettreader
Patrick Collinson - John Foxe as Historian | The Acts and Monuments Online
John Foxe as Historian
by Patrick Collinson
John Foxe disowned the title of 'martyrologist', the label most often attached to his name, almost to the extent that for English writers and readers of history it belongs to nobody else. Foxe wanted to be known as a 'story teller', which is to say, an historian. (How we distinguish between story tellers and historians, and even whether we should make such a distinction, are questions to which we shall have to return.) What was 'history' for those who inhabited the sixteenth century?
Evernote  16thC  Foxe-Book_of_Martyrs  Reformation  historiography-Renaissance  humanism  historiography  ancient_history  church_history  Eusebius  Elizabeth  Church_of_England  persecution  martyrs  objectivity  historians-and-religion  historians-and-state  intellectual_history  Protestants  Early_Christian  More_Sir_Thomas  Bacon  antiquaries  antiquity-source_of_narratives  history_of_England  Holinshed_Chronicles  nshed  rhetoric-writing  Cicero 
september 2017 by dunnettreader
Why Donald Trump Has Been Good For Truth - The Chronicle of Higher Education
What do we learn when we shift our focus from truth as possessed to truth as a pursuit?

A two-volume work published in Hamburg, Germany, in 1930, called Research Institutes: Their History, Organization and Goals was unique for its time and remains so today. It was a collective effort to document the structures of research, its institutionalization from antiquity to the present, and its meaning. Its survey of research institutes, mostly German but not exclusively, is both a snapshot of a particular landscape of learning and a melancholy mirror on what would soon be smashed.

The editors of the volume emphasized that research was the engine at the heart of social and intellectual progress. Their argument that research has a history and that it is interesting as process as well as product has still not been adequately developed. Research is still not a subject of research: Library of Congress subject headings include neither history of research nor philosophy of research....

He outlined a dichotomy between early modern historians who rewrote the surviving narratives of ancient history, and their contemporaries who were "antiquarians" — scholars of the past who drew on new material as well as textual evidence to produce thematic monographs on subjects such as religion, law, calendars, games, food, and clothing.... Momigliano argued that antiquarians had subdued the skeptics with their use of material evidence, including public inscriptions and, above all, coins, whose quantity rendered forgery either impossible or easily spotted.... When Momigliano reworked that 1949 lecture — it would later be published in 1950 as the pathbreaking "Ancient History and the Antiquarian" — he argued that the concept of the document "deepened" the distinction between a primary and secondary source, and "for the first time in the history of historical method," gave rise to manuals that emphasized the handling of evidence over rhetoric. ... "there is only the old remedy: the cautious and methodical examination of documents with all the skills that were developed in the collaboration of antiquaries and textual critics in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries."... The history of historiography, he wrote, "has the purpose of discriminating between truth and falsehood." ...

This attention to scholarly practices led to the now-flourishing genre of intellectual history known as "history of scholarship."
epistemology  intellectual_history  via:shannon_mattern 
august 2017 by jfbeatty
Why Donald Trump Has Been Good For Truth - The Chronicle of Higher Education
What do we learn when we shift our focus from truth as possessed to truth as a pursuit?

A two-volume work published in Hamburg, Germany, in 1930, called Research Institutes: Their History, Organization and Goals was unique for its time and remains so today. It was a collective effort to document the structures of research, its institutionalization from antiquity to the present, and its meaning. Its survey of research institutes, mostly German but not exclusively, is both a snapshot of a particular landscape of learning and a melancholy mirror on what would soon be smashed.

The editors of the volume emphasized that research was the engine at the heart of social and intellectual progress. Their argument that research has a history and that it is interesting as process as well as product has still not been adequately developed. Research is still not a subject of research: Library of Congress subject headings include neither history of research nor philosophy of research....

He outlined a dichotomy between early modern historians who rewrote the surviving narratives of ancient history, and their contemporaries who were "antiquarians" — scholars of the past who drew on new material as well as textual evidence to produce thematic monographs on subjects such as religion, law, calendars, games, food, and clothing.... Momigliano argued that antiquarians had subdued the skeptics with their use of material evidence, including public inscriptions and, above all, coins, whose quantity rendered forgery either impossible or easily spotted.... When Momigliano reworked that 1949 lecture — it would later be published in 1950 as the pathbreaking "Ancient History and the Antiquarian" — he argued that the concept of the document "deepened" the distinction between a primary and secondary source, and "for the first time in the history of historical method," gave rise to manuals that emphasized the handling of evidence over rhetoric. ... "there is only the old remedy: the cautious and methodical examination of documents with all the skills that were developed in the collaboration of antiquaries and textual critics in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries."... The history of historiography, he wrote, "has the purpose of discriminating between truth and falsehood." ...

This attention to scholarly practices led to the now-flourishing genre of intellectual history known as "history of scholarship."
epistemology  intellectual_history 
august 2017 by shannon_mattern
Jeffrey Edward Green - Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article aims to correct the widespread imbalance in contemporary liberal thought, which makes explicit appeal to the "least advantaged" without parallel attention to the "most advantaged" as a distinct group in need of regulatory attention. Rawls's influential theory of justice is perhaps the paradigmatic instance of this imbalance, but I show how a Rawlsian framework nonetheless provides three justifications for why implementers of liberal justice—above all, legislators—should regulate the economic prospects of a polity's richest citizens: as a heuristic device for ensuring that a system of inequalities not reach a level at which inequalities cease being mutually advantageous, as protection against excessive inequalities threatening civic liberty, and as redress for a liberal society's inability to fully realize fair equality of opportunity with regard to education and politics. Against the objection that such arguments amount to a defense of envy, insofar as they support policies that in certain instances impose economic costs on the most advantaged with negative or neutral economic impact on the rest of society, I attend to Rawls's often overlooked distinction between irrational and reasonable forms of envy, showing that any envy involved in the proposed regulation of the most advantaged falls within this latter category. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
politics-and-money  political_participation  inequality-wealth  regulatory_capture  political_philosophy  political_culture  tax_havens  Early_Republic  inequality  estate_tax  intellectual_history  inheritance  republicanism  Plato-Republic  elites-political_influence  Jefferson  Harrington  crony_capitalism  Europe-Early_Modern  fairness  article  Aristotle  social_capital  social_theory  Rawls  social_democracy  Machiavelli  Plato  inequality-opportunity  jstor  bibliography  ancient_Rome  regulation  justice  liberalism  egalitarian  regulatory_avoidance  interest_groups  legitimacy  deliberative_democracy  political_history  class_conflict  downloaded  education-elites  social_order  elites-self-destructive  Roman_Republic  ancient_Greece  republics-Ancient_v_Modern 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Terry Pinkard, Does History Make Sense?: Hegel on the Historical Shapes of Justice - review by Christopher Yeomans | NDPR - June 2017
Terry Pinkard
Does History Make Sense?: Hegel on the Historical Shapes of Justice

Terry Pinkard, Does History Make Sense?: Hegel on the Historical Shapes of Justice, Harvard University Press, 2017, 272pp., $49.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780674971776.
Reviewed by Christopher Yeomans, Purdue University
books  reviews  intellectual_history  philosophy_of_history  Hegel  19thC  Germany  German_Idealism 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Book Event: Jenny Davidson’s "Breeding: A Partial History of the 18thC" | The Valve - A Literary Organ |- May 2009
Note - this doesn't appear organized by tag in their archives
Book Event: Jenny Davidson’s Breeding
Posted by Scott Eric Kaufman on 05/25/09
Beginning tomorrow, The Valve will be hosting a book event on Jenny Davidson‘s Breeding: A Partial History of the Eighteenth Century. Peter Gay has already reviewed the book for Bookforum, which is rather remarkable when you consider this was an academic book published by a university press—then again, it’s a rather remarkable book.
The introduction and first two chapters are available online.
cultural_history  Enlightenment  evolution  reviews  aristocracy  mechanism  18thC  inheritance  books  literary_history  Scottish_Enlightenment  novels  nature-nurture  fiction  nobility  intellectual_history  materialism  character-formation  social_order  determinism  human_nature  natural_history  French_Enlightenment 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
New Course: Data Rules (Fall 2017) | in.ter.reg.num
This course traces the historical precursors in the construction of knowledge and thought that are part of the contemporary emphasis on quantification, discrete numerical measurement, and predictive automated systems. The course examines the scientific revolution both as an historical event and a philosophical shift
in the way truth claims are constructed and substantiated. We examine the evolution in the way truth and facts are constructed as this ethos intersects with the rise of bureaucratic institutions, including the corporation and the state. Along the way, we examine the logic of categories, the difficulty humans have in cognizing large numbers and statistical thinking, the role of data visualization in telling stories with/about
data, and key problems in expert-driven knowledge production. We conclude the class by examining the contemporary turn towards predictive uses of large datasets.
Knowledge production via prediction is a break from descriptive uses of data, even in schemas where descriptive data was used to support causal reasoning. Predictive implementations of knowledge production are fraught with the dangers of false positives, false negatives, and “true” positives & negatives drawn from training data that is laced with the social problems of the past (e.g. sexism, racism, elitism).
What has not changed, however, is the way that ruling elites are harnessing data at a scale that enhances the potential of ‘control creep’ both at larger scales than we have previously seen and with more precise impacts on specific individuals than was previously possible.
data  methodology  epistemology  intellectual_history 
june 2017 by shannon_mattern
Jason Frank - Review essay, Democracy and Domination in America (2012) | Political Theory on JSTOR
Reviewed Works:
In The Shadow of Dubois:Afro-Modern Political Thought in America by Robert Gooding-Williams;
The Undiscovered Dewey:Religion, Morality, and the Ethos of Democracy by Melvin L. Rogers
Review by: Jason Frank
Political Theory
Vol. 40, No. 3 (June 2012), pp. 379-386
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41703030
Page Count: 8
Downloaded via Air to Dbox
downloaded  books  reviews  19thC  20thC  intellectual_history  US_history  US_politics  Douglass  Dubois  Dewey  political_philosophy  political_participation  domination  liberty  liberalism  republicanism  slavery  racial_discrimination  identity_politics  deliberative_democracy  democracy 
april 2017 by dunnettreader

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