innovation   98299

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New Dark Age by James Bridle review – technology and the end of the future | Books | The Guardian
At the core of our thinking about new technology there lies, Bridle suggests, a dangerous fallacy: we both model our own minds on our understanding of computers, and believe they can solve all our problems – if, that is, we supply them with enough data, and make them fast enough to deliver real-time analyses. To the Panglossian prospect of Moore’s Law, which forecasts that computers’ processing power will double every two years, Bridle offers up the counterexmple of Gates’s Law, which suggests these gains are negated by the accumulation in software of redundant coding. But our miscalculations concerning the value of big data are only part of the computational fallacy; Bridle also believes it’s implicated in our simple-minded acceptance of technology as a value-neutral tool, one to be freely employed for our own betterment. He argues that in failing to adequately understand these emergent technologies, we are in fact opening ourselves up to a new dark age. He takes this resonant phrase from HP Lovecraft’s minatory short story, “The Call of Cthulhu”, rather than the dark ages of historical record, although the latter may turn out to be a better point of reference for our current era. Lovecraft’s new dark age is, paradoxically, a function of enlightenment – it’s the searchlight science shines into the heart of human darkness that brings on a crazed barbarism. Bridle’s solution is to propose “real systemic literacy”, alongside a willingness to be imprecise – cloudy, even – when it comes to our thinking about the cloud
book  innovation  society  bias 
11 hours ago by janpeuker
Repair is as important as innovation - Economics and the art of maintenance
It is also more difficult for economists to measure. The discipline’s most prominent statistic, GDP, is gross (as opposed to net) because it leaves out the cost of wear and tear. To calculate these costs, statisticians must estimate the lifespan of a country’s assets and make assumptions about the way they deteriorate. Some are like light bulbs, which work well until they stop altogether. Economists call this the “one-hoss shay” case, an allusion to a poem by Oliver Wendell Holmes. It imagines a horse-drawn cart built so well that it never broke down until it eventually fell apart, victim of “a general flavour of mild decay”.

Other assets are less poetic. Many are assumed to wear out in a “straight line”, deteriorating by the same amount each year. Others lose a steady percentage of their diminishing worth....

And how much do economies spend fighting decay? No one knows, partly because most maintenance is performed in-house, not purchased on the market. The best numbers are collected by Canada, where firms spent 3.3% of GDP on repairs in 2016, more than twice as much as the country spends on research and development....

In March California became the 18th state in America to introduce a bill supporting the “right to repair”, by obliging manufacturers to make manuals more widely available to customers and independent repair shops. The European Commission has proposed something similar for dishwashers, washing machines and the like. Some think they have the right to repair public property, too. One speaker at the festival, who called himself the “guerrilla groundsman” and masked his identity with a helmet, described his surreptitious efforts to clean bridges and repaint signs in Cambridge without authorisation. In a disposable society, to repair is to rebel.
maintenance  repair  innovation 
20 hours ago by shannon_mattern
European Manifesto on Supporting Innovation for Cultural and Creative Sectors - theartsplus
In the growing innovation gap between technology and culture: Digitisation and new technologies such as artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality, blockchain, 3-D printing and big data can trigger innovation at all levels of the creative sectors. However, although there are plenty of innovative initiatives and start-ups in the creative and cultural sectors, very few of these reach a scale sufficient for them to have a bigger impact on society or the market.[1] We can see a growing gap between technology and culture. Culture, and with it society, are struggling to catch up with the exponential speed of technological innovation.
innovation  Strategy 
yesterday by stacker
Experimental Culture: A horizon scan for the arts and culture sector | Nesta
This paper is intended to serve as a prompt for Arts Council England’s consultation activity over the forthcoming months, with the intent of provoking a conversation with arts and cultural organisations about the changing context for their work. 

Each chapter includes a short summary of the current context for organisations operating in the (publicly-funded) arts and cultural sector, followed by a section which looks ahead to the opportunities and challenges these drivers could present over the coming decade.
nesta  Arts_Council  innovation  report 
yesterday by stacker
Samsung has figured out EUV, the holy grail of chipmaking
"[Samsung is] getting set to commercialize chips that have a 40 percent smaller surface area compared to the company's previous 10-nanometer tech, while reducing power consumption by 50 percent or boosting performance by 20 percent."
hardware  samsung  manufacturing  dopost  innovation 
yesterday by niksilver
Twitter
Updates on RT : Incredible insights in to how to connect with the community outside of the clas…
Innovation  from twitter_favs
yesterday by pipcleaves
Huge, If True: How Microsoft's Big Ideas Could Transform Legal Buy (069) | Legal Evolution
We’re definitely learning to remember that process matters, but still cagey about changing incentives: A clear majority emphasized process improvement as a solution lever.  This also appears to be a positive development away from pure-play technology innovations (because many tech-led initiatives often fail without the attendant changes to supporting processes).  That said, only 12% of the presentations addressed incentive changes for people (although it is very possible that some presenting teams omitted those particulars given the open forum).
clients  innovation 
yesterday by JordanFurlong
LegalZoom GC Eyeing New Tech, Expansion Into Foreign Markets | Corporate Counsel
Can you be more specific about how you envision LegalZoom using blockchain technology?

When you think of small businesses that have to make regular payments or have to do regular invoicing and have to understand how to amend or renew contracts, putting them all into a smart system that tells them when and how to get that done so they’re not out there doing it themselves—that’s part of something the blockchain can do. But it can do a lot more. Right now we’re trying to figure out what, exactly, will a small business like. What will it need, use and pay for to make the contracting process a better value for the legal consumer?

What other new technologies are you excited about?

I’m excited about natural language processing and machine learning. These are technologies that we’re still exploring how they can be used. I don’t think it’s too far-fetched to think one day we might be able to ask questions of a very intelligent legal computer and get real answers to questions, questions right now that people don’t have answers to, questions right now where they’re having a hard time figuring out who can answer it and how much will it cost to answer it. If we can take that and make it more commoditized I think it will really change the face of the law. If we can figure out a way to harness the knowledge that most lawyers take to their grave and put it into an accessible, relatable medium, it’s something that can change the way consumers look at the law.
competition  access  innovation  it 
yesterday by JordanFurlong
Why do digital health startups keep failing?
The “move fast and break things” approach that works in tech doesn’t translate well to healthcare. Instead, digital health startups should try need-driven innovation.
productdesign  startup  health  business  healthcare  businessmodel  innovation 
2 days ago by toastednut

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