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Combating tax evasion: Council agrees to extend automatic exchange of information
The Council agreed on the revision of the Directive on Administrative Cooperation which extends
the scope for automatic exchange of information between tax authorities so as to enable them to
better combat tax evasion and to improve tax collection.

Heute haben die Finanzminister der EU-Mitgliedsstaaten beschlossen, den Geltungsbereich des automatischen Informationsaustausches zwischen nationalen Steuerbehörden zu erweitern. Steuerbehörden der Mitgliedsstaaten werden damit verpflichtet, untereinander Informationen über Kapitaleinkommen, z.B. aus Zinsen und Dividenden automatisch auszutauschen. Sie können damit wie Arbeitseinkommen der Einkommenssteuer unterworfen werden. Diese Maßnahmen machen das Bankgeheimnis an entscheidenden Stellen durchlässiger und erschweren Steuerhinterziehung.
AIA  EU  PM  COM  daten  kontodaten  kapitalertrag  kapitalerträge  einkommen  banken  information  transparenz 
2 days ago by bastian
HealthTap - 64,000 top doctors. No waiting room.
HeathTap Concierge — Your Key to Feeling Good — HealthTap
Top real doctors will quickly answer any health question you have for free! Doctors provide tips, share news and even review health and medical apps - just for you!
Startups  Health  Health2.0  doctors  US  information 
2 days ago by mstmorris
Notes on ICA
Tutorial and lab notes for running fast ICA with R
r  tutorial  ica  information  code 
3 days ago by czarrar
ICS: Tools for Exploring Multivariate Data via ICS/ICA
The package implements Tyler et al.'s and Oja et al.'s method of two different scatter matrices to obtain an invariant coordinate system or independent components, depending on the underlying assumptions.
r  r-packages  ica  information 
3 days ago by czarrar
ICA using score functions from the Pearson system
r  r-packages  information  ica 
3 days ago by czarrar
Improving Your Information Architecture With Card Sorting: A Beginner’s Guide
Information architecture (IA) is one of those buzzwords you’ve probably heard before. In this article, Pierre Croft discusses card sorting, a tried and true technique for doing just that, and also goes through some practical tips for running a card-sorting session.
ia  information  ux  design 
4 days ago by bradbarrish
German disclosure raises questions about Danish NSA-partnership | Information
Germany’s Intelligence Service, BND, was unable to prevent German data obtained from a joint NSA cable surveillance program from being handed over to the Americans – this is consistent with previous reporting by Information about Denmark’s cooperation with the NSA

Anton Geist
Sebastian Gjerding
Henrik Moltke
20. oktober 2014
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New information obtained by the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) raises questions about the partnership between the Danish Defence Intelligence Service (DDIS) and the NSA.

SZ has uncovered how the German Foreign intelligence ervice, Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), cooperated with the NSA in monitoring internet and phone traffic at the world’s biggest internet hub in Frankfurt. This operation took place for a number of years up to 2008. As a point of particular controversy, BND appears to have handed over personal data about German citizens to NSA on a large scale, although German law only permits such transfers in exceptional, individual cases. According to top secret NSA documents seen by Information, the surveillance operation codenamed Eikonal, was part of the NSA's surveillance program RAMPART-A.

As described in Information’s coverage, RAMPART-A gathers an unknown number of allied countries that assist NSA in tapping fiber-optic cables carrying international and national telephone and internet traffic on the territory of the countries concerned. These allied countries form part of the circle of so-called third-party partners whose intelligence services cooperate closely with the NSA, though not as closely as the intelligence services in the so-called second party countries (United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand).

As Information has uncovered, Germany and Denmark in all likelihood are both partners in the RAMPART-A-program. A source well versed in the Danish partnership told Information that data collected from cable taps in Denmark are filtered in order to eliminate Danish data before handing them over to NSA. The filters, however, do not remove all Danish data, since this is not technically feasible.

This seems to be the case in Germany, as well. SZ has gained insight into internal papers from the BND, which show that the German intelligence service established a filter to remove German data before handing it over to NSA. The problem, however, was that the filter did not work particularly well. A test showed that the filter could only weed out 95 percent of the German traffic, and although the NSA assured that it would not take advantage of the possibility to tap into the German traffic, BND’s legal staff was concerned. They wrote a memo explaining that the German Intelligence service, due to its 'technical inferiority' could not verify whether the NSA did in fact comply with its promises, and that 'full control ' with the exchange of data, therefore ‘in reality was not possible’. As a consequence, BND warned about potential ‘political damage’ from the collaboration and 'insurmountable consequences'.

In 2005 the Germans discovered that the NSA had abused its access to gather data about companies, that involved German interests, SZ reports. BND protested, and the Germans evens considered to terminate their partnership-programme. Eventually, they decided to continue, because, as the memo says, it was only through cooperation with the NSA, that BND could learn to master the art of handling huge amounts of data from Internet surveillance.
The cooperation was, however, terminated in 2008 – according to SZ, because the filter did not work, and German data kept ending up with the NSA. As the head of a Department in the BND acknowledged in a memo: »The endeavor failed because it was not technically possible to achieve an absolute and flawless separation of (legally, ed.), protected and unprotected communications«.

According to SZ, the NSA reacted angrily to German plans to terminate the joint monitoring of the Frankfurt internet exchange, and the Germans tried to accomodate the Americans by offering access to another »communication string of global importance «. According to the documents seen by SZ, the NSA thus became the BND's 'silent partner' in another monitoring operation, which may still exist.

In a Danish context, the SZ story seems to confirm previous reports by Information saying that the Danish filtering of data collected in cooperation with the NSA does not provide an effective protection against sensitive Danish data getting handed over to the NSA.

A top secret NSA document on the RAMPART-A program published by Information, says »No U.S. collection by Partner and No Host Country collection by U.S.«. An SSO presentation marked NOFORN, (which means it cannot be seen by non-US nationals) repeats the same point. Here, however, a small, but significant modification, is added to the same sentence: » – there ARE exceptions«.

What those exceptions may be, or how the partner country can ensure that the NSA complies with the agreement, cannot be established on account of the documents on RAMPART-A seen by Information. But it is noteworthy that Germany – with a much larger intelligence apparatus at a higher technological level than Denmark – has been unable to prevent German data from being sent to the NSA. It is equally noteworthy that the NSA, according to SZ, has abused its access to the Frankfurt internet exchange to collect data concerning German interests.

While the Germans ultimately chose to stop the EIKONAL-operation as a result of the above vulnerabilities and in order not to break the law, Denmark has given statutory authority which permits tranfers of Danish data to the NSA. As previously reported in Information, new laws governing DDIS adopted in early 2014 enable a wide distribution of Danish data to foreign intelligence services, as long as the data remain untreated or so-called ‘raw data’. This led to several political spokepersons from parties that voted in favor of adopting the law declaring that they were not aware of this. Nevertheless, they have made sure that Danish NSA-partnership is not disputed, despite of the fact that it is impossible to prevent the Americans from collecting Danish data.

Translation by Henrik Moltke. Original article in Danish
eikonal  nsa  bnd  dänemark  information 
4 days ago by bastian

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