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ADA website lawsuits a growing problem for retailers | NRF
What’s driving this issue? Lack of clarity. The ADA was signed into law in 1990, three years before the World Wide Web was officially released to the public. Title III of the ADA – the section under which retailers are being sued – prohibits disability-based discrimination in “any place of public accommodation.” But while the law defines many types of businesses with physical locations as “public accommodations” it makes no mention of non-physical marketplaces like websites. That has led to a patchwork of inconsistent court decisions that attempt to interpret Title III and its reach. At one point the Department of Justice attempted to issue guidance for website accessibility. But the guidance was never finalized, possibly because the DOJ is not granted clear authority under the ADA to promulgate regulations. More recently, the DOJ announced that it would not issue any guidance as part of the Trump administration’s efforts at deregulation.

Retailers are committed to making websites accessible, but this huge spike in litigation diverts resources and drives up the cost of doing business to the detriment of all consumers. As long as there are no clear legal standards for web accessibility under the ADA, retailers will be sued. And as long as retailers continue to be sued, money they could be investing in advanced technologies is being wasted on legal fees, preventing business owners and people with disabilities from reaching their shared goal of creating and maintaining websites that are accessible to all.
hmm  inclusivedesign 
6 weeks ago by corrales
hmmlearn — hmmlearn 0.2.1 documentation
Simple algorithms and models to learn Hidden Markov Models. API similar to scikit-learn, just adapted for sequence data. BSD license.

Implements the Baum-Welch algorithm to estimate model parameters from just the observed data. This is how RenTech started off crushing it in the markets.
hidden-markov-model  datascience  python  hmm  finance  algorithm 
6 weeks ago by tobym
Trump just caved. Democrats can now take control of the immigration debate. - The Washington Post
It is difficult to imagine congressional Republicans, who just lived through this disaster, having any appetite for a second round.
hmm  trump 
8 weeks ago by corrales
Roman Polanski Should Be Pardoned In Absentia | Hollywood Reporter
What Polanski did was terrible. But what the law did was also inexcusable.

--

This quotes Daily Mail as it's main thing. Isn't that a tabloid basically? And also it doesn't mention the 2-3 other allegations against him by other women.
Hmm  against_common_knowledge 
8 weeks ago by skinnymuch
中文分词之HMM模型详解
训练的过程:
状态只有4个:B, E, M, S
观察是每一个汉字
统计出:状态之间的转移矩阵,以及状态到观察之间的发射矩阵

使用:建好模型后,使用时采用Viterbi算法,找到每个节点对应该观察(汉字)概率最大的那个状态(BEMS)
hmm  分词  segmentation  word  word-segmentation  jieba  viterbi 
november 2018 by peng.zhang
We are more united than we imagine - The Washington Post
Let’s use this year’s elections to insist that there is still a “we” in our country. It is a “we” that crosses the lines of race and gender, country of origin and religion. “We” is the very first word of our Constitution. Declaring that it is still alive is essential to keeping our democratic republic.
midterms  irony  politics  america  hmm 
november 2018 by corrales
序列标注任务的常见套路
有问题,上知乎。知乎是中文互联网知名知识分享平台,以「知识连接一切」为愿景,致力于构建一个人人都可以便捷接入的知识分享网络,让人们便捷地与世界分享知识、经验和见解,发现更大的世界。
ai  ml  HMM  CRF 
september 2018 by dlutcat
Science - Wikipedia
In Northern Europe, the new technology of the printing press was widely used to publish many arguments, including some that disagreed widely with contemporary ideas of nature. René Descartes and Francis Bacon published philosophical arguments in favor of a new type of non-Aristotelian science. Descartes emphasized individual thought and argued that mathematics rather than geometry should be used in order to study nature. Bacon emphasized the importance of experiment over contemplation. Bacon further questioned the Aristotelian concepts of formal cause and final cause, and promoted the idea that science should study the laws of "simple" natures, such as heat, rather than assuming that there is any specific nature, or "formal cause," of each complex type of thing. This new modern science began to see itself as describing "laws of nature". This updated approach to studies in nature was seen as mechanistic. Bacon also argued that science should aim for the first time at practical inventions for the improvement of all human life.

Age of Enlightenment

...

During this time, the declared purpose and value of science became producing wealth and inventions that would improve human lives, in the materialistic sense of having more food, clothing, and other things. In Bacon's words, "the real and legitimate goal of sciences is the endowment of human life with new inventions and riches", and he discouraged scientists from pursuing intangible philosophical or spiritual ideas, which he believed contributed little to human happiness beyond "the fume of subtle, sublime, or pleasing speculation".[72]
article  wiki  reference  science  philosophy  letters  history  iron-age  mediterranean  the-classics  medieval  europe  the-great-west-whale  early-modern  ideology  telos-atelos  ends-means  new-religion  weird  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  culture  the-devil  anglo  big-peeps  giants  religion  theos  tip-of-tongue  hmm  truth  dirty-hands  engineering  roots  values  formal-values  quotes  causation  forms-instances  technology  logos 
august 2018 by nhaliday
NASA - Pyramids at Giza, Egypt
ISS032-E-009123 (26 July 2012) --- Pyramids at Giza, Egypt are featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 32 crew member on the International Space Station. The Great Pyramids at Giza (center) are the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and are perhaps the most famous of the ancient monuments in the Nile River Delta region of Egypt. They are also a favorite subject of photography from orbit – particularly when high resolution imagery can be obtained. The southea...
hmm 
august 2018 by jbotos
Statistical and Computational Guarantees for the Baum-Welch Algorithm
The Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is one of the mainstays of statistical modeling of discrete time series, with applications including speech recognition, computational biology, computer vision and econometrics. Estimating an HMM from its observation process is often addressed via the Baum-Welch algorithm, which is known to be susceptible to local optima. In this paper, we first give a general characterization of the basin of attraction associated with any global optimum of the population likelihood. By exploiting this characterization, we provide non-asymptotic finite sample guarantees on the Baum-Welch updates and show geometric convergence to a small ball of radius on the order of the minimax rate around a global optimum. As a concrete example, we prove a linear rate of convergence for a hidden Markov mixture of two isotropic Gaussians given a suitable mean separation and an initialization within a ball of large radius around (one of) the true parameters. To our knowledge, these are the first rigorous local convergence guarantees to global optima for the Baum-Welch algorithm in a setting where the likelihood function is nonconvex. We complement our theoretical results with thorough numerical simulations studying the convergence of the Baum-Welch algorithm and illustrating the accuracy of our predictions.
statistics  martin-wainwright  via:rvenkat  baum-welch  hmm 
july 2018 by arsyed
I can't marry my bf in a church unless he's baptized. He believes in God and Jesus, but doesn't want to be baptized. I'm struggling with this. Please help.
Someone posted a whisper, which reads "I can't marry my bf in a church unless he's baptized. He believes in God and Jesus, but doesn't want to be baptized. I'm struggling with this. Please help. "
hmm 
july 2018 by jbotos

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