hate-speech   72

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Facebook: Mark Zuckerberg will eine Magna Carta - WELT
Man sei offen für alle Ideen, sagt Facebook-Gründer Mark Zuckerberg. Aber damit kann er Hassbotschaften in seinem Netzwerk nicht mehr entschuldigen. Ein Expertenrat soll jetzt neue Leitlinien erarbeiten.
facebook  Hassrede  hate-speech  DonaldTrump  MarcZuckerberg  LucianoFloridi  socialbots  datenschutz 
6 weeks ago by amprekord
WHY HATE SPEECH SHOULD NOT BE BANNED | Pandaemonium
Hate speech restriction is a means not of tackling bigotry but of rebranding certain, often obnoxious, ideas or arguments as immoral. It is a way of making certain ideas illegitimate without bothering politically to challenge them. And that is dangerous.
free-speech  hate-speech 
9 weeks ago by shorewalker
"You Can't Stay Here: The Efficacy of Reddit’s 2015 Ban Examined Through Hate Speech"

In 2015, Reddit closed several subreddits—foremost among them r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown—due to violations of Reddit’s anti-harassment policy. However, the effectiveness of banning as a moderation approach remains unclear: banning might diminish hateful behavior, or it may relocate such behavior to different parts of the site.

We study the ban of r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown in terms of its effect on both participating users and affected subreddits. Working from over 100M Reddit posts and comments, we generate hate speech lexicons to examine variations in hate speech usage via causal inference methods. We find that the ban worked for Reddit. More accounts than expected discontinued using the site; those that stayed drastically decreased their hate speech usage—by at least 80%. Though many subreddits saw an influx of r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown “migrants,” those subreddits saw no significant changes in hate speech usage. In other words, other subreddits did not inherit the problem. We conclude by reflecting on the apparent success of the ban, discussing implications for online moderation, Reddit and internet communities more broadly.


(Via Anil Dash)
abuse  reddit  research  hate-speech  community  moderation  racism  internet 
september 2017 by jm
reddit's 2015 ban, hate speech
Shutting down hateful & racist subreddits worked. The total amount of hatred spewed decreased. Read the research:
hate-speech  online-discourse  reddit  online-abuse  abuse 
september 2017 by mappings
How Hate Groups Forced Online Platforms to Reveal Their True Nature
"A community of trolls on an internet platform is, in political terms, not totally unlike a fascist movement in a weak liberal democracy: It engages with and uses the rules and protections of the system it inhabits with the intent of subverting it and eventually remaking it in their image or, if that fails, merely destroying it."

Using a systems hugest ideals to undermine it

"In the process of building private communities, these companies had put on the costumes of liberal democracies. They borrowed the language of rights to legitimize arbitrary rules, creating what the technology lawyer Kendra Albert calls ‘‘legal talismans.’’ This was first and foremost operationally convenient or even necessary: What better way to avoid liability and responsibility for how customers use your product? It was also good marketing. It’s easier to entrust increasingly large portions of your private and public life to an advertising and data-mining firm if you’re led to believe it’s something more. But as major internet platforms have grown to compose a greater share of the public sphere, playing host to consequential political organization — not to mention media — their internal contradictions have become harder to ignore. Far before Charlottesville, they had already become acute."

A costume to go with the power they're accumulating

"The platforms’ sudden action in response to an outpouring of public grief and rage resembles, at first glance, a moral awakening and suggests a mounting sense of responsibility to the body politic. You could be forgiven for seeing this as a turning point for these sites, away from a hands-off approach to the communities they host and toward something with more oversight and regulation. An inside-out version of this analysis has been embraced by right-wing users, who have wasted no time declaring these bans a violation of their free speech. But this is an incomplete accounting of what happened and one that serves two parties and two parties alone: the companies themselves and the people they’ve just banned."

Fast reaction to new-Nazi online presence may not be as wonderful as it seems
facebook  panopticon  regulation  hate-speech  from instapaper
september 2017 by jesse_the_k
How Hate Groups Forced Online Platforms to Reveal Their True Nature - The New York Times
In the process of building private communities, these companies had put on the costumes of liberal democracies. They borrowed the language of rights to legitimize arbitrary rules, creating what the technology lawyer Kendra Albert calls ‘‘legal talismans.’’ This was first and foremost operationally convenient or even necessary: What better way to avoid liability and responsibility for how customers use your product? It was also good marketing. It’s easier to entrust increasingly large portions of your private and public life to an advertising and data-mining firm if you’re led to believe it’s something more. But as major internet platforms have grown to compose a greater share of the public sphere, playing host to consequential political organization — not to mention media — their internal contradictions have become harder to ignore. Far before Charlottesville, they had already become acute.
hate-speech  internet  discourse  racism  nazi  kkk  capitalism  public-square  public-space  governance  privatization 
august 2017 by tarakc02
Psychologie hinter Hasskommentaren "Ignorieren hilft nicht"
Deutschlandfunk Aus Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften
29.06.2017
Wie geht man gegen Hass im Netz vor? Nicht beachten oder verbieten helfe nicht, sagte die Psychologin Dorothee Scholz im Dlf. Hasskommentare seien ein Symptom für eine gesellschaftliche Entwicklung, die auch ohne Internet immer noch da sei.
Dorothee Scholz im Gespräch mit Bettina Köster
Hass  Hatespeech  NetzOhneHass  bpb  Internet  Hassrede  DorotheeScholz  hate-speech 
july 2017 by amprekord
Facebook’s Secret Censorship Rules Protect White Men from Hate Speech But Not Black Children - ProPublica
A trove of internal documents reviewed by ProPublica sheds new light on the secret guidelines that Facebook’s censors use to distinguish between hate speech and legitimate political expression. The documents reveal the rationale behind seemingly inconsistent decisions. For instance, Higgins’ incitement to violence passed muster because it targeted a specific sub-group of Muslims — those that are “radicalized” — while Delgado’s post was deleted for attacking whites in general.

the documents suggest that, at least in some instances, the company’s hate-speech rules tend to favor elites and governments over grassroots activists and racial minorities. In so doing, they serve the business interests of the global company, which relies on national governments not to block its service to their citizens.
facebook  cen  censorship  racism  hate-speech  propublica  julia-angwin  hannes-grassegger 
june 2017 by yolandaenoch
Anyone Can Become a Troll: Causes of Trolling Behavior in Online Discussions
https://files.clr3.com/papers/2017_anyone.pdf
Justin Cheng1, Michael Bernstein1, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil2, Jure Leskovec1
1Stanford University, 2Cornell University
fjcccf, msb, jureg@cs.stanford.edu, cristian@cs.cornell.edu
In online communities, antisocial behavior such as trolling
disrupts constructive discussion. While prior work suggests
that trolling behavior is confined to a vocal and antisocial
minority, we demonstrate that ordinary people can engage
in such behavior as well. We propose two primary trigger
mechanisms: the individual’s mood, and the surrounding context
of a discussion (e.g., exposure to prior trolling behavior).
Through an experiment simulating an online discussion, we
find that both negative mood and seeing troll posts by others
significantly increases the probability of a user trolling, and
together double this probability. To support and extend these
results, we study how these same mechanisms play out in the
wild via a data-driven, longitudinal analysis of a large online
news discussion community. This analysis reveals temporal
mood effects, and explores long range patterns of repeated
exposure to trolling. A predictive model of trolling behavior
shows that mood and discussion context together can explain
trolling behavior better than an individual’s history of trolling.
These results combine to suggest that ordinary people can,
under the right circumstances, behave like trolls.
Trolle  Hassrede  hate-speech 
june 2017 by amprekord
The case for restricting hate speech - LA Times
empirical data suggest that frequent verbal harassment can lead to various negative consequences. Racist hate speech has been linked to cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, and requires complex coping strategies. Exposure to racial slurs also diminishes academic performance. Women subjected to sexualized speech may develop a phenomenon of “self-objectification,” which is associated with eating disorders.

These negative physical and mental health outcomes — which embody the historical roots of race and gender oppression — mean that hate speech is not “just speech.” Hate speech is doing something. It results in tangible harms that are serious in and of themselves and that collectively amount to the harm of subordination. The harm of perpetuating discrimination. The harm of creating inequality.
free-speech  hate-speech  la-times  laura-beth-nielsen 
june 2017 by yolandaenoch

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