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"You Can't Stay Here: The Efficacy of Reddit’s 2015 Ban Examined Through Hate Speech"

In 2015, Reddit closed several subreddits—foremost among them r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown—due to violations of Reddit’s anti-harassment policy. However, the effectiveness of banning as a moderation approach remains unclear: banning might diminish hateful behavior, or it may relocate such behavior to different parts of the site.

We study the ban of r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown in terms of its effect on both participating users and affected subreddits. Working from over 100M Reddit posts and comments, we generate hate speech lexicons to examine variations in hate speech usage via causal inference methods. We find that the ban worked for Reddit. More accounts than expected discontinued using the site; those that stayed drastically decreased their hate speech usage—by at least 80%. Though many subreddits saw an influx of r/fatpeoplehate and r/CoonTown “migrants,” those subreddits saw no significant changes in hate speech usage. In other words, other subreddits did not inherit the problem. We conclude by reflecting on the apparent success of the ban, discussing implications for online moderation, Reddit and internet communities more broadly.

(Via Anil Dash)
abuse  reddit  research  hate-speech  community  moderation  racism  internet 
13 days ago by jm
reddit's 2015 ban, hate speech
Shutting down hateful & racist subreddits worked. The total amount of hatred spewed decreased. Read the research:
hate-speech  online-discourse  reddit  online-abuse  abuse 
13 days ago by mappings
How Hate Groups Forced Online Platforms to Reveal Their True Nature - The New York Times
In the process of building private communities, these companies had put on the costumes of liberal democracies. They borrowed the language of rights to legitimize arbitrary rules, creating what the technology lawyer Kendra Albert calls ‘‘legal talismans.’’ This was first and foremost operationally convenient or even necessary: What better way to avoid liability and responsibility for how customers use your product? It was also good marketing. It’s easier to entrust increasingly large portions of your private and public life to an advertising and data-mining firm if you’re led to believe it’s something more. But as major internet platforms have grown to compose a greater share of the public sphere, playing host to consequential political organization — not to mention media — their internal contradictions have become harder to ignore. Far before Charlottesville, they had already become acute.
hate-speech  internet  discourse  racism  nazi  kkk  capitalism  public-square  public-space  governance  privatization 
4 weeks ago by tarakc02
Psychologie hinter Hasskommentaren "Ignorieren hilft nicht"
Deutschlandfunk Aus Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften
Wie geht man gegen Hass im Netz vor? Nicht beachten oder verbieten helfe nicht, sagte die Psychologin Dorothee Scholz im Dlf. Hasskommentare seien ein Symptom für eine gesellschaftliche Entwicklung, die auch ohne Internet immer noch da sei.
Dorothee Scholz im Gespräch mit Bettina Köster
Hass  Hatespeech  NetzOhneHass  bpb  Internet  Hassrede  DorotheeScholz  hate-speech 
12 weeks ago by amprekord
Facebook’s Secret Censorship Rules Protect White Men from Hate Speech But Not Black Children - ProPublica
A trove of internal documents reviewed by ProPublica sheds new light on the secret guidelines that Facebook’s censors use to distinguish between hate speech and legitimate political expression. The documents reveal the rationale behind seemingly inconsistent decisions. For instance, Higgins’ incitement to violence passed muster because it targeted a specific sub-group of Muslims — those that are “radicalized” — while Delgado’s post was deleted for attacking whites in general.

the documents suggest that, at least in some instances, the company’s hate-speech rules tend to favor elites and governments over grassroots activists and racial minorities. In so doing, they serve the business interests of the global company, which relies on national governments not to block its service to their citizens.
facebook  cen  censorship  racism  hate-speech  propublica  julia-angwin  hannes-grassegger 
12 weeks ago by yolandaenoch
Anyone Can Become a Troll: Causes of Trolling Behavior in Online Discussions
Justin Cheng1, Michael Bernstein1, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil2, Jure Leskovec1
1Stanford University, 2Cornell University
fjcccf, msb, jureg@cs.stanford.edu, cristian@cs.cornell.edu
In online communities, antisocial behavior such as trolling
disrupts constructive discussion. While prior work suggests
that trolling behavior is confined to a vocal and antisocial
minority, we demonstrate that ordinary people can engage
in such behavior as well. We propose two primary trigger
mechanisms: the individual’s mood, and the surrounding context
of a discussion (e.g., exposure to prior trolling behavior).
Through an experiment simulating an online discussion, we
find that both negative mood and seeing troll posts by others
significantly increases the probability of a user trolling, and
together double this probability. To support and extend these
results, we study how these same mechanisms play out in the
wild via a data-driven, longitudinal analysis of a large online
news discussion community. This analysis reveals temporal
mood effects, and explores long range patterns of repeated
exposure to trolling. A predictive model of trolling behavior
shows that mood and discussion context together can explain
trolling behavior better than an individual’s history of trolling.
These results combine to suggest that ordinary people can,
under the right circumstances, behave like trolls.
Trolle  Hassrede  hate-speech 
june 2017 by amprekord
The case for restricting hate speech - LA Times
empirical data suggest that frequent verbal harassment can lead to various negative consequences. Racist hate speech has been linked to cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, and requires complex coping strategies. Exposure to racial slurs also diminishes academic performance. Women subjected to sexualized speech may develop a phenomenon of “self-objectification,” which is associated with eating disorders.

These negative physical and mental health outcomes — which embody the historical roots of race and gender oppression — mean that hate speech is not “just speech.” Hate speech is doing something. It results in tangible harms that are serious in and of themselves and that collectively amount to the harm of subordination. The harm of perpetuating discrimination. The harm of creating inequality.
free-speech  hate-speech  la-times  laura-beth-nielsen 
june 2017 by yolandaenoch
BVerfG: Meinungsfreiheit schützt auch emotionalisierte Äußerungen
Pressemitteilung Nr. 21/2016 vom 29. April 2016

Beschluss vom 10. März 2016
1 BvR 2844/13
Die Meinungsfreiheit umfasst auch die Freiheit, ein Geschehen subjektiv und sogar emotionalisiert darzustellen, insbesondere als Erwiderung auf einen unmittelbar vorangegangenen Angriff auf die Ehre, der gleichfalls in emotionalisierender Weise erfolgt ist. Dies hat die 3. Kammer des Ersten Senats des Bundesverfassungsgerichts in einem heute veröffentlichten Beschluss entschieden. Damit gab sie der Verfassungsbeschwerde einer Beschwerdeführerin statt, die sich gegen eine zivilgerichtliche Unterlassungsverurteilung gewandt hatte.
hate-speech  BVerfG  meinungsfreiheit  Emotionen  Hassrede 
june 2017 by amprekord
How Cloudflare Helps Serve Up Hate on the Web - ProPublica
key passage:
Cloudflare also has an added appeal to sites such as The Daily Stormer. It turns over to the hate sites the personal information of people who criticize their content. For instance, when a reader figures out that Cloudflare is the internet company serving sites like The Daily Stormer, they sometimes write to the company to protest. Cloudflare, per its policy, then relays the name and email address of the person complaining to the hate site, often to the surprise and regret of those complaining.

This has led to campaigns of harassment against those writing in to protest the offensive material. People have been threatened and harassed.
racism  freeSpeech  free-speech  cloudflare  internet  doxxing  hate-speech 
may 2017 by tarakc02
#hatespeech im globalen Kontext
Sie sind wieder da: Die Hetze, die Gewalt, die Glorifizierung und Legitimierung von Rassismus und Intoleranz. Die massenhafte Radikalisierung spiegelt sich als #hatespeech im Netz, wo kommerzielle Plattformen beliebte Trends bekanntermaßen verstärken.

Als Reaktion präsentierte Heiko Maas (BMVJ) im Januar diesen Jahres eine Kooperation zwischen den „Internetanbietern“ (!) Google, Facebook und Twitter sowie „zivilgesellschaftlicher“ (!) Organisationen: eco – Verband der Internetwirtschaft e.V., die Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Multimedia-Diensteanbieter (FSM), jugendschutz.net, klicksafe.de, die Amadeu-Antonio-Stiftung und der Verein Gesicht zeigen! Ziel war es, Mechanismen zum Umgang mit rechtswidrigen Hassbotschaften zu entwickeln: Die Unternehmen sollen #hatespeech als Task Force nach Nutzer_Innenmeldung und Prüfung innerhalb von 24 Stunden löschen.
hate-speech  HeikoMaas  BMJV  JuliaKrüger  facebook  Google 
may 2017 by amprekord
Hasskommentare Facebook-Hetze fordert Schulen heraus
Der Kampf gegen Hasskommentare in den sozialen Medien ist auch in Schulen ein Thema. Viele Pädagogen stehen dem Phänomen aber hilflos gegenüber, klagt der Lehrerverband. Die Politik teilt die Klage, aber nur begrenzt.
hate-speech  Hassrede  facebook  twitter  JosefKraus  Schule  medienkompetenz 
march 2017 by amprekord

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