haidt   154

« earlier    

The Coddling of the American Mind
"The current movement is largely about emotional well-being. More than the last, it presumes an extraordinary fragility of the collegiate psyche, and therefore elevates the goal of protecting students from psychological harm. The ultimate aim, it seems, is to turn campuses into 'safe spaces' where young adults are shielded from words and ideas that make some uncomfortable. And more than the last, this movement seeks to punish anyone who interferes with that aim, even accidentally. You might call this impulse vindictive protectiveness. It is creating a culture in which everyone must think twice before speaking up, lest they face charges of insensitivity, aggression, or worse. [...] The dangers that these trends pose to scholarship and to the quality of American universities are significant; we could write a whole essay detailing them. But in this essay we focus on a different question: What are the effects of this new protectiveness on the students themselves? Does it benefit the people it is supposed to help? [...] Today, what we call the Socratic method is a way of teaching that fosters critical thinking, in part by encouraging students to question their own unexamined beliefs, as well as the received wisdom of those around them. Such questioning sometimes leads to discomfort, and even to anger, on the way to understanding."
academia  education  haidt  usa 
october 2018 by lucastheis
Does Paul Krugman Understand Intellectual Diversity?- Nick Phillips (Quillette)
(The article begins with a reflection on Paul Krugman's argument that
there is no reason to hire conservatives for a magazine (e.g. Kevin
Williamson) because either they have prostituted themselves to
populist conservatism or they have no influence. From later in the
Other commentators have assumed, like Krugman, that elevating
reformicons, moderates, and other idiosyncratic thinkers isn’t
worthwhile because Republican voters don’t actually care what people
like Ross Douthat have to say. This is partially the fault of
intellectual diversity defenders who market the concept as a way to
‘understand what the other side is thinking’ and shatter the echo
chambers that led to Trump’s election. That project has great social
value, but it’s not the same value that intellectual diversity is
engineered to create. )
Here's the money quote:
Intellectual diversity addresses a fundamental problem in human
cognition: we seek out information that confirms the views we already
have. As Jonathan Haidt has argued, this instinct is well-adapted to
creating intra-group solidarity, which is useful when competing for
power with other groups. But if the goal is to seek the truth, it’s
poison. If everyone in your group shares the same biases, that group
will block new information that doesn’t conform to those biases. Since
no one is right 100 percent of the time, this dynamic guarantees that
falsehoods will persist.1
One solution is to attempt to purge individuals of their biases. But
cognitive psychologists don’t yet understand how to do this. The only
method that reliably solves the confirmation bias problem is to create
groups made up of individuals with different biases. In such an
environment, countervailing biases checks one another, prodding at
weak points and raising questions a colleague didn’t think to ask.
This dynamic is highly adapted to truth-seeking, because it forces
every person to justify their biases on grounds other than tribalism.
Once we understand intellectual diversity this way, we can clearly see
that left-leaning publications do their readers a service by elevating
ideas that challenge prevailing assumptions. Progressive orthodoxies
have often been wrong: entire generations of the Left’s most
accomplished thinkers devoted themselves to Marxism. No progressive
should feel confident that their side’s leading lights are truth
personified. Instead, they should wonder what other falsehoods are
lurking behind the group confirmation bias.
ayjay  diversity  Haidt  academy 
may 2018 by mgubbins

« earlier    

related tags

0214  022114  0914  091614  2016-election  2016  2017-04-15  2017-04-16  2017-04-17  222  7  aaronson  ability-competence  academia  academy  advertising  alan  allodium  alt-inst  altruism  and  anglo  anglosphere  anomie  anthropocentric  anthropology  are  art  article  asteroids  attitudes  authoritarianism  automation  axelrod  ayjay  ayn  backup  bad  behavior  being-right  best  bias  biases  big-peeps  big-picture  big  biology  biotech  blog  book  books  bounded-cognition  brain  brainpickings  brexit  britain  broad-econ  business  by  c:***  cancer  capitalism  care  career  cause  censorship  chapman  charity  chart  civic  civil-liberty  cj  class-warfare  class  coalitions  coddling  cog-psych  cohesion  college  commentary  communication  communism  community  comparison  compensation  competition  computation  confluence  conservatism  conservative  conservatives  conservativism  contradiction  contrarianism  cooperate-defect  cooperation  coordination  core-rats  correctness  counter-revolution  cowen  creative  criminology  crispr  critical  critique  crooked  cultural-dynamics  culture-war  culture  curiosity  current-events  dark  data  david  debate  decisions  deductive  degrees-of-freedom  democracy  demographics  descriptive  dignity  discovery  discrimination  discussion  disease  diversity  divided  duplication  eastern-europe  economics  eden-heaven  education  egalitarianism-hierarchy  elders  elections  email  emotion  ems  engineering  epidemiology  error  essay  essential  ethics  ethnocentrism  europe  evolution  evonomics  evopsych  exit-voice  expert-experience  expert  expression-survival  family  farmers-and-foragers  fashun  fast  flux-stasis  formal-values  free-riding  freespeech  frontier  futurism  gavisti  gender-diff  general-survey  geoengineering  germanic  globalism  globalization  gnon  gnosis-logos  good  government  graph  group  gt-101  guide  hanson  happiness  happy  harris  health  healthcare  hi-order-bits  higher-ed  history  hmm  homo-hetero  human-capital  humanism  identity-politics  identitypolitics  ideology  idk  immigration  impetus  incentives  individual  individualism-collectivism  inequality  info-dynamics  info-foraging  insight  institutions  insurance  interest  interesting  interests  internet  interpersonal  interview  intricacy  intuition  is-ought  iteration-recursion  jacobs  jonathan  jonathanhaidt  kiv  knowledge  labor  lakoff  left-wing  leftism  len:long  leo  letters  levels  liberalism  liberals  libertarian  libertarianism  libertarians  liberty  lilla  links  list  madisonian  mandate  map-territory  maria  market-failure  markets  media  metabuch  metameta  methodology  microaggression  microfoundations  migrant-crisis  migration  mind  mind:  money  mood-affiliation  mooney  morailty  moral-politics  moral  morality  morals  mostly-modern  multi  murray  must-read  must  mutation  nagel  nascent-state  nationalism-globalism  nationalism  neoliberalism  neuroscience  news  nudge  null-result  nyt  obamacare  offense  old-anglo  on  open  operational  order-disorder  org:anglo  org:biz  org:edge  org:foreign  org:mag  org:ngo  org:popup  org:rec  organization  organizing  paleocon  passions  pc  pdf  people  personality  phalanges  philosophy  pinker  piracy  planning  poast  polarization  policy  polis  polisci  political  political_psychology  politics  poll  pop-diff  popova  populism  postrat  prediction  preference-falsification  prejudice  presentation  primitivism  pro-rata  problem  programming  progress  project  propaganda  property-rights  proposal  psychology  public-goodish  putnam-like  q-n-a  quantum-info  quantum  questions  quiz  quotes  rand  random  randy-ayndy  ratty  razib  read  realness  reason  reasoning  redistribution  reference  reflection  regularizer  reinforcement  religion  replication  republicans  reputation  respect  review  rhc  rhetoric  rich  right-wing  righteous  righteousmind  rightwing  rmc  roots  russia  s:*  sam_harris  sanctity-degradation  schelling  science  scitariat  scotus  sears  selection  self-interest  self-similar  serene  seven  silent  similarity  simler  skunkworks  sloan  slow  social-capital  social-norms  social-psych  social-science  social  social_justice  social_psychology  sociality  socialjustice  society  sociology  software  solution  spearhead  speculation  speedometer  ssc  starred  steel-man  stereotypes  stories  strategic  strategy  straussian  street-fighting  stress  study  stylized-facts  subculture  summary  superorganisms.  supply-demand  survey  sutherland  systematic-ad-hoc  taking  tcs  teaching_pol_theory  tech  technocracy  technology  tetlock  the-bones  the-trenches  the-world-is-just-atoms  the  theos  thick-thin  thiel  things  think  thinking  top-n  toxoplasmosis  track-record  trends  tribalism  trump  trust  truth  twitter  tyler  unaffiliated  unintended-consequences  uniqueness  universalism-particularism  university  urban-rural  urban  us-them  usa  vaclav-smil  vague  values  video  volo-avolo  voting  walls  war  west-hunter  westminster  whiggish-hegelian  why  wilson  winner-take-all  wonkish  world-war  world  yvain  zeitgeist  🎩  🔬 

Copy this bookmark: