gregory-clark   41

The decline of northern England, 1780–2018 | VOX, CEPR Policy Portal
“We show using the evidence of surname origins, however, that the decline of the north is purely a product of regional sorting by economic ability, and not the consequence of any market failure. The northern population, given its characteristics, is doing as well as the equivalent population in the south. There is no regional problem requiring solution in England.

One further implication of our study is that there is no evidence in England for significant human capital externalities, as posited by the New Economic Geography. There is no evidence that the productivity or educational attainment of workers of a given inherent characteristic benefits when that worker is located in the high education south as opposed to the low education north.”
english-culture  it's-grim-up-north  england  liverpool  manchester  gregory-clark 
july 2018 by aidan
A Review of Avner Greif’s Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy: Lessons from Medieval Trade
Avner Greif’s Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy: Lessons from Medieval Trade (Cambridge University Press, 2006) is a major work in the ongoing project of many economists and economic historians to show that institutions are the fundamental driver of all economic history, and of all contemporary differences in economic performance. This review outlines the contribution of this book to the project and the general status of this long standing ambition.
pdf  spearhead  gregory-clark  essay  article  books  review  economics  growth-econ  broad-econ  institutions  history  early-modern  europe  the-great-west-whale  divergence  🎩  industrial-revolution  medieval  critique  roots  world  measurement  empirical  realness  cultural-dynamics  north-weingast-like  modernity  microfoundations  aphorism  track-record 
july 2017 by nhaliday
Enclosure - Wikipedia
Enclosure (sometimes inclosure) was the legal process in England during the 18th century of enclosing a number of small landholdings to create one larger farm.[1] Once enclosed, use of the land became restricted to the owner, and it ceased to be common land for communal use. In England and Wales the term is also used for the process that ended the ancient system of arable farming in open fields. Under enclosure, such land is fenced (enclosed) and deeded or entitled to one or more owners. The process of enclosure began to be a widespread feature of the English agricultural landscape during the 16th century. By the 19th century, unenclosed commons had become largely restricted to rough pasture in mountainous areas and to relatively small parts of the lowlands.

Enclosure could be accomplished by buying the ground rights and all common rights to accomplish exclusive rights of use, which increased the value of the land. The other method was by passing laws causing or forcing enclosure, such as Parliamentary enclosure. The latter process of enclosure was sometimes accompanied by force, resistance, and bloodshed, and remains among the most controversial areas of agricultural and economic history in England. Marxist and neo-Marxist historians argue that rich landowners used their control of state processes to appropriate public land for their private benefit.[2] The process of enclosure created a landless working class that provided the labour required in the new industries developing in the north of England. For example: "In agriculture the years between 1760 and 1820 are the years of wholesale enclosure in which, in village after village, common rights are lost".[3] Thompson argues that "Enclosure (when all the sophistications are allowed for) was a plain enough case of class robbery."[4][5]

Community and Market in England:
Open Fields and Enclosures Revisited: https://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/users/allen/community.pdf
Commons Sense: Common Property Rights, Efficiency, and Institutional Change: http://faculty.econ.ucdavis.edu/faculty/gclark/210a/readings/commons1.pdf
Allen’s Enclosure and the Yeoman: the View from Tory Fundamentalism: http://www.deirdremccloskey.com/docs/pdf/Article_52.pdf
history  early-modern  institutions  law  leviathan  property-rights  agriculture  broad-econ  economics  growth-econ  capitalism  markets  entrepreneurialism  britain  anglosphere  wiki  reference  industrial-revolution  divergence  pre-ww2  multi  pdf  study  pseudoE  gregory-clark  cost-benefit  analysis  efficiency  contrarianism  mokyr-allen-mccloskey  🎩  frontier  modernity  political-econ  polanyi-marx 
june 2017 by nhaliday
Contours of the World Economy, 1–2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History
kinda trashes it

Angus Maddison: https://pseudoerasmus.com/2014/06/12/angus-maddison/
This blogpost examines the dubious assumptions behind Angus Maddison’s pre-1200 income data.

Rebasing 'Maddison': The shape of long-run economic development: https://voxeu.org/article/rebasing-maddison
Research on long-run economic development has relied heavily on the database compiled by Angus Maddison. This column presents a new version of the Maddison Project Database based on historical growth data, but also incorporating historical cross-country income comparisons. The revisions shed new light on patterns of long-term development and cross-country income convergence.

File:1700 AD through 2008 AD per capita GDP of China Germany India Japan UK USA per Angus Maddison.png - Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1700_AD_through_2008_AD_per_capita_GDP_of_China_Germany_India_Japan_UK_USA_per_Angus_Maddison.png
pdf  spearhead  gregory-clark  books  review  economics  growth-econ  broad-econ  history  early-modern  mostly-modern  econ-metrics  data  info-foraging  summary  macro  big-picture  encyclopedic  realness  measurement  critique  farmers-and-foragers  civilization  anthropology  speculation  article  🎩  wealth-of-nations  track-record  time-series  multi  econotariat  pseudoE  analysis  wealth  org:ngo  pic  wiki  visualization  world  usa  britain  europe  germanic  japan  asia  china  india  pro-rata  the-great-west-whale  anglosphere  eastern-europe  latin-america  occident  sinosphere  orient  africa  divergence  comparison  within-without 
april 2017 by nhaliday
Malthus in the Bedroom: Birth Spacing as Birth Control in Pre-Transition England | SpringerLink
Randomness in the Bedroom: There Is No Evidence for Fertility Control in Pre-Industrial England: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13524-019-00786-2
- Gregory Clark et al.

https://twitter.com/Schmidt_Erwin/status/1142740263569448961
https://archive.is/HUYPf
both cause and effect of England not being France , which lowered fertility significantly already in the 18th century, I believe largely through anal sex and coitus interruptus
- Spotted Toad
--
Is there a source I can check on that? That's almost too French to be true. Lol.
study  anthropology  sociology  britain  history  early-modern  demographics  fertility  demographic-transition  sex  class  s-factor  spearhead  gregory-clark  malthus  broad-econ  multi  critique  methodology  gotchas  intricacy  stats  estimate  ratty  unaffiliated  twitter  social  commentary  backup  europe  gallic  idk  sexuality 
april 2017 by nhaliday
Interview Greg Cochran by Future Strategist
https://westhunt.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/interview/

- IQ enhancement (somewhat apprehensive, wonder why?)
- ~20 years to CRISPR enhancement (very ballpark)
- cloning as an alternative strategy
- environmental effects on IQ, what matters (iodine, getting hit in the head), what doesn't (schools, etc.), and toss-ups (childhood/embryonic near-starvation, disease besides direct CNS-affecting ones [!])
- malnutrition did cause more schizophrenia in Netherlands (WW2) and China (Great Leap Forward) though
- story about New Mexico schools and his children (mostly grad students in physics now)
- clever sillies, weird geniuses, and clueless elites
- life-extension and accidents, half-life ~ a few hundred years for a typical American
- Pinker on Harvard faculty adoptions (always Chinese girls)
- parabiosis, organ harvesting
- Chicago economics talk
- Catholic Church, cousin marriage, and the rise of the West
- Gregory Clark and Farewell to Alms
- retinoblastoma cancer, mutational load, and how to deal w/ it ("something will turn up")
- Tularemia and Stalingrad (ex-Soviet scientist literally mentioned his father doing it)
- germ warfare, nuclear weapons, and testing each
- poison gas, Haber, nerve gas, terrorists, Japan, Syria, and Turkey
- nukes at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incirlik_Air_Base
- IQ of ancient Greeks
- history of China and the Mongols, cloning Genghis Khan
- Alexander the Great vs. Napoleon, Russian army being late for meetup w/ Austrians
- the reason why to go into Iraq: to find and clone Genghis Khan!
- efficacy of torture
- monogamy, polygamy, and infidelity, the Aboriginal system (reverse aging wives)
- education and twin studies
- errors: passing white, female infanticide, interdisciplinary social science/economic imperialism, the slavery and salt story
- Jewish optimism about environmental interventions, Rabbi didn't want people to know, Israelis don't want people to know about group differences between Ashkenazim and other groups in Israel
- NASA spewing crap on extraterrestrial life (eg, thermodynamic gradient too weak for life in oceans of ice moons)
west-hunter  interview  audio  podcast  being-right  error  bounded-cognition  history  mostly-modern  giants  autism  physics  von-neumann  math  longevity  enhancement  safety  government  leadership  elite  scitariat  econotariat  cracker-econ  big-picture  judaism  iq  recent-selection  🌞  spearhead  gregory-clark  2016  space  xenobio  equilibrium  phys-energy  thermo  no-go  🔬  disease  gene-flow  population-genetics  gedanken  genetics  evolution  dysgenics  assortative-mating  aaronson  CRISPR  biodet  variance-components  environmental-effects  natural-experiment  stories  europe  germanic  psychology  cog-psych  psychiatry  china  asia  prediction  frontier  genetic-load  realness  time  aging  pinker  academia  medicine  economics  chicago  social-science  kinship  tribalism  religion  christianity  protestant-catholic  the-great-west-whale  divergence  roots  britain  agriculture  farmers-and-foragers  time-preference  cancer  society  civilization  russia  arms  parasites-microbiome  epidemiology  nuclear  biotech  deterrence  meta:war  terrorism  iraq-syria  MENA  foreign-poli 
march 2017 by nhaliday
Surnames: a New Source for the History of Social Mobility
This paper explains how surname distributions can be used as a way to
measure rates of social mobility in contemporary and historical societies.
This allows for estimates of social mobility rates for any population for which the distribution of surnames overall is known as well as the distribution of surnames among some elite or underclass. Such information exists, for example, for England back to 1300, and for Sweden back to 1700. However surname distributions reveal a different, more fundamental type of mobility than that conventionally estimated. Thus surname estimates also allow for measuring a different aspect of social mobility, but the aspect that matters for mobility of social groups, and for families in the long run.

The Big Sort: Selective Migration and the Decline of Northern England, 1800-2017: http://migrationcluster.ucdavis.edu/events/seminars_2015-2016/sem_assets/clark/paper_clark_northern-disadvantage.pdf
The north of England in recent years has been poorer, less healthy, less educated and slower growing than the south. Using two sources - surnames that had a different regional distribution in England in the 1840s, and a detailed genealogy of 78,000 people in England giving birth and death locations - we show that the decline of the north is mainly explained by selective outmigration of the educated and talented.

Genetic Consequences of Social Stratification in Great Britain: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/10/30/457515
pdf  study  spearhead  gregory-clark  economics  cliometrics  status  class  mobility  language  methodology  metrics  natural-experiment  🎩  tricks  history  early-modern  britain  china  asia  path-dependence  europe  nordic  pro-rata  higher-ed  elite  success  society  legacy  stylized-facts  age-generation  broad-econ  s-factor  measurement  within-group  pop-structure  flux-stasis  microfoundations  multi  shift  mostly-modern  migration  biodet  endo-exo  behavioral-gen  regression-to-mean  human-capital  education  oxbridge  endogenous-exogenous  ideas  bio  preprint  genetics  genomics  GWAS 
march 2017 by nhaliday
how big was the edge? | West Hunter
random side note:
- dysgenics running at -.5-1 IQ/generation in NW Europe since ~1800 and China by ~1960
- gap between east asians and europeans typically a bit less than .5 SD (or .3 SD if you look at mainland chinese not asian-americans?), similar variances
- 160/30 * 1/15 = .36, so could explain most of gap depending on when exactly dysgenics started
- maybe Europeans were just smarter back then? still seems like you need additional cultural/personality and historical factors. could be parasite load too.
west-hunter  discussion  history  early-modern  science  innovation  comparison  asia  china  divergence  the-great-west-whale  culture  society  technology  civilization  europe  frontier  arms  military  agriculture  discovery  coordination  literature  sinosphere  roots  anglosphere  gregory-clark  spearhead  parasites-microbiome  dysgenics  definite-planning  reflection  s:*  big-picture  🔬  track-record  scitariat  broad-econ  info-dynamics  chart  prepping  zeitgeist  rot  wealth-of-nations  cultural-dynamics  ideas  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  occident  modernity  microfoundations  the-trenches  marginal  summary  orient  speedometer  the-world-is-just-atoms  gnon  math  geometry  defense  architecture  hari-seldon 
march 2017 by nhaliday

related tags

2014  2015  2016  2017  aaronson  ability-competence  absolute-relative  academia  adna  africa  age-generation  age-of-discovery  aging  agri-mindset  agriculture  albion  alt-inst  analogy  analysis  anglo  anglosphere  anthropology  antiquity  aphorism  architecture  aristos  arms  arrows  article  asia  assortative-mating  attaq  audio  authoritarianism  autism  automation  backup  behavioral-econ  behavioral-gen  being-right  big-peeps  big-picture  bio  biodet  biophysical-econ  biotech  blog  books  bounded-cognition  branches  britain  broad-econ  c:***  c:**  cancer  canon  capital  capitalism  chart  chicago  china  christianity  civic  civilization  cjones-like  class-warfare  class  cliometrics  cocktail  cog-psych  cold-war  commentary  communism  comparison  compensation  complex-systems  composition-decomposition  confluence  confounding  conquest-empire  contrarianism  convergence  coordination  correlation  cost-benefit  counterfactual  course  cracker-econ  crispr  critique  cultural-dynamics  culture  current-events  cybernetics  data  death  debate  deep-materialism  defense  definite-planning  democracy  demographic-transition  demographics  density  descriptive  deterrence  developing-world  developmental  dignity  discipline  discovery  discrimination  discussion  disease  distribution  divergence  dominant-minority  dysgenics  early-modern  eastern-europe  econ-metrics  econ-productivity  econometrics  economics  econotariat  eden  education  eea  efficiency  egalitarianism-hierarchy  elite  embedded-cognition  empirical  encyclopedic  endo-exo  endogenous-exogenous  energy-resources  england  english-culture  enhancement  enlightenment-renaissance-restoration-reformation  entrepreneurialism  environmental-effects  envy  epidemiology  equilibrium  error  essay  estimate  europe  evolution  examples  expert-experience  expert  explanation  farmers-and-foragers  fertility  feudal  flux-stasis  food  foreign-policy  frontier  gallic  galor-like  garett-jones  gedanken  gender  gene-flow  genetic-load  genetics  genomics  geometry  geopolitics  germanic  giants  gnon  gotchas  government  group-selection  growth-econ  gwas  gwern  gxe  hanson  hari-seldon  health  heavy-industry  henrich  hetero-advantage  higher-ed  history  hive-mind  hmm  homo-hetero  honor  hsu  human-capital  ideas  idk  impact  india  industrial-revolution  inequality  info-dynamics  info-foraging  innovation  input-output  insight  institutions  integrity  intel  interdisciplinary  intervention  interview  intricacy  iq  iraq-syria  iron-age  israel  it's-grim-up-north  japan  judaism  justice  kinship  korea  labor  language  latent-variables  latin-america  law  leadership  left-wing  legacy  len:long  len:short  lens  lesswrong  leviathan  life-history  links  list  literature  lived-experience  liverpool  lol  long-short-run  longevity  longitudinal  macro  magnitude  malaise  malthus  manchester  marginal-rev  marginal  markets  math  measurement  medicine  medieval  mediterranean  mena  meta:war  metabolic  methodology  metrics  microfoundations  migration  military  mobility  models  modernity  mokyr-allen-mccloskey  money  mostly-modern  multi  mutation  n-factor  nationalism-globalism  natural-experiment  new-religion  news  nibble  no-go  nordic  north-weingast-like  northeast  nuclear  null-result  nutrition  occident  oceans  org:anglo  org:biz  org:bv  org:edu  org:junk  org:mag  org:med  org:ngo  org:rec  orient  oxbridge  parasites-microbiome  parenting  path-dependence  patience  paying-rent  pdf  phys-energy  physics  pic  pinker  piracy  planning  poast  podcast  polanyi-marx  political-econ  politics  pop-diff  pop-structure  population-genetics  population  pre-ww2  prediction  prepping  preprint  presentation  pro-rata  property-rights  protestant-catholic  prudence  pseudoe  psychiatry  psychology  quality  quixotic  race  ratty  reading  realness  reason  recent-selection  recommendations  reference  reflection  regression-to-mean  regularizer  religion  review  revolution  rhetoric  right-wing  roots  rot  russia  s-factor  s:***  s:*  safety  sapiens  science  scitariat  selection  sex  sexuality  shift  signal-noise  sinosphere  social-science  social-structure  social  society  sociology  space  spearhead  speculation  speedometer  sports  ssc  stagnation  stats  status  stories  straussian  stream  street-fighting  study  studying  stylized-facts  subculture  success  summary  survey  szabo  technology  temperance  terrorism  the-classics  the-great-west-whale  the-south  the-trenches  the-world-is-just-atoms  thermo  thinking  time-preference  time-series  time-use  time  todo  top-n  track-record  trade  tradeoffs  transportation  trends  tribalism  tricks  troll  turchin  twitter  unaffiliated  usa  values  variance-components  video  visualization  volo-avolo  von-neumann  war  wealth-of-nations  wealth  welfare-state  west-hunter  westminster  whiggish-hegelian  white-paper  wiki  winner-take-all  within-group  within-without  wonkish  working-stiff  world-war  world  x-not-about-y  xenobio  yvain  zeitgeist  🌞  🎩  👽  🔬 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: