fallacies   1485

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(108) What is Steel-Manning? - YouTube
1. Attempt to re-express the other person's position so clearly, vividly, and fairly that they say "thanks, I wish I'd thought of putting it that way. 2. List any points of agreement, especially if they are not matters of general or widespread agreement. 3. Mention anything you have learned from your target. 4. Only then are you permitted to say so much as a word of rebuttal or criticism.
videos  rhetoric  logic  debate  fallacies  grade_A 
10 days ago by Marcellus
What economists have gotten wrong for decades
It doesn't include the "self-interested rational actors" ridiculousness, but it's more focused on specific correlations/relationships than general principles.
economics  fallacies  essay 
5 weeks ago by mindways
icewalking: Figleafing and informal (omega)-inconsistency
Liam Kofi Bright identified an interesting informal fallacy a couple of years ago he called 'informal omega-inconsistency'. In committing this fallacy, the speaker claims that there are things satisfying a certain property ϕ but consistently denies that particular members of the domain satisfy ϕ. An example he gives is the speaker claiming that there are bad drivers in Pennsylvania, but denyies that any particular case of putative bad driving in Pennsylvania you present to them is down to a bad driver.
fallacies 
9 weeks ago by sharon_howard
How to upgrade your thinking and avoid traps that make you look stupid | New Scientist
" IQ does correlate with many important outcomes in life, including academic success and job performance in many workplaces. But it is less useful at predicting “wise” decision-making and critical thinking, including the capacity to assess risk and uncertainty and weigh up conflicting evidence."

Biases:

= "framing – our tendency to view certain statistics more favourably depending on the way they are phrased"

= "sunk cost fallacy: the tendency to pour more resources into a failing project to save sacrificing your initial investment, even though it will ultimately cost you a lot more than simply giving up"

= "gambler’s fallacy, the belief that chance events somehow even themselves out"

= Solomon's paradox: "find it easier to reason wisely about other people’s dilemmas than our own"

= "motivated reasoning, which means we apply our intelligence in a one-sided manner, to build arguments that justify and rationalise our own intuitive views and demolish the arguments of others"

= (perceptions of expertise can lead to) "earned dogmatism – the sense that you have earned the right to remain closed-minded about a subject, while rejecting arguments that disagree with those views"

"The Dunning-Kruger effect has now been replicated many times. Those studies have mostly examined basic skills such as numeracy. If you look at people with specialist expertise, however, a very different picture emerges."

Tips from the sidebar "Keeping your thinking on track"
= self-distancing
= consider the opposite of what you had just been thinking
NewScientist  IQ  intelligence  wisdom  fallacies  tips  bias  risk-assessment  cognitive-bias 
10 weeks ago by pierredv
The Sooty Empiric: Informal Omega Inconsistency
> Informal Omega Inconsistency is when people agree to a general (existential) claim but will stubbornly deny or remain absurdly sceptical as to every particular instance of it you produce. So, somebody may well agree that there are bad drivers in Pennsylvania -- but every time one points to a particularly erratic person on the road in the state they will say that, no no, this is not a bad driver, this is somebody whose car has suddenly and inexplicably stopped working, or is cursed, or at least they will not believe it is a bad driver till these possibilities have been ruled out, or... whatever. Just for some reason every instance that might witness the existential claim granted turns out not to be granted as an actual instance, no matter what lengths must be gone to deny as much. ...

> I think what prevents more general recognition of this fallacy is two things. First, it's a fallacy that is only recognisable in aggregate. On any one occasion it's consistent to deny that this witnesses one's general claim -- it only becomes Informal Omega Inconsitency once it's apparent that this is a matter of policy, that this is how the person always responds to apparent instances of the general claim being made.
fallacies 
june 2019 by sharon_howard
UTC is Enough for Everyone, Right?
“I’ve made notes of the egregious things I’ve learned about programming with time and pulled them together as a talk. This is the written companion piece, which is sort of a super set of the talk, since I had way more notes than what I could shove in a single talk.

“Beyond that, though, there’s also a lot about time itself that is properly hilarious, and it’d be a travesty to not talk about the country that recently decided to skip a certain day, or that the Unix epoch isn’t technically the number of seconds since January 1970, or that February 30 happened at least twice in history.”

--

(Also:)
“Some solid libraries to take a gander at:

“• moment.js The classic time library in JavaScript. Date manipulation, formatting, pretty much everything you’d need.
“• date-fns More modern approach to a moment.js-like experience for handling dates on the web.
“• github/time-elements Web component extension to the element. Also includes auto-updating timestamps, as well as some locale help.”
time  calendars  2019  fallacies  dates 
april 2019 by handcoding

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