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Manipulierte Videos Auf dem Weg in eine alternative Realität?
Stand: 22.02.2018 17:21 Uhr
Im Netz kursiert ein manipulierter Film: Eine Frau zeigt ihre Wohnung; im Wohnzimmer prangt ein Hakenkreuz an der Wand. Eine Fälschung. Solche und noch komplexere Fakes kann inzwischen jeder produzieren.

Von Patrick Gensing, tagesschau.de
FakeNews  fake_news  DeepFake  FakeApp 
28 days ago by amprekord
In the U.S., the left trusts the mainstream media more than the right, and the gap is growing
s Facebook moves to privilege “broadly trusted” sources in its News Feed, our research — more of which you’ll find in this year’s Reuters Digital News Report — shows that broadcasters and newspapers are more trusted than digital-born outlets across a number of countries.
Earlier this year, Facebook announced that it would prioritize news from brands that its users perceive as trustworthy, as part of a response to allegations related to the spread of misinformation on the platform. “As part of our ongoing quality surveys, we will now ask people whether they’re familiar with a news source and, if so, whether they trust that source,” Mark Zuckerberg wrote. Facebook measures news brand trust by asking its users if they have heard of a news brand and then to rate it as trustworthy from 1 (entirely) to 5 (not at all).
Critics have speculated that allowing ordinary people to decide what news sources should be deemed trustworthy could result in niche or highly partisan sources being prioritized at the expense of legacy brands that sometimes offer more balanced coverage. Others have worried that sources that produce the most widely shared content could be seen as the most trustworthy. However, data from the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism’s 2018 Digital News Report shows that on average people have fairly conventional views about what news brands to trust — views that probably differ little from expert consensus. [Ed. note: Research also suggests that Facebook’s plan could work well, but with some important caveats.]
In our survey, people were asked to rate a number of the most popular news brands from 0 (not at all trustworthy) to 10 (completely trustworthy). They could also respond that they had never heard of the news brand. The data presented here represents the views of the online population of each country (unlikely to differ significantly from the views of Facebook users).
In the U.S., we can see that people tend to place more trust in mainstream, legacy news brands. Digital-born and/or partisan sources are trusted less. The users of each brand tended to trust it more than the general population, but particularly so for more right-leaning brands like Fox News and Breitbart.
news  fake_news  trust  Dems  GOP  conservative  liberal  USA  uk 
29 days ago by rgl7194
Anatomy of a Russian ‘troll factory’ news site
When browsing through stories on the newly-established media outlet USAReally.com, you may think that you are reading a procedural-generated site that exists entirely from search engine optimization tricks, stealing articles from more established outlets and reposting them as if they were original. However, a closer inspection shows that there are no advertisements on the site — no banners, pop-ups, Google AdSense frames, or any other sign of monetization.
In fact, USA Really is the newest venture of the infamous St. Petersburg Troll Factory, better known by a variety of metonyms and other designations, such as Olgino (northwestern district of St. Petersburg, where the first “troll factory” office was located), Savushkina (reference to 55 Savushkina, the address for a non-descript office building housing some of the functions of the operation), and the IRA (short for the Internet Research Agency, the legal name for the operation).
What can we learn about USA Really by looking at its content, how the site was set up, and the context of how previous astroturfed news sites were operated by the St. Petersburg Troll Factory?
russia  troll  fake_news  propaganda  social_media  gov2.0  politics 
29 days ago by rgl7194
Looking for Life on a Flat Earth | The New Yorker
What a burgeoning movement says about science, solace, and how a theory becomes truth.
On the last Sunday afternoon in March, Mike Hughes, a sixty-two-year-old limousine driver from Apple Valley, California, successfully launched himself above the Mojave Desert in a homemade steam-powered rocket. He’d been trying for years, in one way or another. In 2002, Hughes set a Guinness World Record for the longest ramp jump—a hundred and three feet—in a limo, a stretch Lincoln Town Car. In 2014, he allegedly flew thirteen hundred and seventy-four feet in a garage-built rocket and was injured when it crashed. He planned to try again in 2016, but his Kickstarter campaign, which aimed to raise a hundred and fifty thousand dollars, netted just two supporters and three hundred and ten dollars. Further attempts were scrubbed—mechanical problems, logistical hurdles, hassles from the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Finally, a couple of months ago, he made good. Stuff was leaking, bolts needed tightening, but at around three o’clock, and with no countdown, Hughes blasted off from a portable ramp—attached to a motorhome he’d bought through Craigslist—soared to nearly nineteen hundred feet, and, after a minute or so, parachuted less than gently back to Earth.
science  history  fake_news  conspiracy  religion  earth  space 
4 weeks ago by rgl7194
The death and resurrection show; Babchenko’s staged murder and bias against Ukraine
When Ukraine staged a murder to save a journalist it was vitriolically attacked while Russia, which commissioned his murder, was treated with kid gloves. Why?
On Tuesday 29 May Arkady Babchenko played the leading role in the dramatization of his own murder. A fake hitman “shot” him and Babchenko, who had practised falling for the role, collapsed. The CPR staged in the ambulance failed, his death was registered, and he was rolled into a morgue supposedly a corpse. The mortuary doors creaked shut, the sheet was whisked away, and he rose from the dead beating Jesus Christ’s record by two days. During the hours that followed he had the unique opportunity to read his own obituaries, and know what his grief stricken colleagues thought of him.
However, when he appeared at a press conference organised by the SBU, Ukraine’s security service, reactions to his resurrection were deeply polarised. According to the SBU’s account, Babchenko’s assassination had been commissioned by Russia. A Ukrainian businessman, Borys German, had been recruited to organise the killing. He, according to some accounts, in turn hired Oleksey Tsymbaliuk, a Right Sector activist, and Donbas war veteran, to kill Babchenko, who then approached the SBU. Tsymbaliuk became part of a plan to deceive German and the organisers of the assassination. The staging of the murder allowed them to intercept a final communication from its organisers with a list of over 30 more targets. German himself has accused another Ukrainian citizen of running Putin’s slush fund for commissioning assassinations in Ukraine.
ukraine  russia  murder  politics  gov2.0  fake_news  bias 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194
Media Literacy: A Foundational Skill for Democracy in the 21st Century | Hastings Law Journal
The current focus on the validity, credibility, and trustworthiness of media and information is urgent and global. In the past ten to twenty years, the information landscape has fundamentally changed due to an exponential increase in access to information consumption and production. Meanwhile, the role of traditional filters and gatekeepers that monitor accuracy and balance has been substantially reduced. This transformation has given rise to an unprecedented power shift in the way information is produced, consumed, distributed, trusted, and valued. On one hand, empowered citizens can now learn, participate, share, and express themselves as never before. On the other, abuses such as unintended spread of misinformation, disinformation campaigns by malicious actors, and misuse of personal information have become rampant, and citizens must navigate a complex new media landscape without traditionally trusted resources. The challenge for democracies is to find ways to preserve the freedoms that come with more access to information while minimizing the threats that go along with them.
Modern education’s role in this is to enable students to live, learn, discern, and thrive in a diverse, global media culture, both online and offline. With content readily at hand, education must emphasize information process skills as central to teaching and learning. Media literacy offers empowerment through education and an opportunity to equip all citizens with the skills they need to become lifelong learners who are maximally prepared to navigate and leverage the power of media for their own benefit and that of others. Through media literacy education, students internalize process skillsheuristicsthat become automatic filtering systems to apply to any media content, anywhere, anytime. This approach is compatible with the mobility that most people enjoy through their mobile devices and enables citizens to be better informed participants in today’s media culture. Media literacy practices and pedagogy can be consistent, replicable, measurable and scalable globally, providing an evidence-based methodology for critical thinking, in both the consumption and production of media.
Media literacy provides a pathway to appropriate education for the 21st century. The time is now to prepare all citizens to be effective risk managers, efficient organizers of information, wise consumers, responsible content producers and active participants.
media  literacy  politics  gov2.0  news  fake_news  education 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194
From Bible study to Google: How some Christian conservatives fact-check the news and end up confirming their existing beliefs
“I think that when people go to Google, they think about Google weighing facts instead of ranking results.”
“As much as possible, when I know things are happening, I try to hear it or read it for myself first before reading any stories on it…I mean, they all lie in one way or another.”
“It’s important to encourage people to think for themselves, and that’s why we have all these different news outlets. That’s why we have the internet and stuff. People are sick and tired of the same old narrative. These lies have become known. We know that the mainstream media is lying to people.”
“To me, ‘fake news’ is, in a nutshell, people pushing a personal bias as the news.”
“There’s news that’s false. These facts are made up or it’s not fact-checked or whatever, it’s false news. But I also think there’s a version of ‘fake news’ that’s different. Either news media or social media outlets will amplify Trump or his opinion at the expense of real news. It’s taking something like that and using it to fit the anti-Trump narrative…to me, that’s not news.”
“Fox has to be so pro-Trump to a certain extent because all of them are so anti-Trump.”
google  search  GOP  politics  fake_news  news  research  seo 
6 weeks ago by rgl7194
Kremlin Watch Briefing: British intelligence chief names and shames the Kremlin for its hostile activities
British intelligence chief:
The Kremlin is ‘chief protagonist’ in undermining the West
Russian authorities seek “to destabilize the international rules-based system that underpins our stability, security and prosperity,” the British intelligence service chief, Andrew Parker, said at the hybrid threats symposium in Berlin yesterday, in what it was his first-ever public appearance abroad.
In his remarks, Parker described the Kremlin as the “chief protagonist” in a campaign aimed at undermining Western democracies and their values. One of the Kremlin’s “central aims,” according to Parker, is to build its “greatness on the world stage,” which the West had long been open to, as long it was done “as part of the rules-based order.”
The Kremlin, however, chose to pursue this aim “through aggressive and pernicious actions by its military and intelligence services,” and have thus risked turning Russia into “a more isolated pariah.”
Parker listed several examples of Moscow’s hostile activities on Western soil, including the invasion of Crimea, electoral interference in the US and France (among others), the attempted coup in Montenegro, and extensive cyberattacks against various Western institutions and infrastructure.
Parker also emphasized the Kremlin’s hostile media operations, saying that “covert influence and propaganda” have been “supercharged in online disinformation, which can be churned out at massive scale and little cost.” The aim of Russian disinformation operations, according to Parker, “is to sow doubt by flat denials of the truth, to dilute truth with falsehood, divert attention to fake stories, and do all they can to divide alliances.” He also quipped: “Bare-faced lying seems to be the default mode, coupled with ridicule of critics.”
uk  gov2.0  russia  fake_news  propaganda  politics 
8 weeks ago by rgl7194
Donald Trump and Sean Hannity’s Late Night Calls
Life inside the bunker of Fox News’ resident Trumplegänger.
The call to the White House comes after ten o’clock most weeknights, when Hannity is over. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, Sean Hannity broadcasts live at 9 p.m. on Fox News, usually from Studio J in midtown, where the network is headquartered, but sometimes from a remote studio on Long Island, where he was raised and now lives.
All White House phone numbers begin with the same six digits: 202-456. Hannity calls the White House switchboard, a number listed publicly, and reaches an operator. The operator refers to a list of cleared callers, a few dozen friends and family members outside the administration who may contact President Donald Trump through this official channel — among them his adult sons, Eric and Don Jr.; private-equity billionaire Stephen Schwarzman; media billionaire Rupert Murdoch; real-estate billionaire Tom Barrack; Patriots owner and also-billionaire Robert Kraft; and Hannity.
The operator then dials the president, who leaves the Oval Office around 7 p.m. and who, by this point in the evening, is almost always by himself on the third floor of the executive residence (the First Lady reportedly sleeps in a separate bedroom). He tells the operator to put Hannity through.
trump  police  gov2.0  fake_news 
8 weeks ago by rgl7194
Liberals and conservatives cry “Fake news!” for different reasons
Conservatives and liberals are equally like to believe false news stories that support their point of view and to dismiss true stories that undermine it as ‘fake news’.
FakeNews  fake_news  CraigHarper  Studien 
9 weeks ago by amprekord
Fakten statt Fakes. Verursacher, Verbreitungswege und Wirkungen von Fake News im Bundestagswahlkampf 2017
Seit der US-Präsidentschaftswahl 2016 wird in Deutschland und vielen anderen europäischen Staaten immer wieder vor dem Einfluss und den Gefahren von Fake News – also absichtlich verbreiteten, falschen oder irreführenden Informationen – gewarnt. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Befürchtung, diese Desinformationen könnten genutzt werden, um in unserem immer stärker digitalisierten Mediensystem Einfluss auf öffentliche Debatten oder Wahlen zu nehmen. Dabei ist die rasante Karriere des Fake-News-Begriffs in der Öffentlichkeit auch Symptom verschiedener Veränderungsprozesse, vom digitalen Medienwandel bis zum Erfolg rechtspopulistischer Parteien in den westlichen Demokratien.

Ziel dieser Studie ist es, empirische Fakten und Hintergründe zum Phänomen Fake-News in Deutschland zu liefern. Der Fokus der Untersuchung liegt darauf, wer an der Entstehung und Verbreitung von Fake News in der digitalen Öffentlichkeit beteiligt ist, wie groß die Reichweiten und wie erfolgreich die Gegenmaßnahmen, zum Beispiel das sogenannte “Debunking” der Fact-Checker, sind. Über einen Zeitraum von sechs Monaten bis zur Bundestagswahl am 24. September 2017 wurden dafür zehn Fake-News-Fälle mit nationaler Reichweite beobachtet, ausgewählt und untersucht. Die Datenbasis war dabei umfassend; untersucht werden konnte ein Großteil der deutschen Online-Öffentlichkeit: öffentlich zugänglichen Facebook- Seiten waren demnach ebenso Bestandteil, der deutschsprachige Twitterraum, aber auch Online-Nachrichtenseiten, Blogs, Foren und die Videoplattform YouTube.

Die Untersuchung der Fake News, die zur Bundestagswahl 2017 in Deutschland geteilt wurden, birgt Überraschungen. Einige zuvor medial geäußerte Befürchtungen traten so nicht ein. Weder zeigte unsere empirische Untersuchung viele Fake News aus Russland, die in der Öffentlichkeit signifikante Verbreitung fanden, noch zeigten sich bedeutende Vorgänge aus dem linkspopulistischen Raum. Auch inhaltlich gab es kaum erfolgreiche Desinformation, die sich beispielsweise mit den beiden Spitzenkandidat:innen von SPD und CDU/CSU befassen. Fake News, so wie sich das Phänomen in Deutschland empirisch darstellt, werden vor allem von Rechten, Rechtspopulist:innen und Rechtsextremen verbreitet. Dabei bildet die AfD die Speerspitze der Verbreitung, in sieben von zehn von uns dokumentierten Fällen ist sie unter den Top-10 der reichweitenstärksten Verbreiter. Das rechtspopulistische Netzwerk ist jedoch größer und besonders in den sozialen Netzwerken (allen voran: Facebook) aktiv. Hierzu zählen Medien, wie die Epoch Times, genauso wie rechte Blogs.
FakeNews  fake_news  Rechtspopulismus  AfD  Studien  Bundestagswahl  BTW17  AlexanderSängerlaub  Wolf-DieterRühl 
10 weeks ago by amprekord
The spread of true and false news online
There is worldwide concern over false news and the possibility that it can influence political, economic, and social well-being. To understand how false news spreads, Vosoughi et al. used a data set of rumor cascades on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. About 126,000 rumors were spread by ∼3 million people. False news reached more people than the truth; the top 1% of false news cascades diffused to between 1000 and 100,000 people, whereas the truth rarely diffused to more than 1000 people. Falsehood also diffused faster than the truth. The degree of novelty and the emotional reactions of recipients may be responsible for the differences observed.
FakeNews  fake_news  Studien 
11 weeks ago by amprekord
Sinclair’s Pro-Trump Script Shows Danger of Media Consolidation - WhoWhatWhy
That news outfits are mere conveyors of unbiased information is a conceit almost no one entertains, particularly with regard to developments in Washington. But still, it’s rare to see such an orchestrated endorsement of a president’s message from a network other than Fox News.
The Sinclair Broadcast Group, the owner of 193 television stations, has managed to operate in relative anonymity until last Saturday, when a 90-second clip revealed that news anchors were told to recite a series of scripted promos lambasting what they considered the biased, fake news-touting liberal media. Deadspin posted the now-viral supercut of anchors robotically delivering the same lines, spliced or layered atop one another to form a chilling chorus of right-wing propaganda.
Some of the script’s more dire warnings are notably Trumpian:
“The sharing of biased and false news has become all too common on social media.”
“Some members of the media use their platforms to push their own personal bias.”
“This is extremely dangerous to our democracy.”
news  fake_news  conservative  politics  M&A  trump 
12 weeks ago by rgl7194

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