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Say Goodbye To the Information Age: It's All About Reputation Now - Slashdot
An anonymous reader shares an essay on Aeon magazine by Gloria Origgi, an Italian philosopher and a tenured senior researcher at CNRS :
We are experiencing a fundamental paradigm shift in our relationship to knowledge. From the 'information age', we are moving towards the 'reputation age', in which information will have value only if it is already filtered, evaluated and commented upon by others. Seen in this light, reputation has become a central pillar of collective intelligence today. It is the gatekeeper to knowledge, and the keys to the gate are held by others. The way in which the authority of knowledge is now constructed makes us reliant on what are the inevitably biased judgments of other people, most of whom we do not know.

[...] The paradigm shift from the age of information to the age of reputation must be taken into account when we try to defend ourselves from 'fake news' and other misinformation and disinformation techniques that are proliferating through contemporary societies. What a mature citizen of the digital age should be competent at is not spotting and confirming the veracity of the news. Rather, she should be competent at reconstructing the reputational path of the piece of information in question, evaluating the intentions of those who circulated it, and figuring out the agendas of those authorities that leant it credibility.
slashdot  society  fake_news  news  information 
yesterday by gardencat
Say goodbye to the information age: it’s all about reputation now – Gloria Origgi | Aeon Ideas
Not faking it. From the Apollo 15 mission. Photo NASA There is an underappreciated paradox of knowledge that plays a pivotal role in our advanced…
epistemology-social  social_media  fake_news  from instapaper
4 days ago by dunnettreader
How denialists weaponize media literacy and what to do about it / Boing Boing
danah boyd's SXSW Edu keynote, What Hath We Wrought? builds on her essay from 2017 about the relationship of media literacy education to the rise of conspiracy theories and the great epistemological rift in which significant numbers of people believe things that are clearly untrue, from climate denial to flat-earthing.
media_literacy  fake_news  getting_out  education 
10 days ago by gwijthoff
How biased is your news source? You probably won’t agree with this chart - MarketWatch
Are we even aware of our biases anymore?
If you look at this chart and are convinced your “extreme” source belongs in the middle, you just might be part of the problem plaguing America today.
“In the past, national evening news programs, local evening news programs, and the front pages of print newspapers were dominated by fact-reporting stories,” says the chart’s creator, patent attorney Vanessa Otero. “Now, however, many sources people consider to be ‘news sources’ are actually dominated by analysis and opinion pieces.”
She released the first version of the chart back in 2016, and she’s updated it several times since. Over the past year, it’s gone viral, with thousands of educators at both the high school and college levels using the compelling visual. She says she’s “shocked” by all the attention it’s received and still gets requests every day.
Otero also talked about why such bias is so troubling.
news  bias  politics  infographic  fake_news  propaganda 
10 days ago by rgl7194
The spread of true and false news online | Science
We investigated the differential diffusion of all of the verified true and false news stories distributed on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. The data comprise ~126,000 stories tweeted by ~3 million people more than 4.5 million times. We classified news as true or false using information from six independent fact-checking organizations that exhibited 95 to 98% agreement on the classifications. Falsehood diffused significantly farther, faster, deeper, and more broadly than the truth in all categories of information, and the effects were more pronounced for false political news than for false news about terrorism, natural disasters, science, urban legends, or financial information. We found that false news was more novel than true news, which suggests that people were more likely to share novel information. Whereas false stories inspired fear, disgust, and surprise in replies, true stories inspired anticipation, sadness, joy, and trust. Contrary to conventional wisdom, robots accelerated the spread of true and false news at the same rate, implying that false news spreads more than the truth because humans, not robots, are more likely to spread it.
10 days ago by gwijthoff
@jack on measuring the "health" of public conversation on Twitter
socialmedia  twitter  fake_news  medicalization 
17 days ago by gwijthoff
Why Can Everyone Spot Fake News But YouTube, Facebook And Google?
And beyond that, why is it — after multiple national tragedies politicized by hoaxes and misinformation — that such a question even needs to be asked?
In the first hours after last October's mass shooting in Las Vegas, my colleague Ryan Broderick noticed something peculiar: Google search queries for a man initially (and falsely) identified as a victim of the shooting were returning Google News links to hoaxes created on 4chan, a notorious message board whose members were working openly to politicize the tragedy. Two hours later, he found posts going viral on Facebook falsely claiming the shooter was a member of the self-described "antifa." An hour or so after that, a cursory YouTube search returned a handful of similarly minded conspiracy videos — all of them claiming crisis actors were posing as shooting victims to gain political points. Each time, Broderick tweeted his findings.
social_media  youtube  google  facebook  fake_news  algorithm 
20 days ago by rgl7194
European Commission on tackling fake news
In April 2017, Vice-President Andrus Ansip in charge of the completion of the Digital Single Market described fake news as a serious problem. At the same time he highlighted the need to protect freedom of speech and trust people’s common sense. He also mentioned media literacy and quality journalism as vital tools to address the spread of fake news online.
fake_news  information_economy  information_policy 
20 days ago by gwijthoff

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