epidemiology   1960

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US Life Expectancy Decline Causes - BioTechniques
> There were five overall leading causes of death that were consistent throughout each of the subgroups within the baby boomer generation. Co-author Emma Zang explained how “drug overdoses, external causes — such as traffic accidents and homicides, suicides, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and HIV/AIDS have contributed to the increase in mortality trends among Baby Boomers across all race, ethnic, and gender groups.”
death  epidemiology  psychiatry 
13 days ago by porejide
Release of '13 Reasons Why' associated with increase in youth suicide rates | EurekAlert! Science News
The Netflix show '13 Reasons Why' was associated with a 28.9% increase in suicide rates among US youth ages 10-17 in the month (April 2017) following the shows release, after accounting for ongoing trends in suicide rates, according to a study published today in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The findings highlight the necessity of using best practices when portraying suicide in popular entertainment and in the media.
science  research  mental.health  suicide  statistics  depression  epidemiology  media  movies 
7 weeks ago by po
[1903.01048] Early Detection of Influenza outbreaks in the United States
"Public health surveillance systems often fail to detect emerging infectious diseases, particularly in resource limited settings. By integrating relevant clinical and internet-source data, we can close critical gaps in coverage and accelerate outbreak detection. Here, we present a multivariate algorithm that uses freely available online data to provide early warning of emerging influenza epidemics in the US. We evaluated 240 candidate predictors and found that the most predictive combination does \textit{not} include surveillance or electronic health records data, but instead consists of eight Google search and Wikipedia pageview time series reflecting changing levels of interest in influenza-related topics. In cross validation on 2010-2016 data, this algorithm sounds alarms an average of 16.4 weeks prior to influenza activity reaching the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) threshold for declaring the start of the season. In an out-of-sample test on data from the rapidly-emerging fall wave of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, it recognized the threat five weeks in advance of this surveillance threshold. Simpler algorithms, including fixed week-of-the-year triggers, lag the optimized alarms by only a few weeks when detecting seasonal influenza, but fail to provide early warning in the 2009 pandemic scenario. This demonstrates a robust method for designing next generation outbreak detection algorithms. By combining scan statistics with machine learning, it identifies tractable combinations of data sources (from among thousands of candidates) that can provide early warning of emerging infectious disease threats worldwide."
to:NB  statistics  prediction  epidemiology  meyers.lauren_ancel 
10 weeks ago by cshalizi
Vaccine scepticism grows in line with rise of populism — study
Big surges in measles cases and deaths map to countries where populist parties have become prominent – in particular, Greece, Italy and France.

The paper, in the European Journal of Public Health, says there is an underlying link between anti-establishment politics and vaccine hesitancy. “It seems likely that scientific populism is driven by similar feelings to political populism – ie profound distrust of elites and experts by disenfranchised and marginalised parts of the population,” writes the author, Jonathan Kennedy from Queen Mary University of London.
by:SarahBoseley  from:TheGuardian  antivaxxers  populism  politics  geo:Europe  epidemiology 
february 2019 by owenblacker
patterns of comorbidity (COMO) within treated mental disorders
psychiatry  epidemiology  comorbidity 
february 2019 by mark.larios

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