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State (polity) - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_formation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_nature
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereignty

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_law
In the West, the ancient Greeks initially regarded the best form of government as rule by the best men.[10] Plato advocated a benevolent monarchy ruled by an idealized philosopher king, who was above the law.[10] Plato nevertheless hoped that the best men would be good at respecting established laws, explaining that "Where the law is subject to some other authority and has none of its own, the collapse of the state, in my view, is not far off; but if law is the master of the government and the government is its slave, then the situation is full of promise and men enjoy all the blessings that the gods shower on a state."[11] _More than Plato attempted to do, Aristotle flatly opposed letting the highest officials wield power beyond guarding and serving the laws._[10] In other words, Aristotle advocated the rule of law:

It is more proper that law should govern than any one of the citizens: upon the same principle, if it is advantageous to place the supreme power in some particular persons, they should be appointed to be only guardians, and the servants of the laws.[5]

The Roman statesman Cicero is often cited as saying, roughly: "We are all servants of the laws in order to be free."[12] During the Roman Republic, controversial magistrates might be put on trial when their terms of office expired. Under the Roman Empire, the sovereign was personally immune (legibus solutus), but those with grievances could sue the treasury.[7]

In China, members of the school of legalism during the 3rd century BC argued for using law as a tool of governance, but they promoted "rule by law" as opposed to "rule of law", meaning that they placed the aristocrats and emperor above the law.[13] In contrast, the Huang-Lao school of Daoism rejected legal positivism in favor of a natural law that even the ruler would be subject to.[14]
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yesterday by nhaliday
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This is the FUTURE of . Full-contact, relentless matches with the most champion-caliber fr…
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12 days ago by skovax
Business not as usual: the rebellion of Syrian businessmen through the revolution - Suriye Gundemi, May 1, 2018
When the conflict has risen, especially in mid-2012, thousands of businessmen formed part of the emigration wave to other countries in the region. Since 2011, Turkey has many thousands of Syrian companies established within its borders, with billions of US dollars flowing in from Syria [9]. In addition, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon also witnessed the arrival and growth of economic activities of Syrian businessmen in their countries [10]. More importantly, a handful of top business leaders also decided to leave the country. At least 11had been on the top 100 prominent businessmen list in Syria in 2010,and nine of whom had been leading figures in the Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Damascus and Aleppo [11].Two of the leading figures in the Damascene Chamber of Industry and the Aleppine Chamber of Industry both explained to me that they had no choice but to leave Syria for lack of safety, mainly imposed on them by the Assad regime. This shows a clear and important weakening of ties between those businessmen and their former patron.

After Syrian businessmen relocated, most embarked on new business ventures, some contributing to philanthropic activities to help fellow countrymen, other seven deciding to take part in anti-Assad political organizations. For example, one Aleppine industrial tycoon personally donated $5 million US dollars to set up an orphanage in Turkey to host 300 Syrian orphans [12].In terms of political participation, two of the ministers in the Syrian Interim Government are businessmen and at least 17 of the founding members and members of the Syrian National Coalition and Syrian National Council are in business. The support from Syrian businessmen toward the revolution (or anti-Assad activities) is not limited to whose businessmen who relocated after 2011; some had been living outside of Syria for decades but also contributed to the political campaigns. Mustafa Sabbagh who is living in Qatar, has raised $300 million US dollars in 2012 for Syrian opposition, is just one example. [13]
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15 days ago by elizrael
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: Die der britischen zeugt vom erbärmlichen Zustand der konservativen des Landes. V…
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5 weeks ago by schmitz
Victor D. Hanson: How the Obama Presidency Destroyed Todays Democratic Party - YouTube
republican right wing wonk. // Victor D Hanson; Explains Perfectly how Trump pulled off the biggest Upset in Presidential History - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YtzgA310t0 //&! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqFBnGN5NRc - Victor D. Hanson: The Media Hysteria over Trump | and the Reality //&! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMTAGO-oKtw&t=94s - Victor Davis Hanson: The Hypocrisy of the Left over Equality << Hypocrisy & What aboutism is not featherweight argument - burn blue planet because Al Gore keeps using his private Jet.
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5 weeks ago by asterisk2a

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