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Once Considered Outlandish, the Idea That Plants Help Their Relatives is Taking Root - Slashdot
A Canadian biologist planted the seed of the idea more than a decade ago, but many plant biologists regarded it as heretical -- plants lack the nervous systems that enable animals to recognize kin, so how can they know their relatives? But with a series of recent findings, the notion that plants really do care for their most genetically close peers -- in a quiet, plant-y way -- is taking root. . Some species constrain how far their roots spread, others change how many flowers they produce, and a few tilt or shift their leaves to minimize shading of neighboring plants, favoring related individuals.

"We need to recognize that plants not only sense whether it's light or dark or if they've been touched, but also whom they are interacting with," says Susan Dudley, a plant evolutionary ecologist at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, whose early plant kin recognition studies sparked the interest of many scientists. Beyond broadening views of plant behavior, the new work may have a practical side. In September 2018, a team in China reported that rice planted with kin grows better, a finding that suggested family ties can be exploited to improve crop yields. "It seems anytime anyone looks for it, they find a kin effect," says Andre Kessler, a chemical ecologist at Cornell University.
nature  relationships  family  research  +++++  ecology  @b 
yesterday by jonippolito
Nina Wormbs: Så kan den nya klimatsorgen bli till handling - DN.SE
Den nya sorgen handlar först och främst om att förstå och acceptera vår egen roll i det som nu pågår. Diskussionen om skuld och ansvar är inte enkel och var en av stötestenarna i Parisavtalet. Men det råder inget tvivel om att de rika, dit de flesta svenskar måste räknas i ett globalt perspektiv, står för majoriteten av de historiska utsläpp som nu värmer planeten. 

swedish  ecology  might_write 
yesterday by seatrout
MEP receives NEH grant to make archival civil rights footage accessible – The Media Ecology Project at Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College’s Media Ecology Project (MEP) has received Research and Development funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities Preservation and Access office to build an accessible collection of newsfilm covering the civil rights movements of the 1950s-1980s. This research will be led by Prof. Mark Williams (Dartmouth Film & Media Studies), an expert in film and media studies, and Dr. John P. Bell (Dartmouth Research Information, Technology and Consulting), an expert on digital curation. Prof. Williams is the director of and Dr. Bell is the associate director for the Media Ecology Project at Dartmouth.

Newsfilm–often shot on site by local television news crews that only broadcast a fraction of what they recorded–is a largely untapped source that captured powerful moments throughout the emotionally-charged American civil rights era. The Accessible Civil Rights Heritage (ACRH) project will develop a test corpus of culturally significant American civil rights newsfilm compiled from moving image archives and regional historical societies across the U.S. ACRH will then explore new cataloging and access procedures that deliver high-quality, meaningful experiences to blind and visually impaired (BVI) users. Participating scholars include Jacqueline Stewart (U Chicago), Matthew Delmont (Dartmouth), and Desirée Garcia (Dartmouth). In addition, MEP will continue previous work with the Virtual Environment and Multimodal Interaction Lab (VEMI Lab) at the University of Maine to assess adaptive technology.

Accessible delivery of online video is a challenge that higher education has struggled to meet, leading to thousands of hours of video instruction being taken offline because the schools that created it could not provide equal access to all users. BVI students in particular may have trouble fully understanding primary video sources because the text or audio descriptions associated with them rarely convey the full meaning and context of the images on screen. ACRH will study how to write video annotations that better describe the contents of evocative videos and create adaptive technology that supports playing back those annotations audibly. The resulting guidelines and technology will be published as an open resource that all schools, museums, and archives can use to make their own video collections more accessible to BVI users. ACRH is a follow up to an NEH-funded 2015 collaboration between MEP and VEMI Lab that resulted in the Semantic Annotation Tool (SAT), a plugin that web sites can use to annotate video that is compatible with screen reading software.
Dartmouth  College’s  Media  Ecology  Project  (MEP)  has  received  Research  and  Development  funding  from  the  National  Endowment  for  Humanities  Preservation  Access  office  to  build  an  accessible  collection  of  newsfilm  covering  civil  rights  movements  1950s-1980s.  This  will  be  led  by  Prof.  Mark  Williams  (Dartmouth  Film  &  Studies)  expert  in  studies  Dr.  John  P.  Bell  Information  Technology  Consulting)  on  digital  curation.  is  director  associate  at  Dartmouth.  Newsfilm–often  shot  site  local  television  news  crews  that  only  broadcast  a  fraction  what  they  recorded–is  largely  untapped  source  captured  powerful  moments  throughout  emotionally-charged  American  era.  Heritage  (ACRH)  develop  test  corpus  culturally  significant  compiled  moving  image  archives  regional  historical  societies  across  U.S.  ACRH  then  explore  new  cataloging  procedures  deliver  high-quality  meaningful  experiences  blind  visually  impaired  (BVI)  users.  Participating  scholars  include  Jacqueline  Stewart  (U  Chicago)  Matthew  Delmont  (Dartmouth)  Desir 
3 days ago by jonippolito
Polscy przewoźnicy w zasadzce - Firma -
ransportu międzynarodowego – tłumaczy Maciej Wroński, prezes Transport i Logistyka Polska. – Choć nie były dla nas satysfakcjonujące i przez ponad rok staraliśmy się o dopasowanie ich do naszych potrzeb, to zawierały też ułatwienia dla transportu. Po ich odrzuceniu zostaliśmy z niczym, a nawet gorzej, bo z nowymi propozycjami z
Linking  ecology  transport 
4 days ago by tunczyk
Atelier Luma
Atelier Luma creates new and sustainable ways of using the natural and cultural resources of the bioregion.
design  sustainability  ecology  france 
5 days ago by fdedic
Atterrissage - YouTube
Le podcast qui explore comment transformer notre modèle de société.
talk  ecology 
6 days ago by amarandon
Koyaanisqatsi - Philip Glass (1983)
A documentary selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically and aesthetically significant".
documentary  history  video  photography  sociology  ecology  newyork  retro  music  unitedstates 
7 days ago by sachaa
Stewart Brand Home Page & lecture series
I work half time as president of The Long Now Foundation, mostly these days on a project called “Revive & Restore.” The Salt Summaries: On Kindle for $2.99. It’s the most condensed writing I’ve ever done, summarizing in a few paragraphs the ideas about long-term thinking...SALT stands for Seminars About Long-term Thinking, the monthly talks I’ve been curating for The Long Now Foundation in San Francisco since 02003. After each talk I email out my summary of its most essential news. There have been 100 such talks and summaries now
stewardbrand  futurism  ecology  environment 
8 days ago by cyberchucktx
The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability | Science
The human gut harbors a large and complex community of beneficial microbes that remain stable over long periods. This stability is considered critical for good health but is poorly understood. Here we develop a body of ecological theory to help us understand microbiome stability. Although cooperating networks of microbes can be efficient, we find that they are often unstable. Counterintuitively, this finding indicates that hosts can benefit from microbial competition when this competition dampens cooperative networks and increases stability. More generally, stability is promoted by limiting positive feedbacks and weakening ecological interactions. We have analyzed host mechanisms for maintaining stability—including immune suppression, spatial structuring, and feeding of community members—and support our key predictions with recent data
microbiome  networks  ecology  evolution_of_cooperation  game_theory  for_friends 
8 days ago by rvenkat
It's Time to Talk About Ecological Grief
Ecological grief is the grief that’s felt in response to experienced or anticipated ecological loss. It may arise due to acute environmental disasters. For example, one in six survivors of Hurricane Katrina met the criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder, and crop-damaging heat waves have been shown to lead to increased suicide rates in India. But grief can also stem from stress and anxiety associated with slow, creeping changes in one’s environment — feelings that many of us are experiencing as the winters become uncannily warmer and extreme weather events become more frequent..., “Lament for the Land,” an existential question is posed: “Inuit are people of the sea ice. If there is no more sea ice, how can we be people of the sea ice?”
ecology  climate-change  environment 
9 days ago by jomc

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