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SMART News Agency - وكالة سمارت للأنباء -النظام يمهل مئات العائلات في حماة أسبوعا لإخلاء منازلهم بهدف هدمها April 16, 2019
أمهلت حكومة النظام السوري مئات العائلات المقيمة في أحياء بمدينة حماة وسط سوريا، مدة أسبوع واحد لإخلاء منازلهم بهدف هدمها كونها مستملكة لصالح جامعة حماة.

وقالت مصادر من المدينة لـ "سمارت" إن حكومة النظام أبلغت سكان حي السمك ومشاع الطيار في مدينة حماة بضرورة إخلاء منازلهم خلال أسبوع لهدمها، كونها تقع على أرض استملكتها جامعة حماة.
Mar15  Hama  dispossession 
3 days ago by elizrael
SMART News Agency - وكالة سمارت للأنباء -قرار للنظام بالحجز على ممتلكات العشرات من سكان غوطة دمشق الشرقية April 12, 2019
وسرب ناشطون الخميس، نسخة من القرار اطلعت عليه "سمارت"، يقضي بمصادرة الأملاك المنقولة وغير المنقولة لـ86 شخصا معظمهم من أبناء مدينة دوما، إضافة لـ 51 اسم من عائلاتهم، على خلفية نشاطهم بالثورة السورية.

وقال مقربون من ذوي الأشخاص المشمولين بالقرار وناشطون لـ"سمارت" إن من بين الأسماء الواردة رؤوساء مجالس محلية وهيئات مدنية وإعلاميين وقادة فصائل عسكرية سابقين معظمهم متواجد حاليا بالشمال السوري أو تركيا، إضافة إلى ورود اسم معتقلة قضت تحت التعذيب في سجون النظام السوري.
Mar15  Damascus  dispossession  dissident 
3 days ago by elizrael
مجلس محافظة بابل يقرر هدم منزل كل من يثبت تورطه بأعمال إرهابية - Rudaw, July 26, 2016
قرر مجلس محافظة بابل، هدم منزل كل من يثبت تورطه من أبناء المحافظة بأعمال إرهابية، وترحيل عائلته من المحافظة.
ISIS  collectivePunishment  Iraq  dispossession  House_demolition  IDPs 
22 days ago by elizrael
Iraqi Region Is Evicting Families of ISIS Members - The New York Times, Jan 29, 2017
But the evictions have set off a rancorous dispute between officials in Tikrit and politicians in Baghdad. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, in a letter to the provincial governor last week, sharply criticized the removals and ordered provincial and Baghdad officials to resolve the issue.

But local Sunni militiamen, along with Iraqi security forces, have themselves carried out some of the evictions — all targeting Sunnis. Thousands of Sunni tribal fighters had joined the fight against ISIS in Tikrit.

Hussein Ahmed Khalaf, director of the Shahama camp, said none of the 345 evicted families — 1,111 people — had been permitted to return home. All will undergo security screenings to determine their fates, he said.
ISIS  collectivePunishment  Iraq  IDPs  dispossession  House_demolition  illegal_detention 
22 days ago by elizrael
Bill Gates says poverty is decreasing. He couldn’t be more wrong | Jason Hickel | Opinion | The Guardian
"An infographic endorsed by the Davos set presents the story of coerced global proletarianisation as a neoliberal triumph"

"Last week, as world leaders and business elites arrived in Davos for the World Economic Forum, Bill Gates tweeted an infographic to his 46 million followers showing that the world has been getting better and better. “This is one of my favourite infographics,” he wrote. “A lot of people underestimate just how much life has improved over the past two centuries.”

Of the six graphs – developed by Max Roser of Our World in Data – the first has attracted the most attention by far. It shows that the proportion of people living in poverty has declined from 94% in 1820 to only 10% today. The claim is simple and compelling. And it’s not just Gates who’s grabbed on to it. These figures have been trotted out in the past year by everyone from Steven Pinker to Nick Kristof and much of the rest of the Davos set to argue that the global extension of free-market capitalism has been great for everyone. Pinker and Gates have gone even further, saying we shouldn’t complain about rising inequality when the very forces that deliver such immense wealth to the richest are also eradicating poverty before our very eyes.

It’s a powerful narrative. And it’s completely wrong.

[tweet by Bill Gates with graphs]

There are a number of problems with this graph, though. First of all, real data on poverty has only been collected since 1981. Anything before that is extremely sketchy, and to go back as far as 1820 is meaningless. Roser draws on a dataset that was never intended to describe poverty, but rather inequality in the distribution of world GDP – and that for only a limited range of countries. There is no actual research to bolster the claims about long-term poverty. It’s not science; it’s social media.

What Roser’s numbers actually reveal is that the world went from a situation where most of humanity had no need of money at all to one where today most of humanity struggles to survive on extremely small amounts of money. The graph casts this as a decline in poverty, but in reality what was going on was a process of dispossession that bulldozed people into the capitalist labour system, during the enclosure movements in Europe and the colonisation of the global south.

Prior to colonisation, most people lived in subsistence economies where they enjoyed access to abundant commons – land, water, forests, livestock and robust systems of sharing and reciprocity. They had little if any money, but then they didn’t need it in order to live well – so it makes little sense to claim that they were poor. This way of life was violently destroyed by colonisers who forced people off the land and into European-owned mines, factories and plantations, where they were paid paltry wages for work they never wanted to do in the first place.

In other words, Roser’s graph illustrates a story of coerced proletarianisation. It is not at all clear that this represents an improvement in people’s lives, as in most cases we know that the new income people earned from wages didn’t come anywhere close to compensating for their loss of land and resources, which were of course gobbled up by colonisers. Gates’s favourite infographic takes the violence of colonisation and repackages it as a happy story of progress.

But that’s not all that’s wrong here. The trend that the graph depicts is based on a poverty line of $1.90 (£1.44) per day, which is the equivalent of what $1.90 could buy in the US in 2011. It’s obscenely low by any standard, and we now have piles of evidence that people living just above this line have terrible levels of malnutrition and mortality. Earning $2 per day doesn’t mean that you’re somehow suddenly free of extreme poverty. Not by a long shot.

Scholars have been calling for a more reasonable poverty line for many years. Most agree that people need a minimum of about $7.40 per day to achieve basic nutrition and normal human life expectancy, plus a half-decent chance of seeing their kids survive their fifth birthday. And many scholars, including Harvard economist Lant Pritchett, insist that the poverty line should be set even higher, at $10 to $15 per day.

So what happens if we measure global poverty at the low end of this more realistic spectrum – $7.40 per day, to be extra conservative? Well, we see that the number of people living under this line has increased dramatically since measurements began in 1981, reaching some 4.2 billion people today. Suddenly the happy Davos narrative melts away.

Moreover, the few gains that have been made have virtually all happened in one place: China. It is disingenuous, then, for the likes of Gates and Pinker to claim these gains as victories for Washington-consensus neoliberalism. Take China out of the equation, and the numbers look even worse. Over the four decades since 1981, not only has the number of people in poverty gone up, the proportion of people in poverty has remained stagnant at about 60%. It would be difficult to overstate the suffering that these numbers represent.

This is a ringing indictment of our global economic system, which is failing the vast majority of humanity. Our world is richer than ever before, but virtually all of it is being captured by a small elite. Only 5% of all new income from global growth trickles down to the poorest 60% – and yet they are the people who produce most of the food and goods that the world consumes, toiling away in those factories, plantations and mines to which they were condemned 200 years ago. It is madness – and no amount of mansplaining from billionaires will be adequate to justify it."

[See also:

"A Letter to Steven Pinker (and Bill Gates, For That Matter) About Global Poverty"
https://www.jasonhickel.org/blog/2019/2/3/pinker-and-global-poverty

"A Response to Max Roser: How Not to Measure Global Poverty"
https://www.jasonhickel.org/blog/2019/2/6/response-to-max-roser

"Citations Needed Podcast: Episode 58: The Neoliberal Optimism Industry"
https://soundcloud.com/citationsneeded/episode-58-the-neoliberal-optimism-industry ]
billgates  statistics  capitalism  inequality  poverty  2019  jasonhickel  davos  wealth  land  property  colonialism  colonization  maxroser  data  stevenpinker  nicholaskristof  gdp  dispossession  labor  work  money  neoliberalism  exploitation 
11 weeks ago by robertogreco
After IS, Damascus suburb residents blocked from going home - AFP, Nov 9, 2018
But instead, Abu Mohammed and others from Tadamun complain, the authorities have deemed many residences unfit, and are blocking their owners from returning ahead of a controversial redevelopment plan.

Abu Mohammed said he managed to see his home before the state inspectors arrived -- and insisted it was still fine to live in despite the official ruling.

"There wasn't even a bullet hole. It had just been pillaged," he said, giving a pseudonym to avoid reprisals.

But instead, Abu Mohammed and others from Tadamun complain, the authorities have deemed many residences unfit, and are blocking their owners from returning ahead of a controversial redevelopment plan.

Commission head Faisal Srour told AFP that in the first two sectors inspectors "have visited 10,000 homes until now, of which 2,500 are fit for living in and 1,000 are not".
Damascus  HLP  dispossession  reconstruction  Mar15  House_demolition 
january 2019 by elizrael
25,000 Families Prevented From Returning to Their Homes in Damascus - al-Souria Net, Oct 3, 2018
The Bashar al-Assad regime has prevented tens of thousands of families from returning to their homes in the al-Tadamon district of the capital Damascus, after implementing the controversial Law No. 10, which Assad issued in April 2018.

Anger spread among the district’s residents after the Head of the Council, Faysal Sarour, revealed on, Sep. 25, 2018, that the provincial governor for Damascus, Bishr al-Saban, had certified the committee’s report which concluded that there were just 690 homes to which residents could return to in the al-Tadamon district, pending the full zoning of the al-Tadamon area in accordance with Law No. 10, which could take four to five years.

Activist Raafat al-Zein wrote on the “al-Tadamon District Displaced” page that “there are 690 houses valid for residence and over 90 percent are to be removed. The number of house declared valid is tiny, when compared with the size of the area and the number of residents, and contrary to the documented images of the district, which prove this number is incorrect.”
HLP  dispossession  Mar15  Damascus  House_demolition 
january 2019 by elizrael
The Future of Syria under Bashar Assad - SPIEGEL ONLINE, Aug 2018
On a hot summer day, the pharmacist Ahmed Talji is standing on the roof of his sons' house in Basateen, in front of which there is an expansive wasteland filled with debris and construction pits. In the distance, a bulldozer is kicking up a cloud of white dust. Below Talji are the ruins of his own home. The bulldozers arrived in September 2016 and plowed their blades into his two-story home. The pharmacist never received adequate compensation.

Those who owned land in Basateen were compensated with shares in the development project. In theory, at least. Ahmed Talji ultimately received the equivalent of just 2,000 euros. The bicycle repairman around the corner was given 4 million shares in promissory notes. He doesn't yet know how much they are worth. Residents, though, suspect that the shares won't be sufficient for an apartment in the new world of glass and concrete that is to be built here.

In addition to Marota City, there is only one other large development project in the country that has been approved. It is called Basilia City, a new, nine-square-kilometer city quarter to the south of Damascus. And it is being built in the suburb of Darayya, many of the final survivors of which were sent in August 2016 to Idlib on the Turkish border.

A woman in Douma, a town near Damascus, has told DER SPIEGEL what has been happening recently to those Syrians who remained in rebel-controlled regions. The woman regularly provided DER SPIEGEL with information during the fighting in spring. "Last week, they took three men from our neighborhood and we've heard nothing more from them," they woman wrote via WhatsApp. "We stayed because we didn't want to live in tents in Idlib. Today, I am dreaming of the tents!"

She added that she planned to immediately delete the message after sending it. And if a stranger were to come to her door, she said, she would of course speak of how happy she was to have been liberated from the terrorists.
hidden  fear  Mar15  Reconciliation  HLP  dispossession 
january 2019 by elizrael
Class and Exclusion in Syria - RLS, 2018
The same scenario was repeated in Aleppo and rural Hama, where the Random Housing Law No. 15 for 2008 additionally specified three “random housing” areas, including Tal Al-Zarazeer, Al-Haidarieh, and Wadi al-Joz. Notably, all of these neighbourhoods were occupied by working-class and poor populations, and became centres for anti-regime demonstrations after 2011. The three areas witnessed intensive bombardment by the regime and many of their buildings were subsequently “lawfully” razed following their recapture. The Wadi al-Joz slum in Hama, for example, was encircled by regime forces in 2013. Even after the withdrawal of Free Syrian Army combatants, the regime demolished most buildings in the slum over several few days and ousted the whole population. The same also happened in the al-Arb`eenslum in 2012. Both neighbourhoods are located on the Hama-Aleppo highway and contain high commercial value, which also highlights the economic over military rationale at play in displacing their inhabitants and demolishing their properties following regime recapture. The other two areas in Aleppo were affected by the LRTs, and after the regime took them back its bulldozers immediately began demolishing the remaining buildings.
Mar15  HLP  dispossession  law  Hama  Aleppo  Damascus  Homs  Reconciliation  class 
december 2018 by elizrael
Amid three forces:  Afrin residents chose silence - Enab Baladi, Sep 19, 2018
Most of the city’s residents live in forced isolation imposed by circumstances, while new arrivals, coming mostly from Eastern Ghouta, are more active in the region. Thus, Afrin gradually began to take the guests’ style.

The migrants from Eastern Ghouta constitute about half the population of Afrin currently, and play the role of the popular incubator of the military authority controlling the region, composed of the Free Syrian Army factions that are affiliated to the Syrian National Army.

The civil administration, which is composed of seven local councils, puts Kurdish council members as a forefront of its activities, while the Interim Government and the National Coalition for Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces supervise administrative tasks directly.
Mar15  Aleppo  BufferZone  IDPs  Damascus  freedomofspeech  human_rights  kidnapping  crime  corruption  arrest  dispossession  ethnicCleansing  FSA  Turkey 
december 2018 by elizrael
‘Who let you live in this home?’ In Afrin, Turkish-backed rebels seize homes, evict displaced Syrians - Syria Direct, Oct 1, 2018
According to Azad Othman, an elected member of the Afrin Civil Council, which has long struggled to keep Afrin’s patchwork of rebel factions from interfering in civil affairs, the recent evictions are not isolated incidents.

“We’re facing a real dilemma,” he says. “Even contracts that are validated by the council—formal rental contracts—aren’t being accepted, because they’re the highest power,” he says, referring to Turkish-backed rebel factions in Afrin.

Some rebel sources appear to justify confiscations with politics—taking what is supposedly rightfully theirs after ousting the YPG from the area.

But several residents suggest that rebel factions may be more concerned with securing the economic benefits from Afrin’s housing market, one made possible through concentric waves of displacement.
crime  FSA  BufferZone  Aleppo  Kurdish  IDPs  dispossession 
december 2018 by elizrael
‘A new Syria’: Law 10 reconstruction projects to commence in Damascus, backed by arsenal of demolition, expropriation legislation - Syria Direct, Nov 19, 2018
And yet, every other week, the muffled boom of an explosion sounds off somewhere in the eastern reaches of Damascus, followed by a dust cloud rising into the air.

Unlike in previous years, these explosions are controlled: demolitions of neighborhoods for a variety of reasons, all purportedly fulfilling the government’s vision of reconstruction.

Barzeh is just one of several formerly opposition-held areas of the Syrian capital now undergoing demolition, renewal and reconstruction. Syrian army engineers have recently conducted demolitions in neighboring al-Qaboun, Harasta and Jobar—all neighborhoods around eastern Damascus—while urban planners are reportedly now extending reconstruction plans throughout the city’s eastern and southern suburbs. Last week, officials announced that three Damascus suburbs will be developed next year under a controversial law for reconstruction—Law 10.

Decree 66—in tandem with Decree 19 for the year 2015, which empowers local authorities to form private joint stock companies for funding planning projects—set the stage for massive reconstruction projects around Damascus.

Meanwhile, Law 10 expands the model set by Decree 66 to the rest of Syria, establishing a process where zones for redevelopment will be declared by decree and setting up a system for former residents of areas slated for redevelopment to lay claim to their properties. Once an area has been designated for development under Law 10, according to the original text of the law, property owners would be given a 30-day deadline to prove ownership.

Despite rumors that Law 10 would be revoked, modifications made by a later decree, Law 42, have instead extended the deadline for proof of ownership for unverified property owners from 30 days to one year.

Some observers suggest Law 42 changes little on the ground—particularly for refugees and former residents of informal settlements, who are concerned they could be legally dispossessed of their homes.

Even if the law had been revoked, “there would be another law that did similar things that either already exists or that would be written in the future,” says Emma Beals, independent journalist and Syria in Context editor, who has researched Syria’s reconstruction plans.
HLP  Damascus  dispossession  House_demolition  law 
december 2018 by elizrael

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