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Ukraine under information fire
2018: Assessing the damage 
Ukraine tops the EUvsDisinfo database as the most frequent target with 461 references among a total of 1,000 disinformation cases reported in the course of 2018.
Out of the 212 reports appearing in the “anti-fake” section of the independent Russian outlet The Insider in 2018, 60 were about Ukraine (including Crimea). In its latest publications before the holidays, The Insider’s fact-checkers found problems e.g. in Russian state media’s reporting about Ukraine’s foreign debts, about the Ukrainian army and about the country’s president.
The Kyiv-based online outlet StopFake, which monitors the way pro-Kremlin media portray Ukraine, recently presented a Top 10 of disinformation targeting Ukraine in 2018. StopFake’s list includes reports claiming that Ukrainian children are forced to play with stuffed Adolf Hitler dolls; that Ukrainian students are forced to reject relatives living in Russia and that Ukraine’s national church “is becoming the Christian version of ISIS”.
ukraine  propaganda  russia  politics  disinformation 
yesterday by rgl7194
Fake News as Discursive Integration: An Analysis of Sites That Publish False, Misleading, Hyperpartisan and Sensational Information: Journalism Studies: Vol 0, No 0
After the 2016 US presidential election, the concept of fake news captured popular attention, but conversations lacked a clear conceptualization and used the label in elastic ways to describe various distinct phenomena. In this paper, we analyze fake news as genre blending, combining elements of traditional news with features that are exogenous to normative professional journalism: misinformation, sensationalism, clickbait, and bias. Through a content analysis of stories published by 50 sites that have been labeled fake news and the engagement they generated on social media, we found that stories employed moderate levels of sensationalism, misinformation and partisanship to provide anti-establishment narratives. Complete fabrications were uncommon and did not resonate well with audiences, although there was some truth-stretching that came with genre blending. Results suggest that technocentric solutions aimed at detecting falsehoods are likely insufficient, as fake news is defined more by partisanship and identity politics than misinformation and deception.

-- Finally, a concrete potentially measurable definition of fake of news. If reframed, a potential hypothesis on content virality.
journalism  media_studies  misinformation  disinformation  natural_language_processing  text_mining  via:nyhan 
4 days ago by rvenkat
Twitter
New dossier on
Check out the resource center of .

via…
disinformation  ecpmf  from twitter_favs
5 days ago by sdp
Russian op-ed smears Ocasio-Cortez, mistaking memes for actual quotes
Dmitry Kosyrev, a political commentator for the government media conglomerate “MIA Rossiya Segodnya” took aim at freshman U.S. Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in a December 16, 2018 RIA Novosti op-ed headlined “’In 1941, the Germans dropped an atomic bomb on us’: who now rules in the U.S.”
Kosyrev described Ocasio-Cortez – at 29, the youngest woman ever elected to the U.S. Congress — as being “famous for her enchanting ignorance.”
Noting that there are “several sites where her statements are collected,” Kosyrev attributed the following quotes to the congresswoman:
“If we give visas to immigrants, why not also give them a Mastercard?”
“Do you think a person will ever walk on the sun as he did on the Moon?”
“I don’t remember what year the Cold War was, but I know it was in the winter.”
“Never forget that on December 7, 1941, the Germans dropped an atomic bomb on Pearl Harbor.”
Kosyrev used those quotes to attack the nature of democracy, saying “it’s possible, for example, to think about what’s wrong with democracy if it doesn’t prevent the election of such characters.”
He also summarized general talking points used to criticize the U.S. Democratic Party, and called Ocasio-Cortez a “typical product” of the American educational system, which he called a “disaster.”
He added that Russia imported its educational system from the U.S. and Europe “at the very moment of collapse” in the 1990s, and that, given the current state of Russia’s educational system, graduates there could similarly come to the conclusion that the Cold War occurred “in the winter of an unknown year.”
While Kosyrev’s lengthy criticism of the U.S. educational system could have some merit, his conclusion followed his failure to notice or tell his audience Ocasio-Cortez never made any of the above statements.
The quotations he cited came from the “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Memes” website, a self-described “parody website,” which says its “main purpose is to be funny and make people laugh.”
“This website is not affiliated in any way with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, her agents, or anyone acting on her behalf in any way. This website is not affiliated with any political party, PAC, Government Agency of any county, or organization of any kind. Really it’s just one guy who builds websites for a living that had a crazy idea that wouldn’t go away,” a statement on the website’s “About Us” page reads.
Both her youth and political positions as a self-described democratic socialist have attracted an unusual level of media attention for a freshly-minted member of the U.S. Congress.
Russian state-funded broadcaster RT, in a January 5 article headlined “Premature obsession: Ocasio-Cortez’s top 7 media moments before setting foot in the Capitol,” wrote that “the Right, in particular, has pounced on minor gaffes that would be quickly forgiven among their own ranks.”
But in the case of Kosyrev, what he assumed were gaffes were in fact instances of political parody that he took at face value.
Polygraph.info therefore finds the premise of his article to be false.
russia  disinformation  gov2.0  social_media  meme  politics  fake_news  factcheck  AOC  congress 
5 days ago by rgl7194
The Surprising Nuance Behind the Russian Troll Strategy
"But, in other cases, these accounts appeared to be everyday people like us, people who care about the things we care about, people who want the things we want, people who share our values and frames. These suggest two different aspects of these information operations."
!N-🏺-information-geisteswissenschaften  social-media  disinformation  information-operations  inauthentic-accounts 
12 days ago by beyondseven
Information Attacks against Democracies - Schneier on Security
That's the starting place of our new paper: "Common-Knowledge Attacks on Democracy." In it, we look at democracy through the lens of information security, trying to understand the current waves of Internet disinformation attacks. Specifically, we wanted to explain why the same disinformation campaigns that act as a stabilizing influence in Russia are destabilizing in the United States.
The answer revolves around the different ways autocracies and democracies work as information systems. We start by differentiating between two types of knowledge that societies use in their political systems. The first is common political knowledge, which is the body of information that people in a society broadly agree on. People agree on who the rulers are and what their claim to legitimacy is. People agree broadly on how their government works, even if they don't like it. In a democracy, people agree about how elections work: how districts are created and defined, how candidates are chosen, and that their votes count­ -- even if only roughly and imperfectly.
We contrast this with a very different form of knowledge that we call contested political knowledge, which is, broadly, things that people in society disagree about. Examples are easy to bring to mind: how much of a role the government should play in the economy, what the tax rules should be, what sorts of regulations are beneficial and what sorts are harmful, and so on.
russia  disinformation  propaganda  security  privacy  democracy  gov2.0  politics 
12 days ago by rgl7194
Misinformation and Conspiracy Theories about Politics and Public Policy
Why do people hold false or unsupported beliefs about politics and public policy and why are so those beliefs so hard to change? This three-credit graduate course will explore the psychological factors that make people vulnerable to misinformation and conspiracy theories and the reasons that corrections so often fail to change their minds. We will also analyze how those tendencies are exploited by political elites and consider possible approaches that journalists, civic reformers, and government officials could employ to combat misperceptions. Students will develop substantive expertise in how to measure, diagnose, and respond to false beliefs about politics and public policy; methodological expertise in reading and analyzing quantitative and experimental research in social science; and analytical writing skills in preparing a final research paper applying one or more theories from the course to help explain the development and spread of a specific misperception or conspiracy theory.
brendan.nyhan  course  misinformation  disinformation  public_opinion  public_policy  conspiracy_theories  political_science  teaching  dmce  networks 
13 days ago by rvenkat
The false claims that Trump keeps repeating - Washington Post
The Fact Checker has evaluated false statements President Trump has made repeatedly and analyzed how often he reiterates them. The claims included here – which we're calling "Bottomless Pinocchios" – are limited to ones that he has repeated 20 times and were rated as Three or Four Pinocchios by the Fact Checker.
politics  trump  gov2.0  factcheck  disinformation 
15 days ago by rgl7194

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