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How Australia Could Almost Eradicate H.I.V. Transmissions
The most recent advance in Australia’s battle against the virus, which is seen as a model around the world, is the rapid adoption of a drug regimen known as PrEP. Under the regimen, patients typically take a daily pill, which — even without the use of condoms — is close to 100 percent effective at preventing contraction of H.I.V.,
NYTimes  diseases  Australia 
8 days ago by thomas.kochi
Fifty years of HIV: how close are we to a cure?
It’s half a century since the first known HIV-related death and two patients appear to have been cured of the virus. What does this mean for the 37 million still living with it?
Guardian  media  diseases 
15 days ago by thomas.kochi
How a Nurse With a Hole in Her Skull Changed The Medical History of Migraines
In 1936, Alfred Goltman, a physician from Tennessee, reported on one of his cases in the prominent medical journal Allergy. The patient was a 26-year-old woman with a history of headaches, nausea, and vomiting since childhood. Goltman believed the observations he had made on this patient helped reveal the pathological physiology of migraine...In a recent commentary entitled “The Vascular Theory of Migraine—a Great Story Wrecked by the Facts,” Dr. Peter Goadsby declared that the modern triumph of neurology in putting migraine “back into the brain,” combined with the development of drugs having neuronal, rather than vascular targets, is a victory for patients, freeing them from “any potentially vascular complications of anti-migraine therapeutics in the future.” What is striking, however, is how closely this rhetoric of reclaiming migraine for neurology and the brain mirrors discussions from almost a century earlier. Even as migraine has been put back into the supposedly gender-neutral brain, it carries the baggage of history with it.
Time  medical  diseases  books 
24 days ago by thomas.kochi
Home - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)
NORD, a 501(c)(3) organization, is a patient advocacy organization dedicated to individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them. NORD, along with its more than 280 patient organization members, is committed to the identification, treatment, and cure of rare disorders through programs of education, advocacy, research, and patient services.
rare  diseases 
5 weeks ago by gdw
Three Reasons Why Good Dental Hygiene Matters
Understanding how healthy your teeth are will indicate how the rest of your body is performing. Since the body is interconnected, it's vital to take care of each part.
dental-hygiene  health  diseases 
7 weeks ago by Adventure_Web
Scans Suggested the Boy Had Cancer. But No Doctor Could Prove It. Why?
All cancers begin with a cell that goes wild, reproducing endlessly and creating masses of identical cells. This super-proliferation, often caused by a single identifiable mutation, is what usually indicates cancer... An internet search provided a name she thought was promising: Dr. William Gahl. He ran the Undiagnosed Diseases Program at the National Institutes of Health.Julie C. Fanburg-Smith, the N.I.H. pathologist assigned to this case, was an expert in rare cancers.She had a diagnosis in mind, and there were other stains that would help her confirm her hunch.When she received the tissue, she made new slides, which confirmed her hypothesis: The teenager had a rare and aggressive lymphoma of the bone. Lymphomas are cancers of lymphocytes and normally originate in the lymph nodes. Not this one. The clumps of lymphocytes seen in the bone marrow were cancerous — but it took some unusual stains to reveal that.Chemotherapy was tough. Each cycle consisted of a weeklong infusion of selective poisons. He barely had time to recover from the nausea and fatigue when it was time for the next cycle. The first three cycles were bad but manageable. The fourth was hellish. After that, he was scheduled to have a PET scan to see if more treatment was needed...That was two years ago, and he has just completed his first year of college. He is still in remission. And because this cancer has a remarkable response to chemotherapy, his doctors think he’ll stay that way.
NYTimes  medical  diseases 
8 weeks ago by thomas.kochi

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