digitalcuration   1233

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Mapping the Atlantic Charter · Norumbega [Colin Windhorst via Neatline]
[DIG student project based on historic meeting between Churchill and FDR in 1941, a precedent for the United Nations]
alumni  digitalcuration  maine  map  history  +++++ 
8 weeks ago by jonippolito
[Recommended by DIG students for creating database schemas]
digitalcuration  visual  design  Software  utility  ++++- 
10 weeks ago by jonippolito
Streaming-Only Shows Come With One Huge Problem for Consumers and Historians
In their book Re-collection, co-authors Jon Ippolito and Richard Rinehart quote an industry lawyer who, in a letter to the U.S. Copyright Office, asserted that the industry rejects “the view that copyright owners and their licensees are required to provide consumers with perpetual access to creative works.” Of course we all understand that our Netflix subscriptions don’t entitle us to watch 30 Rock or Beavis and Butt-Head in perpetuity. (Both shows are gracing Hulu at the moment.) But the problem runs deeper than the practical implications of individuals having to pay for multiple subscriptions in order to maintain access to their favorite shows. The problem is systemic. Providing “perpetual access” really requires a system that is decentralized with plenty of redundancy built in, and that’s just what streaming video platforms are unable to offer. When talking about the preservation of information, librarians use the expression “LOCKSS” or “lots of copies keep stuff safe.” If every library—or every Walmart—in the country has a copy of a certain DVD, it’s unlikely that all those copies will be destroyed or lost simultaneously. But online streaming platforms are highly centralized by their very nature, and it’s doubtful that they really have the resources to maintain “lots” of carefully maintained copies of their exclusive content....

Experts have proposed strategies for saving all sorts of corporate-owned digital content, including TV. Rumsey suggests that lawmakers create more legal and financial incentives to encourage the entertainment industry to deposit digital assets in libraries and archives. Ippolito, who is director of the digital curation graduate program at the University of Maine, believes that concept of long-term storage of digital media is unworkable. Rather than impose analog methods on digital media, he recommends developing strategies that best suit the digital world. For example, emulation is a preservation strategy that allows a new computer to imitate an older computer so that it will be compatible with older software. But because emulation would encourage consumers to reuse old things (say, games or videos) rather than buy new ones, the entertainment industry objects to it, citing copyright infringement.

In spite of these differences of opinion in the world of archives and digital curation, all these ideas have one common denominator: Creating tax incentives, mandating archival deposit, and reforming copyright all require action from Congress. Given the history of gridlock in Washington, we may have no choice but to continue to accept the inevitability of digital impermanence.

Rachel Paige King is a freelance writer and media librarian at Long Island University. Her articles have appeared in Salon, Tablet, and Atlas Obscura.
law  preservation  digitalcuration  media  movie  television  defect  network  press  @i  +++++ 
10 weeks ago by jonippolito
Museum Wars!
Bednarz O'Connell
Sep 13
Who would win in a staff battle between @sciencemuseum and @NHM_London, what exhibits/items would help you be victorious? #askacurator
digitalcuration  socialmedia  success  museum  +++++  marketing 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
Melting permafrost is causing water to leak into the Arctic 'doomsday' vault - ScienceAlert
Opened in 2008, the facility on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen currently protects over 1 million seed packets containing around 4000 of the world's most important crop species from any possible threats to our managed ecosystems, from asteroid strike to war.

Technically, the vault is a back-up of back-ups held all around the world, with the fact it's buried 1300 kilometres (over 800 miles) beyond the Arctic circle providing not just a remote stronghold, but a cold, dry environment that would continue to keep them safe if the power ever fizzled out.

Without electricity the vault is still expected to stay at around -5 degrees Celsius (23 degrees Fahrenheit) for the next two centuries, though with generators running it's kept at a numbing -18 degrees Celsius (-0.4 Fahrenheit).

Of course, staying cold and bone dry depends on the climate, which as we all know isn't trending in a chilly direction.

In fact, 2016 was the hottest year on the books since global temperatures were first noted down in 1880, a record broken just twelve months after the previous one had been set in 2015. Things weren't helped by an El Niño event, resulting in high temperatures that have melted permafrost in the Arctic circle and turned Spitsbergen's usual later winter dusting of snow into heavy rain.

"It was not in our plans to think that the permafrost would not be there and that it would experience extreme weather like that," Hege Njaa Aschim from the Norwegian government told Damian Carrington from The Guardian.

Rest assured the vault doesn't have a new underground swimming pool – it's buried about 122 metres (400 feet) into the side of a mountain with thick, solid concrete walls and a long entrance corridor sloping down, away from the facility's interior.

Yet water has breached that entrance, where it refroze and needed to be hacked out.

"A lot of water went into the start of the tunnel and then it froze to ice, so it was like a glacier when you went in," Aschim described.

Let Derek Muller from Veritasium give you a quick tour of the place to get a better idea of how it's structured.

What is concerning isn't so much the breach itself; even if it poured in, it would have to flow a fair way downhill, then up again, and fail to be removed by the pumping systems. Chances are it would freeze anyway, and form a barrier preventing more water from flooding inside.

But the fact the vault should operate neatly without human intervention means any threats need to be taken seriously. And a water-tight entrance simply wasn't in the plans.
storage  digitalcuration  preservation  life  defect  climatechange  +++++ 
12 weeks ago by jonippolito
Hewlett-Packard Historical Archive Destroyed In California Fires - Slashdot
An anonymous reader quotes the Press Democrat:
When deadly flames incinerated hundreds of homes in Santa Rosa's Fountaingrove neighborhood earlier this month, they also destroyed irreplaceable papers and correspondence held nearby and once belonging to the founders of Silicon Valley's first technology company, Hewlett-Packard. The Tubbs fire consumed the collected archives of William Hewlett and David Packard, the tech pioneers who in 1938 formed an electronics company in a Palo Alto garage with $538 in cash. More than 100 boxes of the two men's writings, correspondence, speeches and other items were contained in one of two modular buildings that burned to the ground at the Fountaingrove headquarters of Keysight Technologies. Keysight, the world's largest electronics measurement company, traces its roots to HP and acquired the archives in 2014 when its business was split from Agilent Technologies -- itself an HP spinoff.

The Hewlett and Packard collections had been appraised in 2005 at nearly $2 million and were part of a wider company archive valued at $3.3 million. However, those acquainted with the archives and the pioneering company's impact on the technology world said the losses can't be represented by a dollar figure... Karen Lewis, the former HP staff archivist who first assembled the collections, called it irresponsible to put them in a building without proper protection. Both Hewlett-Packard and Agilent earlier had housed the archives within special vaults inside permanent facilities, complete with foam fire retardant and other safeguards, she said. "This could easily have been prevented, and it's a huge loss," Lewis said.

Lewis has described the collection as "the history of Silicon Valley ... This is the history of the electronics industry." Keysight Technologies spokesman Jeff Weber said the company "is saddened by the loss of documents that remind us of our visionary founders, rich history and lineage to the original Silicon Valley startup."

23 Californians were killed in the fires, which also destroyed 6,800 homes, and Weber says Keysight had taken "appropriate and responsible" steps to protect the archive, but "the most destructive firestorm in state history prevented efforts to protect portions of the collection."
storage  defect  climatechange  ++++-  digitalcuration 
12 weeks ago by jonippolito

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