cybernetics   2145

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How cybernetics connects computing, counterculture, and design
Historian Fred Turner points out that cybernetics did not arise “out of thin air.”[5] It began as a multidisciplinary activity. The 1943 founding paper, “Behavior, Purpose, and Teleology,” was co-written by an engineer, Julian Bigelow; a physiologist, Arturo Rosenblueth; and a mathematician, Norbert Wiener; and was published in Philosophy of Science.
After World War II, the United States enjoyed a technology-induced euphoria where anything seemed possible, including putting a man on the moon, creating artificial intelligence, and ending poverty. The Allied Powers had met the challenge of fascism and prevailed—through, it seemed, superior science, technology, and planning, (for example, radar, code breaking, and the atomic bomb) and also through “systems thinking,” as exemplified by operations research and cybernetics.
cybernetics  design  history 
6 weeks ago by janpeuker
Twitter
RT : If you're not into vinyl, the "Cybernetic Serendipity Music" album can be downloaded here:
cybernetics  from twitter_favs
8 weeks ago by danbri
Why Westerners Fear Robots and the Japanese Do Not | WIRED
It’s not that Westerners haven’t had their fair share of friendly robots like R2-D2 and Rosie, the Jetsons’ robot maid. But compared to the Japanese, the Western world is warier of robots. I think the difference has something to do with our different religious contexts, as well as historical differences with respect to industrial-scale slavery.

The Western concept of “humanity” is limited, and I think it’s time to seriously question whether we have the right to exploit the environment, animals, tools, or robots simply because we’re human and they are not.

SOMETIME IN THE late 1980s, I participated in a meeting organized by the Honda Foundation in which a Japanese professor—I can’t remember his name—made the case that the Japanese had more success integrating robots into society because of their country’s indigenous Shinto religion, which remains the official national religion of Japan.

Followers of Shinto, unlike Judeo-Christian monotheists and the Greeks before them, do not believe that humans are particularly “special.” Instead, there are spirits in everything, rather like the Force in Star Wars. Nature doesn’t belong to us, we belong to Nature, and spirits live in everything, including rocks, tools, homes, and even empty spaces.

The West, the professor contended, has a problem with the idea of things having spirits and feels that anthropomorphism, the attribution of human-like attributes to things or animals, is childish, primitive, or even bad. He argued that the Luddites who smashed the automated looms that were eliminating their jobs in the 19th century were an example of that, and for contrast he showed an image of a Japanese robot in a factory wearing a cap, having a name and being treated like a colleague rather than a creepy enemy.
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Douglas Rushkoff, whose book, Team Human, is due out early next year, recently wrote about a meeting in which one of the attendees’ primary concerns was how rich people could control the security personnel protecting them in their armored bunkers after the money/climate/society armageddon. The financial titans at the meeting apparently brainstormed ideas like using neck control collars, securing food lockers, and replacing human security personnel with robots. Douglas suggested perhaps simply starting to be nicer to their security people now, before the revolution, but they thought it was already too late for that.
religion  cybernetics  ai  robotics 
10 weeks ago by janpeuker
CYBERNETYKA: International Journal of General Systems: Vol 13, No 4
There is an increasing interest in the historical underpinnings of general systems theory and cybernetics. Alongside with Bogdanov, Leduc, Smuts, and similar “greats”, Bronistaw Trentowski stands as the sole father of cybernetyka, the science and art of managing a nation. In this paper we explore the relationship and contrasts between cybernetyka and cybernetics.
cybernetics 
11 weeks ago by zryb
Bronisław Trentowski - Wikipedia
Trentowski, in his book Stosunek filozofii do cybernetyki, czyli sztuki rządzenia narodem (The Relation of Philosophy to Cybernetics, or the Art of Governing a Nation, 1843), was the first Polish-language author to use the term "cybernetics."
cybernetics 
11 weeks ago by zryb
The Environment is Not a System | a peer-reviewed journal about_
How else might we think of environments in lieu of the systems metaphor? Tsing offers the concept of assemblage and here I build on her work, understanding environments as open ended assemblages of non-humans, living and nonliving, entangled in ways of life.
ecology  cybernetics  environment  ai 
11 weeks ago by jomc

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