communities-of-practice   122

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Sturgeon’s Biases – Quietstars – Medium
Some smart social psychologist, anthropologist or sociologist probably wrote about this seventy years ago. So I’m just going to ramble about it here for a bit, and hope that somebody smarter than I am can point me to that paper. So I know what to call it.
communities-of-practice  cultural-assumptions  cultural-norms  essay  social-norms  rather-interesting 
april 2018 by Vaguery
Jonathan Haidt: Can a divided America heal?
From TED: How can the US recover after the negative, partisan presidential election of 2016? Social psychologist Jonathan Haidt studies the morals that form the basis of our political choices. In conversation with TED Curator Chris Anderson, he describes the patterns of thinking and historical causes that have led to such sharp divisions in America -- and provides a vision for how the country might move forward.
communities-of-practice  personal-mastery 
march 2018 by unison
Upgrade your cargo cult for the win | Meaningness
The problem with the cargo cults is not that they are imitating. It’s that their members are not legitimate participants in airport operation.
Imagine a cargo cult downloaded all the manuals for ground crew procedures from the web, and watched thousands of hours of videos of competent ground crews doing their jobs. Imagine they learned them perfectly, and were able to execute them perfectly.
Still no airline would be willing to use their airport. The cult is not certified for operation; it is not legitimate. The proper bureaucratic rituals have not been observed. These rituals are rational: there has to be a fixed procedure for assuring that a ground crew is competent, and making special exceptions could be disastrous. “These cultists sure seem to know what they are doing; let’s create a set of tests to verify that, without putting them through our usual training regimen”? That would risk airplanes and lives, and would probably end the careers of everyone involved.
very-nice  credentialing  academic-culture  learning-by-doing  communities-of-practice  essay  have-read  have-done  advice 
december 2017 by Vaguery
Creative Communities: Shaping Process through Performance and Play | DiGRA
This paper studies the use of play as a method to unlock creativity and innovation within a community of practice (a group of individuals who share a common interest and who see value in interaction to enhance their understanding). An analysis of communities of practice and the value of play informs evaluation of two case studies exploring the development of communities of practice, one within the discipline of videogames and one which bridges performing arts and videogames. The case studies provide qualitative data from which the potential of play as a method to inspire creativity and support the development of a potential community of practice is recognised. Establishing trust, disruption of process through play and reflection are key steps proposed in a ‘context provider’s framework’ for individuals or organisations to utilise in the design of activities to support creative process and innovation within a potential community of practice.
communities-of-practice  play  ludics  rather-interesting  to-write-about 
december 2016 by Vaguery
Modding the History of Science: Values at Play in Modder Discussions of Sid Meier’s Civilization | Trevor Owens
Sid Meier’s Civilization has been promoted as an educational tool, used as a platform for building educational simulations, and maligned as promoting Eurocentrism, bioimperialism, and racial superiority. This article explores the complex issues involved in interpreting a game through analysis of the ways modders (gamers who modify the game) have approached the history of science, technology, and knowledge embodied in the game. Through text analysis of modder discussion, this article explores the assumed values and tone of the community’s discourse. The study offers initial findings that Civilization modders value a variety of positive discursive practices for developing historical models. Community members value a form of historical authenticity, they prize subtlety and nuance in models for science in the game, and they communicate through civil consensus building. Game theorists, players, and scholars, as well as those interested in modeling the history, sociology, and philosophy of science, will be interested to see the ways in which Civilization III cultivates an audience of modders who spend their time reimagining how science and technology could work in the game.
modding  games  rather-interesting  social-norms  communities-of-practice 
december 2016 by Vaguery
The Power of Pattern Languages: a Q&A with Dave Pollard - Shareable
A more current approach to improving processes is to collect and mine large numbers of stories about what works well in a particular discipline or area of professional practice or other activity, and then look for the patterns in those stories – things that seem to work well across a wide spectrum of different contexts and at many different scales. A cohesive set of such patterns that can be used together to improve processes is called a pattern language...[I]n collaborative and deliberative work we discovered a key recurring pattern in many stories of successful meetings is Holding the Space – creating a safe space in which all participants are enabled and encouraged to offer their knowledge, ideas, perspectives and insights to the whole group. Each field has its own patterns; in activism, for example, one recurring pattern is Reframing: changing the way people talk about an issue from the way your opponents speak about it to the way your supporters speak about it.
organizational-design  language  tools  communities-of-practice  social-practices 
may 2015 by altoii
PLOS ONE: An Efficiency Comparison of Document Preparation Systems Used in Academic Research and Development
The choice of an efficient document preparation system is an important decision for any academic researcher. To assist the research community, we report a software usability study in which 40 researchers across different disciplines prepared scholarly texts with either Microsoft Word or LaTeX. The probe texts included simple continuous text, text with tables and subheadings, and complex text with several mathematical equations. We show that LaTeX users were slower than Word users, wrote less text in the same amount of time, and produced more typesetting, orthographical, grammatical, and formatting errors. On most measures, expert LaTeX users performed even worse than novice Word users. LaTeX users, however, more often report enjoying using their respective software. We conclude that even experienced LaTeX users may suffer a loss in productivity when LaTeX is used, relative to other document preparation systems. Individuals, institutions, and journals should carefully consider the ramifications of this finding when choosing document preparation strategies, or requiring them of authors.
publishing  academic-culture  tools  ergonomics  communities-of-practice  dilution-of-expertise  via:cshalizi 
january 2015 by Vaguery
How to Boost Your Team’s Brainpower - Promising Practices - Management -
Communities of practice are created by people who engage in collective learning related to a common interest. It’s an ancient concept: Think of settlers learning to survive, tribe elders teaching hunting practices through storytelling, a salon of artists seeking new forms of expression. But from one generation to another, details of past efforts -- including mistakes made and lessons learned -- aren’t always passed on. In addition, key innovations and initiatives developed in one group aren’t always effectively shared with others. This becomes a problem as complexities develop and initiatives require multiple groups and disciplines to work seamlessly together. For government agencies in particular, the need to implement mandates, build programs, standardize work, manage legacy, innovate in flight and promote cross-boundary relationships, make communities of practice compelling.
collaboration  communities-of-practice  government 
september 2013 by altoii
Rise of the Machines « Normal Deviate
The Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies (COPSS) is celebrating its 50th Anniversary. They have decided to to publish a collection and I was honored to be invited to contribute. The theme of the book is Past, Present and Future of Statistical Science.

My paper, entitled Rise of the Machines, can be found here.
statistics  machine-learning  communities-of-practice  history 
february 2013 by Vaguery
[1208.0273] Whom to Ask? Jury Selection for Decision Making Tasks on Micro-blog Services
"It is universal to see people obtain knowledge on micro-blog services by asking others decision making questions. In this paper, we study the Jury Selection Problem(JSP) by utilizing crowdsourcing for decision making tasks on micro-blog services. Specifically, the problem is to enroll a subset of crowd under a limited budget, whose aggregated wisdom via Majority Voting scheme has the lowest probability of drawing a wrong answer(Jury Error Rate-JER). Due to various individual error-rates of the crowd, the calculation of JER is non-trivial. Firstly, we explicitly state that JER is the probability when the number of wrong jurors is larger than half of the size of a jury. To avoid the exponentially increasing calculation of JER, we propose two efficient algorithms and an effective bounding technique. Furthermore, we study the Jury Selection Problem on two crowdsourcing models, one is for altruistic users(AltrM) and the other is for incentive-requiring users(PayM) who require extra payment when enrolled into a task. For the AltrM model, we prove the monotonicity of JER on individual error rate and propose an efficient exact algorithm for JSP. For the PayM model, we prove the NP-hardness of JSP on PayM and propose an efficient greedy-based heuristic algorithm. Finally, we conduct a series of experiments to investigate the traits of JSP, and validate the efficiency and effectiveness of our proposed algorithms on both synthetic and real micro-blog data."
algorithms  social-networks  communication  communities-of-practice  social-dynamics  operations-research  nudge-targets 
august 2012 by Vaguery
The Humble Origins of the NEXT Global Economy. Don’t Miss Out.
"It’s simple.  If you want to build a thriving local economy.  A local economy that makes your community resilient to economic failure and shocks, you need to find ways to help the innovators in your community make things."
resilience  sustainability  communities-of-practice  makers 
august 2012 by Vaguery
Work/life/work balance | Parlour
'Arguably the most pervasive element enabling exploitative office culture is the postmodern trickery of the contemporary working environment. Slavoj Žižek argues that modern employment tactics create the illusion that our employer is our friend. This fabrication empowers the employer while denying the employed the right to vocalise and protest dissatisfaction of their working conditions. “You’re not going to stick around and help out? I thought we were a team? I thought we were friends?”'
worklife  communities-of-practice  architecture  hierarchies  values  exploitation  academic-culture 
may 2012 by Vaguery

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