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European slaughter of Native Americans changed the climate, study says
European settlers killed 56 million indigenous people over about 100 years in South, Central and North America, causing large swaths of farmland to be abandoned and reforested. The increase in trees and vegetation across an area the size of France resulted in a massive decrease in carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, according to the study.
climate  change  history  colonisation  european  settler  indigenous 
16 days ago by markhgn
How the US has hidden its empire | News | The Guardian
The United States likes to think of itself as a republic, but it holds territories all over the world – the map you always see doesn’t tell the whole story.
USA  history  colonisation  empire 
4 weeks ago by emilyd
How colonization's death toll may have affected Earth's climate • HISTORY
Sarah Pruitt:
<p>As the 15th century drew to a close, some 60 million people lived across the Americas, sustaining themselves with the bounty of the vast lands they inhabited.

But with the arrival of the first European settlers, waves of new diseases, along with warfare, slavery and other brutality would kill off around 56 million people, or around 90 percent of the indigenous population.

Now, scientists from the University College London (United Kingdom) argue in a new study that this “Great Dying” that followed European colonization of the Americas may have actually affected Earth’s climate.

Their version of events, <a href="">published in Quaternary Science Reviews</a>, goes like this: After so many indigenous people died, no one was left to tend many of their fields, and trees and other vegetation quickly reclaimed huge expanses of land previously used for agriculture. As a result, enough carbon dioxide (CO₂) was removed from the atmosphere to actually cool down the planet, contributing to the coldest part of the mysterious period that historians have called the Little Ice Age.</p>

So that's twice that Americans will have been major contributors to climate change - once to cool, once to warm. A bit Thanos, though.
colonisation  america  climatechange 
7 weeks ago by charlesarthur
We have all this but is starving. has not ended.
Africa  Colonisation  from twitter_favs
august 2017 by girma
Are Soas students right to ‘decolonise’ their minds from western philosophers? | Education | The Guardian
Outraged headlines erupted when students launched a campaign to challenge the great western philosophers. We went to the source of dissent – London’s School of Oriental and African Studies – to investigate
additivism  colonisation  decolonialisation  education  enlightenment  history  humanism  insta  philosophy  reading  theory  stream 
march 2017 by therourke
Elon Musk's Mars colonization plans: what we know so far - The Verge
Unlike the Mars One project — which supposedly promises a one-way trip to Mars — Musk’s plan will allow people to return to Earth. "You want to bring the spaceship back," Musk said at the MIT Aeronautics and Astronautics Centennial Symposium in 2014. "These spaceships are expensive, okay, they're hard to build. You can't just leave them there. So whether or not people want to come back or not is kind of — like they can jump on if they want, but we need the spaceship back."
elon_musk  mars  colonisation  nasa  rockets  verge 
september 2016 by rufous
Modern Irish genome closely matches pre-Celt DNA, not Celtic
Radiocarbon dating shows that the bones discovered at McCuaig's go back to about 2000 B.C. That makes them hundreds of years older than the oldest artifacts generally considered to be Celtic — relics unearthed from Celt homelands of continental Europe, most notably around Switzerland, Austria and Germany.

For a group of scholars who in recent years have alleged that the Celts, beginning from the middle of Europe, may never have reached Ireland, the arrival of the DNA evidence provides the biological certitude that the science has sometimes brought to criminal trials.

“With the genetic evidence, the old model [of Celtic colonisation of Ireland] is completely shot,” John Koch, a linguist at the Center for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies at the University of Wales.
celts  ireland  history  dna  genetics  genome  carbon-dating  bronze-age  europe  colonisation 
march 2016 by jm
Charlie's Diary: The High Frontier, Redux
I write SF for a living. Possibly because of this, folks seem to think I ought to be an enthusiastic proponent of space exploration and space colonization. Space exploration? Yep, that's a fair cop — I'm all in favour of advancing the scientific enterprise. But actual space colonisation is another matter entirely
future  science  scifi  space  technology  hard  colonisation  impossible  difficult 
january 2016 by kybernetikos
Watch Trevor Noah remind a British... - I am South African | Facebook
Watch Trevor Noah remind a British audience of their country's colonial past
facebook  racism  colonisation  uk  africa  video 
september 2015 by starrjulie
When language catches fire | Axon
I mean, I might say to my nephews, ‘Oh, wrap yourself up warm, it’s cold outside’, or I might say ‘Oh, hae yerself up ma scarf’. But if I was using the Scots I would probably be being half-ironic; Scottish people always do that; we’re very conscious of register.
poetry  writing  culture  colonisation  language 
december 2014 by mournjargon

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