coercion   521

« earlier    

Economic Dominance, Financial Technology, and the Future of U.S. Economic Coercion
April 2019 CNAS report
Coercive economic measures, such as sanctions, investment restrictions, trade controls, and tariffs, have become an increasingly important tool of U.S. foreign policy in recent years.

Recent years have witnessed a strengthening of U.S. coercive economic measures, which are likely to remain powerful in the near and medium term.

Over the longer term, purely commercial factors are likely to support continued U.S. coercive economic power. However, choices by both U.S. policymakers and foreign governments will be the primary determinant of whether coercive economic measures remain powerful tools of U.S. foreign policy over the longer term.

Shifts in the nature of U.S. coercive economic power could prompt some shifts in the balance and nature of the type of coercive economic measures the United States deploys.
cnas  economics  coercion  power  sanctions 
8 weeks ago by strohps
Spec Coercion — metosin/spec-tools 0.9.0
metosin/spec-tools: Clojure(Script) tools for clojure.spec Documentation for metosin/spec-tools v0.9.0 on cljdoc.
spec  core.specs  coercion  spec_tools 
9 weeks ago by mac
Justice in America Episode 20: Mariame Kaba and Prison Abolition - The Appeal
"On the last episode of Season 2, Josie and Clint discuss prison abolition with Mariame Kaba, one of the leading organizers in the fight against America’s criminal legal system and a contributing editor for The Appeal. Mariame discusses her own journey into this work, provides perspective on the leaders in this space, and helps us reimagine what the future of this system could look like. Mariame’s way of thinking about this system, and the vision of possibilities she provides, is an excellent send-off to our second season."

[full transcript on page]

"I grew up in New York City and came of age in 1980s. So, um, when I was coming of age in the city, it was kind of the early eighties were a fraught moment for many different kinds of reasons. The tail end of deinstitutionalization. So the first time where we actually started seeing homeless people outside on the streets. Michael Stewart was killed by the police in 1983 which was a very big moment for me. I was 12 years old and that really impacted me. My, um, older siblings were very animated by that fact. Um, crack cocaine is coming into being, this is the time of ACT UP. Um, this is when Reagan comes to power. It was a very tumultuous period and moment of time. So coming of age in that time led me to start organizing for racial justice as a teenager. And I also came of age during the time when there was the Bensonhurst case where a young black man was pursued and then killed by a mob of white young people who were close to my age because he supposedly talked to a white girl in a way that people were not happy about. The Howard Beach incident comes up in 1986. There was a lot happening during my teenagers in the city and I did not have an analysis of the criminal punishment system at that time. I just saw a lot of my friends, I grew up on the Lower East Side, so a lot of my friends ending up in juvie and then in prison and I didn’t, and the cops were always in our neighborhood harassing people and I did not really put all these things together, but I had a frame that was a racial justice frame at a very young age, mainly because of my parents. My mom and my dad. Um, my father, who’d been a socialist in the anti-colonial struggles in Guinea. Like I had a politics at home, but all I understood was like they were coming after black people in multiple different kinds of ways. It wasn’t until I was older and I had come back from college, um, I went to school in Montreal, Canada, came back to the city right after, I was 20 years old when I graduated from college, came back to the city and got a job working in Harlem at the, um, Countee Cullen Library and then ended up teaching in Harlem. And it was there that I found out that all of my students were also getting enmeshed in the criminal punishment system. But I still didn’t have a really, like I didn’t have a politic about it. It wasn’t until a very tragic story that occurred with one of my students who ended up killing another one of my students that I became very clearly aware of the criminal punishment system cause they were going to try to, um, basically try him as an adult. The person who did the killing, he was only 16. And it was that incident that kind of propelled me into trying to learn about what the system was, what it was about. And it concurrently, it was also the time when I started to search for restorative justice because it occurred to me, in watching the family of my student who had been killed react to the situation, that they did not want punishment for the person who killed their daughter. They were, uh, they wanted some accountability and they were also talking about the fact that he did not want him charged as an adult."

"people who are practitioners of restorative justice see restorative justice as a philosophy and ideology, a framework that is much broader than the criminal punishment system. It is about values around how we treat each other in the world. And it’s about an acknowledgement that because we’re human beings, we hurt each other. We cause harm. And what restorative justice proposes is to ask a series of questions. Mostly the three that are kind of advanced by Howard Zehr, who is the person who about 40 years ago popularized the concept of restorative justice in the United States. He talks about since we want to address the violation in the relationships that were broken as a result of violence and harm, that you want to ask a question about who was hurt, that that is important to ask, that you want to ask then what are the obligations? What are the needs that emerge from that hurt? And then you want to ask the question of whose job is it to actually address the harm? And so because of that, those questions of what happened, which in the current adversarial system are incidental really, you know, it’s who did this thing, what rules were broken? How are we going to actually punish the people who broke the rules? And then whose role is it to do that? It’s the state’s. In restorative justice it’s: what happened? Talk about what happened, share what happened, discuss in a, you know, kind of relational sense what happened. And then it’s what are your needs? Would do you need as a result of this? Because harms engender needs that must be met, right? So it asks you to really think that through. And then it says, you know, how do we repair this harm and who needs to be at the table for that to happen. It invites community in. It invites other people who were also harmed because we recognize that the ripples of harm are beyond the two individuals that were involved, it’s also the broader community and the society at large. So that’s what restorative justice, at its base, is really the unit of concern is the broken relationship and the harm. Those are the focus of what we need to be addressing. And through that, that obviously involves the criminal punishment system. In many ways RJ has become co-opted by that system. So people were initially proponents of restorative justice have moved their critique away from using RJ and talking about instead transformative justice. That’s where you see these breakdowns occurring because the system has taken on RJ now as quote unquote “a model for restitution.”"

"Restorative justice and transformative justice, people say they’re interchangeable sometimes, they are not. Because transformative justice people say that you cannot actually use the current punishing institutions that exist. Whereas RJ now is being run in prisons, is being run in schools. Institutions that are themselves violently punishing institutions are now taking that on and running that there. And what people who are advocates of transformative justice say is RJ, because of its focus on the individual, the intervention is on individuals, not the system. And what transformative justice, you know, people, advocates and people who have kind of begun to be practitioners in that have said is we have to also transform the conditions that make this thing possible. And restoring is restoring to what? For many people, the situation that occurred prior to the harm had lots of harm in it. So what are we restoring people to? We have to transform those conditions and in order to do that we have to organize, to shift the structures and the systems and that will also be very important beyond the interpersonal relationships that need to be mended."

"I reject the premise of restorative and transformative justice being alternatives to incarceration. I don’t reject the premise that we should prefigure the world in which we want to live and therefore use multiple different kinds of ways to figure out how to address harm. So here’s what I mean, because people are now saying things like the current criminal punishment system is broken, which it is not. It is actually operating exactly as designed. And that’s what abolition has helped us to understand is that the system is actually relentlessly successful at targeting the people it wants and basically getting the outcomes that wants from that. So if you understand that to be the case, then you are in a position of very much understanding that every time we use the term “alternative to incarceration” what comes to your mind?"

"You’re centering the punishing system. When I say alternative to prison, all you hear is prison. And what that does is that it conditions your imagination to think about the prison as the center. And what we’re saying as transformative and restorative justice practitioners is that the prison is actually an outcome of a broader system of violence and harm that has its roots in slavery and before colonization. And here we are in this position where all you then think about is replacing what we currently use prisons for, for the new thing. So what I mean by that is when you think of an alternative in this moment and you’re thinking about prison, you just think of transposing all of the things we currently consider crimes into that new world."

"It has to fit that sphere. But here’s what I, I would like to say lots of crimes are not harmful to anybody."

"And it’s also that we’re in this position where not all crimes are harms and not all harms are actually crimes. And what we are concerned with as people who practice restorative and transformative justice is harm across the board no matter what. So I always tell people when they say like, ‘oh, we’re having an alternative to incarceration or alternative to prison.’ I’m like, okay, what are you decriminalizing first? Do we have a whole list of things? So possession of drugs is a criminal offense right now. I don’t want an alternative to that. I want you to leave people the hell alone."

"Transformative justice calls on us to shatter binaries of all different types. Most of the people who currently are locked up, for example, in our prisons and jails, are people who are victims of crime first. They’ve been harmed and have harmed other people. The “perpetrator,” quote unquote… [more]
mariamekaba  clintsmith  josieduffyrice  prisonindustrialcomplex  prisions  violence  restorativejustice  justice  prisonabolition  punishment  2019  angeladavis  howardzehr  incarceration  community  humans  transformativejustice  harm  racism  responsibility  repair  people  carceralstate  binaries  accountability  police  lawenforcement  jails  coercion  gender  criminalization  humanism  decency  humanity  transformation  survival  bodies  abolition  abolitionists  nilschristie  ruthiegilmore  fayeknopp  presence  absence  systemsthinking  systems  complexity  capitalism  climatechange  climate  globalwarming  livingwage  education  organization  organizing  activism  change  changemaking  exploitation  dehumanization  optimism 
march 2019 by robertogreco

« earlier    

related tags

1984  2006  2015  2017  2018  2019  999  :spn  abolition  abolitionists  abortion  absence  abuse  academia  accountability  acquiescence  activism  addiction  affectivelabour  agency  agesegregation  akilahrichards  alfiekohn  algorithms  alienation  amazon  amywilliams  anarchism  angeladavis  anti-work  anxiety  architecture  art  arts  assessment  assets  attention  au  austerity  authenticity  authoritarianism  automation  autonomy  backchannels  barbed  bbc  behaviour  berardifranco  bi  binaries  bitcoin  blogs  bodies  bondage  bonuses  borders  britishairways  brookenewman  brucesmith  bullshitjobs  bullying  bureaucracy  business  businessmodels  callcentres  canon  capital  capitalism  carceralstate  carolblack  cartoon  case_studies  cash  cast  censorship  centralisation  cevinsoling  change  changemaking  childhood  children  china  choice  classism  classroommanagment  climate  climatechange  clintsmith  cnas  coerced  collaboration  commodification  community  comparison  competition  complexity  compulsory  conditions  conflict  conflicts  conformity  consent  conservatism  consumption  control  conversation  core.specs  councils  counciltax  counterpoint  countylines  craryjonathan  creativity  criminalization  criticalpedagogy  cryptocurrency  culture  curriculum  curse/spell  cursed!sam  cuts  cv  cvs  cyber  danielkahneman  daniellelevine  dark!sam  davidgraeber  davidlancy  dc:creator=cleaverharry  dc:creator=coppolafrances  dc:creator=crewetom  dc:creator=harrisjohn  dc:creator=masonpaul  dc:creator=morozovevgeny  dc:creator=myerscoughpaul  dc:creator=odelljenny  dc:creator=ramsayadam  dc:creator=spicerandre  dctagged  decency  decolonization  dehumanization  democracy  deschooling  design  development  digital  digitaldualism  digitallabour  dignity  discipline  disconnect  disconnection  disconnectionism  discrimination  disinformation  dissertations  dissociation  distraction  distribution  diversity  doubleequals  drugs  dwyl  economic_coercion  economics  economy  education  edutainment  emotion  emotionallabour  empathy  employers  employment  engagement  entertainment  erasure  es6  escalation  ethics  evaluation  expectations  exploitation  facebook  fact  fairness  family  fayeknopp  feedback  fiction  fidgetspinners  flexibility  fobt  football  force  forced  form  fps  free.will  freedom  friendship  fundamentalism  funding  gambling  gamification  gangs  garystager  ge2017  gender  generalelection  gigeconomy  globalwarming  google  govtoverreach  grades  grading  gratification  guard_labor  guide  hackerspaces  happiness  harm  health  hierarchy  highereducation  history  hmrc  homelessness  homeschool  homogeneity  horizontality  housework  housing  howardzehr  howweead  howwelearn  howweteach  howwewrite  http  https  human.rights  humanism  humanity  humanrights  humans  humour  huxley  identity  ifttt  immigration  inauguration  incarceration  incentivisation  inclusion  inclusivity  independence  individualism  industrialisation  inequality  informationtechnology  insecurity  instruction  insurance  internet  interview  intimidation  intrusion  irrationality  isabelrodríguez  j2  jackschott  jails  javascript  jenspeterdepedro  jobs  john/dean  johncage  josieduffyrice  js  judgement  justice  kahneman  kerrymcdonald  keynes  kidnapping  labor  labor_economics  labor_market  labour  language  latecapitalism  laurakriegel  lawenforcement  lcproject  learning  leisure  libertarianism  liberty  list  livingwage  localgovernment  lucialorenzi  lush  lyft  mahabali  makerspaces  management  manipulation  mariamekaba  markets  marthaburtis  martinbuber  marx  mayors  measurement  media  medicine  mental_illness  mentalhealth  middleground  military  mitchaltman  modeling  monitoring  morality  motivation  music  nannystate  nationalinsurance  nationalisation  nationalism  neoliberalism  nhs  nilschristie  nohero  noncon  normalization  northernpowerhouse  nps  nudge  objectivity  observation  onesizefitsall  openplan  openstudioproject  oppression  optimism  organization  organizing  orwell  osbornegeorge  overwork  ownership  pairing:sam/castiel  pairing:sam/christian  pairing:sam/omc(s)  pamsu  panopticon  parenting  parents  passion  patfarenga  paulofreire  pause  pay  pedagogy  pensions  people  performance  performativity  personaldata  petergray  philosophy  photographs  pickleseric  play  pocket  police  policing  policy  politics  pop  poppies  populism  positivethinking  post-work  postman  postoffice  power  praise  precarity  prejudice  presence  pressure  pret  pretamanger  prisions  prisonabolition  prisonindustrialcomplex  privacy  privatisation  productivity  programming  progressive  propaganda  property  propertyrights  prostitution  psc  psychology  public-sphere  public  publicservices  punishment  purity  quiet  quotas  rabindranathtagore  race  racism  radicalization  ranking  rape_culture  rating  reading  recruitment  reference  reflection  refusal  regulation  relationships  remembrance  repair  represenation  research  resistance  response  responsibility  restorativejustice  restraint  retail  rewards  rimming  rubrics  ruby  ruthiegilmore  rynboren  sabotage  sales  samianehrez  sanctions  sargability  scale  school  schooliness  schooling  schools  scottnoelle  seanmorris  season:6  secrecy  security  seduction  self-directed  self-directedlearning  sex  sexism  sexual-assault  sexual-shame  sfsh  sherrispelic  shifting.baseline  silence  simplicity  sleep  snapchat  social.networks  socialcare  socialmedia  society  sociology  solidarity  southernrail  space  spec  spec_tools  sqlserver  stability  stephendill  stress  strikes  subjectivity  sudburyschools  supervision  surgepricing  surveillance  surveillancecapitalism  survival  syllabi  syllabus  systems  systemsthinking  table  tax  taylormali  tcsnmy  teacher/student  teachers  teaching  technology-effects  technology  theleft  theory_vs_practice  thinkingfastandslow  threat  threats  time  to:teach?  tomisparker  tracking  tradeunions  trans  transformation  transformativejustice  transport  trump  trumpdonald  truth  twink  type-checking  type  types  uber  uk  unchooling  underage  unemployment  universalbasicincome  universities  universityofbuckingham  unschooling  usa  vagrancy  values  violence  voting  wages  wales  war  wearables  web  welfare  western  wework  women  work  workethic  writing  youth 

Copy this bookmark: