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Bridge 47 links Global Citizenship Education contributes to global justice and eradication of poverty
Bridge 47 is a project that aims to mobilise global civil society to contribute to global justice and eradication of poverty through Global Citizenship Education. The project provides a space for civil society organisations, activists and other interested people to interact with one another, exchange information and resources and develop new and innovative approaches for global citizenship education:
globaldev  education  Learning  citizenship  Civil_Society 
january 2019 by weitzenegger
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (PDF)
An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society
- Habermas's most influential and widely translated works
Civil_Society 
january 2019 by randompundit
How Assad Won the Syrian Civil War Before It Began – Political Violence at a Glance, Sep 2018
victory?

Most analysts emphasize how Assad benefited from extensive international support from Russia and Iran, as well as non-state militias like Hezbollah. They also credit Assad’s deft deployment of a divide-and-rule strategy, in which he sought modus vivendis with some opponents—ISIS and Kurdish rebel groups carving out autonomous spaces far from Damascus—while unleashing the full weight of his military strength on moderate Western-backed rebel factions. Yet the most important factor in Assad’s victory was neither his international support nor his wartime strategies; rather, Assad triumphed because Syria’s armed domestic opposition was hopelessly fragmented from the beginning to the closing stages of the conflict.

By early 2013, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) had compiled an index of 1,000 independent armed groups operating in Syria. These eventually coalesced into five or six major coalitions, but even then Syria’s rebel movement was the most fragmented in a dataset I constructed by a significant margin. Indeed, the Syrian rebel movement is likely the most fragmented in history.

What explains this dubious achievement? My research points to a set of social and political policies employed by the Assad regime to control Syrian society in the thirty years prior to the Arab Spring uprising. After the Assad regime crushed a rebellion by Muslim Brotherhood-linked Islamists in 1982, it sought to demobilize both its religious and secular opponents by dismantling the Muslim Brotherhood, coopting potential opponents, infiltrating and splintering opposition groups, and sponsoring small Salafi militant networks.

In short, Syrian state policy atomized civil society in the decades prior to 2011. When Syrians rose in rebellion for a second time in 2011, they did so from scattered pockets of opposition, not from a single cross-cutting social base like the Muslim Brotherhood. This, in turn, led to today’s intensely fragmented civil war.
Mar15  Syria  authoritarian_regime  repression  Muslim_Brotherhood  Salafis  civil_society 
january 2019 by elizrael
Syrian Civil Society Is Leading Efforts to Rehabilitate ISIS Supporters: Syria From Within | Chatham House, Oct 2018
The most advanced rehabilitation initiative to deal with former ISIS members has been established through the Syrian Counter Extremism Centre (SCEC), which is the only centre of its kind in Syria. The centre is located in Mare (which is controlled by Turkish-led forces) and was established by local civil society actors and religious scholars in October 2017.

Founded in a former school, the centre includes 35 staff, all of which are working on a voluntary basis. Due to its limited capacity of 25-30 people, the centre was able to reach an arrangement with some of the local courts to refer captured ISIS members to the centre for rehabilitation.

The activities of the centre include workshops and seminars in religious doctrine to counter ISIS propaganda and narratives by explaining the damages caused by ISIS attacks and who the real targets of such assaults were. Videos, photos, reports and newspapers are usually used as evidence to support the argument.

Likewise, the residents attend courses in civic education, law, communication, human security, human rights and other relevant topics that can help reintegrate them into their communities. While group psychosocial support sessions are mandatory for everyone, many must also attend individual sessions to help pull them away from ISIS ideology.

Despite the importance of such community-based efforts, most of them are ad-hoc initiatives which negatively limits their scale, impact and sustainability. The Syrian civil society groups leading such efforts have no previous experience in the field of rehabilitation or countering violent extremism.
civil_society  CVE  Mar15  Aleppo  ISIS 
december 2018 by elizrael
Civil society, aid organizations withdraw into the shadows as Syrian government reasserts control - Syria Direct, Nov 8, 2018
“Our employees are now hiding their identities from the regime and society at large,” Sabsabi says. “They can’t tell anyone that they worked with our organization, so it’s very difficult for us to get any information about them.”
Among other restrictions, humanitarian organizations are prohibited from undertaking field visits or instituting new programs without SARC’s permission. Damning evidence has also arisen over the course of the conflict, showing the hand that government officials play in the organization’s operations. A leaked letter from two years ago, approving an aid delivery by SARC out of Damascus, was signed jointly by the Ministry of Health and officers from air force and military intelligence—all groups which are subject to economic sanctions from dozens of governments around the world.


A list kept by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, seen by Syria Direct, shows that 15 international organizations have already completed the process and are now operating under SARC as implementing partners in government-controlled areas.

Dozens of others are in different stages of the registration process, according to humanitarian sources with knowledge of the matter.

For months, his organization has been navigating the registration process, one that begins with a months-long security investigation conducted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The investigation process itself remains cloaked in mystery.

“They might be consulting with the Russian government or other international sectors like UNHCR and SARC,” the NGO source says.

“The Syrian government has limited us to interacting with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs only. We don’t know to whom they are referring our case.
Mar15  aid  NGO  civil_society  Daraa 
december 2018 by elizrael
Back to the Future: returning to human rights | OpenGlobalRights
First, for those of us in the North, our original error was to accept the bifurcation of the rights essential to living fully human lives. Repeated affirmation of their indivisibility notwithstanding, we acquiesced to their separation into two sets of rights, then proceeded to privilege one over the other, enervating the power of human rights in the process. 

As we fought for civil and political rights, we expected people to manage without economic and social rights. Rather than exploring their complementarity, we stressed their dissimilarity. Regrettably, failing to pursue the full spectrum of rights together, we failed to achieve either set of rights fully—anywhere. 

Reviving the vision of all rights respected by all states will point the way to what we need to do and achieve: reach and enlist people everywhere to recognize the power and potential of human rights, then support them to demand the fulfillment of human rights obligations from all those who seek to govern. This transformation requires expansion, amplification, and coordination across rights, nations, and approaches. We will know we have succeeded when states prioritize human rights in their policies, legislation, budget allocations and actions, because their citizens accept nothing less.
human_rights  economicRights  welfare  activism  civil_society 
december 2018 by elizrael
Basra’s Ongoing Protests Shift Loyalties, Confuse - And Have The Potential To Change Everything | Niqash, Dec 21, 2018
? The protests were the result of an organic and unexpected alliance between three different parts of Basra society. Firstly, they involved lower-income locals, who tend to identify themselves first and foremost as members of the larger tribes and clans in the area. A lot of these families live from agriculture and the water shortage had an extreme impact on them. For the first time, some Basra tribespeople decided to move to other areas where there was more water. This resulted in fighting between them and the tribes already in those areas. 

The second group is comprised of civil society activists and organizations – many of them established around 2015 as part of well-funded international efforts to inspire more democracy in Iraq. They have undertaken many pro-human rights campaigns and were particularly effective in their use of social media to organize and communicate with other demonstrators. These individuals tended to invent hashtags and share pictures of the protests online but they did not themselves get involved in the violence or arson.

The third segment of the Basra population involved in the protest were the city’s liberal-leaning businesspeople, who have become frustrated with the inefficacy of the local government. They perceive the continuous wheeling and dealing and sharing out of fees and contracts among the political class as a major problem, one that has caused much of the current breakdown in state services and is responsible for the lack of progress on important infrastructure projects. This group participated more quietly in the demonstrations and played a role in starting a dialogue with local politicians.
Basra  Iraq  protests  civil_society 
december 2018 by elizrael
Rampant insecurity in the Syrian north pushing humanitarian and media personnel to leave - Nedaa, Dec 7, 2018
According to multiple reports, in the province of Idlib during the month of October had seen 90 failed assassination attempts, while there is no official number of kidnappings, especially as many families refuse to announce the disappearance of their children, for fear of risk and decide to pay ransom for their release.
Mar15  kidnapping  crime  corruption  JabhatAl-Nusra  Assassination  civil_society  refuges  Turkey 
december 2018 by elizrael

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