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Germany’s far right never went away, but festered in its eastern stronghold
What, then, if it’s actually a question of deep cultural differences? As soon as you look clearly at German history, you see that the vaunted north-south divide in England comes nowhere close. There were no permanent German settlements at all in what we came to call East Germany until the land was gradually conquered – it was quite literally a crusade – after AD1147. We have a very close parallel in the attempted British conquest of Ireland, which began at almost the same time. The inescapable word is colonialism and, in both cases, the vital point is that the colonisation was never wholly successful.
The great tragedy of modern German, and indeed European, history is that Prussia managed to defeat and annex the whole country between 1866 and 1871 – and then systematically pushed the idea that this was “unification”. Imagine that in the mid-17th century Ulstermen and Scottish Covenanters – poorer but militarily more organised and accustomed to using armed force in daily life and politics – became paramount over the whole of a hopelessly divided Britain and then deployed all its manpower and wealth in their own interests. That is roughly what happened to the western Germans under Prussia from 1866 to 1945.
germany  c19  nationalism  populism 
september 2018 by craigryan
To be read on your chaise with laudanum handy. Talks specifically about concerns for women working in libraries
c19  from twitter
august 2018 by mattpoland
With AMPLE apologies to the actual scholars out there for surely butchering THE AWAKENING
c19  womenwriters  from twitter_favs
july 2018 by kohlmannj
Whitman’s Sympathies
Impact Factor:1.116 | Ranking:Political Science 59 out of 163 Source:2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
theory  american  c19  academic.ps 
july 2016 by joel.winkelman
An emperor’s ambivalent legacy - FT.com
Louis Napoleon, a nephew of Napoleon, exploited his uncle’s legacy to be elected president of France and later restore the empire. Anecdotal evidence shows that some voters thought they were voting for Napoleon himself, Ms Petiteau notes.
“The French are fascinated by the myth of the nation’s saviour.”

This has had profound historical consequences: because of Bonaparte, “whenever France goes through a crisis, the French turn to a man who is going to save them: Pétain looked like one in 1940, then de Gaulle in 1944, then again in 1958”, Jean Tulard says. “France would need a Bonaparte to fix its economy, but he has yet to come,” he jokes, before adding: “Nicolas Sarkozy was briefly compared to Napoleon.” Whether that comparison was a compliment or an insult is no longer clear.
france  c19  napoleon  leadership 
december 2015 by craigryan
UCSB Cylinder Audio Archive
The library of the University of California at Santa Barbara is digitising its archive of C19 and C20 wax cylinder recordings, and has placed over 10 000 songs online for downloading, streaming and re-use.
Dead_Media_Project  wax_cylinders  audio  audio_equipment  Edison  recording  music  C19  C20  spoken_word 
november 2015 by Protalina
Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor - FT.com

A military genius, but little about the imperial despot inspires today, writes Simon Schama
france  c19  war  totalitarianism  nationalism 
june 2015 by craigryan
The History of Modern France; How the French Think – reviews | Books | The Guardian

All of this is less new than it might seem. As Jonathan Fenby points out in his admirably lucid history of modern France, there has always been a tension between republican rule and an angry and disenfranchised population marginalised by French universalism. The first and most obvious question to ask about this book is: why do we need a new history of France? Fenby takes this head-on, taking the revolution of 1789 as the starting point for a long civil war, or, as he puts it, for “the national narratives that gave France its ideological complexion over two centuries”.
france  c18  c19  c20  books-non-fiction  philosophy 
june 2015 by craigryan
Revolutions Without Borders by Janet Polasky review – Thomas Paine and other radicals | Books | The Guardian

Revolutions Without Borders has a positive message: it not only demonstrates “that the roots of internationalism are as old as nation states”, it also serves to remind us that the struggle for liberty in countries where it is denied is the essence of our common humanity. As the liberal philosopher Condorcet put it: “The more free peoples that exist in the world, the more the liberty of each individual is assured.”
revolution  c19  c18  freedom  europe  usa 
june 2015 by craigryan
Napoleon’s dream died at Waterloo – and so did that of British democrats | Martin Kettle | Comment is free | The Guardian

The plain fact is that France still has a complex and uneasy relationship with Napoleon Bonaparte and his legacy, and with good reason. Was he a revolutionary tribune, a tyrant who reintroduced slavery, or simply a phenomenal leader? The truth is that he was all of these things. And to this day France can’t make up its mind.

Lord Byron, visiting the field of Waterloo in 1816, early in his exile, was one of these. He wrote back to a friend: “I detest the cause and the victors – and the victory.” A few months later he again railed against the battle in the third canto of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage as “the grave of France, the deadly Waterloo”, before asking the question: “But is Earth more free?” The answer was no.

And remember this. Napoleon gave himself up to the British off the west coast of France a few weeks after the battle. But when the ship on which he was sailing arrived in Torbay, Napoleon was not allowed to leave. A large part of the reason for that was fear of onshore popular sympathy if he were to set foot on English soil as he wished. Another part was fear that Napoleon might manage to have his captivity challenged in an English court. Hence the decision that he would be taken straight to exile on St Helena without landing here. As the late Norman Mackenzie pointed out in Fallen Eagle, his book on the capture of Napoleon, the deposed emperor was an early
war  c19  france  totalitarianism  democracy 
june 2015 by craigryan
Europe has much to learn from the Battle of Waterloo | World news | The Guardian

You can variously apportion blame for 25 years of warfare following the French revolution of 1789, but 5 million Europeans died – here’s one summary of the butcher’s bill – including at least a million Frenchmen. France’s demographic profile has never recovered: twice the size of Britain, but roughly the same population today, as had never been the case before 1800. Bonaparte’s genius for war and, increasingly, his addiction to it as his central strategy was a major contributory factor.
france  c19  war 
june 2015 by craigryan

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