bioprospecting   24

Trade Agreements as Vectors for the Nagoya Protocol's Implementation | Centre for International Governance Innovation - 2017
A growing number of trade agreements include provisions related to access to genetic resources and the sharing of the benefits that arise out of their utilization. This paper maps the distribution and the diversity of these provisions. It identifies
 a great variety of provisions regarding sovereignty over genetic resources, the protection of traditional knowledge, prior informed consent, the disclosure of origin in patent applications and conditions for bioprospecting activities. It also finds that some recent trade agreements provide specific measures designed to facilitate the implementation of access and benefit-sharing (ABS) provisions, including measures related to technical assistance, transparency and dispute settlements. Thus,
 it appears that trade negotiations can become
 vectors for the implementation of ABS obligations stemming from the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol on Access
 to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.
 The integration of ABS commitments into trade agreements, however, varies greatly, depending
 on the countries involved. While Latin American countries have played a pioneering role, Canada and the United States still lag behind. The most exemplary ABS standards are not yet widely used, perhaps because they remain little known. These provisions deserve greater attention and should be integrated more widely into international trade agreements.
trade-agreements  genetic_resources  bioprospecting  genetics  IP  paper  Evernote  downloaded  sovereignty  biodiversity  biology  pharma 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Brazilian agriculture: The miracle of the cerrado
Embrapa went to Africa and brought back a grass called brachiaria. Patient crossbreeding created a variety, called braquiarinha in Brazil, which produced 20-25 tonnes of grass feed per hectare, many times what the native cerrado grass produces and three times the yield in Africa.
brazil  agriculture  economics  strategy  bioprospecting  farming  development  science  technology  research  policy 
august 2010 by amaah
Land Grabs Force Hundreds Off Farms, Growers Say
Lots of mixed signals here. Chiefs selling land to multinationals without consulting the farmers. Biofuel companies searching for Black Gold in this case land to grow jatropha... the plant is a border plant hence other crops can and should be grown around it ergo the farmers could stay... the complexities of land ownership
ghana  jatropha  land  law  farming  bioprospecting  biofuel  policy  strategy  investment  africa 
september 2009 by amaah
The Forest is the Pharmacy
bioprospecting in São Tomé and Príncipe - who owns the knowledge? Healers? Scientists? Drug companies? Government? Another case study...
plant  medicine  health  science  bioprospecting  SaoTome  Africa  research  policy  tradition  knowledge  drugs  biology 
august 2009 by amaah
Technology to eradicate malaria
ignore the breathless headline... the main nugget is that "there is already expected to be a shortage in 2010 owing to a lack of the Artemisia annua wormwood plant plant"... hence this is more about admitting the need to find or engineer alternatives
malaria  health  publichealth  research  medicine  disease  science  technology  prevention  bioprospecting 
november 2008 by amaah
Fossil Feathers, Moon Water and Crystals of Ebola - The New York Times > Science > Slide Show > Slide 4 of 9
bright insects can indicate chemically rich plants. The plants don't necessarily give warning about their toxins but the insects feeding upon them pick up the slack.
ethnobotany  pharmacology  bioprospecting  entomology  photo 
august 2008 by rajsandhu
Tibet: Caterpillar fungus changes fortunes
caterpillar fungus, a prized ingredient in traditional medicine said to boost energy and immunity, the Tibetan nomads who gather it are enjoying a windfall. "stamina, endurance, lung capacity, kidney function and, of course, sexual performance
tradition  medicine  science  history  Tibet  china  bioprospecting  development 
june 2008 by amaah
The toxic 'wonder plant' that split world food summit
On Jatropha, the canonical bitter root, poisonous yet hardy, a weed whose seed can be refined into biofuel. Out of Africa but commercialized by Big Agribusiness in India, bioprospecting meets Big Energy, but will small farmers benefit? Who owns it?
plants  farming  bioprospecting  ecology  environment  adoption  food  agriculture  agribusiness  economics  energy  biofuel  jatropha  Africa  India  commercialization  sustainability  policy  globalization  BlackGold 
june 2008 by amaah
Mali’s Farmers Discover a Weed’s Potential Power
Black Gold in Mali. It's all about the new formula. Countries like India, China, the Philippines and Malaysia are starting huge plantations, betting that jatropha will help them to become more energy independent and even export biofuel.
energy  agriculture  agribusiness  Africa  Mali  jatropha  BlackGold  plants  farming  bioprospecting  ecology  environment  adoption  food  economics  biofuel  India  commercialization  sustainability  policy  globalization 
september 2007 by amaah
India is testing its traditional medicines
India, too, has a long tradition of herbal medicine, and its government is keen that this tradition should be brought into the mainstream, to the profit of the country's burgeoning drug industry. To that end, it is spending about $40m on what is known as
herbal  medicine  tradition  commercialization  science  health  India  biology  bioprospecting  research  knowledge  opacity 
august 2007 by amaah

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