bias   10818

« earlier    

Minority ethnic Britons face 'shocking' job discrimination | World news | The Guardian
Black Britons and those of south Asian origin face “shocking” discrimination in the labour market at levels unchanged since the late 1960s, research has found.

A study by experts based at the Centre for Social Investigation at Nuffield College, University of Oxford, found applicants from minority ethnic backgrounds had to send 80% more applications to get a positive response from an employer than a white person of British origin.

A linked study by the same researchers, comparing their results with similar field experiments dating back to 1969, found discrimination against black Britons and those of south Asian origin – particularly Pakistanis – unchanged over almost 50 years.
UK  BAME  discrimination  prejudice  bigotry  immigration  Brexit  Bias  Islamophobia  Racism 
3 days ago by asterisk2a
Language and Linguistics on Trial: Hearing Rachel Jeantel (and Other Vernacular Speakers) in the Courtroom and Beyond, by John Rickford and Sharese King [.pdf]
"Rachel Jeantel was the leading prosecution witness when George Zimmerman was tried for killing Trayvon Martin, but she spoke in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and her crucial testimony was dismissed as incomprehensible and not credible. The disregard for her speech in court and the media is familiar to vernacular speakers and puts Linguistics itself on trial: following Saussure, how do we dispel such ‘prejudices’ and ‘fictions’? We show that Jeantel speaks a highly systematic AAVE, with possible Caribbean influence. We also discuss voice quality and other factors that bedeviled her testimony, including dialect unfamiliarity and institutionalized racism. Finally, we suggest strategies for linguists to help vernacular speakers be better heard in courtrooms and beyond.*"
johnrickford  shareseking  2016  trayvonmartin  georgezimmerman  racheljeantel  aave  english  bias  law  legal  justice  race  racism  dialect  literacy  intelligence  linguistics  sociolinguistics 
4 days ago by robertogreco
Justice for Jeantel (and Trayvon): Fighting Dialect Prejudice in Courtrooms and Beyond - CornellCast
"When George Zimmerman was tried for the homicide of Trayvon Martin, the testimony of Rachel Jeantel was critical to the prosecution’s case – but was ignored by the jury. According to linguist John Rickford this happened because Jeantel speaks African-American Vernacular English. On Sept. 15, 2016, Rickford presented a University Lecture discussing the potentially devastating consequences caused by mishearings and misjudgments of dialect speakers in courtrooms, police encounters, job interviews and elsewhere."
johnrickford  2016  trayvonmartin  georgezimmerman  racheljeantel  aave  english  bias  law  legal  justice  race  racism  dialect  literacy  intelligence  linguistics  sociolinguistics 
4 days ago by robertogreco
John Rickford, Sharese King: Full Interview on "Race, Dialect Prejudice, and Literacy in the Zimmerman Trial and Beyond" | Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education
"The testimony of Rachel Jeantel, close friend of Trayvon Martin and the prosecution's star witness in the trial of George Zimmerman, was the subject of considerable public commentary in the summer of 2013. Social media pilloried her for her "slurred" or "ungrammatical" speech and described her as stupid and ignorant.

But as Stanford professor John Rickford and second-year linguistics graduate student Sharese King show from analyses of her use of zero copula, absence of third singular present, possessive, and plural --s, and other features, she follows the systematic grammar of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) quite faithfully.

Rickford and King discuss the evidence of Jeantel's limited literacy that emerged during the trial, and the poor reading performance of African American students at her school, Miami Norland, which did not come to public attention. They ask about the extent to which speakers of African American Vernacular English and other dialects are misunderstood, disbelieved, or otherwise unfairly evaluated in courts, schools, and other settings.

This interview followed the SCOPE Brown Bag Lecture: "Race, Dialect Prejudice, and Literacy in the Zimmerman Trial and Beyond" on February 10, 2014."

[Direct link to video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qH-vshQf2g0 ]
johnrickford  shareseking  2014  trayvonmartin  georgezimmerman  racheljeantel  aave  english  bias  law  legal  justice  race  racism  dialect  literacy  intelligence  linguistics  sociolinguistics 
4 days ago by robertogreco
The three-page paper that shook philosophy—a hacker’s perspective « the jsomers.net blog
Epistemologists going back to the Greeks had debated what it meant to know something, and in the Enlightenment, a definition was settled upon: to know something is to have a justified true belief about it:

justified in the sense of deriving from evidence
true, because it doesn’t make sense to “know” a falsehoood
belief, i.e., a proposition in your head
Gettier, in his tiny paper, upended the consensus. He asked “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” and offered three cases—soon to be known as “the Gettier cases”—that suggested you could have a JTB about something and yet still we would want to say you didn’t know it.
philosophy  bias 
4 days ago by janpeuker
The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use | Nature Human Behaviour
The widespread use of digital technologies by young people has spurred speculation that their regular use negatively impacts psychological well-being. Current empirical evidence supporting this idea is largely based on secondary analyses of large-scale social datasets. Though these datasets provide a valuable resource for highly powered investigations, their many variables and observations are often explored with an analytical flexibility that marks small effects as statistically significant, thereby leading to potential false positives and conflicting results. Here we address these methodological challenges by applying specification curve analysis (SCA) across three large-scale social datasets (total n = 355,358) to rigorously examine correlational evidence for the effects of digital technology on adolescents. The association we find between digital technology use and adolescent well-being is negative but small, explaining at most 0.4% of the variation in well-being. Taking the broader context of the data into account suggests that these effects are too small to warrant policy change.
reproducibility  bias  bigdata  statistics  science 
5 days ago by deprecated
Raising Free People | Raising Aware People #LRC2018 - YouTube
"What are your experiments with the intersection of Unschooling / Self Directed Education and Social Justice. And your understanding of this intersection. While, hey are inextricably linked, the practice of unschooling as social justice and raising aware people isn't widely understood, spoken about or shared.

So at Learning Reimagined 2018, we hosted an interactive panel discussion as an introduction to the relationship and practice of the two, with the hope that this will help participants and now viewers to think around these issues and to then discuss and share further in their communities and here with us online so we can learn too.

The panel consisted of a mix of young unschoolers and featured speakers (Akilah Richards, Bayo Akomolafe, Teresa Graham Brett) at Learning Reimagined 2018."
unschooling  education  socialjustice  self-directed  self-directedlearning  akilahrichards  bavoakomolafe  teresagrahambrett  liberation  justice  zakiyyaismail  deschooling  learning  politics  southafrica  us  difference  scaffolding  parenting  poc  howwelearn  decolonization  2018  race  racism  inclusivity  conferences  lrc2018  bias  inclusion  community  privilege  kaameelchicktay  elitism  schools  schooling  indigeneity  class  classism  humanism  language  english  africa  colonization  agilelearningcenters 
6 days ago by robertogreco
Simple Heuristics That Make Algorithms Smart - Behavioral Scientist
This is fascinating. It turns out that outperformance of algos vs judgment is driven not by the algos being better than heuristics, but by consistency. If you apply the heuristic the people use, but do so like a machine, you do better....

...until you hit an edge case.
algorithms  cognition  bias  rationality  to_blog 
6 days ago by yorksranter

« earlier    

related tags

$4  000-resistance  1%  1962  2014  2016  2018  3013  aave  abbottdiane  academia  aclu  action  africa  againstdata  agilelearningcenters  agriculture  ai  akilahrichards  algorithm  algorithms  amazon  america  american  analysis  analytics  and  andreimarkovits  application  architecture  argument  aristocracy  article  articles  artificialintelligence  as  automation  aw  bame  barnesjohn  bavoakomolafe  bbc  bbcqt  behavioraleconomics  biases  big-data  bigdata  bigotry  biodiversity  biological_recording  biology  bitcoin  blogs  boardgame  boardgamegeek  book  books  brexit  brookings  brucefiona  bullshit  camera  capitalism  cars  cctv  change  chart  china  cjr  claasrelotius  class  classism  cognition  cognitive  coink  colonization  commodification  communications  community  complexity  computervision  conferences  confirmation  conflict  congress  conservative  control  corbyn  counterexample  credit  criminaljustice  crowdsourcing  culture  data-analysis  data-science  data  database  databrokers  datajournalism  debt  decision  decisionmaking  decolonization  deep-learning  deepfake  derspiegel  deschooling  developingcountries  dialect  difference  dining  discrimination  dissonance.book  diversity  donaldtrump  dorseyjack  dream  economics  editorial  education  eff  elitism  embeddings  emotion  emotions  employers  employment  english  equity  erben  ethics  europe  excellent  exercise  explanation  extraction  face  facebook  facialrecognition  fact-check  facts  fairness  farright  fat  fauxtomation  fergusfalls-mn  finance  florida  food  food_culture  football  for_friends  gan  gaslighting  gender  georgezimmerman  germany  gesellschaft  google  gop  gov2.0  government  gpu  grait  graph  guantanamo  guardian  harassment  health  heinrichheine  hiring  history  hoarders  howwelearn  humanism  hypocrisy  ibm  identity  ideology  ifttt  illusion  image  immigrants  immigration  in  inclusion  inclusivity  indigeneity  inequality  information  inheritance  inherited  intelligence  intervention  investing  islamophobia  jameskirchick  jen  jobs  johnrickford  journalism  justice  kaameelchicktay  kahneman  kent  kirby  labor  language  laurel-yanny  law  learning  left  legal  liberation  libertarian  linguistics  lists  literacy  living  loans  lottery  lrc2018  machine-learning  machine_learning  machinelearning  making  mathematics  mechanicalturk  media  mediabias  medicine  messaging  meta-analysis  methodology  microsoft  millionaires  ml  mobility  model  monitoring  monopolies  mother  mpi  near-term  neuralnetworks  neuroscience  newrepublic  news  nlp  noise  nuclearweapons  objective  ocr  opinion  out  outsourcing  ovr  ownership  parenting  patternrecognition  peopleanalytics  perception  performance  philosophy  poc  pocket  podcast  police  policing  politics  post-racial  postcode  power  prediction  pregnant  prejudice  price  privacy  privilege  productivity  professionals  profiling  progressive  propaganda  protest  psychology  ptsd  race  racheljeantel  racism  rationality  raykurzweil  read-later  realtime  recruitment  reference  regualation  regulation  rekognition  rent-seeking  reproducibility  reproducibilitycrisis  reputation  research  resilience  resources  restaurants  rights  risk  rooting  sampling  scaffolding  schooling  schools  science  search  security  self-directed  self-directedlearning  shareseking  silicon_valley  siliconvalley  sjw  smartphone  smoking  social  social_psychology  socialjustice  socialmedia  society  sociolinguistics  sociology  southafrica  space  stanford  statistics  stats  status  stephenglass  sterlingraheem  subconscious  surveillance  surveillancecapitalism  suspicion  sw4sx  targeting  taylorism  teaching  team  teases  tech  technology  television  teresagrahambrett  test  theatlantic  threats  to_blog  toread  transparency  trayvonmartin  trumpadministration  twitter  uber  uk  unconscious  unschooling  us  usa  uspolitics  vetting  video  videos  visualcommonsense  vox  washingtonpost  wealth  weapon  weight.stigma  wellness  wework  women  workplace  zakiyyaismail 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: