archeology   1919

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An annotated version of Jared Diamond’s 1995 article “Easter’s End” – Part I 
The content below was written by Jared Diamond and appeared in the August 1, 1995 edition of Discover Magazine (http://discovermagazine.com/1995/aug/eastersend543). The content of the article article been widely copy-and-pasted by others and often serves as the basis for what people think they know about the island. Here, I try to provide comments to help update the essay with knowledge that we have gained over the past 25 years.

In just a few centuries [the entire prehistoric occupation was just 500 years: ca. 1200AD to 1722AD. Radiocarbon dates (Mann et al 2008) show the loss of the palm forest took this entire span of time.], the people of Easter Island wiped out their forest [note that choice of the word “wiping” belies the fact that the palm forest was turned into gardens over the entire prehistoric span of occupation and possibly into European times], drove their plants [large palm trees (Jubea Chilensis) with little economic value] and animals [by animals, Diamond means “seabirds.” Excavations by Steadman et al (1994) show that there were once seabirds on the island that are now extinct.] to extinction, and saw their complex society spiral into chaos [according to whom? and when? Archaeologically, we only see changes in settlement patterns after the point of European contact] and cannibalism [there is no empirical evidence of cannibalism on Rapa Nui]. Are we about to follow their lead?
rapa-nui  easter-island  civilisation  collapse  jared-diamond  history  archeology  Carl-Lipo  annotation  1995  2018 
17 hours ago by zzkt
The Paleo Diet May Need a Rewrite, Ancient Humans Feasted on a Wide Variety of Plants | Smart News | Smithsonian
Archeological dig in Israel finds paleo humans ate a large variety of fruit, nuts, grains, and meat
archeology  q4  2016  israel  plant  iet  paleo  digital  grain  nut  meat  fruit  vegetable  primal  science 
17 days ago by csrollyson
Will Hunt, "Of Cesspits and Sewers"
"As it turns out, archives all over Europe hold documents that reveal long-ignored systems of public health and hygiene. In cities throughout the Netherlands, going back as far as the thirteenth century, so-called mud officials patrolled the streets, doling out fines to citizens who disposed of their waste inappropriately. Other cities benefited from the services of “waste citizens,” who were enlisted to clean specific places in the city in exchange for citizenship."

"The Dutch Golden Age, then, not the medieval era, was when Leiden transformed into the foul city of Victorian imagination."

"Van Oosten—along with Coomans and other colleagues—now participates in a multidisciplinary research initiative called Premodern Healthscaping. The project aims to reveal the sophistication of public health and sanitation in late medieval cities."
2019Faves  Archeology  Cities  WillHunt  ArcheologyMagazine  MedievalTimes  TheNetherlands  Leiden  sanitation  infrastructure 
27 days ago by briansholis
WorldWideWeb
Nine people came together at CERN for five days and made something amazing. I still can’t quite believe it.
web  browser  archeology 
5 weeks ago by Gwendoux

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