anthropomorphism   196

« earlier    

The Rhetoric and Reality of Anthropomorphism in Artificial Intelligence | SpringerLink
"Artificial intelligence (AI) has historically been conceptualized in anthropomorphic terms. Some algorithms deploy biomimetic designs in a deliberate attempt to effect a sort of digital isomorphism of the human brain. Others leverage more general learning strategies that happen to coincide with popular theories of cognitive science and social epistemology. In this paper, I challenge the anthropomorphic credentials of the neural network algorithm, whose similarities to human cognition I argue are vastly overstated and narrowly construed. I submit that three alternative supervised learning methods—namely lasso penalties, bagging, and boosting—offer subtler, more interesting analogies to human reasoning as both an individual and a social phenomenon. Despite the temptation to fall back on anthropomorphic tropes when discussing AI, however, I conclude that such rhetoric is at best misleading and at worst downright dangerous. The impulse to humanize algorithms is an obstacle to properly conceptualizing the ethical challenges posed by emerging technologies."
to:NB  anthropomorphism  artificial_intelligence  neural_networks  ensemble_methods  lasso  rhetoric 
7 weeks ago by cshalizi
Animals, Anthropomorphism and Mediated Encounters: 1st Edition (Hardback) - Routledge
"This book critically investigates the pervasiveness of anthropomorphised animals in popular culture.

Anthropomorphism in popular visual media has long been denounced for being unsophisticated or emotionally manipulative. It is often criticised for over-expressing similarities between humans and other animals. This book focuses on everyday encounters with visual representations of anthropomorphised animals and considers how attributing other animals with humanlike qualities speaks to a complex set of power relations. Through a series of case studies, it explores how anthropomorphism is produced and circulated and proposes that it can serve to create both misunderstandings and empathetic connections between humans and other animals.

This book will appeal to academics and students interested in visual media, animal studies, sociology and cultural studies."
animalstudies  animals  human-animalrelations  human-animalrelationships  anthropomorphism  multispecies  morethanhuman  culture  visual  books  claireparkinson 
august 2019 by robertogreco
An AI conference warns us why we need to mind our language | New Scientist issue 3212, Jan 2019
"We’re using the wrong words to talk about artificial intelligence."

"Language is at the heart of the problem. In his 2007 book, The Emotion Machine, computer scientist Marvin Minsky deplored (although even he couldn’t altogether avoid) the use of “suitcase words”: his phrase for words conveying specialist technical detail through simple metaphors. Think what we are doing when we say metal alloys “remember” their shape, or that a search engine offers “intelligent” answers to a query."

"Without metaphors and the human tendency to personify, we would never be able to converse, let alone explore technical subjects, but the price we pay for communication is a credulity when it comes to modelling how the world actually works. No wonder we are outraged when AI doesn’t behave intelligently. But it isn’t the program playing us false, rather the name we gave it."

"Earlier this year in a public forum [Turkish-born Memo Akten, based at Somerset House in London] threatened to strangle a kitten whenever anyone in the audience personified AI, by talking about “the AI”, for instance."
NewScientist  language  quotes  metaphor  thinking  cognition  AI  anthropomorphism  culture 
may 2019 by pierredv
Frans de Waal, "What I Learned From Tickling Apes," The New York Times
"Accusations of anthropomorphism are about as big a spoiler in cognitive science as suggestions of doping are of athletic success. The indiscriminate nature of these accusations has been detrimental to cognitive science, as it has kept us from developing a truly evolutionary view. In our haste to argue that animals are not people, we have forgotten that people are animals, too."
FransDeWaal  NYT  op-ed  science  anthropomorphism  primatology  intelligence  species 
january 2019 by briansholis
Two Keyboards at a Bar • Rands in Repose
<p><em>APPLE EXTENDED II sits at the bar nursing a Macallan 18. Next to him is MACBOOK PRO who has not taken a sip of his glass of water.</em>

APPLE EXTENDED II: Lonely times, man. Lonely times. First, it was scissors then butterflies. Do you want to know what I miss? Electric Alps switches. That was the dream, right?

MACBOOK PRO (nervous, staring at the bar, napkins in both hands): Did you clean up before I sat down? It looks clean, but…

APPLE EXTENDED II (interrupting): Kids today. They don’t appreciate the reliable, credible haptic feedback of a single healthy keystroke. It’s all hunt, peck, and swipe swipe swipe.

TOUCHBAR (arrives): Hey! Nobody told me we were going out to drinks . This is great!

APPLE EXTENDED II: Wait, who invited him?

MACBOOK PRO: Sorry, we’re a package deal. It’s not…</p>

Brilliant. Stemming, of course, from John Gruber's wonderful <a href="">"The iTunes 5 Announcement From the Perspective of an Anthropomorphized Brushed Metal User Interface Theme"</a>, <a href="">"iLife ’06 From the Perspective of an Anthropomorphized Brushed Metal Interface"</a> and <a href="">"An Anthropomorphized Brushed Metal Interface Theme Shows Up for the WWDC Preview Build of Mac OS X Leopard"</a>, from 2005, 2006 and 2007 respectively.
apple  hardware  keyboard  anthropomorphism 
june 2018 by charlesarthur
Eyes to C, Arms to E – About face – Medium
About human anatomy and anthropomorphism in font design.
typography  anthropomorphism 
march 2018 by gunsch
Deleting the Human Clause, Damien Williams « Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective
"Animal Constructions and Technological Knowledge is Ashley Shew’s debut monograph and in it she argues that we need to reassess and possibly even drastically change the way in which we think about and classify the categories of technology, tool use, and construction behavior. Drawing from the fields of anthropology, animal studies, and philosophy of technology and engineering, Shew demonstrates that there are several assumptions made by researchers in all of these fields—assumptions about intelligence, intentionality, creativity and the capacity for novel behavior.

Many of these assumptions, Shew says, were developed to guard against the hazard of anthropomorphizing the animals under investigation, and to prevent those researchers ascribing human-like qualities to animals that don’t have them. However, this has led to us swinging the pendulum too far in the other direction, engaging in “a kind of speciesist arrogance” which results in our not ascribing otherwise laudable characteristics to animals for the mere fact that they aren’t human.[1]

Shew says that we consciously and unconsciously appended a “human clause” to all of our definitions of technology, tool use, and intelligence, and this clause’s presumption—that it doesn’t really “count” if humans aren’t the ones doing it—is precisely what has to change."

[via: ]
ashleyshew  2018  books  animals  multispecies  morethanhuman  tools  technology  intelligence  humanclause  speciesism  intentionality  creativity  behavior  anthropomorphism 
february 2018 by robertogreco
moovelLab - who wants to be a self-driving car?
Nice… how about s/thing similar for “algorithms”, algo decisionmaking, etc? “Who wants to be a self-driving car?”
autonomousVehicles  TM129  empathy  anthropomorphism  robomorphism  reverseAnthropomorphism  from twitter
october 2017 by psychemedia
What Animals Taught Me About Being Human - The New York Times
"Surrounding myself with animals to feel less alone was a mistake: The greatest comfort is in knowing their lives are not about us at all."

"Animals don’t exist in order to teach us things, but that is what they have always done, and most of what they teach us is what we think we know about ourselves. The purpose of animals in medieval bestiaries, for example, was to give us lessons in how to live. I don’t know anyone who now thinks of pelicans as models of Christian self-sacrifice, or the imagined couplings of vipers and lampreys as an allegorical exhortation for wives to put up with unpleasant husbands. But our minds still work like bestiaries. We thrill at the notion that we could be as wild as a hawk or a weasel, possessing the inner ferocity to go after the things we want; we laugh at animal videos that make us yearn to experience life as joyfully as a bounding lamb. A photograph of the last passenger pigeon makes palpable the grief and fear of our own unimaginable extinction. We use animals as ideas to amplify and enlarge aspects of ourselves, turning them into simple, safe harbors for things we feel and often cannot express.

None of us see animals clearly. They’re too full of the stories we’ve given them. Encountering them is an encounter with everything you’ve ever learned about them from previous sightings, from books, images, conversations. Even rigorous scientific studies have asked questions of animals in ways that reflect our human concerns. In the late 1930s, for example, when the Dutch and Austrian ethologists Niko Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz towed models resembling flying hawks above turkey chicks, they were trying to prove that these birds hatched with a hard-wired image resembling an airborne bird of prey already in their minds that compelled them to freeze in terror. While later research has suggested it is very likely that young turkeys actually learn what to fear from other turkeys, the earlier experiment is still valuable, not least for what it says about human fears. To me it seems shaped by the historical anxieties of a Europe threatened for the first time by large-scale aerial warfare, when pronouncements were made that “the bomber will always get through,” no matter how tight the national defense."

"For some weeks, I’ve been worried about the health of family and friends. Today I’ve stared at a computer screen for hours. My eyes hurt. My heart does, too. Feeling the need for air, I sit on the step of my open back door and see a rook, a sociable species of European crow, flying low toward my house through gray evening air. Straightaway I use the trick I learned as a child, and all my difficult emotions lessen as I imagine how the press of cooling air might feel against its wings. But my deepest relief doesn’t come from imagining I can feel what the rook feels, know what the rook knows — instead, it’s slow delight in recognizing that I cannot. These days I take emotional solace from understanding that animals are not like me, that their lives are not about us at all. The house it’s flying over has meaning for both of us. To me, it is home. To a rook? A way point on a journey, a collection of tiles and slopes, useful as a perch or a thing to drop walnuts on in autumn to make them shatter and let it winkle out the flesh inside.

Then there is something else. As it passes overhead, the rook tilts its head to regard me briefly before flying on. And with that glance I feel a prickling in my skin that runs down my spine, and my sense of place shifts. The rook and I have shared no purpose. For one brief moment we noticed each other, is all. When I looked at the rook and the rook looked at me, I became a feature of its landscape as much as it became a feature of mine. Our separate lives, for that moment, coincided, and all my anxiety vanished in that one fugitive moment, when a bird in the sky on its way somewhere else pulled me back into the world by sending a glance across the divide."
animals  multispecies  posthumanism  humans  2017  helenmacdonald  crows  corvids  rooks  thomasnagel  birds  nature  wildlife  human-animalrelations  anthropomorphism  human-animalrelationships  nikotinbergen  konradlorenz 
may 2017 by robertogreco
Request: Winchesters/various, anthropomorphism
The Impala is an asexual being and would really appreciate it if the Winchesters would stop having sex on her back seat. Also, if the could tidy up a bit more often after eating, that would be great.

Anthropomorphic Impala, unintentional voyeurism, unintentional exhibitionism, dub con
:spn  fps  pairing:dean/ofc(s)  pairing:dean/omc(s)  pairing:sam/omc(s)  pairing:sam/ofc(s)  anthropomorphism 
november 2016 by Mayalaen
Request: Dean or Sam or Cas, sentient teddy bear, underage extreme
Could be Dean or Sam or Cas. Somehow a teddy bear comes alive and is anatomically correct when it wants to be (has a penis and asshole) and it teach Dean/Sam/Cas how to fuck and get fucked. Dean/Sam/Cas can be anywhere between 4 - 9. Do not age them up.

If you want, you can have the teddy bear teach Dean/Sam/Cas how to have sex with another kid or the family dog or whatever you want, just no noncon or scat.
:spn  underage  fps  anthropomorphism  pairing:dean/omd(s)  pairing:sam/omd(s)  pairing:castiel/omd(s) 
september 2016 by Mayalaen

« earlier    

related tags

!teen-wolf  #boyd/erica  #derek/stiles  -raisesomehale  18thc  19thc  2011  2012  2013  2014  2015  2017  2018  20thc  2sbs  2sochap  5000+  501-1000  :spn  absurd  additivism  adorno  advertising  aesthetics  africa  ai  alan  album  alexa  algorithm  algorithms  allcaps  amazon  amazonecho  amusing  ancient_greece  ancient_philosophy  androids  animacy  animal-transformation  animal  animalhumanrelationships  animalness  animals  animalstudies  anthropic  anthropocene  anthropocentrism  anthropology  anthropomorphosis  ao3  appearance  apple  aristotle  arms  arstechnica  art!fill  art  article  articles  artificial_intelligence  artificialintelligence  artist  ashleyshew  asia  ask  au  authenticity_class  autonomousvehicles  awesome  b:andeincascade  background  bandom  beauty  behavior  benjamin  benjaminrabier  berg  beta:none  bildung  biology  biophilia  birds  bits  blog  blogs  body  book  bookmarks_bar  books  borderstudies  bots  braidotti  brain  bratton  breaking  c/f:  cameravision  cars  cartoons  cats  character:  chicago  children  childrens  childrensbooks  childrensliterature  china  chthulucene  cinder  claireparkinson  clothing  cognition  comparative_religion  complexity  computers  concept  confession  consciousness.  control  corvids  cosmology  counter-enlightenment  cowriter:ktc  crack/humour  crack  creativity  crimes/criminals  critical_theory  criticism  crossover  crouton-petting  crows  cultural_critique  culturalremixing  culture  curiosity  cursed-derek  curses  cuteness  cybernetics  data  davidfoulkes  definition  delicious-export  delicious  design  dialogue  digital.ephemera  digital  dimmock  dogs  donovan  downloaded  drones  economics  edsgerdijkstra  ef-add  elephants  emergency  emotions  empathy  enlightenment-ongoing  enlightenment  enlightenment_project  ensemble_methods  environment  eowilson  ethics  ethnography  events  evolution  excrinction  exhibition  exploration  eye  eyes  fables  facerecognition  faces  facetracking  fae  failure  fairies  fallacy  fandom:one-direction  fanfic  fantasy  fanwork:  favorites  fear  feuerbach_rules_your_world  fieldio  fieldkit  film  first-kiss  flickr  food  fps  france  frank_iero  fransdewaal  french_enlightenment  frieze  funny  fusion  future  g  g:pennyplainknits  gadget  gadgets  gaps  gen  generalisation  generative  genre:  gerard_way  german_idealism  germany  get_at_library  god-attributes  gordonorians  graves  great_chain_of_being  guardian  guilt  hal  hand-jobs  handjob  hardware  health  hegel  heinz_von_foerster  helenmacdonald  holmes  hooper  human-animalrelations  human-animalrelationships  human  human_nature  humanclause  humanism  humanity  humans  humor  humour  illustration  illustrator  image  images  imagination  impala&jeep  industrial  info  information  injury/medical  inspiration  installation  intellectual_history  intelligence  intentionality  interaction  interesting  internetofthings  interview  iot  irrational  jamessuzman  javascript  jibo  john  jokes  journal  judithheerwagen  juliehecht  jumping  kant  kevingrennan  keyboard  kids  kieransuckling  kink:  knowledge  konradlorenz  language  lasso  lazy_daze  leibniz  liam-payne  liberty  life  little_printer  livecoding  logic  love  machine  machine_vision  machinemachine  magic  magical  manipulation  marketing  mars  marxist  mattpyke  mature  mckenzie  meaning  memes  memory  metafilter  metamorphosis  metaphor  metaphysics  mice  mikey_way  military  mimicry  mind  minifill  mistakes  ml  modernism  molly  monotheism  morethanhuman  multiple_fills  multispecies  my_chemical_romance  myth  mythology  myths  nature  nazis  nd  neural_networks  neuroscience  newscientist  newterritiories  niall/liam  niall-horan  nikotinbergen  not_fic  nyt  object_oriented_philosophy  objects  oblivious-stiles  obliviousness  of  onderzoek  one-shot  only  op-ed  p:none  pairing:  pairing:castiel/omd(s)  pairing:dean/impala  pairing:dean/ofc(s)  pairing:dean/omc(s)  pairing:dean/omd(s)  pairing:garth/mrfizzles  pairing:sam/ofc(s)  pairing:sam/omc(s)  pairing:sam/omd(s)  panopticon  pareidolia  parenting  parts  pathetic  patheticfallacy  pathology  pattern  patterns  pdf  peacock  perception  persona  personalcomputing  personaldata  pets  philip_ball  philosophy  philosophy_of_science  photo  photoshop  picture  pining  plato  podfic  polytheism  posthumanism  pov-derek  primatology  privacy-by-design  privacy  programming  projection  psychology  q1  quotes  rating:  rating:g-to-teen  rationalist  ray_toro  ray_toro_fest_a_thon  read  realism  reason  reasoning  recognition  recursion  reference  rejection/unrequited  relationships  research  reverseanthropomorphism  review  rhetoric  rhizome  robomorphism  robot  robotics  robots  robots_and_robotics  romanticism  rooks  rosi  rpf-fandoms  réginedebatty  sally  samanthaculp  science  science_fiction  scripts  season-three  senses  sensors  sentience  sexism  sherlock/john  sherlock  shouting  side-pairings  singularity  skull  slash  smell  social  society  software  souls  source:cs.utexas  southersalazar  space_exploration  species  speciesism  spider  storytelling  stream  supernatural  surveillance  sympathy  systems  t  techdel  technology  teen.wolf  term  tether  theodicy  theology  theory  therourke  things  thinking  thomasnagel  thought  time  tinderboxed  tm129  to:blog  to:nb  tom_armitage  tomcoates  tools  toothbrush  travel  trope:  trust  tumblr  turing  tv  twitlink  twitter_fic  typography  uncannyvalley  underage  understanding  universaleverything  university  up  value  video  videos  virtualassistant  visual  voltaire  wark  watson  wikipedia  wildlife  wmmna  words:5.000-9.900  writing  xkcd  xover  yahoo  youtube  zoology  •ao3 

Copy this bookmark: