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Showcasing the wonders of 🇳🇮 the original + unique + unspoiled destination of the on…
Nicaragua  tourism  Americas  from twitter_favs
10 weeks ago by krishnau
California jury hits Bayer with $2 billion award in Roundup cancer trial - Reuters
A California jury on Monday awarded more than $2 billion to a couple who claimed Bayer AG's glyphosate-based Roundup weed killer caused their cancer, in the largest U.S. jury verdict to date against the company in litigation over the chemical.
toldyouso  agricultural  americas  and  bayer  california  cancer  cases  chemicals  commodity  company  corporate  court  decisions  environment  europe  events  farming  fishing  general  germany  glyphosate  health  healthcare  judicial  lawsuit  litigation  major  markets  medicine  news  pictures  pollution  process  science  states  united  us  western 
may 2019 by xer0x
Final Report on LatAm: a Historical Gazetteer of Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean | Pelagios Commons
Pelagios presents researchers with a fantastic set of tools for studying the world and linking texts, artifacts, and maps to historic places.  However, not all the places of the past have been findable with the Pelagios set of tools. via Pocket
americas  caribbean  gazetteer  history  report 
may 2019 by kintopp
One Girl Will Soon FAIL! Epic Fails | AFV 2019
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<p>One Girl Will Soon FAIL! Epic Fails | AFV 2019 Subscribe to join the #AFVFAM http://bit.ly/afvyoutube | Make sure to enable ALL push notifications! Did her friends till jump after? Did she fall the same? fails,fail,funniest fails,fails of the week 2019,fails of the week,water fails 2019,girl fails 2019,fails you missed,afv 2019,fails of the month,afv fail,afv,fails […]</p>
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may 2019 by snapeplus
'Venezuelans Are Starving for Information.' The Battle to Get News in a Country in Chaos
"...[T]he Internet is the last place Venezuelans can turn for non-government sanctioned information. It’s also the opposition’s only way to organize — and that means it has become a key battleground in the fight for control of Venezuela. Authorities regularly block news outlets and social media or arrest critics who speak out online, while underfunded web infrastructure has slowed connection speeds to near unusable levels. But a network of activists and former journalists are fighting back. Creating underground news services on WhatsApp, and teaching the less tech-savvy to navigate restrictions, they are keeping information flowing around the country.

'Most Venezuelans are in the dark, starving for information,' says Andrés Azpúrua, director of Internet freedom watchdog VE Sin Filtro (Venezuela Without Filter). 'People are working really hard to get [it] to them.'" - Ciara Nugent, Time
otf  venezuela  southamerica  media  access  censorship  americas 
april 2019 by dmcdev
Reading the First Books – Multilingual, Early-Modern OCR for Primeros Libros
Reading the First Books: Multilingual, Early-Modern OCR for Primeros Libros is a two-year, multi-university effort to develop tools for the automatic transcription of early modern printed books. via Pocket
americas  history  ocr  spain  tools 
april 2019 by kintopp
People of the Founding Era
The collection, selection, and publication of the correspondence of great (and not so great) Americans has a history nearly as old as the nation's. Volumes of letters began appearing by the early nineteenth century, including those authored by obscure as well as by famous men. via Pocket
americas  biography  history  letters  prosopography  usa 
january 2019 by kintopp
How the Inkas governed, thrived and fell without alphabetic writing

Instead of writing, the Inkas’ principal bureaucratic tool was the khipu. A khipu consists of a number of strings or cords, either cotton or wool, systematically punctuated with knots, hanging from a master cord or length of wood; pendant cords might also have subsidiary cords. The basis of khipu accounting practice was the decimal system, achieved by tying knots with between one and nine loops to represent single numerals, then adding elaborations to designate 10s, 100s or 1,000s. By varying the length, width, colour and number of the pendant cords, and tying knots of differing size and type to differentiate data, the Inkas turned the khipu into a remarkably versatile device for recording, checking and preserving information.

It is hard to see how alphabetic writing would have helped the Inkas to administer Tahuantinsuyu more efficiently: this was not an intensively governed empire but a federation of tribute-paying and politically allegiant provinces. In other spheres of government, such as law, writing would doubtless have made more of a difference, leading perhaps to the development of written law-codes, arguably even a ‘constitution’. But since writing was never developed, imperial rule remained weakly institutionalised, leading to a concentration of power and office, which meant that when the Sapa Inka was removed, there was little to fall back on.

Inka religion, which was broadly speaking animistic, acknowledged many gods, ranging from heavenly bodies (Sun, Moon, stars) to topographical features (mountains, rivers, springs) to ancestors, whose earthly remains were venerated to a degree that baffled Europeans – although most of them made little attempt to understand such practices, disparaging them as heathen, folk-magic or simply childish.
americas  civ  opinion  writing  religion  fail  espagna  from instapaper
january 2019 by aries1988
Fleeing a hell the US helped create: why Central Americans journey north
More often US intervention in the affairs of these small and weak states has been deliberate, motivated by profit or ideology or both.
“The destabilisation in the 1980s – which was very much part of the US cold war effort – was incredibly important in creating the kind of political and economic conditions that exist in those countries today,” said Christy Thornton, a sociologist focused on Latin America at Johns Hopkins University.
Guatemala’s long civil war can in turn be traced back to a 1954 coup against a democratically elected president, Jacobo Árbenz, which was backed by the US. Washington backed the Guatemalan military, which was responsible for genocide against the native population. “The point was to root out anything that looked like communist subversion, but it was really a scorched earth policy against the indigenous people,” Thornton said. The issue of impunity for violence remains central to Guatemala’s chronic problems. Jimmy Morales, a former comedian and the country’s president since 2016, has announced he is going to close down the UN-backed International Committee against Impunity in Guatemala (Cicig).
El Salvador is also trapped in a cycle of violence that can be traced back to a civil conflict in which the US was a protagonist, training and funding rightwing death squads in the name of fighting communism. “The civil war really destroyed the economic base of the country and any sense of a functioning democracy,” said Thornton. “It left a massively militarised society.” Gangs have filled much of the space occupied by civil society in healthier societies, but they too are largely a US import. The MS-13 gang, frequently referred to by Donald Trump in justification of his hardline immigration policies, was formed in Los Angeles, and introduced into El Salvador when its members were deported – often to a country they barely knew.
When Manuel Zelaya, Honduras’s reformist president, was seized by the country’s military in 2009, and flown out of the country to Costa Rica, still in his pyjamas, the Obama administration refused to call it a coup. Hillary Clinton, the secretary of state at the time, argued that to do so would have meant cutting aid at the expense of the Honduran poor.
Zelaya had been trying to resolve conflicts over land, that pitted local campesinos against agro-industry. After the coup, that conflict was militarised and more than a hundred campesinos were murdered. Organised crime spread through the country’s institutions and the murder rate soared. Within a year, Honduras was the most violent country in the world not actually at war. The current president, Juan Orlando Hernández, has further militarised the police force.
“These societies were poor and violent irrespective of when the United States became involved in a major way,” Cynthia Arnson, the director of the Latin American Programme at the Wilson Centre thinktank, said. But she added: “The US since the very early stages of the cold war has played a defining role in the evolution of state violence.”
Central  America  Americas  US  Intervention  Colonialism  Empire  Imperialism  Honduras  Guatemala  El  Salvador 
december 2018 by dbourn
The Extremely Fast Peopling of the Americas - The Atlantic
“Once they were south of the ice, they found a territory that was open, vast, and full of resources,” says Moreno-Mayar, who is based at the University of Copenhagen. “They were adept hunter-gatherers, so they expanded very quickly.” // the first discovery of America, if you will
palaeoanthro  americas  history  genes 
november 2018 by yorksranter
LatAm: A Historical Gazetteer for Latin America and the Caribbean | Pelagios Commons
Introducing LatAm, a collaborative effort to produce a historical gazetteer for Latin America at the end of the eighteenth century. Early Modern Latin America is still a relatively unexplored geography as far as digital mapping applications are concerned. via Pocket
americas  gazetteer  history  uk 
october 2018 by kintopp
OpenGazAm: Linked Open Data Gazetteer of the Americas – Rombert Stapel
This pilot serves both researchers and developers in CLARIAH to gain experience in the creation of Linked Open Data (LOD) gazetteers of Early Modern place names and testing PICCL/WP2-3 to pre-process source texts for this purpose. via Pocket
americas  gazetteer  history  netherlands 
october 2018 by kintopp
OpenGazAm
This pilot serves both researchers and developers in CLARIAH to gain experience in the creation of Linked Open Data (LOD) gazetteers of Early Modern place names and testing PICCL/WP2-3 to pre-process source texts for this purpose. via Pocket
americas  gazetteer  history  netherlands 
october 2018 by kintopp
Cubans getting early taste of mobile internet in system test
On Wednesday, Cuba implemented a second test of its planned nationwide internet service, giving island residents another day of free internet to test the system out before it is officially offered by ETECSA, the country's monopoly telecom service provider. The first test occurred last week and was well received by Cubans, who are accustomed to only accessing the internet via designated WiFi hotspots for $1/hour. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cuba-internet/cubans-cheer-as-internet-goes-nationwide-for-a-day-idUSKBN1KZ2CB AP reports that ETECSA "has previously said that its 5 million customers would have internet access this year but it has not announced a date."   
cuba  wifi  access  americas 
august 2018 by dmcdev
HGIS de las Indias
HGIS de las Indias facilita un número de servicios WMS y WMS-T (Web Map Service con capacidad de cronología) que posibilitan la incorporación directa de componentes de nuestro WebGIS en otras aplicaciones-web o en software SIG localizada (ArcGIS, QGIS). via Pocket
americas  gazetteer  gis  history  maps 
august 2018 by kintopp

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