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The Myth of the Paperless Office | The MIT Press
Central to Sellen and Harper's investigation is the concept of "affordances"—the activities that an object allows, or affords. The physical properties of paper (its being thin, light, porous, opaque, and flexible) afford the human actions of grasping, carrying, folding, writing, and so on. The concept of affordance allows them to compare the affordances of paper with those of existing digital devices.
affordances 
26 days ago by zryb
Affordances: Clarifying and Evolving a Concept
Joanna McGrenere and Wayne Ho revisit Norman's appropriation of Gibson's affordance theory
affordances 
5 weeks ago by h_b_
Are.na / Blog – Jenny L. Davis
"A lot of your work revolves around “affordances,” which you define as the “range of functions and constraints that an object provides”—a sort of intermediary between a “feature” of a platform and the actual outcomes of that feature. Does good design, in your opinion, narrow the range of affordances to minimize negative outcomes and maximize positive outcomes, or does it increase overall user freedom?"



"The idea of flexibility serving user-experience is rooted in a larger point: affordances aren’t uniform across persons and contexts. My grandmother’s phone would be as frustrating for me as mine would be for her. She would get lost in the choices of a mainstream phone just as I would feel stifled by the absence of Google Maps on her Jitterbug. This is why affordance analyses must always ask how features operate, for whom, and under what circumstances."
jennyldavis  grahamjohnson  2018  internet  online  are.na  socialmedia  depression  causality  web  twitter  instagram  facebook  drewaustin  stevenpinker  mayaganesh  technology  affordances  design  society 
10 weeks ago by robertogreco
Home - Emergent Visions - Nanyang U. Singapore
Richard Sennett suggests the ways in which that which is felt yet still unknown can be intuited by “establishing adjacency between two unlike domains.”...

While at times understood as a serial form for the media or networked city, urban screens take on, as Anna McCarthy has long noted, the scales, “dynamics and logics” of their practiced places.
art  logics  affordances 
11 weeks ago by zryb
cameron tonkinwise on Twitter: "if you are running a tech-ethics course without any sessions on design (the force of affordances, devices as delegated morality, human-thing-hybridity/prosethetics, social practices, the taste politics of style) you remain
if you are running a tech-ethics course without any sessions on design (the force of affordances, devices as delegated morality, human-thing-hybridity/prosethetics, social practices, the taste politics of style) you remain part of the problem
big_data  data_ethics  design  affordances 
march 2018 by shannon_mattern
Theorizing Affordances - Cyborgology
In working through the balance of technological influence and human agency, the concept of “affordances” has come to the fore. Affordances are the specifications of a technology which guide—but do not determine—human users.
...
I argue that we can better employ affordances through theorizing the “how?” in addition to the what. How for example, does Facebook push users to identify with a gender category? Do they make the user do so, or simply make it difficult for the user not to? In other words, the how tells us the degree of force with which the whats are implemented.
...
I propose a rudimentary typology for the question of how, in which a technological affordance can request, demand, allow, or encourage. The first two refer to bids placed upon the user by the artifact. The latter two are the artifact’s response to (desired) user action.
affordances  histtech  histSTM  userexperience 
february 2018 by miaridge
Ecology and Society: Enhancing the Resilience of Human–Environment Systems: a Social Ecological Perspective
We can also trace new pathways of legal, civic, and individual action that were enabled by these increases in social capital—this is what Gibson (1977) referred to as affordance (see also Meyer and Rowan (2006) for an application to institutional life). Such new pathways include a community’s ability to routinely test environmental conditions around the landfill in real time, which may then enable submission of material evidence in future environmental impact assessments. At the same time, some possible pathways are still not achievable.
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
An embodied perspective on the co-production of cultural ecosystem services: toward embodied ecosystems: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management: Vol 0, No 0
Using affordance theory as our guide, we compare and contrast embodied approaches to common understandings of the co-production of cultural ecosystem services across three assumptions: (1) perspective on cognition; (2) the position of socio-cultural processes and (3) typologies used to understand and value human–environment relationships.
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
Cognitive affordances in sustainable urbanism: contributions of space syntax and spatial cognition: Journal of Urban Design: Vol 21, No 4
The paper finds support in recent knowledge developments in social-ecological sustainability, spatial analysis and cognitive science to initiate a dialogue for an alternative framework. Urban form engages humans not only through physical activities, but also mentally through opportunities for learning and creation of meaning, thereby both reinforcing and impeding behaviours on a cognitive level. Against this background, it is proposed that what in cognition studies is termed ‘cognitive affordances’ could form the core of a new epistemological framework of the human-environment relation in sustainable urbanism.
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
Frontiers | A Framework to Assess Where and How Children Connect to Nature | Psychology
To overcome the limitations shown above and investigate the criteria needed to assess child-nature-connectedness we then reject an ontological separation between mind and body and operationalize a relational, or transactional (Altman and Rogoff, 1987), approach based on affordance theory (Gibson, 1979) called embodied ecosystem (Raymond et al., 2017). The theory of affordances is a relational approach to human perception and behavior posited by Gibson (1979) that is defined by the relations that exist between humans' abilities and the features of the environment (Chemero, 2009).
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
Impact of environment on people’s everyday experiences in Stockholm - ScienceDirect
We study the relationships between environment and experiences by applying affordance theory (Gibson, 1979), both in our quantification of the physical environment and analysis of experiential outcome. Chemero (2003) defines affordances as “relations between abilities of organisms and features of the environment”.
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
Terrorism and Affordance (New Directions in Terrorism Studies) Max Taylor: Continuum
Affordance is a concept used in a variety of fields, from psychology to artificial intelligence, which refers to how the quality of an environment or object allows an individual to perform a specific action. This concept can represent an important element in the process of choice involved in behavior, and is closely related to situational analyses of criminal behavior. In this book, the contributors set out to explore how this concept can be used to study terrorism and, as a result, develop management strategies. Essays discuss such topics as affordance in relation to counterterrorism, technology, cyber-jihad, ideology, and political ecologies.
affordances 
february 2018 by zryb
Twitter
Brilliant insights into the and power relationships of WhatsApp groups
affordances  from twitter
january 2018 by BeckyFaith
Twitter
Brilliant insights into the and power relationships of WhatsApp groups
affordances  from twitter_favs
january 2018 by adrianh

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