affordances   297

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The first notebook war
Yihui responding to someone who doesn’t like Jupyter notebooks mainly that Rmd notebooks better but also about software eng vs data sci not awesome but good.
R  tech  systems  reproducibility  data_science  data_viz  tools  affordances 
7 days ago by berran
“Once Again, The Doorknob”, a talk by Olia Lialina
Interface design is a very powerful profession and occupation, a field where a lot of decisions are made, gently and silently. Not always with bad intentions, very often without any intention at all. But decisions are made, metaphors chosen, idioms learned, affordances introduced—and the fact that they were just somebody’s impulsive picks doesn’t make them less important.
affordances  ui  ux  ethics 
27 days ago by beep
A Note about Cognitive Effort and Misinfo (Oh, and also I’m a Rita Allen Misinformation Solutions Forum Finalist) | Hapgood
I’m not necessarily sold on the Pennycook and Rand version of this idea, but I’m interested in the broader insight. I know it doesn’t explain the worst offenders, but I’ve found with those I work with that cynicism (“Pick what you want, it’s all bullshit!”) is often driven by the cognitive exhaustion of sorting through conflicting information. This insight also aligns with Hannah Arendt’s work — totalitarianism wins the information war by deliberately overwhelming the capacity of a population to reconcile endless contradictions. The contradictions are a tool to increase the cost of pursuing truth relative to other options.

If this is the case, one approach might be to encourage people to be more effortful when looking at online media. (Meh.) But the approach I favor is to reduce both the real and perceived cost of sorting through the muck through finding cheap, good enough methods and popularizing them. Doing that — while fostering a culture that values accuracy — might cause a few more people to regard the cost of checking something to be worth it relative to other seemingly more economical options like partisan heuristics, conspiracy thinking, or cynical nihilism.
cultural-dynamics  politics  reality-criticism  affordances  user-experience  social-psychology  argumentation  rather-interesting  to-write-about 
5 weeks ago by Vaguery
V good talk slides and words re fans being sneered at but technical and fan fix and translations of Norwegian show and Harry Potter fanfic- but hierarchy of cool keeps it from showing and need workspace where can
work  tech  systems  affordances  activism  privilege 
12 weeks ago by berran
The Myth of the Paperless Office | The MIT Press
Central to Sellen and Harper's investigation is the concept of "affordances"—the activities that an object allows, or affords. The physical properties of paper (its being thin, light, porous, opaque, and flexible) afford the human actions of grasping, carrying, folding, writing, and so on. The concept of affordance allows them to compare the affordances of paper with those of existing digital devices.
may 2018 by zryb
Affordances: Clarifying and Evolving a Concept
Joanna McGrenere and Wayne Ho revisit Norman's appropriation of Gibson's affordance theory
may 2018 by h_b_ / Blog – Jenny L. Davis
"A lot of your work revolves around “affordances,” which you define as the “range of functions and constraints that an object provides”—a sort of intermediary between a “feature” of a platform and the actual outcomes of that feature. Does good design, in your opinion, narrow the range of affordances to minimize negative outcomes and maximize positive outcomes, or does it increase overall user freedom?"

"The idea of flexibility serving user-experience is rooted in a larger point: affordances aren’t uniform across persons and contexts. My grandmother’s phone would be as frustrating for me as mine would be for her. She would get lost in the choices of a mainstream phone just as I would feel stifled by the absence of Google Maps on her Jitterbug. This is why affordance analyses must always ask how features operate, for whom, and under what circumstances."
jennyldavis  grahamjohnson  2018  internet  online  socialmedia  depression  causality  web  twitter  instagram  facebook  drewaustin  stevenpinker  mayaganesh  technology  affordances  design  society 
april 2018 by robertogreco
Home - Emergent Visions - Nanyang U. Singapore
Richard Sennett suggests the ways in which that which is felt yet still unknown can be intuited by “establishing adjacency between two unlike domains.”...

While at times understood as a serial form for the media or networked city, urban screens take on, as Anna McCarthy has long noted, the scales, “dynamics and logics” of their practiced places.
art  logics  affordances 
march 2018 by zryb
cameron tonkinwise on Twitter: "if you are running a tech-ethics course without any sessions on design (the force of affordances, devices as delegated morality, human-thing-hybridity/prosethetics, social practices, the taste politics of style) you remain
if you are running a tech-ethics course without any sessions on design (the force of affordances, devices as delegated morality, human-thing-hybridity/prosethetics, social practices, the taste politics of style) you remain part of the problem
big_data  data_ethics  design  affordances 
march 2018 by shannon_mattern
Theorizing Affordances - Cyborgology
In working through the balance of technological influence and human agency, the concept of “affordances” has come to the fore. Affordances are the specifications of a technology which guide—but do not determine—human users.
I argue that we can better employ affordances through theorizing the “how?” in addition to the what. How for example, does Facebook push users to identify with a gender category? Do they make the user do so, or simply make it difficult for the user not to? In other words, the how tells us the degree of force with which the whats are implemented.
I propose a rudimentary typology for the question of how, in which a technological affordance can request, demand, allow, or encourage. The first two refer to bids placed upon the user by the artifact. The latter two are the artifact’s response to (desired) user action.
affordances  histtech  histSTM  userexperience 
february 2018 by miaridge
Ecology and Society: Enhancing the Resilience of Human–Environment Systems: a Social Ecological Perspective
We can also trace new pathways of legal, civic, and individual action that were enabled by these increases in social capital—this is what Gibson (1977) referred to as affordance (see also Meyer and Rowan (2006) for an application to institutional life). Such new pathways include a community’s ability to routinely test environmental conditions around the landfill in real time, which may then enable submission of material evidence in future environmental impact assessments. At the same time, some possible pathways are still not achievable.
february 2018 by zryb
An embodied perspective on the co-production of cultural ecosystem services: toward embodied ecosystems: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management: Vol 0, No 0
Using affordance theory as our guide, we compare and contrast embodied approaches to common understandings of the co-production of cultural ecosystem services across three assumptions: (1) perspective on cognition; (2) the position of socio-cultural processes and (3) typologies used to understand and value human–environment relationships.
february 2018 by zryb
Cognitive affordances in sustainable urbanism: contributions of space syntax and spatial cognition: Journal of Urban Design: Vol 21, No 4
The paper finds support in recent knowledge developments in social-ecological sustainability, spatial analysis and cognitive science to initiate a dialogue for an alternative framework. Urban form engages humans not only through physical activities, but also mentally through opportunities for learning and creation of meaning, thereby both reinforcing and impeding behaviours on a cognitive level. Against this background, it is proposed that what in cognition studies is termed ‘cognitive affordances’ could form the core of a new epistemological framework of the human-environment relation in sustainable urbanism.
february 2018 by zryb

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