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Brain stimulation may reduce food cravings as obesity treatment -- ScienceDaily
Science Daily - Addiction; https://ift.tt/2dhBurx; May 21, 2018 at 07:17PM; ; Stimulating the brain to alter its intrinsic reward system shows promise in the treatment of obesity, according to new results. The technique has yielded positive results after just a single treatment session, revealing its potential to become a safer alternative to treat obesity, avoiding invasive surgery and drug side effects.
Psychiatry  What  Patients  Are  Reading:  Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
Trying cannabis by 15 doubles the risks of an addiction, study finds
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; May 21, 2018 at 04:51PM; ; Students who tried marijuana before age 15 were twice as likely to develop an addiction to any drug than peers who waited until 17 to try a toke, a new University of Montreal study has found. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
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Drug & Alcohol Dependence; https://ift.tt/2r2ET3B; May 21, 2018 at 02:53PM; ; Alcohol dependence is a significant health and social problem worldwide. Globally, alcohol use disorders accounted for 2.8 million deaths in 2013, most commonly as a result of injury, cancer, alcoholic liver disease and heart disease (Forouzanfar et al., 2015; Whiteford et al., 2013). In developed societies, people with alcohol use disorders account for around half of all alcohol-related harm (Connor et al., 2016), and characteristics that predict alcohol-related treatment access remain inconsistent (Cohen et al., 2007).
Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
Drunk decisions: alcohol shifts choice from habitual towards goal-directed control in adolescent intermediate-risk drinkers - Obst E, Schad DJ, Huys QJ, Sebold M, Nebe S, Sommer C, Smolka MN, Zimmermann US.
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; May 21, 2018 at 10:49AM; ; BACKGROUND: Studies in humans and animals suggest a shift from goal-directed to habitual decision-making in addiction. We therefore tested whether acute alcohol administration reduces goal-directed and promotes habitual decision-making, and whether these e... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
Lofexidine versus clonidine in rapid opiate detoxification. - PubMed - NCBI
The subjects treated with lofexidine showed significantly lower levels of withdrawal symptoms, fewer mood problems, less sedation and hypotension. No significant differences in craving levels, morphine metabolites in urine, or dropout rate were evidenced between the two groups.
opioid  withdrawal  addiction 
yesterday by clockner
Lofexidine - Wikipedia
Lofexidine, sold under the brand name Lucemyra among others,[1] is a medication historically used to treat high blood pressure, but more commonly used to help with the physical symptoms of opioid withdrawal.[
opioid  withdrawal  addiction 
yesterday by clockner
Lucemyra (lofexidine hydrochloride) FDA Approval History - Drugs.com
Lucemyra (lofexidine hydrochloride) is a selective alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonist indicated for reducing the severity of withdrawal symptoms in patients experiencing opioid withdrawal.
addiction  opioid  withdrawal 
yesterday by clockner
The Methamphetamine-Associated Psychosis Spectrum: a Clinically Focused Review | SpringerLink
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Latest Results; https://ift.tt/PyWq88; May 21, 2018 at 06:36AM; ;

Abstract

Methamphetamine use is a global concern, and methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP) is a particular harm resulting from regular use of the drug that causes significant distress and burden on health and social services. This paper aims to provide a clinically focussed and up-to-date overview of the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical and cognitive features of MAP. The prevalence of MAP ranges between 15 and 30% in recreational settings and up to 60% in some inpatient treatment settings, with up to a third of people with MAP later diagnosed with persistent psychotic disorders. The frequency of methamphetamine use and severity of dependence are the most consistent risk factors for MAP, but other predictors such as genetic vulnerability, a family history of psychotic illness, or trauma also play a role. People with MAP can vary in their presentation, from brief delusional experiences, to persistent psychosis characterised by first-rank symptoms and cognitive impairment. Contemporary conceptualisations of MAP need to incorporate this spectrum of clinical presentations in order to inform clinical decision-making, service provision, and research directions.
Mental  Health  Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
Warning labels on alcohol containers highly deficient, new research shows
Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2HePgMH; May 21, 2018 at 05:35AM; https://ift.tt/2KHVlyx; Current health warning labels on alcohol beverage containers in New Zealand are highly deficient, new research from the University of Otago, Wellington shows.
Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
404 Not Found
International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction; http://jhrba.com; May 21, 2018 at 03:33AM; ;
Addiction 
yesterday by wbennett
Researchers find that hemp can be used to treat ovarian cancer
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; May 20, 2018 at 08:46PM; ; (Natural News) Many people are aware that marijuana can help people who have cancer, but another member of the cannabis family has now shown tremendous potential for treating the disease as well. Like marijuana, hemp contains therapeutic components like cannabinol, cannabidiol, and tetrahydrocannabinol. It does not cause addiction, nor does it have psychoactive properties, yet... (Source: NaturalNews.com)

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Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
FDA Approves Non-Opioid Medication, Lucemyra (Lofexidine), to Treat Opioid Withdrawal
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; May 20, 2018 at 08:46PM; ; THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday approved the non-opioid drug Lucemyra to help adults cope with symptoms of opioid withdrawal. The drug can help addicts boost the odds that they will be able to kick their... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
Obesity linked to increased risk of taking up smoking and smoking frequency: Findings strengthen the idea that obesity influences smoking behavior -- ScienceDaily
Science Daily - Addiction; https://ift.tt/2dhBurx; May 20, 2018 at 05:41PM; ; Being obese is associated with an increased risk of taking up smoking and smoking frequency (number of cigarettes smoked per day), finds a new study.
Psychiatry  What  Patients  Are  Reading:  Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
secure.jbs.elsevierhealth.com
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment; https://ift.tt/2r2Q6RI; May 20, 2018 at 02:17PM; ; Mindfulness based relapse prevention (MBRP) has demonstrated efficacy in alleviating substance use, stress, and craving but how MBRP works for marginalized young adults has not been investigated. The current study used a novel rolling group format for MBRP as an additional intervention for young adults in residential treatment. We tested the hypothesis that MBRP (plus Treatment as usual (TAU)) would reduce stress, craving, and substance use among young adults in residential treatment relative to treatment-as-usual plus 12-step/self-help meetings (TAU only).
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
Elsevier - Error report
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/xxwarn; May 20, 2018 at 11:34AM; ; Publication date: August 2018
Source:Addictive Behaviors, Volume 83
Author(s): Rachel L. Tomko, Erin A. McClure
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
Elsevier - Error report
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/xxwarn; May 20, 2018 at 11:34AM; ; Publication date: August 2018
Source:Addictive Behaviors, Volume 83
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
Elsevier - Error report
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/xxwarn; May 20, 2018 at 11:34AM; ; Publication date: August 2018
Source:Addictive Behaviors, Volume 83
Author(s): Jeremiah W. Bertz, David H. Epstein, Kenzie L. Preston

Whereas substance-use researchers have long combined self-report with objective measures of behavior and physiology inside the laboratory, developments in mobile/wearable electronic technology are increasingly allowing for the collection of both subjective and objective information in participants' daily lives. For self-report, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), as implemented on contemporary smartphones or personal digital assistants, can provide researchers with near-real-time information on participants' behavior and mood in their natural environments. Data from portable/wearable electronic sensors measuring participants' internal and external environments can be combined with EMA (e.g., by timestamps recorded on questionnaires) to provide objective information useful in determining the momentary context of behavior and mood and/or validating participants' self-reports. Here, we review three objective ambulatory monitoring techniques that have been combined with EMA, with a focus on detecting drug use and/or measuring the behavioral or physiological correlates of mental events (i.e., emotions, cognitions): (1) collection and processing of biological samples in the field to measure drug use or participants' physiological activity (e.g., hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity); (2) global positioning system (GPS) location information to link environmental characteristics (disorder/disadvantage, retail drug outlets) to drug use and affect; (3) ambulatory electronic physiological monitoring (e.g., electrocardiography) to detect drug use and mental events, as advances in machine learning algorithms make it possible to distinguish target changes from confounds (e.g., physical activity). Finally, we consider several other mobile/wearable technologies that hold promise to be combined with EMA, as well as potential challenges faced by researchers working with multiple mobile/wearable technologies simultaneously in the field.
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett
Elsevier - Error report
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/xxwarn; May 20, 2018 at 11:34AM; ; Publication date: August 2018
Source:Addictive Behaviors, Volume 83
Author(s): Katherine T. Foster, Adriene M. Beltz

Ambulatory assessment (AA) methodologies have the potential to increase understanding and treatment of addictive behavior in seemingly unprecedented ways, due in part, to their emphasis on intensive repeated assessments of an individual's addictive behavior in context. But, many analytic techniques traditionally applied to AA data - techniques that average across people and time - do not fully leverage this potential. In an effort to take advantage of the individualized, temporal nature of AA data on addictive behavior, the current paper considers three underutilized person-oriented analytic techniques: multilevel modeling, p-technique, and group iterative multiple model estimation. After reviewing prevailing analytic techniques, each person-oriented technique is presented, AA data specifications are mentioned, an example analysis using generated data is provided, and advantages and limitations are discussed; the paper closes with a brief comparison across techniques. Increasing use of person-oriented techniques will substantially enhance inferences that can be drawn from AA data on addictive behavior and has implications for the development of individualized interventions.
Addiction 
2 days ago by wbennett

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